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SubjectRe: [PATCH] serial: Revert RS485 polarity change on UART open
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On Tue, 2022-03-29 at 12:39 +0200, Matthias Schiffer wrote:
> On Tue, 2022-03-29 at 12:03 +0200, Lukas Wunner wrote:
> > [cc += Ilpo, Lino]
> >
> > On Tue, Mar 29, 2022 at 10:50:50AM +0200, Matthias Schiffer wrote:
> > > While the change of the RS485 polarity in
> > > commit d3b3404df318 ("serial: Fix incorrect rs485 polarity on uart
> > > open")
> > > might have made sense based on the original intention of the
> > > rs485-rts-active-low flag (*), this is not how it is implemented in
> > > various drivers:
> > [...]
> > > [(*) My understanding of the mentioned commit's description is that
> > > rs485-rts-active-low should have referred to the electical signal
> > > level
> > > of the RTS pin, rather than the logical RTS state as understood by
> > > the
> > > UART controller.]
>
> Hi Lukas,
>
> > Since RTS is often just a GPIO on a pin controller that's configured
> > to function as RTS, my expectation would be that the same rules apply
> > to RTS polarity as those that apply to *any* GPIO.
> >
> > According to Documentation/devicetree/bindings/gpio/gpio.txt:
> >
> > "A gpio-specifier should contain a flag indicating the GPIO polarity;
> > active-
> > high or active-low. If it does, the following best practices should
> > be
> > followed:
> > The gpio-specifier's polarity flag should represent the physical
> > level at the
> > ^^^^^^^^^^^^
> > ^^
> > GPIO controller that achieves (or represents, for inputs) a
> > logically asserted
> > value at the device."
>
> Yes, that would make sense to me as well, but as described, this is not
> how the majority of drivers that I looked at works at the moment :(
>
> I'm not particularly attached to any of the interpretations, but it
> would be great to have some consistency here. And if the majority of
> drivers does it the "wrong" way, maybe we should accept that to keep
> the breakage as small as possible?
>
> >
> > > At least the 8250 and the i.MX UART drivers interpret rs485-rts-
> > > active-low
> >
> > Which 8250 driver are you referring to specifically? When developing
> > d3b3404df318, I tested with 8250_bcm2835aux.c and amba-pl011.c. Both
> > worked exactly the way they should.
>
> I tested with 8250_omap.c, which does not implement the RS485 handling
> itself, but refers to the generic code in 8250_port.c. In fact, my
> first attempt to get the RS485 to work on my device was the following
> (which matches the originally intended interpretation of the polarity
> flag, but breaks existing users):
>
> --- a/drivers/tty/serial/8250/8250_port.c
> +++ b/drivers/tty/serial/8250/8250_port.c
> @@ -1460,9 +1460,9 @@ void serial8250_em485_stop_tx(struct
> uart_8250_port *p)
> unsigned char mcr = serial8250_in_MCR(p);
>
> if (p->port.rs485.flags & SER_RS485_RTS_AFTER_SEND)
> - mcr |= UART_MCR_RTS;
> - else
> mcr &= ~UART_MCR_RTS;
> + else
> + mcr |= UART_MCR_RTS;
> serial8250_out_MCR(p, mcr);
>
> /*
> @@ -1611,9 +1611,9 @@ void serial8250_em485_start_tx(struct
> uart_8250_port *up)
> serial8250_stop_rx(&up->port);
>
> if (up->port.rs485.flags & SER_RS485_RTS_ON_SEND)
> - mcr |= UART_MCR_RTS;
> - else
> mcr &= ~UART_MCR_RTS;
> + else
> + mcr |= UART_MCR_RTS;
> serial8250_out_MCR(up, mcr);
> }
>
> > If imx.c and others have historically interpreted rs485-rts-active-
> > low
> > to mean that the physical level is "high" when active, then we could
> > just
> > amend imx_uart_probe() such that after calling uart_get_rs485_mode(),
> > the SER_RS485_RTS_ON_SEND and SER_RS485_RTS_AFTER_SEND bits are
> > flipped. Would that work for you?
> >
>
> I guess that would work. The fact that even the different
> variants of the 8250 are implemented inconsistently makes this
> especially ugly... It certainly puts a damper on the efforts to make
> the handling of RS485 in serial drivers more generic.
>
>
> > I'll go through the drivers to check which ones are affected. I'm
> > sorry
> > that you're seeing breakage, it's surprising to me that these
> > different
> > interpretations of rs485-rts-active-low exist.
> > Thanks,
> >
> > Lukas
>

Hi Lukas,

do you know if there has been any progress on this issue? I see that
there has been quite a bit of activity in the RS485 code in linux-next,
but I didn't have time to check if that has any effect on the polarity
issue so far.

Thanks,
Matthias

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