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Subject[PATCH v12 05/14] mm: multi-gen LRU: groundwork
From
Evictable pages are divided into multiple generations for each lruvec.
The youngest generation number is stored in lrugen->max_seq for both
anon and file types as they are aged on an equal footing. The oldest
generation numbers are stored in lrugen->min_seq[] separately for anon
and file types as clean file pages can be evicted regardless of swap
constraints. These three variables are monotonically increasing.

Generation numbers are truncated into order_base_2(MAX_NR_GENS+1) bits
in order to fit into the gen counter in folio->flags. Each truncated
generation number is an index to lrugen->lists[]. The sliding window
technique is used to track at least MIN_NR_GENS and at most
MAX_NR_GENS generations. The gen counter stores a value within [1,
MAX_NR_GENS] while a page is on one of lrugen->lists[]. Otherwise it
stores 0.

There are two conceptually independent procedures: "the aging", which
produces young generations, and "the eviction", which consumes old
generations. They form a closed-loop system, i.e., "the page reclaim".
Both procedures can be invoked from userspace for the purposes of
working set estimation and proactive reclaim. These techniques are
commonly used to optimize job scheduling (bin packing) in data
centers [1][2].

To avoid confusion, the terms "hot" and "cold" will be applied to the
multi-gen LRU, as a new convention; the terms "active" and "inactive"
will be applied to the active/inactive LRU, as usual.

The protection of hot pages and the selection of cold pages are based
on page access channels and patterns. There are two access channels:
one through page tables and the other through file descriptors. The
protection of the former channel is by design stronger because:
1. The uncertainty in determining the access patterns of the former
channel is higher due to the approximation of the accessed bit.
2. The cost of evicting the former channel is higher due to the TLB
flushes required and the likelihood of encountering the dirty bit.
3. The penalty of underprotecting the former channel is higher because
applications usually do not prepare themselves for major page
faults like they do for blocked I/O. E.g., GUI applications
commonly use dedicated I/O threads to avoid blocking rendering
threads.
There are also two access patterns: one with temporal locality and the
other without. For the reasons listed above, the former channel is
assumed to follow the former pattern unless VM_SEQ_READ or
VM_RAND_READ is present; the latter channel is assumed to follow the
latter pattern unless outlying refaults have been observed [3][4].

The next patch will address the "outlying refaults". Three macros,
i.e., LRU_REFS_WIDTH, LRU_REFS_PGOFF and LRU_REFS_MASK, used later are
added in this patch to make the entire patchset less diffy.

A page is added to the youngest generation on faulting. The aging
needs to check the accessed bit at least twice before handing this
page over to the eviction. The first check takes care of the accessed
bit set on the initial fault; the second check makes sure this page
has not been used since then. This protocol, AKA second chance,
requires a minimum of two generations, hence MIN_NR_GENS.

[1] https://dl.acm.org/doi/10.1145/3297858.3304053
[2] https://dl.acm.org/doi/10.1145/3503222.3507731
[3] https://lwn.net/Articles/495543/
[4] https://lwn.net/Articles/815342/

Signed-off-by: Yu Zhao <yuzhao@google.com>
Acked-by: Brian Geffon <bgeffon@google.com>
Acked-by: Jan Alexander Steffens (heftig) <heftig@archlinux.org>
Acked-by: Oleksandr Natalenko <oleksandr@natalenko.name>
Acked-by: Steven Barrett <steven@liquorix.net>
Acked-by: Suleiman Souhlal <suleiman@google.com>
Tested-by: Daniel Byrne <djbyrne@mtu.edu>
Tested-by: Donald Carr <d@chaos-reins.com>
Tested-by: Holger Hoffstätte <holger@applied-asynchrony.com>
Tested-by: Konstantin Kharlamov <Hi-Angel@yandex.ru>
Tested-by: Shuang Zhai <szhai2@cs.rochester.edu>
Tested-by: Sofia Trinh <sofia.trinh@edi.works>
Tested-by: Vaibhav Jain <vaibhav@linux.ibm.com>
---
fs/fuse/dev.c | 3 +-
include/linux/mm.h | 2 +
include/linux/mm_inline.h | 175 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
include/linux/mmzone.h | 100 +++++++++++++++++
include/linux/page-flags-layout.h | 13 ++-
include/linux/page-flags.h | 4 +-
include/linux/sched.h | 4 +
kernel/bounds.c | 5 +
mm/Kconfig | 8 ++
mm/huge_memory.c | 3 +-
mm/memcontrol.c | 2 +
mm/memory.c | 25 +++++
mm/mm_init.c | 6 +-
mm/mmzone.c | 2 +
mm/swap.c | 9 +-
mm/vmscan.c | 75 +++++++++++++
16 files changed, 423 insertions(+), 13 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/fuse/dev.c b/fs/fuse/dev.c
index 0e537e580dc1..5d36015071d2 100644
--- a/fs/fuse/dev.c
+++ b/fs/fuse/dev.c
@@ -777,7 +777,8 @@ static int fuse_check_page(struct page *page)
1 << PG_active |
1 << PG_workingset |
1 << PG_reclaim |
- 1 << PG_waiters))) {
+ 1 << PG_waiters |
+ LRU_GEN_MASK | LRU_REFS_MASK))) {
dump_page(page, "fuse: trying to steal weird page");
return 1;
}
diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
index bc8f326be0ce..9f05eb5d06c0 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm.h
@@ -1060,6 +1060,8 @@ vm_fault_t finish_mkwrite_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf);
#define ZONES_PGOFF (NODES_PGOFF - ZONES_WIDTH)
#define LAST_CPUPID_PGOFF (ZONES_PGOFF - LAST_CPUPID_WIDTH)
#define KASAN_TAG_PGOFF (LAST_CPUPID_PGOFF - KASAN_TAG_WIDTH)
+#define LRU_GEN_PGOFF (KASAN_TAG_PGOFF - LRU_GEN_WIDTH)
+#define LRU_REFS_PGOFF (LRU_GEN_PGOFF - LRU_REFS_WIDTH)

/*
* Define the bit shifts to access each section. For non-existent
diff --git a/include/linux/mm_inline.h b/include/linux/mm_inline.h
index fb8aadb81cd6..2ff703900fd0 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm_inline.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm_inline.h
@@ -40,6 +40,9 @@ static __always_inline void __update_lru_size(struct lruvec *lruvec,
{
struct pglist_data *pgdat = lruvec_pgdat(lruvec);

+ lockdep_assert_held(&lruvec->lru_lock);
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(nr_pages != (int)nr_pages);
+
__mod_lruvec_state(lruvec, NR_LRU_BASE + lru, nr_pages);
__mod_zone_page_state(&pgdat->node_zones[zid],
NR_ZONE_LRU_BASE + lru, nr_pages);
@@ -101,11 +104,177 @@ static __always_inline enum lru_list folio_lru_list(struct folio *folio)
return lru;
}

+#ifdef CONFIG_LRU_GEN
+
+static inline bool lru_gen_enabled(void)
+{
+ return true;
+}
+
+static inline bool lru_gen_in_fault(void)
+{
+ return current->in_lru_fault;
+}
+
+static inline int lru_gen_from_seq(unsigned long seq)
+{
+ return seq % MAX_NR_GENS;
+}
+
+static inline int folio_lru_gen(struct folio *folio)
+{
+ unsigned long flags = READ_ONCE(folio->flags);
+
+ return ((flags & LRU_GEN_MASK) >> LRU_GEN_PGOFF) - 1;
+}
+
+static inline bool lru_gen_is_active(struct lruvec *lruvec, int gen)
+{
+ unsigned long max_seq = lruvec->lrugen.max_seq;
+
+ VM_WARN_ON_ONCE(gen >= MAX_NR_GENS);
+
+ /* see the comment on MIN_NR_GENS */
+ return gen == lru_gen_from_seq(max_seq) || gen == lru_gen_from_seq(max_seq - 1);
+}
+
+static inline void lru_gen_update_size(struct lruvec *lruvec, struct folio *folio,
+ int old_gen, int new_gen)
+{
+ int type = folio_is_file_lru(folio);
+ int zone = folio_zonenum(folio);
+ int delta = folio_nr_pages(folio);
+ enum lru_list lru = type * LRU_INACTIVE_FILE;
+ struct lru_gen_struct *lrugen = &lruvec->lrugen;
+
+ VM_WARN_ON_ONCE(old_gen != -1 && old_gen >= MAX_NR_GENS);
+ VM_WARN_ON_ONCE(new_gen != -1 && new_gen >= MAX_NR_GENS);
+ VM_WARN_ON_ONCE(old_gen == -1 && new_gen == -1);
+
+ if (old_gen >= 0)
+ WRITE_ONCE(lrugen->nr_pages[old_gen][type][zone],
+ lrugen->nr_pages[old_gen][type][zone] - delta);
+ if (new_gen >= 0)
+ WRITE_ONCE(lrugen->nr_pages[new_gen][type][zone],
+ lrugen->nr_pages[new_gen][type][zone] + delta);
+
+ /* addition */
+ if (old_gen < 0) {
+ if (lru_gen_is_active(lruvec, new_gen))
+ lru += LRU_ACTIVE;
+ __update_lru_size(lruvec, lru, zone, delta);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ /* deletion */
+ if (new_gen < 0) {
+ if (lru_gen_is_active(lruvec, old_gen))
+ lru += LRU_ACTIVE;
+ __update_lru_size(lruvec, lru, zone, -delta);
+ return;
+ }
+}
+
+static inline bool lru_gen_add_folio(struct lruvec *lruvec, struct folio *folio, bool reclaiming)
+{
+ unsigned long seq;
+ unsigned long flags;
+ int gen = folio_lru_gen(folio);
+ int type = folio_is_file_lru(folio);
+ int zone = folio_zonenum(folio);
+ struct lru_gen_struct *lrugen = &lruvec->lrugen;
+
+ VM_WARN_ON_ONCE_FOLIO(gen != -1, folio);
+
+ if (folio_test_unevictable(folio))
+ return false;
+ /*
+ * There are three common cases for this page:
+ * 1. If it's hot, e.g., freshly faulted in or previously hot and
+ * migrated, add it to the youngest generation.
+ * 2. If it's cold but can't be evicted immediately, i.e., an anon page
+ * not in swapcache or a dirty page pending writeback, add it to the
+ * second oldest generation.
+ * 3. Everything else (clean, cold) is added to the oldest generation.
+ */
+ if (folio_test_active(folio))
+ seq = lrugen->max_seq;
+ else if ((type == LRU_GEN_ANON && !folio_test_swapcache(folio)) ||
+ (folio_test_reclaim(folio) &&
+ (folio_test_dirty(folio) || folio_test_writeback(folio))))
+ seq = lrugen->min_seq[type] + 1;
+ else
+ seq = lrugen->min_seq[type];
+
+ gen = lru_gen_from_seq(seq);
+ flags = (gen + 1UL) << LRU_GEN_PGOFF;
+ /* see the comment on MIN_NR_GENS about PG_active */
+ set_mask_bits(&folio->flags, LRU_GEN_MASK | BIT(PG_active), flags);
+
+ lru_gen_update_size(lruvec, folio, -1, gen);
+ /* for folio_rotate_reclaimable() */
+ if (reclaiming)
+ list_add_tail(&folio->lru, &lrugen->lists[gen][type][zone]);
+ else
+ list_add(&folio->lru, &lrugen->lists[gen][type][zone]);
+
+ return true;
+}
+
+static inline bool lru_gen_del_folio(struct lruvec *lruvec, struct folio *folio, bool reclaiming)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+ int gen = folio_lru_gen(folio);
+
+ if (gen < 0)
+ return false;
+
+ VM_WARN_ON_ONCE_FOLIO(folio_test_active(folio), folio);
+ VM_WARN_ON_ONCE_FOLIO(folio_test_unevictable(folio), folio);
+
+ /* for folio_migrate_flags() */
+ flags = !reclaiming && lru_gen_is_active(lruvec, gen) ? BIT(PG_active) : 0;
+ flags = set_mask_bits(&folio->flags, LRU_GEN_MASK, flags);
+ gen = ((flags & LRU_GEN_MASK) >> LRU_GEN_PGOFF) - 1;
+
+ lru_gen_update_size(lruvec, folio, gen, -1);
+ list_del(&folio->lru);
+
+ return true;
+}
+
+#else /* !CONFIG_LRU_GEN */
+
+static inline bool lru_gen_enabled(void)
+{
+ return false;
+}
+
+static inline bool lru_gen_in_fault(void)
+{
+ return false;
+}
+
+static inline bool lru_gen_add_folio(struct lruvec *lruvec, struct folio *folio, bool reclaiming)
+{
+ return false;
+}
+
+static inline bool lru_gen_del_folio(struct lruvec *lruvec, struct folio *folio, bool reclaiming)
+{
+ return false;
+}
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_LRU_GEN */
+
static __always_inline
void lruvec_add_folio(struct lruvec *lruvec, struct folio *folio)
{
enum lru_list lru = folio_lru_list(folio);

+ if (lru_gen_add_folio(lruvec, folio, false))
+ return;
+
update_lru_size(lruvec, lru, folio_zonenum(folio),
folio_nr_pages(folio));
if (lru != LRU_UNEVICTABLE)
@@ -123,6 +292,9 @@ void lruvec_add_folio_tail(struct lruvec *lruvec, struct folio *folio)
{
enum lru_list lru = folio_lru_list(folio);

+ if (lru_gen_add_folio(lruvec, folio, true))
+ return;
+
update_lru_size(lruvec, lru, folio_zonenum(folio),
folio_nr_pages(folio));
/* This is not expected to be used on LRU_UNEVICTABLE */
@@ -140,6 +312,9 @@ void lruvec_del_folio(struct lruvec *lruvec, struct folio *folio)
{
enum lru_list lru = folio_lru_list(folio);

+ if (lru_gen_del_folio(lruvec, folio, false))
+ return;
+
if (lru != LRU_UNEVICTABLE)
list_del(&folio->lru);
update_lru_size(lruvec, lru, folio_zonenum(folio),
diff --git a/include/linux/mmzone.h b/include/linux/mmzone.h
index aab70355d64f..c90c2282044e 100644
--- a/include/linux/mmzone.h
+++ b/include/linux/mmzone.h
@@ -314,6 +314,102 @@ enum lruvec_flags {
*/
};

+#endif /* !__GENERATING_BOUNDS_H */
+
+/*
+ * Evictable pages are divided into multiple generations. The youngest and the
+ * oldest generation numbers, max_seq and min_seq, are monotonically increasing.
+ * They form a sliding window of a variable size [MIN_NR_GENS, MAX_NR_GENS]. An
+ * offset within MAX_NR_GENS, i.e., gen, indexes the LRU list of the
+ * corresponding generation. The gen counter in folio->flags stores gen+1 while
+ * a page is on one of lrugen->lists[]. Otherwise it stores 0.
+ *
+ * A page is added to the youngest generation on faulting. The aging needs to
+ * check the accessed bit at least twice before handing this page over to the
+ * eviction. The first check takes care of the accessed bit set on the initial
+ * fault; the second check makes sure this page hasn't been used since then.
+ * This process, AKA second chance, requires a minimum of two generations,
+ * hence MIN_NR_GENS. And to maintain ABI compatibility with the active/inactive
+ * LRU, e.g., /proc/vmstat, these two generations are considered active; the
+ * rest of generations, if they exist, are considered inactive. See
+ * lru_gen_is_active().
+ *
+ * PG_active is always cleared while a page is on one of lrugen->lists[] so that
+ * the aging needs not to worry about it. And it's set again when a page
+ * considered active is isolated for non-reclaiming purposes, e.g., migration.
+ * See lru_gen_add_folio() and lru_gen_del_folio().
+ *
+ * MAX_NR_GENS is set to 4 so that the multi-gen LRU can support twice the
+ * number of categories of the active/inactive LRU when keeping track of
+ * accesses through page tables. This requires order_base_2(MAX_NR_GENS+1) bits
+ * in folio->flags.
+ */
+#define MIN_NR_GENS 2U
+#define MAX_NR_GENS 4U
+
+#ifndef __GENERATING_BOUNDS_H
+
+struct lruvec;
+
+#define LRU_GEN_MASK ((BIT(LRU_GEN_WIDTH) - 1) << LRU_GEN_PGOFF)
+#define LRU_REFS_MASK ((BIT(LRU_REFS_WIDTH) - 1) << LRU_REFS_PGOFF)
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_LRU_GEN
+
+enum {
+ LRU_GEN_ANON,
+ LRU_GEN_FILE,
+};
+
+/*
+ * The youngest generation number is stored in max_seq for both anon and file
+ * types as they are aged on an equal footing. The oldest generation numbers are
+ * stored in min_seq[] separately for anon and file types as clean file pages
+ * can be evicted regardless of swap constraints.
+ *
+ * Normally anon and file min_seq are in sync. But if swapping is constrained,
+ * e.g., out of swap space, file min_seq is allowed to advance and leave anon
+ * min_seq behind.
+ *
+ * The number of pages in each generation is eventually consistent and therefore
+ * can be transiently negative.
+ */
+struct lru_gen_struct {
+ /* the aging increments the youngest generation number */
+ unsigned long max_seq;
+ /* the eviction increments the oldest generation numbers */
+ unsigned long min_seq[ANON_AND_FILE];
+ /* the multi-gen LRU lists, lazily sorted on eviction */
+ struct list_head lists[MAX_NR_GENS][ANON_AND_FILE][MAX_NR_ZONES];
+ /* the multi-gen LRU sizes, eventually consistent */
+ long nr_pages[MAX_NR_GENS][ANON_AND_FILE][MAX_NR_ZONES];
+};
+
+void lru_gen_init_lruvec(struct lruvec *lruvec);
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG
+void lru_gen_init_memcg(struct mem_cgroup *memcg);
+void lru_gen_exit_memcg(struct mem_cgroup *memcg);
+#endif
+
+#else /* !CONFIG_LRU_GEN */
+
+static inline void lru_gen_init_lruvec(struct lruvec *lruvec)
+{
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG
+static inline void lru_gen_init_memcg(struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
+{
+}
+
+static inline void lru_gen_exit_memcg(struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
+{
+}
+#endif
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_LRU_GEN */
+
struct lruvec {
struct list_head lists[NR_LRU_LISTS];
/* per lruvec lru_lock for memcg */
@@ -331,6 +427,10 @@ struct lruvec {
unsigned long refaults[ANON_AND_FILE];
/* Various lruvec state flags (enum lruvec_flags) */
unsigned long flags;
+#ifdef CONFIG_LRU_GEN
+ /* evictable pages divided into generations */
+ struct lru_gen_struct lrugen;
+#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG
struct pglist_data *pgdat;
#endif
diff --git a/include/linux/page-flags-layout.h b/include/linux/page-flags-layout.h
index ef1e3e736e14..240905407a18 100644
--- a/include/linux/page-flags-layout.h
+++ b/include/linux/page-flags-layout.h
@@ -55,7 +55,8 @@
#define SECTIONS_WIDTH 0
#endif

-#if ZONES_WIDTH + SECTIONS_WIDTH + NODES_SHIFT <= BITS_PER_LONG - NR_PAGEFLAGS
+#if ZONES_WIDTH + LRU_GEN_WIDTH + SECTIONS_WIDTH + NODES_SHIFT \
+ <= BITS_PER_LONG - NR_PAGEFLAGS
#define NODES_WIDTH NODES_SHIFT
#elif defined(CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP)
#error "Vmemmap: No space for nodes field in page flags"
@@ -89,8 +90,8 @@
#define LAST_CPUPID_SHIFT 0
#endif

-#if ZONES_WIDTH + SECTIONS_WIDTH + NODES_WIDTH + KASAN_TAG_WIDTH + LAST_CPUPID_SHIFT \
- <= BITS_PER_LONG - NR_PAGEFLAGS
+#if ZONES_WIDTH + LRU_GEN_WIDTH + SECTIONS_WIDTH + NODES_WIDTH + \
+ KASAN_TAG_WIDTH + LAST_CPUPID_SHIFT <= BITS_PER_LONG - NR_PAGEFLAGS
#define LAST_CPUPID_WIDTH LAST_CPUPID_SHIFT
#else
#define LAST_CPUPID_WIDTH 0
@@ -100,10 +101,12 @@
#define LAST_CPUPID_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS
#endif

-#if ZONES_WIDTH + SECTIONS_WIDTH + NODES_WIDTH + KASAN_TAG_WIDTH + LAST_CPUPID_WIDTH \
- > BITS_PER_LONG - NR_PAGEFLAGS
+#if ZONES_WIDTH + LRU_GEN_WIDTH + SECTIONS_WIDTH + NODES_WIDTH + \
+ KASAN_TAG_WIDTH + LAST_CPUPID_WIDTH > BITS_PER_LONG - NR_PAGEFLAGS
#error "Not enough bits in page flags"
#endif

+#define LRU_REFS_WIDTH 0
+
#endif
#endif /* _LINUX_PAGE_FLAGS_LAYOUT */
diff --git a/include/linux/page-flags.h b/include/linux/page-flags.h
index e66f7aa3191d..8d466d724852 100644
--- a/include/linux/page-flags.h
+++ b/include/linux/page-flags.h
@@ -1059,7 +1059,7 @@ static __always_inline void __ClearPageAnonExclusive(struct page *page)
1UL << PG_private | 1UL << PG_private_2 | \
1UL << PG_writeback | 1UL << PG_reserved | \
1UL << PG_slab | 1UL << PG_active | \
- 1UL << PG_unevictable | __PG_MLOCKED)
+ 1UL << PG_unevictable | __PG_MLOCKED | LRU_GEN_MASK)

/*
* Flags checked when a page is prepped for return by the page allocator.
@@ -1070,7 +1070,7 @@ static __always_inline void __ClearPageAnonExclusive(struct page *page)
* alloc-free cycle to prevent from reusing the page.
*/
#define PAGE_FLAGS_CHECK_AT_PREP \
- (PAGEFLAGS_MASK & ~__PG_HWPOISON)
+ ((PAGEFLAGS_MASK & ~__PG_HWPOISON) | LRU_GEN_MASK | LRU_REFS_MASK)

#define PAGE_FLAGS_PRIVATE \
(1UL << PG_private | 1UL << PG_private_2)
diff --git a/include/linux/sched.h b/include/linux/sched.h
index c46f3a63b758..744340a96ace 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched.h
@@ -912,6 +912,10 @@ struct task_struct {
#ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG
unsigned in_user_fault:1;
#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_LRU_GEN
+ /* whether the LRU algorithm may apply to this access */
+ unsigned in_lru_fault:1;
+#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK
unsigned brk_randomized:1;
#endif
diff --git a/kernel/bounds.c b/kernel/bounds.c
index 9795d75b09b2..5ee60777d8e4 100644
--- a/kernel/bounds.c
+++ b/kernel/bounds.c
@@ -22,6 +22,11 @@ int main(void)
DEFINE(NR_CPUS_BITS, ilog2(CONFIG_NR_CPUS));
#endif
DEFINE(SPINLOCK_SIZE, sizeof(spinlock_t));
+#ifdef CONFIG_LRU_GEN
+ DEFINE(LRU_GEN_WIDTH, order_base_2(MAX_NR_GENS + 1));
+#else
+ DEFINE(LRU_GEN_WIDTH, 0);
+#endif
/* End of constants */

return 0;
diff --git a/mm/Kconfig b/mm/Kconfig
index 169e64192e48..cee109f3128a 100644
--- a/mm/Kconfig
+++ b/mm/Kconfig
@@ -1130,6 +1130,14 @@ config PTE_MARKER_UFFD_WP
purposes. It is required to enable userfaultfd write protection on
file-backed memory types like shmem and hugetlbfs.

+config LRU_GEN
+ bool "Multi-Gen LRU"
+ depends on MMU
+ # make sure folio->flags has enough spare bits
+ depends on 64BIT || !SPARSEMEM || SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP
+ help
+ A high performance LRU implementation to overcommit memory.
+
source "mm/damon/Kconfig"

endmenu
diff --git a/mm/huge_memory.c b/mm/huge_memory.c
index f7248002dad9..aa9197d8034e 100644
--- a/mm/huge_memory.c
+++ b/mm/huge_memory.c
@@ -2370,7 +2370,8 @@ static void __split_huge_page_tail(struct page *head, int tail,
#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
(1L << PG_arch_2) |
#endif
- (1L << PG_dirty)));
+ (1L << PG_dirty) |
+ LRU_GEN_MASK | LRU_REFS_MASK));

/* ->mapping in first tail page is compound_mapcount */
VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(tail > 2 && page_tail->mapping != TAIL_MAPPING,
diff --git a/mm/memcontrol.c b/mm/memcontrol.c
index abec50f31fe6..ecdc0401f298 100644
--- a/mm/memcontrol.c
+++ b/mm/memcontrol.c
@@ -5105,6 +5105,7 @@ static void __mem_cgroup_free(struct mem_cgroup *memcg)

static void mem_cgroup_free(struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
{
+ lru_gen_exit_memcg(memcg);
memcg_wb_domain_exit(memcg);
__mem_cgroup_free(memcg);
}
@@ -5163,6 +5164,7 @@ static struct mem_cgroup *mem_cgroup_alloc(void)
memcg->deferred_split_queue.split_queue_len = 0;
#endif
idr_replace(&mem_cgroup_idr, memcg, memcg->id.id);
+ lru_gen_init_memcg(memcg);
return memcg;
fail:
mem_cgroup_id_remove(memcg);
diff --git a/mm/memory.c b/mm/memory.c
index 49500390b91b..85d3961c2bd5 100644
--- a/mm/memory.c
+++ b/mm/memory.c
@@ -5091,6 +5091,27 @@ static inline void mm_account_fault(struct pt_regs *regs,
perf_sw_event(PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS_MIN, 1, regs, address);
}

+#ifdef CONFIG_LRU_GEN
+static void lru_gen_enter_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
+{
+ /* the LRU algorithm doesn't apply to sequential or random reads */
+ current->in_lru_fault = !(vma->vm_flags & (VM_SEQ_READ | VM_RAND_READ));
+}
+
+static void lru_gen_exit_fault(void)
+{
+ current->in_lru_fault = false;
+}
+#else
+static void lru_gen_enter_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
+{
+}
+
+static void lru_gen_exit_fault(void)
+{
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_LRU_GEN */
+
/*
* By the time we get here, we already hold the mm semaphore
*
@@ -5122,11 +5143,15 @@ vm_fault_t handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address,
if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_USER)
mem_cgroup_enter_user_fault();

+ lru_gen_enter_fault(vma);
+
if (unlikely(is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma)))
ret = hugetlb_fault(vma->vm_mm, vma, address, flags);
else
ret = __handle_mm_fault(vma, address, flags);

+ lru_gen_exit_fault();
+
if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_USER) {
mem_cgroup_exit_user_fault();
/*
diff --git a/mm/mm_init.c b/mm/mm_init.c
index 9ddaf0e1b0ab..0d7b2bd2454a 100644
--- a/mm/mm_init.c
+++ b/mm/mm_init.c
@@ -65,14 +65,16 @@ void __init mminit_verify_pageflags_layout(void)

shift = 8 * sizeof(unsigned long);
width = shift - SECTIONS_WIDTH - NODES_WIDTH - ZONES_WIDTH
- - LAST_CPUPID_SHIFT - KASAN_TAG_WIDTH;
+ - LAST_CPUPID_SHIFT - KASAN_TAG_WIDTH - LRU_GEN_WIDTH - LRU_REFS_WIDTH;
mminit_dprintk(MMINIT_TRACE, "pageflags_layout_widths",
- "Section %d Node %d Zone %d Lastcpupid %d Kasantag %d Flags %d\n",
+ "Section %d Node %d Zone %d Lastcpupid %d Kasantag %d Gen %d Tier %d Flags %d\n",
SECTIONS_WIDTH,
NODES_WIDTH,
ZONES_WIDTH,
LAST_CPUPID_WIDTH,
KASAN_TAG_WIDTH,
+ LRU_GEN_WIDTH,
+ LRU_REFS_WIDTH,
NR_PAGEFLAGS);
mminit_dprintk(MMINIT_TRACE, "pageflags_layout_shifts",
"Section %d Node %d Zone %d Lastcpupid %d Kasantag %d\n",
diff --git a/mm/mmzone.c b/mm/mmzone.c
index 0ae7571e35ab..68e1511be12d 100644
--- a/mm/mmzone.c
+++ b/mm/mmzone.c
@@ -88,6 +88,8 @@ void lruvec_init(struct lruvec *lruvec)
* Poison its list head, so that any operations on it would crash.
*/
list_del(&lruvec->lists[LRU_UNEVICTABLE]);
+
+ lru_gen_init_lruvec(lruvec);
}

#if defined(CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING) && !defined(LAST_CPUPID_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS)
diff --git a/mm/swap.c b/mm/swap.c
index f3922a96b2e9..4e09ff5b0947 100644
--- a/mm/swap.c
+++ b/mm/swap.c
@@ -460,6 +460,11 @@ void folio_add_lru(struct folio *folio)
VM_BUG_ON_FOLIO(folio_test_active(folio) && folio_test_unevictable(folio), folio);
VM_BUG_ON_FOLIO(folio_test_lru(folio), folio);

+ /* see the comment in lru_gen_add_folio() */
+ if (lru_gen_enabled() && !folio_test_unevictable(folio) &&
+ lru_gen_in_fault() && !(current->flags & PF_MEMALLOC))
+ folio_set_active(folio);
+
folio_get(folio);
local_lock(&lru_pvecs.lock);
pvec = this_cpu_ptr(&lru_pvecs.lru_add);
@@ -551,7 +556,7 @@ static void lru_deactivate_file_fn(struct page *page, struct lruvec *lruvec)

static void lru_deactivate_fn(struct page *page, struct lruvec *lruvec)
{
- if (PageActive(page) && !PageUnevictable(page)) {
+ if (!PageUnevictable(page) && (PageActive(page) || lru_gen_enabled())) {
int nr_pages = thp_nr_pages(page);

del_page_from_lru_list(page, lruvec);
@@ -666,7 +671,7 @@ void deactivate_file_folio(struct folio *folio)
*/
void deactivate_page(struct page *page)
{
- if (PageLRU(page) && PageActive(page) && !PageUnevictable(page)) {
+ if (PageLRU(page) && !PageUnevictable(page) && (PageActive(page) || lru_gen_enabled())) {
struct pagevec *pvec;

local_lock(&lru_pvecs.lock);
diff --git a/mm/vmscan.c b/mm/vmscan.c
index fddb9bd3c6c2..1fcc0feed985 100644
--- a/mm/vmscan.c
+++ b/mm/vmscan.c
@@ -2992,6 +2992,81 @@ static bool can_age_anon_pages(struct pglist_data *pgdat,
return can_demote(pgdat->node_id, sc);
}

+#ifdef CONFIG_LRU_GEN
+
+/******************************************************************************
+ * shorthand helpers
+ ******************************************************************************/
+
+#define for_each_gen_type_zone(gen, type, zone) \
+ for ((gen) = 0; (gen) < MAX_NR_GENS; (gen)++) \
+ for ((type) = 0; (type) < ANON_AND_FILE; (type)++) \
+ for ((zone) = 0; (zone) < MAX_NR_ZONES; (zone)++)
+
+static struct lruvec __maybe_unused *get_lruvec(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, int nid)
+{
+ struct pglist_data *pgdat = NODE_DATA(nid);
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG
+ if (memcg) {
+ struct lruvec *lruvec = &memcg->nodeinfo[nid]->lruvec;
+
+ /* for hotadd_new_pgdat() */
+ if (!lruvec->pgdat)
+ lruvec->pgdat = pgdat;
+
+ return lruvec;
+ }
+#endif
+ VM_WARN_ON_ONCE(!mem_cgroup_disabled());
+
+ return pgdat ? &pgdat->__lruvec : NULL;
+}
+
+/******************************************************************************
+ * initialization
+ ******************************************************************************/
+
+void lru_gen_init_lruvec(struct lruvec *lruvec)
+{
+ int gen, type, zone;
+ struct lru_gen_struct *lrugen = &lruvec->lrugen;
+
+ lrugen->max_seq = MIN_NR_GENS + 1;
+
+ for_each_gen_type_zone(gen, type, zone)
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&lrugen->lists[gen][type][zone]);
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG
+void lru_gen_init_memcg(struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
+{
+}
+
+void lru_gen_exit_memcg(struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
+{
+ int nid;
+
+ for_each_node(nid) {
+ struct lruvec *lruvec = get_lruvec(memcg, nid);
+
+ VM_WARN_ON_ONCE(memchr_inv(lruvec->lrugen.nr_pages, 0,
+ sizeof(lruvec->lrugen.nr_pages)));
+ }
+}
+#endif
+
+static int __init init_lru_gen(void)
+{
+ BUILD_BUG_ON(MIN_NR_GENS + 1 >= MAX_NR_GENS);
+ BUILD_BUG_ON(BIT(LRU_GEN_WIDTH) <= MAX_NR_GENS);
+
+ return 0;
+};
+late_initcall(init_lru_gen);
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_LRU_GEN */
+
static void shrink_lruvec(struct lruvec *lruvec, struct scan_control *sc)
{
unsigned long nr[NR_LRU_LISTS];
--
2.36.1.476.g0c4daa206d-goog
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