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Subject[PATCH v12 01/14] mm: x86, arm64: add arch_has_hw_pte_young()
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Some architectures automatically set the accessed bit in PTEs, e.g.,
x86 and arm64 v8.2. On architectures that do not have this capability,
clearing the accessed bit in a PTE usually triggers a page fault
following the TLB miss of this PTE (to emulate the accessed bit).

Being aware of this capability can help make better decisions, e.g.,
whether to spread the work out over a period of time to reduce bursty
page faults when trying to clear the accessed bit in many PTEs.

Note that theoretically this capability can be unreliable, e.g.,
hotplugged CPUs might be different from builtin ones. Therefore it
should not be used in architecture-independent code that involves
correctness, e.g., to determine whether TLB flushes are required (in
combination with the accessed bit).

Signed-off-by: Yu Zhao <yuzhao@google.com>
Reviewed-by: Barry Song <baohua@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Brian Geffon <bgeffon@google.com>
Acked-by: Jan Alexander Steffens (heftig) <heftig@archlinux.org>
Acked-by: Oleksandr Natalenko <oleksandr@natalenko.name>
Acked-by: Steven Barrett <steven@liquorix.net>
Acked-by: Suleiman Souhlal <suleiman@google.com>
Acked-by: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
Tested-by: Daniel Byrne <djbyrne@mtu.edu>
Tested-by: Donald Carr <d@chaos-reins.com>
Tested-by: Holger Hoffstätte <holger@applied-asynchrony.com>
Tested-by: Konstantin Kharlamov <Hi-Angel@yandex.ru>
Tested-by: Shuang Zhai <szhai2@cs.rochester.edu>
Tested-by: Sofia Trinh <sofia.trinh@edi.works>
Tested-by: Vaibhav Jain <vaibhav@linux.ibm.com>
---
arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable.h | 15 ++-------------
arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable.h | 6 +++---
include/linux/pgtable.h | 13 +++++++++++++
mm/memory.c | 14 +-------------
4 files changed, 19 insertions(+), 29 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable.h
index 0b6632f18364..c46399c0500c 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable.h
@@ -1066,24 +1066,13 @@ static inline void update_mmu_cache(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
* page after fork() + CoW for pfn mappings. We don't always have a
* hardware-managed access flag on arm64.
*/
-static inline bool arch_faults_on_old_pte(void)
-{
- /* The register read below requires a stable CPU to make any sense */
- cant_migrate();
-
- return !cpu_has_hw_af();
-}
-#define arch_faults_on_old_pte arch_faults_on_old_pte
+#define arch_has_hw_pte_young cpu_has_hw_af

/*
* Experimentally, it's cheap to set the access flag in hardware and we
* benefit from prefaulting mappings as 'old' to start with.
*/
-static inline bool arch_wants_old_prefaulted_pte(void)
-{
- return !arch_faults_on_old_pte();
-}
-#define arch_wants_old_prefaulted_pte arch_wants_old_prefaulted_pte
+#define arch_wants_old_prefaulted_pte cpu_has_hw_af

static inline bool pud_sect_supported(void)
{
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable.h
index 44e2d6f1dbaa..dc5f7d8ef68a 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable.h
@@ -1431,10 +1431,10 @@ static inline bool arch_has_pfn_modify_check(void)
return boot_cpu_has_bug(X86_BUG_L1TF);
}

-#define arch_faults_on_old_pte arch_faults_on_old_pte
-static inline bool arch_faults_on_old_pte(void)
+#define arch_has_hw_pte_young arch_has_hw_pte_young
+static inline bool arch_has_hw_pte_young(void)
{
- return false;
+ return true;
}

#ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_CHECK
diff --git a/include/linux/pgtable.h b/include/linux/pgtable.h
index 3cdc16cfd867..8eee31bc9bde 100644
--- a/include/linux/pgtable.h
+++ b/include/linux/pgtable.h
@@ -260,6 +260,19 @@ static inline int pmdp_clear_flush_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
#endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */
#endif

+#ifndef arch_has_hw_pte_young
+/*
+ * Return whether the accessed bit is supported on the local CPU.
+ *
+ * This stub assumes accessing through an old PTE triggers a page fault.
+ * Architectures that automatically set the access bit should overwrite it.
+ */
+static inline bool arch_has_hw_pte_young(void)
+{
+ return false;
+}
+#endif
+
#ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_GET_AND_CLEAR
static inline pte_t ptep_get_and_clear(struct mm_struct *mm,
unsigned long address,
diff --git a/mm/memory.c b/mm/memory.c
index 7a089145cad4..49500390b91b 100644
--- a/mm/memory.c
+++ b/mm/memory.c
@@ -125,18 +125,6 @@ int randomize_va_space __read_mostly =
2;
#endif

-#ifndef arch_faults_on_old_pte
-static inline bool arch_faults_on_old_pte(void)
-{
- /*
- * Those arches which don't have hw access flag feature need to
- * implement their own helper. By default, "true" means pagefault
- * will be hit on old pte.
- */
- return true;
-}
-#endif
-
#ifndef arch_wants_old_prefaulted_pte
static inline bool arch_wants_old_prefaulted_pte(void)
{
@@ -2862,7 +2850,7 @@ static inline bool __wp_page_copy_user(struct page *dst, struct page *src,
* On architectures with software "accessed" bits, we would
* take a double page fault, so mark it accessed here.
*/
- if (arch_faults_on_old_pte() && !pte_young(vmf->orig_pte)) {
+ if (!arch_has_hw_pte_young() && !pte_young(vmf->orig_pte)) {
pte_t entry;

vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, vmf->pmd, addr, &vmf->ptl);
--
2.36.1.476.g0c4daa206d-goog
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