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SubjectRE: [PATCH] tty: serial: qcom-geni-serial: Fix get_clk_div_rate() which otherwise could return a sub-optimal clock rate.
Date
Hi

> -----Original Message-----
> From: Jiri Slaby <jirislaby@kernel.org>
> Sent: Thursday, June 23, 2022 11:38 AM
> To: Vijaya Krishna Nivarthi (Temp) (QUIC) <quic_vnivarth@quicinc.com>;
> agross@kernel.org; bjorn.andersson@linaro.org;
> gregkh@linuxfoundation.org; linux-arm-msm@vger.kernel.org; linux-
> serial@vger.kernel.org; linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
> Cc: Mukesh Savaliya (QUIC) <quic_msavaliy@quicinc.com>;
> dianders@chromium.org; mka@chromium.org; swboyd@chromium.org
> Subject: Re: [PATCH] tty: serial: qcom-geni-serial: Fix get_clk_div_rate()
> which otherwise could return a sub-optimal clock rate.
>
> WARNING: This email originated from outside of Qualcomm. Please be wary
> of any links or attachments, and do not enable macros.
>
> On 21. 06. 22, 19:57, Vijaya Krishna Nivarthi wrote:
> > In the logic around call to clk_round_rate, for some corner
> > conditions,
> > get_clk_div_rate() could return an sub-optimal clock rate. Also, if an
> > exact clock rate was not found lowest clock was being returned.
> >
> > Search for suitable clock rate in 2 steps
> > a) exact match or within 2% tolerance
> > b) within 5% tolerance
> > This also takes care of corner conditions.
> >
> > Fixes: c2194bc999d4 ("tty: serial: qcom-geni-serial: Remove uart
> > frequency table. Instead, find suitable frequency with call to
> > clk_round_rate")
>
> Hmm, provided the complexity, was this worth it -- how many typos/bugs
> can be in such complex and twisted functions?
>
> The original intention was not to touch the driver when new HW arrives.
> Now it looks like you'd be chasing corner cases like these for quite some
> releases.
>
> So going back in time, reconsidering the whole thing: how often do you
> expect the original rate table would need to be updated?
>
> NACK
>
> in any way -- see my comment below -- if you really want to go this path,
> you'd need to split this.
>

I simplified the patch to address other feedbacks too and I believe its less complex and more readable now.
The function are about 50 LOC and 20 LOC (without comments) and splitting them further is possibly difficult?
Thank you.


> > Signed-off-by: Vijaya Krishna Nivarthi <quic_vnivarth@quicinc.com>
> > ---
> > drivers/tty/serial/qcom_geni_serial.c | 134
> ++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------
> > 1 file changed, 102 insertions(+), 32 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/drivers/tty/serial/qcom_geni_serial.c
> > b/drivers/tty/serial/qcom_geni_serial.c
> > index 2e23b65..8d247c1 100644
> > --- a/drivers/tty/serial/qcom_geni_serial.c
> > +++ b/drivers/tty/serial/qcom_geni_serial.c
> > @@ -943,52 +943,123 @@ static int qcom_geni_serial_startup(struct
> uart_port *uport)
> > return 0;
> > }
> >
> > -static unsigned long get_clk_div_rate(struct clk *clk, unsigned int baud,
> > - unsigned int sampling_rate, unsigned int *clk_div)
> > +static unsigned long find_clk_rate_in_tol(struct clk *clk, unsigned int
> desired_clk,
> > + unsigned int *clk_div, unsigned int percent_tol,
> > +bool *exact_match)
> > {
> > + unsigned long freq;
> > + unsigned long div, maxdiv, new_div;
> > + unsigned long long mult;
> > unsigned long ser_clk;
> > - unsigned long desired_clk;
> > - unsigned long freq, prev;
> > - unsigned long div, maxdiv;
> > - int64_t mult;
> > -
> > - desired_clk = baud * sampling_rate;
> > - if (!desired_clk) {
> > - pr_err("%s: Invalid frequency\n", __func__);
> > - return 0;
> > - }
> > + unsigned long test_freq, offset, new_freq;
> >
> > + ser_clk = 0;
> > maxdiv = CLK_DIV_MSK >> CLK_DIV_SHFT;
> > - prev = 0;
> > + div = 1;
> >
> > - for (div = 1; div <= maxdiv; div++) {
> > - mult = div * desired_clk;
> > - if (mult > ULONG_MAX)
> > + while (div <= maxdiv) {
> > + mult = (unsigned long long)div * desired_clk;
> > + if (mult != (unsigned long)mult)
> > break;
> >
> > - freq = clk_round_rate(clk, (unsigned long)mult);
> > - if (!(freq % desired_clk)) {
> > - ser_clk = freq;
> > - break;
> > + /*
> > + * Loop requesting a freq within tolerance and possibly exact freq.
> > + *
> > + * We'll keep track of the lowest freq inexact match we found
> > + * but always try to find a perfect match. NOTE: this algorithm
> > + * could miss a slightly better freq if there's more than one
> > + * freq between (freq - offset) and (freq) but (freq) can't be made
> > + * exactly, but that's OK.
> > + *
> > + * This absolutely relies on the fact that the Qualcomm clock
> > + * driver always rounds up.
> > + * We make use of exact_match as an I/O param.
> > + */
> > +
> > + /* look only for exact match if within tolerance is already found */
> > + if (ser_clk)
> > + offset = 0;
> > + else
> > + offset = (mult * percent_tol) / 100;
> > +
> > + test_freq = mult - offset;
> > + freq = clk_round_rate(clk, test_freq);
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * A dead-on freq is an insta-win, look for it only in 1st run
> > + */
> > + if (*exact_match) {
> > + if (!(freq % desired_clk)) {
> > + ser_clk = freq;
> > + *clk_div = freq / desired_clk;
> > + return ser_clk;
> > + }
> > + }
> > +
> > + if (!ser_clk) {
> > + new_div = DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST(freq, desired_clk);
> > + new_freq = new_div * desired_clk;
> > + offset = (new_freq * percent_tol) / 100;
> > +
> > + if (new_freq - offset <= freq && freq <= new_freq + offset) {
> > + /* Save the first (lowest freq) within tolerance */
> > + ser_clk = freq;
> > + *clk_div = new_div;
> > + /* no more search for exact match required in 2nd run */
> > + if (!(*exact_match))
> > + break;
> > + }
> > }
> >
> > - if (!prev)
> > - ser_clk = freq;
> > - else if (prev == freq)
> > + div = freq / desired_clk + 1;
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * Only time clock framework doesn't round up is if
> > + * we're past the max clock rate. We're done searching
> > + * if that's the case.
> > + */
> > + if (freq < test_freq)
> > break;
> > + }
> > +
> > + *exact_match = false;
> > + return ser_clk;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static unsigned long get_clk_div_rate(struct clk *clk, unsigned int baud,
> > + unsigned int sampling_rate, unsigned int
> > +*clk_div)
>
> This cannot be reviewed properly. Care to split this into 2-3 patches?
> Looks at the nesting and the complexity, it also looks like you need more
> helper functions.
>
> > +{
> > + unsigned long ser_clk;
> > + unsigned long desired_clk;
> > + unsigned long desired_tol;
> > + bool exact_match;
> >
> > - prev = freq;
> > + desired_clk = baud * sampling_rate;
> > + if (!desired_clk) {
> > + pr_err("%s: Invalid frequency\n", __func__);
> > + return 0;
> > }
> >
> > - if (!ser_clk) {
> > - pr_err("%s: Can't find matching DFS entry for baud %d\n",
> > - __func__, baud);
> > + /* try to find exact clock rate or within 2% tolerance */
> > + ser_clk = 0;
> > + exact_match = true;
> > + desired_tol = 2;
> > +
> > + ser_clk = find_clk_rate_in_tol(clk, desired_clk, clk_div, desired_tol,
> &exact_match);
> > + if (ser_clk) {
> > + if (!exact_match)
> > + pr_warn("Cannot find exact match clk_rate, using
> > + one within 2 percent tolerance\n");
> > return ser_clk;
> > }
> >
> > - *clk_div = ser_clk / desired_clk;
> > - if (!(*clk_div))
> > - *clk_div = 1;
> > + /* try within 5% tolerance now, no need to look for exact match */
> > + exact_match = false;
> > + desired_tol = 5;
> > +
> > + ser_clk = find_clk_rate_in_tol(clk, desired_clk, clk_div, desired_tol,
> &exact_match);
> > + if (ser_clk)
> > + pr_warn("Cannot find exact match clk_rate, using one within 5
> percent tolerance\n");
> > + else
> > + pr_err("Cannot find suitable clk_rate, giving up\n");
> >
> > return ser_clk;
> > }
> > @@ -1021,8 +1092,7 @@ static void qcom_geni_serial_set_termios(struct
> uart_port *uport,
> > if (ver >= QUP_SE_VERSION_2_5)
> > sampling_rate /= 2;
> >
> > - clk_rate = get_clk_div_rate(port->se.clk, baud,
> > - sampling_rate, &clk_div);
> > + clk_rate = get_clk_div_rate(port->se.clk, baud, sampling_rate,
> > + &clk_div);
> > if (!clk_rate)
> > goto out_restart_rx;
> >
>
> thanks,
> --
> js
> suse labs
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