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SubjectRe: [PATCH v1 1/3] swiotlb: Use bitmap to track free slots
On Tue, 28 Jun 2022, Chao Gao wrote:

> Currently, each slot tracks the number of contiguous free slots starting
> from itself. It helps to quickly check if there are enough contiguous
> entries when dealing with an allocation request. But maintaining this
> information can leads to some overhead. Specifically, if a slot is
> allocated/freed, preceding slots may need to be updated as the number
> of contiguous free slots can change. This process may access memory
> scattering over multiple cachelines.
>
> To reduce the overhead of maintaining the number of contiguous free
> entries, use a global bitmap to track free slots; each bit represents
> if a slot is available. The number of contiguous free slots can be
> calculated by counting the number of consecutive 1s in the bitmap.
>
> Tests show that the average cost of freeing slots drops by 120 cycles
> while the average cost of allocation increases by 20 cycles. Overall,
> 100 cycles are saved from a pair of allocation and freeing.
>
> Signed-off-by: Chao Gao <chao.gao@intel.com>

Reviewed-by: Ilpo Järvinen <ilpo.jarvinen@linux.intel.com>

One nit below.

> ---
> include/linux/swiotlb.h | 6 ++--
> kernel/dma/swiotlb.c | 64 ++++++++++++++++++++---------------------
> 2 files changed, 34 insertions(+), 36 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/swiotlb.h b/include/linux/swiotlb.h
> index 7ed35dd3de6e..c3eab237991a 100644
> --- a/include/linux/swiotlb.h
> +++ b/include/linux/swiotlb.h
> @@ -78,8 +78,6 @@ extern enum swiotlb_force swiotlb_force;
> * @end. For default swiotlb, this is command line adjustable via
> * setup_io_tlb_npages.
> * @used: The number of used IO TLB block.
> - * @list: The free list describing the number of free entries available
> - * from each index.
> * @index: The index to start searching in the next round.
> * @orig_addr: The original address corresponding to a mapped entry.
> * @alloc_size: Size of the allocated buffer.
> @@ -89,6 +87,8 @@ extern enum swiotlb_force swiotlb_force;
> * @late_alloc: %true if allocated using the page allocator
> * @force_bounce: %true if swiotlb bouncing is forced
> * @for_alloc: %true if the pool is used for memory allocation
> + * @bitmap: The bitmap used to track free entries. 1 in bit X means the slot
> + * indexed by X is free.
> */
> struct io_tlb_mem {
> phys_addr_t start;
> @@ -105,8 +105,8 @@ struct io_tlb_mem {
> struct io_tlb_slot {
> phys_addr_t orig_addr;
> size_t alloc_size;
> - unsigned int list;
> } *slots;
> + unsigned long *bitmap;
> };
> extern struct io_tlb_mem io_tlb_default_mem;
>
> diff --git a/kernel/dma/swiotlb.c b/kernel/dma/swiotlb.c
> index cb50f8d38360..d7f68c0af7f5 100644
> --- a/kernel/dma/swiotlb.c
> +++ b/kernel/dma/swiotlb.c
> @@ -207,7 +207,7 @@ static void swiotlb_init_io_tlb_mem(struct io_tlb_mem *mem, phys_addr_t start,
>
> spin_lock_init(&mem->lock);
> for (i = 0; i < mem->nslabs; i++) {
> - mem->slots[i].list = IO_TLB_SEGSIZE - io_tlb_offset(i);
> + __set_bit(i, mem->bitmap);
> mem->slots[i].orig_addr = INVALID_PHYS_ADDR;
> mem->slots[i].alloc_size = 0;
> }
> @@ -274,6 +274,11 @@ void __init swiotlb_init_remap(bool addressing_limit, unsigned int flags,
> panic("%s: Failed to allocate %zu bytes align=0x%lx\n",
> __func__, alloc_size, PAGE_SIZE);
>
> + mem->bitmap = memblock_alloc(BITS_TO_BYTES(nslabs), SMP_CACHE_BYTES);
> + if (!mem->bitmap)
> + panic("%s: Failed to allocate %lu bytes align=0x%x\n",
> + __func__, DIV_ROUND_UP(nslabs, BITS_PER_BYTE), SMP_CACHE_BYTES);
> +
> swiotlb_init_io_tlb_mem(mem, __pa(tlb), nslabs, flags, false);
>
> if (flags & SWIOTLB_VERBOSE)
> @@ -337,10 +342,13 @@ int swiotlb_init_late(size_t size, gfp_t gfp_mask,
> (PAGE_SIZE << order) >> 20);
> }
>
> + mem->bitmap = bitmap_zalloc(nslabs, GFP_KERNEL);
> mem->slots = (void *)__get_free_pages(GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ZERO,
> get_order(array_size(sizeof(*mem->slots), nslabs)));
> - if (!mem->slots) {
> + if (!mem->slots || !mem->bitmap) {
> free_pages((unsigned long)vstart, order);
> + bitmap_free(mem->bitmap);
> + kfree(mem->slots);
> return -ENOMEM;
> }
>
> @@ -498,7 +506,7 @@ static int swiotlb_find_slots(struct device *dev, phys_addr_t orig_addr,
> unsigned int iotlb_align_mask =
> dma_get_min_align_mask(dev) & ~(IO_TLB_SIZE - 1);
> unsigned int nslots = nr_slots(alloc_size), stride;
> - unsigned int index, wrap, count = 0, i;
> + unsigned int index, wrap, i;
> unsigned int offset = swiotlb_align_offset(dev, orig_addr);
> unsigned long flags;
>
> @@ -514,6 +522,9 @@ static int swiotlb_find_slots(struct device *dev, phys_addr_t orig_addr,
> stride = max(stride, stride << (PAGE_SHIFT - IO_TLB_SHIFT));
> stride = max(stride, (alloc_align_mask >> IO_TLB_SHIFT) + 1);
>
> + /* slots shouldn't cross one segment */
> + max_slots = min_t(unsigned long, max_slots, IO_TLB_SEGSIZE);
> +
> spin_lock_irqsave(&mem->lock, flags);
> if (unlikely(nslots > mem->nslabs - mem->used))
> goto not_found;
> @@ -535,8 +546,15 @@ static int swiotlb_find_slots(struct device *dev, phys_addr_t orig_addr,
> if (!iommu_is_span_boundary(index, nslots,
> nr_slots(tbl_dma_addr),
> max_slots)) {
> - if (mem->slots[index].list >= nslots)
> + if (find_next_zero_bit(mem->bitmap, index + nslots, index) ==
> + index + nslots)
> goto found;
> + } else {
> + /*
> + * Remaining slots between current one and the next
> + * bounary cannot meet our requirement.

bounary -> boundary


--
i.
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