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Subject[PATCH v7 0/9] KVM: arm64: Add support for hypercall services selection

Continuing the discussion from [1], the series tries to add support
for the userspace to elect the hypercall services that it wishes
to expose to the guest, rather than the guest discovering them
unconditionally. The idea employed by the series was taken from
[1] as suggested by Marc Z.

In a broad sense, the concept is similar to the current implementation
of PSCI interface- create a 'firmware psuedo-register' to handle the
firmware revisions. The series extends this idea to all the other
hypercalls such as TRNG (True Random Number Generator), PV_TIME
(Paravirtualized Time), and PTP (Precision Time protocol).

For better categorization and future scaling, these firmware registers
are categorized based on the service call owners. Also, unlike the
existing firmware psuedo-registers, they hold the features supported
in the form of a bitmap.

During the VM initialization, the registers holds an upper-limit of
the features supported by each one of them. It's expected that the
userspace discover the features provided by each register via GET_ONE_REG,
and writeback the desired values using SET_ONE_REG. KVM allows this
modification only until the VM has started.

Some of the standard function-ids, such as ARM_SMCCC_VERSION_FUNC_ID,
need not be associated with a feature bit. For such ids, the series
introduced an allowed-list (in kvm_hvc_call_default_allowed()), that holds
all such ids. As a result, the functions that are not elected by userspace,
or if they are not a part of this allowed-list, will be denied for when
the guests invoke them.

Older VMMs can simply ignore this interface and the hypercall services
will be exposed unconditionally to the guests, thus ensuring backward

The patches are based off of mainline kernel 5.18-rc5, with the selftest
patches from [2] applied.

Patch-1 factors out the non-PSCI related interface from psci.c to
hypercalls.c, as the series would extend the list in the upcoming

Patch-2 sets up the framework for the bitmap firmware psuedo-registers.
It includes read/write support for the registers, and a helper to check
if a particular hypercall service is supported for the guest.
It also adds the register KVM_REG_ARM_STD_HYP_BMAP to support ARM's
standard secure services.

Patch-3 introduces the firmware register, KVM_REG_ARM_STD_HYP_BMAP,
which holds the standard hypervisor services (such as PV_TIME).

Patch-4 introduces the firmware register, KVM_REG_ARM_VENDOR_HYP_BMAP,
which holds the vendor specific hypercall services.

Patch-5,6 Add the necessary documentation for the newly added firmware

Patch-7 imports the SMCCC definitions from linux/arm-smccc.h into tools/
for further use in selftests.

Patch-8 adds the selftest to test the guest (using 'hvc') and userspace
interfaces (SET/GET_ONE_REG).

Patch-9 adds these firmware registers into the get-reg-list selftest.



v6 -> v7:

Addressed the comments by Gavin and Reiji:

- kvm_arm_set_fw_reg_bmap() is optimzed to avoid unnecessary
serialization of kvm->lock by checking for the KVM_ARCH_FLAG_HAS_RAN_ONCE
flag or for a bitmap update before taking the lock (Reiji).
- kvm_psci_func_id_is_valid() avoids depending on *vcpu to figure out
if the PSCI version is 0.1. Instead, it checks the same using KVM_PSCI_FN()
for range 0 to 3 (Reiji).
- Fixed typos and comments (Gavin).

v5 -> v6:

Addressed the comments by Marc and Gavin:

- Bitmaps are represented using 'unsigned long' inctead of 'u64' (Marc).
- Replaced the array holding the allowed-list,
hvc_func_default_allowed_list[], which looked up the func_id using a
loop, with a switch-case statement (Marc).
- kvm_arm_set_fw_reg_bmap() now always returns -EBUSY for any 'write' of
the bitmap value after the VM has started running. Documentation is
adjusted accordingly (Marc).
- kvm_psci_func_id_is_valid() is moved from an inline function to
kvm/psci.c (Marc).
- Merged ARM_SMCCC_VENDOR_HYP_CALL_UID_FUNC_ID into bit-0 of the vendor
hypervisor firmware register (Gavin).
- Macro optimizations and replace arg0 with arg1 (to comply with KVM
convention) in hypercalls.c selftest (Gavin).
- Dropped the patch v5 10/10 (Add KVM_REG_ARM_FW_REG(3) to get-reg-list)
as it was already uploaded by Andrew.
- Fixed typos

v4 -> v5:

Addressed comments by Oliver (thank you!):

- Rebased the series to accommodate ARM_SMCCC_ARCH_WORKAROUND_3
and PSCI 1.1 changes, and capturing VM's first run.
- Removed the patches related to register scoping (v4 02/13 and
03/13). I plan to re-introduce them in its own series.
- Dropped the patch that captures VM's first run.
- Moved the bitmap feature firmware registers to its own CORPOC
space (0x0016).
- Move the KVM_REG_ARM_*_BIT_MAX definitions from uapi header
to internal header (arm_hypercalls.h).
- Renamed the hypercall descriptor to 'struct kvm_smccc_features',
and kvm_hvc_call_supported() to kvm_hvc_call_allowed().
- Introduced an allowed-list to hold the function-ids that aren't
represented by feature-bits.
- Introduced kvm_psci_func_id_is_valid() to check if a given
function-id is a valid PSCI id, which is used in
- Introduced KVM_REG_ARM_VENDOR_HYP_BIT_FUNC_FEAT as bit-0 of
KVM_REG_ARM_VENDOR_HYP_BIT_PTP is moved to bit-1.
- Updated the arm-smccc.h import to include the definition of
- Introduced the KVM_REG_ARM_FW_FEAT_BMAP COPROC definition to
get-reg-list selftest.
- Created a new patch to include KVM_REG_ARM_FW_REG(3) in

v3 -> v4

Addressed comments and took suggestions by Reiji, Oliver, Marc,
Sean and Jim:

- Renamed and moved the VM has run once check to arm64.
- Introduced the capability to dynamically modify the register
encodings to include the scope information.
- Replaced mutex_lock with READ_ONCE and WRITE_ONCE when the
bitmaps are accessed.
- The hypercalls selftest re-runs with KVM_CAP_ARM_REG_SCOPE

v2 -> v3

Addressed comments by Marc and Andrew:

- Dropped kvm_vcpu_has_run_once() implementation.
- Redifined kvm_vm_has_run_once() as kvm_vm_has_started() in the core
KVM code that introduces a new field, 'vm_started', to track this.
- KVM_CAP_ARM_HVC_FW_REG_BMAP returns the number of psuedo-firmware
bitmap registers upon a 'read'. Support for 'write' removed.
- Removed redundant spinlock, 'fw_reg_bmap_enabled' fields from the
hypercall descriptor structure.
- A separate sub-struct to hold the bitmap info is removed. The bitmap
info is directly stored in the hypercall descriptor structure
(struct kvm_hvc_desc).

v1 -> v2

Addressed comments by Oliver (thanks!):

- Introduced kvm_vcpu_has_run_once() and kvm_vm_has_run_once() in the
core kvm code, rather than relying on ARM specific
- Writing to KVM_REG_ARM_PSCI_VERSION is done in hypercalls.c itself,
rather than separating out to psci.c.
- Introduced KVM_CAP_ARM_HVC_FW_REG_BMAP to enable the extension.
- Tracks the register accesses from VMM to decide whether to sanitize
a register or not, as opposed to sanitizing upon the first 'write'
in v1.
- kvm_hvc_call_supported() is implemented using a direct switch-case
statement, instead of looping over all the registers to pick the
register for the function-id.
- Replaced the register bit definitions with #defines, instead of enums.
- Removed the patch v1-06/08 that imports the firmware register
definitions as it's not needed.
- Separated out the documentations in its own patch, and the renaming
of hypercalls.rst to psci.rst into another patch.
- Add the new firmware registers to get-reg-list KVM selftest.


Raghavendra Rao Ananta (9):
KVM: arm64: Factor out firmware register handling from psci.c
KVM: arm64: Setup a framework for hypercall bitmap firmware registers
KVM: arm64: Add standard hypervisor firmware register
KVM: arm64: Add vendor hypervisor firmware register
Docs: KVM: Rename psci.rst to hypercalls.rst
Docs: KVM: Add doc for the bitmap firmware registers
tools: Import ARM SMCCC definitions
selftests: KVM: aarch64: Introduce hypercall ABI test
selftests: KVM: aarch64: Add the bitmap firmware registers to

Documentation/virt/kvm/api.rst | 16 +
Documentation/virt/kvm/arm/hypercalls.rst | 135 +++++++
Documentation/virt/kvm/arm/psci.rst | 77 ----
arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h | 16 +
arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/kvm.h | 16 +
arch/arm64/kvm/arm.c | 1 +
arch/arm64/kvm/guest.c | 10 +-
arch/arm64/kvm/hypercalls.c | 325 ++++++++++++++++-
arch/arm64/kvm/psci.c | 186 +---------
include/kvm/arm_hypercalls.h | 17 +
include/kvm/arm_psci.h | 9 +-
tools/include/linux/arm-smccc.h | 193 ++++++++++
tools/testing/selftests/kvm/.gitignore | 1 +
tools/testing/selftests/kvm/Makefile | 1 +
.../selftests/kvm/aarch64/get-reg-list.c | 8 +
.../selftests/kvm/aarch64/hypercalls.c | 336 ++++++++++++++++++
16 files changed, 1078 insertions(+), 269 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 Documentation/virt/kvm/arm/hypercalls.rst
delete mode 100644 Documentation/virt/kvm/arm/psci.rst
create mode 100644 tools/include/linux/arm-smccc.h
create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/kvm/aarch64/hypercalls.c


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