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Subject[PATCH v7 8/9] selftests: KVM: aarch64: Introduce hypercall ABI test
From
Introduce a KVM selftest to check the hypercall interface
for arm64 platforms. The test validates the user-space'
[GET|SET]_ONE_REG interface to read/write the psuedo-firmware
registers as well as its effects on the guest upon certain
configurations.

Signed-off-by: Raghavendra Rao Ananta <rananta@google.com>
Reviewed-by: Gavin Shan <gshan@redhat.com>
---
tools/testing/selftests/kvm/.gitignore | 1 +
tools/testing/selftests/kvm/Makefile | 1 +
.../selftests/kvm/aarch64/hypercalls.c | 336 ++++++++++++++++++
3 files changed, 338 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/kvm/aarch64/hypercalls.c

diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/.gitignore b/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/.gitignore
index 1bb575dfc42e..b17e464ec661 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/.gitignore
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/.gitignore
@@ -2,6 +2,7 @@
/aarch64/arch_timer
/aarch64/debug-exceptions
/aarch64/get-reg-list
+/aarch64/hypercalls
/aarch64/psci_test
/aarch64/vcpu_width_config
/aarch64/vgic_init
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/Makefile b/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/Makefile
index c2cf4d318296..97eef0c03d3b 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/Makefile
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/Makefile
@@ -105,6 +105,7 @@ TEST_GEN_PROGS_x86_64 += system_counter_offset_test
TEST_GEN_PROGS_aarch64 += aarch64/arch_timer
TEST_GEN_PROGS_aarch64 += aarch64/debug-exceptions
TEST_GEN_PROGS_aarch64 += aarch64/get-reg-list
+TEST_GEN_PROGS_aarch64 += aarch64/hypercalls
TEST_GEN_PROGS_aarch64 += aarch64/psci_test
TEST_GEN_PROGS_aarch64 += aarch64/vcpu_width_config
TEST_GEN_PROGS_aarch64 += aarch64/vgic_init
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/aarch64/hypercalls.c b/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/aarch64/hypercalls.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..41e0210b7a5e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/aarch64/hypercalls.c
@@ -0,0 +1,336 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
+
+/* hypercalls: Check the ARM64's psuedo-firmware bitmap register interface.
+ *
+ * The test validates the basic hypercall functionalities that are exposed
+ * via the psuedo-firmware bitmap register. This includes the registers'
+ * read/write behavior before and after the VM has started, and if the
+ * hypercalls are properly masked or unmasked to the guest when disabled or
+ * enabled from the KVM userspace, respectively.
+ */
+
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <linux/arm-smccc.h>
+#include <asm/kvm.h>
+#include <kvm_util.h>
+
+#include "processor.h"
+
+#define FW_REG_ULIMIT_VAL(max_feat_bit) (GENMASK(max_feat_bit, 0))
+
+/* Last valid bits of the bitmapped firmware registers */
+#define KVM_REG_ARM_STD_BMAP_BIT_MAX 0
+#define KVM_REG_ARM_STD_HYP_BMAP_BIT_MAX 0
+#define KVM_REG_ARM_VENDOR_HYP_BMAP_BIT_MAX 1
+
+struct kvm_fw_reg_info {
+ uint64_t reg; /* Register definition */
+ uint64_t max_feat_bit; /* Bit that represents the upper limit of the feature-map */
+};
+
+#define FW_REG_INFO(r) \
+ { \
+ .reg = r, \
+ .max_feat_bit = r##_BIT_MAX, \
+ }
+
+static const struct kvm_fw_reg_info fw_reg_info[] = {
+ FW_REG_INFO(KVM_REG_ARM_STD_BMAP),
+ FW_REG_INFO(KVM_REG_ARM_STD_HYP_BMAP),
+ FW_REG_INFO(KVM_REG_ARM_VENDOR_HYP_BMAP),
+};
+
+enum test_stage {
+ TEST_STAGE_REG_IFACE,
+ TEST_STAGE_HVC_IFACE_FEAT_DISABLED,
+ TEST_STAGE_HVC_IFACE_FEAT_ENABLED,
+ TEST_STAGE_HVC_IFACE_FALSE_INFO,
+ TEST_STAGE_END,
+};
+
+static int stage = TEST_STAGE_REG_IFACE;
+
+struct test_hvc_info {
+ uint32_t func_id;
+ uint64_t arg1;
+};
+
+#define TEST_HVC_INFO(f, a1) \
+ { \
+ .func_id = f, \
+ .arg1 = a1, \
+ }
+
+static const struct test_hvc_info hvc_info[] = {
+ /* KVM_REG_ARM_STD_BMAP */
+ TEST_HVC_INFO(ARM_SMCCC_TRNG_VERSION, 0),
+ TEST_HVC_INFO(ARM_SMCCC_TRNG_FEATURES, ARM_SMCCC_TRNG_RND64),
+ TEST_HVC_INFO(ARM_SMCCC_TRNG_GET_UUID, 0),
+ TEST_HVC_INFO(ARM_SMCCC_TRNG_RND32, 0),
+ TEST_HVC_INFO(ARM_SMCCC_TRNG_RND64, 0),
+
+ /* KVM_REG_ARM_STD_HYP_BMAP */
+ TEST_HVC_INFO(ARM_SMCCC_ARCH_FEATURES_FUNC_ID, ARM_SMCCC_HV_PV_TIME_FEATURES),
+ TEST_HVC_INFO(ARM_SMCCC_HV_PV_TIME_FEATURES, ARM_SMCCC_HV_PV_TIME_ST),
+ TEST_HVC_INFO(ARM_SMCCC_HV_PV_TIME_ST, 0),
+
+ /* KVM_REG_ARM_VENDOR_HYP_BMAP */
+ TEST_HVC_INFO(ARM_SMCCC_VENDOR_HYP_KVM_FEATURES_FUNC_ID,
+ ARM_SMCCC_VENDOR_HYP_KVM_PTP_FUNC_ID),
+ TEST_HVC_INFO(ARM_SMCCC_VENDOR_HYP_CALL_UID_FUNC_ID, 0),
+ TEST_HVC_INFO(ARM_SMCCC_VENDOR_HYP_KVM_PTP_FUNC_ID, KVM_PTP_VIRT_COUNTER),
+};
+
+/* Feed false hypercall info to test the KVM behavior */
+static const struct test_hvc_info false_hvc_info[] = {
+ /* Feature support check against a different family of hypercalls */
+ TEST_HVC_INFO(ARM_SMCCC_TRNG_FEATURES, ARM_SMCCC_VENDOR_HYP_KVM_PTP_FUNC_ID),
+ TEST_HVC_INFO(ARM_SMCCC_ARCH_FEATURES_FUNC_ID, ARM_SMCCC_TRNG_RND64),
+ TEST_HVC_INFO(ARM_SMCCC_HV_PV_TIME_FEATURES, ARM_SMCCC_TRNG_RND64),
+};
+
+static void guest_test_hvc(const struct test_hvc_info *hc_info)
+{
+ unsigned int i;
+ struct arm_smccc_res res;
+ unsigned int hvc_info_arr_sz;
+
+ hvc_info_arr_sz =
+ hc_info == hvc_info ? ARRAY_SIZE(hvc_info) : ARRAY_SIZE(false_hvc_info);
+
+ for (i = 0; i < hvc_info_arr_sz; i++, hc_info++) {
+ memset(&res, 0, sizeof(res));
+ smccc_hvc(hc_info->func_id, hc_info->arg1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, &res);
+
+ switch (stage) {
+ case TEST_STAGE_HVC_IFACE_FEAT_DISABLED:
+ case TEST_STAGE_HVC_IFACE_FALSE_INFO:
+ GUEST_ASSERT_3(res.a0 == SMCCC_RET_NOT_SUPPORTED,
+ res.a0, hc_info->func_id, hc_info->arg1);
+ break;
+ case TEST_STAGE_HVC_IFACE_FEAT_ENABLED:
+ GUEST_ASSERT_3(res.a0 != SMCCC_RET_NOT_SUPPORTED,
+ res.a0, hc_info->func_id, hc_info->arg1);
+ break;
+ default:
+ GUEST_ASSERT_1(0, stage);
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+static void guest_code(void)
+{
+ while (stage != TEST_STAGE_END) {
+ switch (stage) {
+ case TEST_STAGE_REG_IFACE:
+ break;
+ case TEST_STAGE_HVC_IFACE_FEAT_DISABLED:
+ case TEST_STAGE_HVC_IFACE_FEAT_ENABLED:
+ guest_test_hvc(hvc_info);
+ break;
+ case TEST_STAGE_HVC_IFACE_FALSE_INFO:
+ guest_test_hvc(false_hvc_info);
+ break;
+ default:
+ GUEST_ASSERT_1(0, stage);
+ }
+
+ GUEST_SYNC(stage);
+ }
+
+ GUEST_DONE();
+}
+
+static int set_fw_reg(struct kvm_vm *vm, uint64_t id, uint64_t val)
+{
+ struct kvm_one_reg reg = {
+ .id = id,
+ .addr = (uint64_t)&val,
+ };
+
+ return _vcpu_ioctl(vm, 0, KVM_SET_ONE_REG, &reg);
+}
+
+static void get_fw_reg(struct kvm_vm *vm, uint64_t id, uint64_t *addr)
+{
+ struct kvm_one_reg reg = {
+ .id = id,
+ .addr = (uint64_t)addr,
+ };
+
+ vcpu_ioctl(vm, 0, KVM_GET_ONE_REG, &reg);
+}
+
+struct st_time {
+ uint32_t rev;
+ uint32_t attr;
+ uint64_t st_time;
+};
+
+#define STEAL_TIME_SIZE ((sizeof(struct st_time) + 63) & ~63)
+#define ST_GPA_BASE (1 << 30)
+
+static void steal_time_init(struct kvm_vm *vm)
+{
+ uint64_t st_ipa = (ulong)ST_GPA_BASE;
+ unsigned int gpages;
+ struct kvm_device_attr dev = {
+ .group = KVM_ARM_VCPU_PVTIME_CTRL,
+ .attr = KVM_ARM_VCPU_PVTIME_IPA,
+ .addr = (uint64_t)&st_ipa,
+ };
+
+ gpages = vm_calc_num_guest_pages(VM_MODE_DEFAULT, STEAL_TIME_SIZE);
+ vm_userspace_mem_region_add(vm, VM_MEM_SRC_ANONYMOUS, ST_GPA_BASE, 1, gpages, 0);
+
+ vcpu_ioctl(vm, 0, KVM_SET_DEVICE_ATTR, &dev);
+}
+
+static void test_fw_regs_before_vm_start(struct kvm_vm *vm)
+{
+ uint64_t val;
+ unsigned int i;
+ int ret;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(fw_reg_info); i++) {
+ const struct kvm_fw_reg_info *reg_info = &fw_reg_info[i];
+
+ /* First 'read' should be an upper limit of the features supported */
+ get_fw_reg(vm, reg_info->reg, &val);
+ TEST_ASSERT(val == FW_REG_ULIMIT_VAL(reg_info->max_feat_bit),
+ "Expected all the features to be set for reg: 0x%lx; expected: 0x%lx; read: 0x%lx\n",
+ reg_info->reg, FW_REG_ULIMIT_VAL(reg_info->max_feat_bit), val);
+
+ /* Test a 'write' by disabling all the features of the register map */
+ ret = set_fw_reg(vm, reg_info->reg, 0);
+ TEST_ASSERT(ret == 0,
+ "Failed to clear all the features of reg: 0x%lx; ret: %d\n",
+ reg_info->reg, errno);
+
+ get_fw_reg(vm, reg_info->reg, &val);
+ TEST_ASSERT(val == 0,
+ "Expected all the features to be cleared for reg: 0x%lx\n", reg_info->reg);
+
+ /*
+ * Test enabling a feature that's not supported.
+ * Avoid this check if all the bits are occupied.
+ */
+ if (reg_info->max_feat_bit < 63) {
+ ret = set_fw_reg(vm, reg_info->reg, BIT(reg_info->max_feat_bit + 1));
+ TEST_ASSERT(ret != 0 && errno == EINVAL,
+ "Unexpected behavior or return value (%d) while setting an unsupported feature for reg: 0x%lx\n",
+ errno, reg_info->reg);
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+static void test_fw_regs_after_vm_start(struct kvm_vm *vm)
+{
+ uint64_t val;
+ unsigned int i;
+ int ret;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(fw_reg_info); i++) {
+ const struct kvm_fw_reg_info *reg_info = &fw_reg_info[i];
+
+ /*
+ * Before starting the VM, the test clears all the bits.
+ * Check if that's still the case.
+ */
+ get_fw_reg(vm, reg_info->reg, &val);
+ TEST_ASSERT(val == 0,
+ "Expected all the features to be cleared for reg: 0x%lx\n",
+ reg_info->reg);
+
+ /*
+ * Since the VM has run at least once, KVM shouldn't allow modification of
+ * the registers and should return EBUSY. Set the registers and check for
+ * the expected errno.
+ */
+ ret = set_fw_reg(vm, reg_info->reg, FW_REG_ULIMIT_VAL(reg_info->max_feat_bit));
+ TEST_ASSERT(ret != 0 && errno == EBUSY,
+ "Unexpected behavior or return value (%d) while setting a feature while VM is running for reg: 0x%lx\n",
+ errno, reg_info->reg);
+ }
+}
+
+static struct kvm_vm *test_vm_create(void)
+{
+ struct kvm_vm *vm;
+
+ vm = vm_create_default(0, 0, guest_code);
+
+ ucall_init(vm, NULL);
+ steal_time_init(vm);
+
+ return vm;
+}
+
+static struct kvm_vm *test_guest_stage(struct kvm_vm *vm)
+{
+ struct kvm_vm *ret_vm = vm;
+
+ pr_debug("Stage: %d\n", stage);
+
+ switch (stage) {
+ case TEST_STAGE_REG_IFACE:
+ test_fw_regs_after_vm_start(vm);
+ break;
+ case TEST_STAGE_HVC_IFACE_FEAT_DISABLED:
+ /* Start a new VM so that all the features are now enabled by default */
+ kvm_vm_free(vm);
+ ret_vm = test_vm_create();
+ break;
+ case TEST_STAGE_HVC_IFACE_FEAT_ENABLED:
+ case TEST_STAGE_HVC_IFACE_FALSE_INFO:
+ break;
+ default:
+ TEST_FAIL("Unknown test stage: %d\n", stage);
+ }
+
+ stage++;
+ sync_global_to_guest(vm, stage);
+
+ return ret_vm;
+}
+
+static void test_run(void)
+{
+ struct kvm_vm *vm;
+ struct ucall uc;
+ bool guest_done = false;
+
+ vm = test_vm_create();
+
+ test_fw_regs_before_vm_start(vm);
+
+ while (!guest_done) {
+ vcpu_run(vm, 0);
+
+ switch (get_ucall(vm, 0, &uc)) {
+ case UCALL_SYNC:
+ vm = test_guest_stage(vm);
+ break;
+ case UCALL_DONE:
+ guest_done = true;
+ break;
+ case UCALL_ABORT:
+ TEST_FAIL("%s at %s:%ld\n\tvalues: 0x%lx, 0x%lx; 0x%lx, stage: %u",
+ (const char *)uc.args[0], __FILE__, uc.args[1],
+ uc.args[2], uc.args[3], uc.args[4], stage);
+ break;
+ default:
+ TEST_FAIL("Unexpected guest exit\n");
+ }
+ }
+
+ kvm_vm_free(vm);
+}
+
+int main(void)
+{
+ setbuf(stdout, NULL);
+
+ test_run();
+ return 0;
+}
--
2.36.0.464.gb9c8b46e94-goog
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