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Subject[PATCH v7 20/21] PCI/P2PDMA: Introduce pci_mmap_p2pmem()
Introduce pci_mmap_p2pmem() which is a helper to allocate and mmap
a hunk of p2pmem into userspace.

Pages are allocated from the genalloc in bulk with their reference
count set to one. They are returned to the genalloc when the page is put
through p2pdma_page_free() (the reference count is once again set to 1
in free_zone_device_page()).

The VMA does not take a reference to the pages when they are inserted
with vmf_insert_mixed() (which is necessary for zone device pages) so
the backing P2P memory is stored in a structures in vm_private_data.

A pseudo mount is used to allocate an inode for each PCI device. The
inode's address_space is used in the file doing the mmap so that all
VMAs are collected and can be unmapped if the PCI device is unbound.
After unmapping, the VMAs are iterated through and their pages are
put so the device can continue to be unbound. An active flag is used
to signal to VMAs not to allocate any further P2P memory once the
removal process starts. The flag is synchronized with concurrent
access with an RCU lock.

The VMAs and inode will survive after the unbind of the device, but no
pages will be present in the VMA and a subsequent access will result
in a SIGBUS error.

Signed-off-by: Logan Gunthorpe <logang@deltatee.com>
Acked-by: Bjorn Helgaas <bhelgaas@google.com>
---
drivers/pci/p2pdma.c | 210 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
include/linux/pci-p2pdma.h | 16 +++
include/uapi/linux/magic.h | 1 +
3 files changed, 225 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/pci/p2pdma.c b/drivers/pci/p2pdma.c
index d4e635012ffe..a6572069008b 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/p2pdma.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/p2pdma.c
@@ -17,14 +17,19 @@
#include <linux/genalloc.h>
#include <linux/memremap.h>
#include <linux/percpu-refcount.h>
+#include <linux/pfn_t.h>
+#include <linux/pseudo_fs.h>
#include <linux/random.h>
#include <linux/seq_buf.h>
#include <linux/xarray.h>
+#include <uapi/linux/magic.h>

struct pci_p2pdma {
struct gen_pool *pool;
bool p2pmem_published;
struct xarray map_types;
+ struct inode *inode;
+ bool active;
};

struct pci_p2pdma_pagemap {
@@ -101,6 +106,41 @@ static const struct attribute_group p2pmem_group = {
.name = "p2pmem",
};

+/*
+ * P2PDMA internal mount
+ * Fake an internal VFS mount-point in order to allocate struct address_space
+ * mappings to remove VMAs on unbind events.
+ */
+static int pci_p2pdma_fs_cnt;
+static struct vfsmount *pci_p2pdma_fs_mnt;
+
+static int pci_p2pdma_fs_init_fs_context(struct fs_context *fc)
+{
+ return init_pseudo(fc, P2PDMA_MAGIC) ? 0 : -ENOMEM;
+}
+
+static struct file_system_type pci_p2pdma_fs_type = {
+ .name = "p2dma",
+ .owner = THIS_MODULE,
+ .init_fs_context = pci_p2pdma_fs_init_fs_context,
+ .kill_sb = kill_anon_super,
+};
+
+static void p2pdma_page_free(struct page *page)
+{
+ struct pci_p2pdma_pagemap *pgmap = to_p2p_pgmap(page->pgmap);
+ struct percpu_ref *ref;
+
+ gen_pool_free_owner(pgmap->provider->p2pdma->pool,
+ (uintptr_t)page_to_virt(page), PAGE_SIZE,
+ (void **)&ref);
+ percpu_ref_put(ref);
+}
+
+static const struct dev_pagemap_ops p2pdma_pgmap_ops = {
+ .page_free = p2pdma_page_free,
+};
+
static void pci_p2pdma_release(void *data)
{
struct pci_dev *pdev = data;
@@ -117,6 +157,9 @@ static void pci_p2pdma_release(void *data)
gen_pool_destroy(p2pdma->pool);
sysfs_remove_group(&pdev->dev.kobj, &p2pmem_group);
xa_destroy(&p2pdma->map_types);
+
+ iput(p2pdma->inode);
+ simple_release_fs(&pci_p2pdma_fs_mnt, &pci_p2pdma_fs_cnt);
}

static int pci_p2pdma_setup(struct pci_dev *pdev)
@@ -134,17 +177,32 @@ static int pci_p2pdma_setup(struct pci_dev *pdev)
if (!p2p->pool)
goto out;

- error = devm_add_action_or_reset(&pdev->dev, pci_p2pdma_release, pdev);
+ error = simple_pin_fs(&pci_p2pdma_fs_type, &pci_p2pdma_fs_mnt,
+ &pci_p2pdma_fs_cnt);
if (error)
goto out_pool_destroy;

+ p2p->inode = alloc_anon_inode(pci_p2pdma_fs_mnt->mnt_sb);
+ if (IS_ERR(p2p->inode)) {
+ error = -ENOMEM;
+ goto out_unpin_fs;
+ }
+
+ error = devm_add_action_or_reset(&pdev->dev, pci_p2pdma_release, pdev);
+ if (error)
+ goto out_put_inode;
+
error = sysfs_create_group(&pdev->dev.kobj, &p2pmem_group);
if (error)
- goto out_pool_destroy;
+ goto out_put_inode;

rcu_assign_pointer(pdev->p2pdma, p2p);
return 0;

+out_put_inode:
+ iput(p2p->inode);
+out_unpin_fs:
+ simple_release_fs(&pci_p2pdma_fs_mnt, &pci_p2pdma_fs_cnt);
out_pool_destroy:
gen_pool_destroy(p2p->pool);
out:
@@ -152,6 +210,18 @@ static int pci_p2pdma_setup(struct pci_dev *pdev)
return error;
}

+static void pci_p2pdma_unmap_mappings(void *data)
+{
+ struct pci_dev *pdev = data;
+ struct pci_p2pdma *p2pdma = rcu_dereference_protected(pdev->p2pdma, 1);
+
+ /* Ensure no new pages can be allocated in mappings */
+ p2pdma->active = false;
+ synchronize_rcu();
+
+ unmap_mapping_range(p2pdma->inode->i_mapping, 0, 0, 1);
+}
+
/**
* pci_p2pdma_add_resource - add memory for use as p2p memory
* @pdev: the device to add the memory to
@@ -198,6 +268,7 @@ int pci_p2pdma_add_resource(struct pci_dev *pdev, int bar, size_t size,
pgmap->range.end = pgmap->range.start + size - 1;
pgmap->nr_range = 1;
pgmap->type = MEMORY_DEVICE_PCI_P2PDMA;
+ pgmap->ops = &p2pdma_pgmap_ops;

p2p_pgmap->provider = pdev;
p2p_pgmap->bus_offset = pci_bus_address(pdev, bar) -
@@ -209,6 +280,11 @@ int pci_p2pdma_add_resource(struct pci_dev *pdev, int bar, size_t size,
goto pgmap_free;
}

+ error = devm_add_action_or_reset(&pdev->dev, pci_p2pdma_unmap_mappings,
+ pdev);
+ if (error)
+ goto pages_free;
+
p2pdma = rcu_dereference_protected(pdev->p2pdma, 1);
error = gen_pool_add_owner(p2pdma->pool, (unsigned long)addr,
pci_bus_address(pdev, bar) + offset,
@@ -217,6 +293,7 @@ int pci_p2pdma_add_resource(struct pci_dev *pdev, int bar, size_t size,
if (error)
goto pages_free;

+ p2pdma->active = true;
pci_info(pdev, "added peer-to-peer DMA memory %#llx-%#llx\n",
pgmap->range.start, pgmap->range.end);

@@ -1023,3 +1100,132 @@ ssize_t pci_p2pdma_enable_show(char *page, struct pci_dev *p2p_dev,
return sprintf(page, "%s\n", pci_name(p2p_dev));
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pci_p2pdma_enable_show);
+
+/**
+ * pci_p2pdma_file_open - setup file mapping to store P2PMEM VMAs
+ * @pdev: the device to allocate memory from
+ * @file: the file to open
+ *
+ * Set f_mapping of the file to the p2pdma inode so that mappings
+ * are can be torn down on device unbind.
+ */
+int pci_p2pdma_file_open(struct pci_dev *pdev, struct file *file)
+{
+ struct pci_p2pdma *p2pdma;
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = simple_pin_fs(&pci_p2pdma_fs_type, &pci_p2pdma_fs_mnt,
+ &pci_p2pdma_fs_cnt);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ rcu_read_lock();
+ p2pdma = rcu_dereference(pdev->p2pdma);
+ if (p2pdma) {
+ ihold(p2pdma->inode);
+ file->f_mapping = p2pdma->inode->i_mapping;
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+ } else {
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+ simple_release_fs(&pci_p2pdma_fs_mnt, &pci_p2pdma_fs_cnt);
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pci_p2pdma_file_open);
+
+/**
+ * pci_p2pdma_file_release - release a file opened with pci_p2pdma_file_open()
+ * @file: the userspace vma to map the memory to
+ *
+ * Release the reference to f_mapping set by pci_p2pdma_file_open()
+ */
+void pci_p2pdma_file_release(struct file *file)
+{
+ if (file->f_mapping->host != file->f_inode) {
+ iput(file->f_mapping->host);
+ simple_release_fs(&pci_p2pdma_fs_mnt, &pci_p2pdma_fs_cnt);
+ }
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pci_p2pdma_file_release);
+
+/**
+ * pci_mmap_p2pmem - setup an mmap region to be backed with P2PDMA memory
+ * that was registered with pci_p2pdma_add_resource()
+ * @pdev: the device to allocate memory from
+ * @vma: the userspace vma to map the memory to
+ *
+ * The file must call pci_p2pdma_mmap_file_open() in its open() operation.
+ *
+ * Returns 0 on success, or a negative error code on failure
+ */
+int pci_mmap_p2pmem(struct pci_dev *pdev, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
+{
+ size_t len = vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start;
+ struct pci_p2pdma *p2pdma;
+ struct percpu_ref *ref;
+ unsigned long vaddr;
+ void *kaddr;
+ int ret;
+
+ /* prevent private mappings from being established */
+ if ((vma->vm_flags & VM_MAYSHARE) != VM_MAYSHARE) {
+ pci_info_ratelimited(pdev,
+ "%s: fail, attempted private mapping\n",
+ current->comm);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ if (vma->vm_pgoff) {
+ pci_info_ratelimited(pdev,
+ "%s: fail, attempted mapping with non-zero offset\n",
+ current->comm);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ rcu_read_lock();
+ p2pdma = rcu_dereference(pdev->p2pdma);
+ if (!p2pdma || !p2pdma->active) {
+ ret = -ENODEV;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ kaddr = (void *)gen_pool_alloc_owner(p2pdma->pool, len, (void **)&ref);
+ if (!kaddr) {
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * vm_insert_page() can sleep, so a reference is taken to mapping
+ * such that rcu_read_unlock() can be done before inserting the
+ * pages
+ */
+ if (unlikely(!percpu_ref_tryget_live_rcu(ref))) {
+ ret = -ENODEV;
+ goto out_free_mem;
+ }
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+
+ for (vaddr = vma->vm_start; vaddr < vma->vm_end; vaddr += PAGE_SIZE) {
+ ret = vm_insert_page(vma, vaddr, virt_to_page(kaddr));
+ if (ret) {
+ gen_pool_free(p2pdma->pool, (uintptr_t)kaddr, len);
+ return ret;
+ }
+ percpu_ref_get(ref);
+ put_page(virt_to_page(kaddr));
+ kaddr += PAGE_SIZE;
+ len -= PAGE_SIZE;
+ }
+
+ percpu_ref_put(ref);
+
+ return 0;
+out_free_mem:
+ gen_pool_free(p2pdma->pool, (uintptr_t)kaddr, len);
+out:
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+ return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pci_mmap_p2pmem);
diff --git a/include/linux/pci-p2pdma.h b/include/linux/pci-p2pdma.h
index 2c07aa6b7665..0ffe782940da 100644
--- a/include/linux/pci-p2pdma.h
+++ b/include/linux/pci-p2pdma.h
@@ -34,6 +34,9 @@ int pci_p2pdma_enable_store(const char *page, struct pci_dev **p2p_dev,
bool *use_p2pdma);
ssize_t pci_p2pdma_enable_show(char *page, struct pci_dev *p2p_dev,
bool use_p2pdma);
+int pci_p2pdma_file_open(struct pci_dev *pdev, struct file *file);
+void pci_p2pdma_file_release(struct file *file);
+int pci_mmap_p2pmem(struct pci_dev *pdev, struct vm_area_struct *vma);
#else /* CONFIG_PCI_P2PDMA */
static inline int pci_p2pdma_add_resource(struct pci_dev *pdev, int bar,
size_t size, u64 offset)
@@ -90,6 +93,19 @@ static inline ssize_t pci_p2pdma_enable_show(char *page,
{
return sprintf(page, "none\n");
}
+static inline int pci_p2pdma_file_open(struct pci_dev *pdev,
+ struct file *file)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
+static inline void pci_p2pdma_file_release(struct file *file)
+{
+}
+static inline int pci_mmap_p2pmem(struct pci_dev *pdev,
+ struct vm_area_struct *vma)
+{
+ return -EOPNOTSUPP;
+}
#endif /* CONFIG_PCI_P2PDMA */


diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/magic.h b/include/uapi/linux/magic.h
index f724129c0425..59ba2e60dc03 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/magic.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/magic.h
@@ -95,6 +95,7 @@
#define BPF_FS_MAGIC 0xcafe4a11
#define AAFS_MAGIC 0x5a3c69f0
#define ZONEFS_MAGIC 0x5a4f4653
+#define P2PDMA_MAGIC 0x70327064

/* Since UDF 2.01 is ISO 13346 based... */
#define UDF_SUPER_MAGIC 0x15013346
--
2.30.2
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