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Subject[PATCH v12 02/14] mm: x86: add CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_NONLEAF_PMD_YOUNG
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Some architectures support the accessed bit in non-leaf PMD entries,
e.g., x86 sets the accessed bit in a non-leaf PMD entry when using it
as part of linear address translation [1]. Page table walkers that
clear the accessed bit may use this capability to reduce their search
space.

Note that:
1. Although an inline function is preferable, this capability is added
as a configuration option for consistency with the existing macros.
2. Due to the little interest in other varieties, this capability was
only tested on Intel and AMD CPUs.

Thanks to the following developers for their efforts [2][3].
Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>
Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au>

[1]: Intel 64 and IA-32 Architectures Software Developer's Manual
Volume 3 (June 2021), section 4.8
[2] https://lore.kernel.org/r/bfdcc7c8-922f-61a9-aa15-7e7250f04af7@infradead.org/
[3] https://lore.kernel.org/r/20220413151513.5a0d7a7e@canb.auug.org.au/

Signed-off-by: Yu Zhao <yuzhao@google.com>
Reviewed-by: Barry Song <baohua@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Brian Geffon <bgeffon@google.com>
Acked-by: Jan Alexander Steffens (heftig) <heftig@archlinux.org>
Acked-by: Oleksandr Natalenko <oleksandr@natalenko.name>
Acked-by: Steven Barrett <steven@liquorix.net>
Acked-by: Suleiman Souhlal <suleiman@google.com>
Tested-by: Daniel Byrne <djbyrne@mtu.edu>
Tested-by: Donald Carr <d@chaos-reins.com>
Tested-by: Holger Hoffstätte <holger@applied-asynchrony.com>
Tested-by: Konstantin Kharlamov <Hi-Angel@yandex.ru>
Tested-by: Shuang Zhai <szhai2@cs.rochester.edu>
Tested-by: Sofia Trinh <sofia.trinh@edi.works>
Tested-by: Vaibhav Jain <vaibhav@linux.ibm.com>
---
arch/Kconfig | 8 ++++++++
arch/x86/Kconfig | 1 +
arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable.h | 3 ++-
arch/x86/mm/pgtable.c | 5 ++++-
include/linux/pgtable.h | 4 ++--
5 files changed, 17 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/Kconfig b/arch/Kconfig
index fcf9a41a4ef5..eaeec187bd6a 100644
--- a/arch/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/Kconfig
@@ -1403,6 +1403,14 @@ config DYNAMIC_SIGFRAME
config HAVE_ARCH_NODE_DEV_GROUP
bool

+config ARCH_HAS_NONLEAF_PMD_YOUNG
+ bool
+ help
+ Architectures that select this option are capable of setting the
+ accessed bit in non-leaf PMD entries when using them as part of linear
+ address translations. Page table walkers that clear the accessed bit
+ may use this capability to reduce their search space.
+
source "kernel/gcov/Kconfig"

source "scripts/gcc-plugins/Kconfig"
diff --git a/arch/x86/Kconfig b/arch/x86/Kconfig
index be0b95e51df6..5715111abe13 100644
--- a/arch/x86/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/x86/Kconfig
@@ -85,6 +85,7 @@ config X86
select ARCH_HAS_PMEM_API if X86_64
select ARCH_HAS_PTE_DEVMAP if X86_64
select ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL
+ select ARCH_HAS_NONLEAF_PMD_YOUNG if PGTABLE_LEVELS > 2
select ARCH_HAS_UACCESS_FLUSHCACHE if X86_64
select ARCH_HAS_COPY_MC if X86_64
select ARCH_HAS_SET_MEMORY
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable.h
index dc5f7d8ef68a..5059799bebe3 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable.h
@@ -815,7 +815,8 @@ static inline unsigned long pmd_page_vaddr(pmd_t pmd)

static inline int pmd_bad(pmd_t pmd)
{
- return (pmd_flags(pmd) & ~_PAGE_USER) != _KERNPG_TABLE;
+ return (pmd_flags(pmd) & ~(_PAGE_USER | _PAGE_ACCESSED)) !=
+ (_KERNPG_TABLE & ~_PAGE_ACCESSED);
}

static inline unsigned long pages_to_mb(unsigned long npg)
diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/pgtable.c b/arch/x86/mm/pgtable.c
index a932d7712d85..8525f2876fb4 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/pgtable.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/pgtable.c
@@ -550,7 +550,7 @@ int ptep_test_and_clear_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
return ret;
}

-#ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE
+#if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) || defined(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_NONLEAF_PMD_YOUNG)
int pmdp_test_and_clear_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long addr, pmd_t *pmdp)
{
@@ -562,6 +562,9 @@ int pmdp_test_and_clear_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma,

return ret;
}
+#endif
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE
int pudp_test_and_clear_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long addr, pud_t *pudp)
{
diff --git a/include/linux/pgtable.h b/include/linux/pgtable.h
index 8eee31bc9bde..9c57c5cc49c2 100644
--- a/include/linux/pgtable.h
+++ b/include/linux/pgtable.h
@@ -213,7 +213,7 @@ static inline int ptep_test_and_clear_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
#endif

#ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_TEST_AND_CLEAR_YOUNG
-#ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE
+#if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) || defined(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_NONLEAF_PMD_YOUNG)
static inline int pmdp_test_and_clear_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long address,
pmd_t *pmdp)
@@ -234,7 +234,7 @@ static inline int pmdp_test_and_clear_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
BUILD_BUG();
return 0;
}
-#endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */
+#endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE || CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_NONLEAF_PMD_YOUNG */
#endif

#ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_CLEAR_YOUNG_FLUSH
--
2.36.1.476.g0c4daa206d-goog
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