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SubjectRe: [PATCH 3/7] sched/uclamp: Fix fits_capacity() check in feec()
Hi Qais

On Thu, Jun 30, 2022 at 3:48 AM Qais Yousef <qais.yousef@arm.com> wrote:
>
> As reported by Yun Hsiang [1], if a task has its uclamp_min >= 0.8 * 1024,
> it'll always pick the previous CPU because fits_capacity() will always
> return false in this case.
>
> The new util_fits_cpu() logic should handle this correctly for us beside
> more corner cases where similar failures could occur, like when using
> UCLAMP_MAX.
>
> We open code uclamp_rq_util_with() except for the clamp() part,
> util_fits_cpu() needs the 'raw' values to be passed to it.
>
> Also introduce uclamp_rq_{set, get}() shorthand accessors to get uclamp
> value for the rq. Makes the code more readable and ensures the right
> rules (use READ_ONCE/WRITE_ONCE) are respected transparently.
>
> [1] https://lists.linaro.org/pipermail/eas-dev/2020-July/001488.html
>
> Fixes: 1d42509e475c ("sched/fair: Make EAS wakeup placement consider uclamp restrictions")
> Reported-by: Yun Hsiang <hsiang023167@gmail.com>
> Signed-off-by: Qais Yousef <qais.yousef@arm.com>
> ---
> kernel/sched/core.c | 10 +++++-----
> kernel/sched/fair.c | 26 ++++++++++++++++++++++++--
> kernel/sched/sched.h | 40 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
> 3 files changed, 67 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/kernel/sched/core.c b/kernel/sched/core.c
> index d3e2c5a7c1b7..f5dac570d6c5 100644
> --- a/kernel/sched/core.c
> +++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
> @@ -1404,7 +1404,7 @@ static inline void uclamp_idle_reset(struct rq *rq, enum uclamp_id clamp_id,
> if (!(rq->uclamp_flags & UCLAMP_FLAG_IDLE))
> return;
>
> - WRITE_ONCE(rq->uclamp[clamp_id].value, clamp_value);
> + uclamp_rq_set(rq, clamp_id, clamp_value);
> }
>
> static inline
> @@ -1555,8 +1555,8 @@ static inline void uclamp_rq_inc_id(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p,
> if (bucket->tasks == 1 || uc_se->value > bucket->value)
> bucket->value = uc_se->value;
>
> - if (uc_se->value > READ_ONCE(uc_rq->value))
> - WRITE_ONCE(uc_rq->value, uc_se->value);
> + if (uc_se->value > uclamp_rq_get(rq, clamp_id))
> + uclamp_rq_set(rq, clamp_id, uc_se->value);
> }
>
> /*
> @@ -1622,7 +1622,7 @@ static inline void uclamp_rq_dec_id(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p,
> if (likely(bucket->tasks))
> return;
>
> - rq_clamp = READ_ONCE(uc_rq->value);
> + rq_clamp = uclamp_rq_get(rq, clamp_id);
> /*
> * Defensive programming: this should never happen. If it happens,
> * e.g. due to future modification, warn and fixup the expected value.
> @@ -1630,7 +1630,7 @@ static inline void uclamp_rq_dec_id(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p,
> SCHED_WARN_ON(bucket->value > rq_clamp);
> if (bucket->value >= rq_clamp) {
> bkt_clamp = uclamp_rq_max_value(rq, clamp_id, uc_se->value);
> - WRITE_ONCE(uc_rq->value, bkt_clamp);
> + uclamp_rq_set(rq, clamp_id, bkt_clamp);
> }
> }
>
> diff --git a/kernel/sched/fair.c b/kernel/sched/fair.c
> index 313437bea5a2..c80c676ab1bc 100644
> --- a/kernel/sched/fair.c
> +++ b/kernel/sched/fair.c
> @@ -6878,6 +6878,8 @@ compute_energy(struct task_struct *p, int dst_cpu, struct perf_domain *pd)
> static int find_energy_efficient_cpu(struct task_struct *p, int prev_cpu)
> {
> unsigned long prev_delta = ULONG_MAX, best_delta = ULONG_MAX;
> + unsigned long p_util_min = uclamp_is_used() ? uclamp_eff_value(p, UCLAMP_MIN) : 0;
> + unsigned long p_util_max = uclamp_is_used() ? uclamp_eff_value(p, UCLAMP_MAX) : 1024;
> struct root_domain *rd = cpu_rq(smp_processor_id())->rd;
> int cpu, best_energy_cpu = prev_cpu, target = -1;
> unsigned long cpu_cap, util, base_energy = 0;
> @@ -6907,6 +6909,8 @@ static int find_energy_efficient_cpu(struct task_struct *p, int prev_cpu)
>
> for (; pd; pd = pd->next) {
> unsigned long cur_delta, spare_cap, max_spare_cap = 0;
> + unsigned long rq_util_min, rq_util_max;
> + unsigned long util_min, util_max;
> bool compute_prev_delta = false;
> unsigned long base_energy_pd;
> int max_spare_cap_cpu = -1;
> @@ -6927,8 +6931,26 @@ static int find_energy_efficient_cpu(struct task_struct *p, int prev_cpu)
> * much capacity we can get out of the CPU; this is
> * aligned with sched_cpu_util().
> */
> - util = uclamp_rq_util_with(cpu_rq(cpu), util, p);
> - if (!fits_capacity(util, cpu_cap))
> + if (uclamp_is_used()) {
> + if (uclamp_rq_is_idle(cpu_rq(cpu))) {
> + util_min = p_util_min;
> + util_max = p_util_max;
> + } else {
> + /*
> + * Open code uclamp_rq_util_with() except for
> + * the clamp() part. Ie: apply max aggregation
> + * only. util_fits_cpu() logic requires to
> + * operate on non clamped util but must use the
> + * max-aggregated uclamp_{min, max}.
> + */
> + rq_util_min = uclamp_rq_get(cpu_rq(cpu), UCLAMP_MIN);
> + rq_util_max = uclamp_rq_get(cpu_rq(cpu), UCLAMP_MAX);
> +
> + util_min = max(rq_util_min, p_util_min);
> + util_max = max(rq_util_max, p_util_max);
> + }
> + }
> + if (!util_fits_cpu(util, util_min, util_max, cpu))
> continue;
>
> if (cpu == prev_cpu) {
> diff --git a/kernel/sched/sched.h b/kernel/sched/sched.h
> index 9599d2eea3e7..69c4d35988b9 100644
> --- a/kernel/sched/sched.h
> +++ b/kernel/sched/sched.h
> @@ -2907,6 +2907,23 @@ static inline unsigned long cpu_util_rt(struct rq *rq)
> #ifdef CONFIG_UCLAMP_TASK
> unsigned long uclamp_eff_value(struct task_struct *p, enum uclamp_id clamp_id);
>
> +static inline unsigned long uclamp_rq_get(struct rq *rq,
> + enum uclamp_id clamp_id)
> +{
> + return READ_ONCE(rq->uclamp[clamp_id].value);
> +}
> +
> +static inline void uclamp_rq_set(struct rq *rq, enum uclamp_id clamp_id,
> + unsigned int value)
> +{
> + WRITE_ONCE(rq->uclamp[clamp_id].value, value);
> +}
> +
> +static inline bool uclamp_rq_is_idle(struct rq *rq)
> +{
> + return rq->uclamp_flags & UCLAMP_FLAG_IDLE;
> +}

Can you replace the idle judgment in the uclamp_rq_util_with()
function by the way?

> +
> /**
> * uclamp_rq_util_with - clamp @util with @rq and @p effective uclamp values.
> * @rq: The rq to clamp against. Must not be NULL.
> @@ -2946,8 +2963,8 @@ unsigned long uclamp_rq_util_with(struct rq *rq, unsigned long util,
> goto out;
> }
>
> - min_util = max_t(unsigned long, min_util, READ_ONCE(rq->uclamp[UCLAMP_MIN].value));
> - max_util = max_t(unsigned long, max_util, READ_ONCE(rq->uclamp[UCLAMP_MAX].value));
> + min_util = max_t(unsigned long, min_util, uclamp_rq_get(rq, UCLAMP_MIN));
> + max_util = max_t(unsigned long, max_util, uclamp_rq_get(rq, UCLAMP_MAX));
> out:
> /*
> * Since CPU's {min,max}_util clamps are MAX aggregated considering
> @@ -3010,6 +3027,25 @@ static inline bool uclamp_is_used(void)
> {
> return false;
> }
> +
> +static inline unsigned long uclamp_rq_get(struct rq *rq,
> + enum uclamp_id clamp_id)
> +{
> + if (clamp_id == UCLAMP_MIN)
> + return 0;
> +
> + return SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE;
> +}
> +
> +static inline void uclamp_rq_set(struct rq *rq, enum uclamp_id clamp_id,
> + unsigned int value)
> +{
> +}
> +
> +static inline bool uclamp_rq_is_idle(struct rq *rq)
> +{
> + return false;
> +}
> #endif /* CONFIG_UCLAMP_TASK */
>
> #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_SCHED_AVG_IRQ
> --
> 2.25.1
>

Thanks!
BR
----
xuewen.yan

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