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Subject[PATCH 01/10] ARM: sa1100/assabet: move dmabounce hack to ohci driver
Date
From: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>

The sa1111 platform is one of the two remaining users of the old Arm
specific "dmabounce" code, which is an earlier implementation of the
generic swiotlb.

Linus Walleij submitted a patch that removes dmabounce support from
the ixp4xx, and I had a look at the other user, which is the sa1111
companion chip.

Looking at how dmabounce is used, I could narrow it down to one driver
one three machines:

- dmabounce is only initialized on assabet/neponset, jornada720 and
badge4, which are the platforms that have an sa1111 and support
DMA on it.

- All three of these suffer from "erratum #7" that requires only
doing DMA to half the memory sections based on one of the address
lines, in addition, the neponset also can't DMA to the RAM that
is connected to sa1111 itself.

- the pxa lubbock machine also has sa1111, but does not support DMA
on it and does not set dmabounce.

- only the OHCI and audio devices on sa1111 support DMA, but as
there is no audio driver for this hardware, only OHCI remains.

In the OHCI code, I noticed that two other platforms already have
a local bounce buffer support in the form of the "local_mem"
allocator. Specifically, TMIO and SM501 use this on a few other ARM
boards with 16KB or 128KB of local SRAM that can be accessed from the
OHCI and from the CPU.

While this is not the same problem as on sa1111, I could not find a
reason why we can't re-use the existing implementation but replace the
physical SRAM address mapping with a locally allocated DMA buffer.

There are two main downsides:

- rather than using a dynamically sized pool, this buffer needs
to be allocated at probe time using a fixed size. Without
having any idea of what it should be, I picked a size of
64KB, which is between what the other two OHCI front-ends use
in their SRAM. If anyone has a better idea what that size
is reasonable, this can be trivially changed.

- Previously, only USB transfers to unaddressable memory needed
to go through the bounce buffer, now all of them do, which may
impact runtime performance for USB endpoints that do a lot of
transfers.

On the upside, the local_mem support uses write-combining buffers,
which should be a bit faster for transfers to the device compared to
normal uncached coherent memory as used in dmabounce.

Cc: Linus Walleij <linus.walleij@linaro.org>
Cc: Russell King <linux@armlinux.org.uk>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Cc: Laurentiu Tudor <laurentiu.tudor@nxp.com>
Cc: linux-usb@vger.kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Reviewed-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Acked-by: Alan Stern <stern@rowland.harvard.edu>
Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
---
arch/arm/common/Kconfig | 2 +-
arch/arm/common/sa1111.c | 64 ----------------------------------
drivers/usb/core/hcd.c | 17 +++++++--
drivers/usb/host/ohci-sa1111.c | 25 +++++++++++++
4 files changed, 40 insertions(+), 68 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm/common/Kconfig b/arch/arm/common/Kconfig
index c8e198631d418..bc158fd227e12 100644
--- a/arch/arm/common/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/arm/common/Kconfig
@@ -1,7 +1,7 @@
# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
config SA1111
bool
- select DMABOUNCE if !ARCH_PXA
+ select ZONE_DMA if ARCH_SA1100

config DMABOUNCE
bool
diff --git a/arch/arm/common/sa1111.c b/arch/arm/common/sa1111.c
index 5367f03beb468..eaf2b527b0673 100644
--- a/arch/arm/common/sa1111.c
+++ b/arch/arm/common/sa1111.c
@@ -1386,70 +1386,9 @@ void sa1111_driver_unregister(struct sa1111_driver *driver)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(sa1111_driver_unregister);

-#ifdef CONFIG_DMABOUNCE
-/*
- * According to the "Intel StrongARM SA-1111 Microprocessor Companion
- * Chip Specification Update" (June 2000), erratum #7, there is a
- * significant bug in the SA1111 SDRAM shared memory controller. If
- * an access to a region of memory above 1MB relative to the bank base,
- * it is important that address bit 10 _NOT_ be asserted. Depending
- * on the configuration of the RAM, bit 10 may correspond to one
- * of several different (processor-relative) address bits.
- *
- * This routine only identifies whether or not a given DMA address
- * is susceptible to the bug.
- *
- * This should only get called for sa1111_device types due to the
- * way we configure our device dma_masks.
- */
-static int sa1111_needs_bounce(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t addr, size_t size)
-{
- /*
- * Section 4.6 of the "Intel StrongARM SA-1111 Development Module
- * User's Guide" mentions that jumpers R51 and R52 control the
- * target of SA-1111 DMA (either SDRAM bank 0 on Assabet, or
- * SDRAM bank 1 on Neponset). The default configuration selects
- * Assabet, so any address in bank 1 is necessarily invalid.
- */
- return (machine_is_assabet() || machine_is_pfs168()) &&
- (addr >= 0xc8000000 || (addr + size) >= 0xc8000000);
-}
-
-static int sa1111_notifier_call(struct notifier_block *n, unsigned long action,
- void *data)
-{
- struct sa1111_dev *dev = to_sa1111_device(data);
-
- switch (action) {
- case BUS_NOTIFY_ADD_DEVICE:
- if (dev->dev.dma_mask && dev->dma_mask < 0xffffffffUL) {
- int ret = dmabounce_register_dev(&dev->dev, 1024, 4096,
- sa1111_needs_bounce);
- if (ret)
- dev_err(&dev->dev, "failed to register with dmabounce: %d\n", ret);
- }
- break;
-
- case BUS_NOTIFY_DEL_DEVICE:
- if (dev->dev.dma_mask && dev->dma_mask < 0xffffffffUL)
- dmabounce_unregister_dev(&dev->dev);
- break;
- }
- return NOTIFY_OK;
-}
-
-static struct notifier_block sa1111_bus_notifier = {
- .notifier_call = sa1111_notifier_call,
-};
-#endif
-
static int __init sa1111_init(void)
{
int ret = bus_register(&sa1111_bus_type);
-#ifdef CONFIG_DMABOUNCE
- if (ret == 0)
- bus_register_notifier(&sa1111_bus_type, &sa1111_bus_notifier);
-#endif
if (ret == 0)
platform_driver_register(&sa1111_device_driver);
return ret;
@@ -1458,9 +1397,6 @@ static int __init sa1111_init(void)
static void __exit sa1111_exit(void)
{
platform_driver_unregister(&sa1111_device_driver);
-#ifdef CONFIG_DMABOUNCE
- bus_unregister_notifier(&sa1111_bus_type, &sa1111_bus_notifier);
-#endif
bus_unregister(&sa1111_bus_type);
}

diff --git a/drivers/usb/core/hcd.c b/drivers/usb/core/hcd.c
index d9712c2602afe..3893be6303522 100644
--- a/drivers/usb/core/hcd.c
+++ b/drivers/usb/core/hcd.c
@@ -1251,7 +1251,8 @@ void usb_hcd_unlink_urb_from_ep(struct usb_hcd *hcd, struct urb *urb)
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(usb_hcd_unlink_urb_from_ep);

/*
- * Some usb host controllers can only perform dma using a small SRAM area.
+ * Some usb host controllers can only perform dma using a small SRAM area,
+ * or have restrictions on addressable DRAM.
* The usb core itself is however optimized for host controllers that can dma
* using regular system memory - like pci devices doing bus mastering.
*
@@ -3100,8 +3101,18 @@ int usb_hcd_setup_local_mem(struct usb_hcd *hcd, phys_addr_t phys_addr,
if (IS_ERR(hcd->localmem_pool))
return PTR_ERR(hcd->localmem_pool);

- local_mem = devm_memremap(hcd->self.sysdev, phys_addr,
- size, MEMREMAP_WC);
+ /*
+ * if a physical SRAM address was passed, map it, otherwise
+ * allocate system memory as a buffer.
+ */
+ if (phys_addr)
+ local_mem = devm_memremap(hcd->self.sysdev, phys_addr,
+ size, MEMREMAP_WC);
+ else
+ local_mem = dmam_alloc_attrs(hcd->self.sysdev, size, &dma,
+ GFP_KERNEL,
+ DMA_ATTR_WRITE_COMBINE);
+
if (IS_ERR(local_mem))
return PTR_ERR(local_mem);

diff --git a/drivers/usb/host/ohci-sa1111.c b/drivers/usb/host/ohci-sa1111.c
index feca826d3f6a8..75c2b28b33794 100644
--- a/drivers/usb/host/ohci-sa1111.c
+++ b/drivers/usb/host/ohci-sa1111.c
@@ -203,6 +203,31 @@ static int ohci_hcd_sa1111_probe(struct sa1111_dev *dev)
goto err1;
}

+ /*
+ * According to the "Intel StrongARM SA-1111 Microprocessor Companion
+ * Chip Specification Update" (June 2000), erratum #7, there is a
+ * significant bug in the SA1111 SDRAM shared memory controller. If
+ * an access to a region of memory above 1MB relative to the bank base,
+ * it is important that address bit 10 _NOT_ be asserted. Depending
+ * on the configuration of the RAM, bit 10 may correspond to one
+ * of several different (processor-relative) address bits.
+ *
+ * Section 4.6 of the "Intel StrongARM SA-1111 Development Module
+ * User's Guide" mentions that jumpers R51 and R52 control the
+ * target of SA-1111 DMA (either SDRAM bank 0 on Assabet, or
+ * SDRAM bank 1 on Neponset). The default configuration selects
+ * Assabet, so any address in bank 1 is necessarily invalid.
+ *
+ * As a workaround, use a bounce buffer in addressable memory
+ * as local_mem, relying on ZONE_DMA to provide an area that
+ * fits within the above constraints.
+ *
+ * SZ_64K is an estimate for what size this might need.
+ */
+ ret = usb_hcd_setup_local_mem(hcd, 0, 0, SZ_64K);
+ if (ret)
+ goto err1;
+
if (!request_mem_region(hcd->rsrc_start, hcd->rsrc_len, hcd_name)) {
dev_dbg(&dev->dev, "request_mem_region failed\n");
ret = -EBUSY;
--
2.30.2
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