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SubjectRe: [RESEND PATCH v8 00/11] Fix BUG_ON in vfio_iommu_group_notifier()
On 2022-05-02 17:42, Jason Gunthorpe wrote:
> On Mon, May 02, 2022 at 12:12:04PM -0400, Qian Cai wrote:
>> On Mon, Apr 18, 2022 at 08:49:49AM +0800, Lu Baolu wrote:
>>> Hi Joerg,
>>> This is a resend version of v8 posted here:
>>> as we discussed in this thread:
>>> All patches can be applied perfectly except this one:
>>> - [PATCH v8 02/11] driver core: Add dma_cleanup callback in bus_type
>>> It conflicts with below refactoring commit:
>>> - 4b775aaf1ea99 "driver core: Refactor sysfs and drv/bus remove hooks"
>>> The conflict has been fixed in this post.
>>> No functional changes in this series. I suppress cc-ing this series to
>>> all v8 reviewers in order to avoid spam.
>>> Please consider it for your iommu tree.
>> Reverting this series fixed an user-after-free while doing SR-IOV.
>> BUG: KASAN: use-after-free in __lock_acquire
>> Read of size 8 at addr ffff080279825d78 by task qemu-system-aar/22429
>> CPU: 24 PID: 22429 Comm: qemu-system-aar Not tainted 5.18.0-rc5-next-20220502 #69
>> Call trace:
>> dump_backtrace
>> show_stack
>> dump_stack_lvl
>> print_address_description.constprop.0
>> print_report
>> kasan_report
>> __asan_report_load8_noabort
>> __lock_acquire
>> lock_acquire.part.0
>> lock_acquire
>> _raw_spin_lock_irqsave
>> arm_smmu_detach_dev
>> arm_smmu_detach_dev at drivers/iommu/arm/arm-smmu-v3/arm-smmu-v3.c:2377
>> arm_smmu_attach_dev
> Hum.
> So what has happened is that VFIO does this sequence:
> iommu_detach_group()
> iommu_domain_free()
> iommu_group_release_dma_owner()
> Which, I think should be valid, API wise.
> From what I can see reading the code SMMUv3 blows up above because it
> doesn't have a detach_dev op:
> .default_domain_ops = &(const struct iommu_domain_ops) {
> .attach_dev = arm_smmu_attach_dev,
> .map_pages = arm_smmu_map_pages,
> .unmap_pages = arm_smmu_unmap_pages,
> .flush_iotlb_all = arm_smmu_flush_iotlb_all,
> .iotlb_sync = arm_smmu_iotlb_sync,
> .iova_to_phys = arm_smmu_iova_to_phys,
> .enable_nesting = arm_smmu_enable_nesting,
> .free = arm_smmu_domain_free,
> }
> But it is internally tracking the domain inside the master - so when
> the next domain is attached it does this:
> static void arm_smmu_detach_dev(struct arm_smmu_master *master)
> {
> struct arm_smmu_domain *smmu_domain = master->domain;
> spin_lock_irqsave(&smmu_domain->devices_lock, flags);
> And explodes as the domain has been freed but master->domain was not
> NULL'd.
> It worked before because iommu_detach_group() used to attach the
> default group and that was before the domain was freed in the above
> sequence.

Oof, I totally overlooked the significance of that little subtlety in
review :(

> I'm guessing SMMU3 needs to call it's arm_smmu_detach_dev(master) from
> the detach_dev op and null it's cached copy of the domain, but I don't
> know this driver.. Robin?

The original intent was that .detach_dev is deprecated in favour of
default domains, and when the latter are in use, a device is always
attached *somewhere* once probed (i.e. group->domain is never NULL). At
face value, the neatest fix IMO would probably be for SMMUv3's
.domain_free to handle smmu_domain->devices being non-empty and detach
them at that point. However that wouldn't be viable for virtio-iommu or
anyone else keeping an internal one-way association of devices to their
current domains.

If we're giving up entirely on that notion of .detach_dev going away
then all default-domain-supporting drivers probably want checking to
make sure that path hasn't bitrotted; both Arm SMMU drivers had it
proactively removed 6 years ago; virtio-iommu never had it at all; newer
drivers like apple-dart have some code there, but it won't have ever run
until now.

We *could* stay true to the original paradigm by introducing some real
usage of IOMMU_DOMAIN_BLOCKED, such that we could keep one or more of
those around to actively attach to instead of having groups in this
unattached limbo state, but that's a bigger job involving adding support
to drivers as well; too much for a quick fix now...


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