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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 6/8] rcuscale: Add test for using call_rcu_lazy() to emulate kfree_rcu()
On Wed, Jun 22, 2022 at 10:51:00PM +0000, Joel Fernandes (Google) wrote:
> Reuse the kfree_rcu() test in order to be able to compare the memory reclaiming
> properties of call_rcu_lazy() with kfree_rcu().
>
> With this test, we find similar memory footprint and time call_rcu_lazy()
> free'ing takes compared to kfree_rcu(). Also we confirm that call_rcu_lazy()
> can survive OOM during extremely frequent calls.
>
> If we really push it, i.e. boot system with low memory and compare
> kfree_rcu() with call_rcu_lazy(), I find that call_rcu_lazy() is more
> resilient and is much harder to produce OOM as compared to kfree_rcu().

Another approach would be to make rcutorture's forward-progress testing
able to use call_rcu_lazy(). This would test lazy callback flooding.

Yet another approach would be to keep one CPU idle other than a
kthread doing call_rcu_lazy(). Of course "idle" includes redirecting
those pesky interrupts.

It is almost certainly necessary for rcutorture to exercise the
call_rcu_lazy() path regularly.

Thanx, Paul

> Signed-off-by: Joel Fernandes (Google) <joel@joelfernandes.org>
> ---
> kernel/rcu/rcu.h | 6 ++++
> kernel/rcu/rcuscale.c | 64 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
> kernel/rcu/tree_nocb.h | 17 ++++++++++-
> 3 files changed, 85 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/kernel/rcu/rcu.h b/kernel/rcu/rcu.h
> index 71c0f45e70c3..436faf80a66b 100644
> --- a/kernel/rcu/rcu.h
> +++ b/kernel/rcu/rcu.h
> @@ -473,6 +473,12 @@ void do_trace_rcu_torture_read(const char *rcutorturename,
> unsigned long c);
> void rcu_gp_set_torture_wait(int duration);
> void rcu_force_call_rcu_to_lazy(bool force);
> +
> +#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_RCU_SCALE_TEST)
> +unsigned long rcu_scale_get_jiffies_till_flush(void);
> +void rcu_scale_set_jiffies_till_flush(unsigned long j);
> +#endif
> +
> #else
> static inline void rcutorture_get_gp_data(enum rcutorture_type test_type,
> int *flags, unsigned long *gp_seq)
> diff --git a/kernel/rcu/rcuscale.c b/kernel/rcu/rcuscale.c
> index 277a5bfb37d4..58ee5c2cb37b 100644
> --- a/kernel/rcu/rcuscale.c
> +++ b/kernel/rcu/rcuscale.c
> @@ -95,6 +95,7 @@ torture_param(int, verbose, 1, "Enable verbose debugging printk()s");
> torture_param(int, writer_holdoff, 0, "Holdoff (us) between GPs, zero to disable");
> torture_param(int, kfree_rcu_test, 0, "Do we run a kfree_rcu() scale test?");
> torture_param(int, kfree_mult, 1, "Multiple of kfree_obj size to allocate.");
> +torture_param(int, kfree_rcu_by_lazy, 0, "Use call_rcu_lazy() to emulate kfree_rcu()?");
>
> static char *scale_type = "rcu";
> module_param(scale_type, charp, 0444);
> @@ -658,6 +659,13 @@ struct kfree_obj {
> struct rcu_head rh;
> };
>
> +/* Used if doing RCU-kfree'ing via call_rcu_lazy(). */
> +void kfree_rcu_lazy(struct rcu_head *rh)
> +{
> + struct kfree_obj *obj = container_of(rh, struct kfree_obj, rh);
> + kfree(obj);
> +}
> +
> static int
> kfree_scale_thread(void *arg)
> {
> @@ -695,6 +703,11 @@ kfree_scale_thread(void *arg)
> if (!alloc_ptr)
> return -ENOMEM;
>
> + if (kfree_rcu_by_lazy) {
> + call_rcu_lazy(&(alloc_ptr->rh), kfree_rcu_lazy);
> + continue;
> + }
> +
> // By default kfree_rcu_test_single and kfree_rcu_test_double are
> // initialized to false. If both have the same value (false or true)
> // both are randomly tested, otherwise only the one with value true
> @@ -737,6 +750,9 @@ kfree_scale_cleanup(void)
> {
> int i;
>
> + if (kfree_rcu_by_lazy)
> + rcu_force_call_rcu_to_lazy(false);
> +
> if (torture_cleanup_begin())
> return;
>
> @@ -766,11 +782,55 @@ kfree_scale_shutdown(void *arg)
> return -EINVAL;
> }
>
> +// Used if doing RCU-kfree'ing via call_rcu_lazy().
> +unsigned long jiffies_at_lazy_cb;
> +struct rcu_head lazy_test1_rh;
> +int rcu_lazy_test1_cb_called;
> +void call_rcu_lazy_test1(struct rcu_head *rh)
> +{
> + jiffies_at_lazy_cb = jiffies;
> + WRITE_ONCE(rcu_lazy_test1_cb_called, 1);
> +}
> +
> static int __init
> kfree_scale_init(void)
> {
> long i;
> int firsterr = 0;
> + unsigned long orig_jif, jif_start;
> +
> + // Force all call_rcu() to call_rcu_lazy() so that non-lazy CBs
> + // do not remove laziness of the lazy ones (since the test tries
> + // to stress call_rcu_lazy() for OOM).
> + //
> + // Also, do a quick self-test to ensure laziness is as much as
> + // expected.
> + if (kfree_rcu_by_lazy) {
> + /* do a test to check the timeout. */
> + orig_jif = rcu_scale_get_jiffies_till_flush();
> +
> + rcu_force_call_rcu_to_lazy(true);
> + rcu_scale_set_jiffies_till_flush(2 * HZ);
> + rcu_barrier();
> +
> + jif_start = jiffies;
> + jiffies_at_lazy_cb = 0;
> + call_rcu_lazy(&lazy_test1_rh, call_rcu_lazy_test1);
> +
> + smp_cond_load_relaxed(&rcu_lazy_test1_cb_called, VAL == 1);
> +
> + rcu_scale_set_jiffies_till_flush(orig_jif);
> +
> + if (WARN_ON_ONCE(jiffies_at_lazy_cb - jif_start < 2 * HZ)) {
> + pr_alert("Lazy CBs are not being lazy as expected!\n");
> + return -1;
> + }
> +
> + if (WARN_ON_ONCE(jiffies_at_lazy_cb - jif_start > 3 * HZ)) {
> + pr_alert("Lazy CBs are being too lazy!\n");
> + return -1;
> + }
> + }
>
> kfree_nrealthreads = compute_real(kfree_nthreads);
> /* Start up the kthreads. */
> @@ -783,7 +843,9 @@ kfree_scale_init(void)
> schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(1);
> }
>
> - pr_alert("kfree object size=%zu\n", kfree_mult * sizeof(struct kfree_obj));
> + pr_alert("kfree object size=%zu, kfree_rcu_by_lazy=%d\n",
> + kfree_mult * sizeof(struct kfree_obj),
> + kfree_rcu_by_lazy);
>
> kfree_reader_tasks = kcalloc(kfree_nrealthreads, sizeof(kfree_reader_tasks[0]),
> GFP_KERNEL);
> diff --git a/kernel/rcu/tree_nocb.h b/kernel/rcu/tree_nocb.h
> index b481f1ea57c0..255f2945b0fc 100644
> --- a/kernel/rcu/tree_nocb.h
> +++ b/kernel/rcu/tree_nocb.h
> @@ -257,6 +257,21 @@ static bool wake_nocb_gp(struct rcu_data *rdp, bool force)
> }
>
> #define LAZY_FLUSH_JIFFIES (10 * HZ)
> +unsigned long jiffies_till_flush = LAZY_FLUSH_JIFFIES;
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_SCALE_TEST
> +void rcu_scale_set_jiffies_till_flush(unsigned long jif)
> +{
> + jiffies_till_flush = jif;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(rcu_scale_set_jiffies_till_flush);
> +
> +unsigned long rcu_scale_get_jiffies_till_flush(void)
> +{
> + return jiffies_till_flush;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(rcu_scale_get_jiffies_till_flush);
> +#endif
>
> /*
> * Arrange to wake the GP kthread for this NOCB group at some future
> @@ -275,7 +290,7 @@ static void wake_nocb_gp_defer(struct rcu_data *rdp, int waketype,
> * of callback storm, no need to wake up too early.
> */
> if (waketype == RCU_NOCB_WAKE_LAZY) {
> - mod_timer(&rdp_gp->nocb_timer, jiffies + LAZY_FLUSH_JIFFIES);
> + mod_timer(&rdp_gp->nocb_timer, jiffies + jiffies_till_flush);
> WRITE_ONCE(rdp_gp->nocb_defer_wakeup, waketype);
> } else if (waketype == RCU_NOCB_WAKE_BYPASS) {
> mod_timer(&rdp_gp->nocb_timer, jiffies + 2);
> --
> 2.37.0.rc0.104.g0611611a94-goog
>

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