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Subject[PATCH 2/5] block: add partition parser for U-Boot uImage.FIT
Introduce a new partition parser for U-Boot's Flattened-Image-Tree (FIT) in
order to allow Linux to mount the filesystem part of a uImage.FIT.

uImage.FIT needs to be created with external data and aligned to the
system's memory page size. e.g.
mkimage -E -B 0x1000 -p 0x1000 ...

Signed-off-by: Daniel Golle <daniel@makrotopia.org>
---
MAINTAINERS | 6 +
block/partitions/Kconfig | 14 ++
block/partitions/Makefile | 1 +
block/partitions/check.h | 5 +
block/partitions/core.c | 3 +
block/partitions/fit.c | 352 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
6 files changed, 381 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 block/partitions/fit.c

diff --git a/MAINTAINERS b/MAINTAINERS
index d4d4aa20fd0847..c9d3775b795ab5 100644
--- a/MAINTAINERS
+++ b/MAINTAINERS
@@ -7687,6 +7687,12 @@ F: Documentation/firmware_class/
F: drivers/base/firmware_loader/
F: include/linux/firmware.h

+FIT PARTITION TABLE (uImage.FIT)
+M: Daniel Golle <daniel@makrotopia.org>
+L: linux-block@vger.kernel.org
+S: Maintained
+F: block/partitions/fit.c
+
FLEXTIMER FTM-QUADDEC DRIVER
M: Patrick Havelange <patrick.havelange@essensium.com>
L: linux-iio@vger.kernel.org
diff --git a/block/partitions/Kconfig b/block/partitions/Kconfig
index 7aff4eb81c60f4..65d55885321722 100644
--- a/block/partitions/Kconfig
+++ b/block/partitions/Kconfig
@@ -103,6 +103,20 @@ config ATARI_PARTITION
Say Y here if you would like to use hard disks under Linux which
were partitioned under the Atari OS.

+config FIT_PARTITION
+ bool "Flattened-Image-Tree (FIT) partition support" if PARTITION_ADVANCED
+ default n
+ help
+ Say Y here if your system needs to mount the filesystem part of
+ a Flattened-Image-Tree (FIT) image commonly used with Das U-Boot.
+
+ uImage.FIT needs to be created with external data and aligned to
+ the systems memory page size. e.g.
+ mkimage -E -B 0x1000 -p 0x1000 ...
+
+ If your system doesn't use U-Boot or you don't need to mount uImage.FIT
+ filesystem sub-images in Linux, say N.
+
config IBM_PARTITION
bool "IBM disk label and partition support"
depends on PARTITION_ADVANCED && S390
diff --git a/block/partitions/Makefile b/block/partitions/Makefile
index a7f05cdb02a844..d319eb1deba97a 100644
--- a/block/partitions/Makefile
+++ b/block/partitions/Makefile
@@ -8,6 +8,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_ACORN_PARTITION) += acorn.o
obj-$(CONFIG_AMIGA_PARTITION) += amiga.o
obj-$(CONFIG_ATARI_PARTITION) += atari.o
obj-$(CONFIG_AIX_PARTITION) += aix.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_FIT_PARTITION) += fit.o
obj-$(CONFIG_CMDLINE_PARTITION) += cmdline.o
obj-$(CONFIG_MAC_PARTITION) += mac.o
obj-$(CONFIG_LDM_PARTITION) += ldm.o
diff --git a/block/partitions/check.h b/block/partitions/check.h
index 4ffa2359b1a37e..32bbeed08d703a 100644
--- a/block/partitions/check.h
+++ b/block/partitions/check.h
@@ -57,6 +57,7 @@ int amiga_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state);
int atari_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state);
int cmdline_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state);
int efi_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state);
+int fit_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state);
int ibm_partition(struct parsed_partitions *);
int karma_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state);
int ldm_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state);
@@ -67,3 +68,7 @@ int sgi_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state);
int sun_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state);
int sysv68_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state);
int ultrix_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state);
+
+int parse_fit_partitions(struct parsed_partitions *state, u64 fit_start_sector,
+ u64 sectors, int *slot, int max_slot, bool add_remain);
+
diff --git a/block/partitions/core.c b/block/partitions/core.c
index 3e70860beb655e..78d2aac1471bc7 100644
--- a/block/partitions/core.c
+++ b/block/partitions/core.c
@@ -47,6 +47,9 @@ static int (*check_part[])(struct parsed_partitions *) = {
#ifdef CONFIG_EFI_PARTITION
efi_partition, /* this must come before msdos */
#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_FIT_PARTITION
+ fit_partition,
+#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_SGI_PARTITION
sgi_partition,
#endif
diff --git a/block/partitions/fit.c b/block/partitions/fit.c
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000000..076c7c7426a420
--- /dev/null
+++ b/block/partitions/fit.c
@@ -0,0 +1,352 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later
+/*
+ * fs/partitions/fit.c
+ * Copyright (C) 2021 Daniel Golle
+ *
+ * headers extracted from U-Boot mkimage sources
+ * (C) Copyright 2008 Semihalf
+ * (C) Copyright 2000-2005
+ * Wolfgang Denk, DENX Software Engineering, wd@denx.de.
+ *
+ * based on existing partition parsers
+ * Copyright (C) 1991-1998 Linus Torvalds
+ * Re-organised Feb 1998 Russell King
+ */
+
+#include <linux/libfdt.h>
+#include <linux/of.h>
+#include <linux/of_device.h>
+#include <linux/of_fdt.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>
+
+#include "check.h"
+
+#define FIT_IMAGES_PATH "/images"
+#define FIT_CONFS_PATH "/configurations"
+
+/* hash/signature/key node */
+#define FIT_HASH_NODENAME "hash"
+#define FIT_ALGO_PROP "algo"
+#define FIT_VALUE_PROP "value"
+#define FIT_IGNORE_PROP "uboot-ignore"
+#define FIT_SIG_NODENAME "signature"
+#define FIT_KEY_REQUIRED "required"
+#define FIT_KEY_HINT "key-name-hint"
+
+/* cipher node */
+#define FIT_CIPHER_NODENAME "cipher"
+#define FIT_ALGO_PROP "algo"
+
+/* image node */
+#define FIT_DATA_PROP "data"
+#define FIT_DATA_POSITION_PROP "data-position"
+#define FIT_DATA_OFFSET_PROP "data-offset"
+#define FIT_DATA_SIZE_PROP "data-size"
+#define FIT_TIMESTAMP_PROP "timestamp"
+#define FIT_DESC_PROP "description"
+#define FIT_ARCH_PROP "arch"
+#define FIT_TYPE_PROP "type"
+#define FIT_OS_PROP "os"
+#define FIT_COMP_PROP "compression"
+#define FIT_ENTRY_PROP "entry"
+#define FIT_LOAD_PROP "load"
+
+/* configuration node */
+#define FIT_KERNEL_PROP "kernel"
+#define FIT_FILESYSTEM_PROP "filesystem"
+#define FIT_RAMDISK_PROP "ramdisk"
+#define FIT_FDT_PROP "fdt"
+#define FIT_LOADABLE_PROP "loadables"
+#define FIT_DEFAULT_PROP "default"
+#define FIT_SETUP_PROP "setup"
+#define FIT_FPGA_PROP "fpga"
+#define FIT_FIRMWARE_PROP "firmware"
+#define FIT_STANDALONE_PROP "standalone"
+
+#define MIN_FREE_SECT 16
+#define REMAIN_VOLNAME "rootfs_data"
+#define MAX_FIT_LOADABLES 16
+
+/**
+ * parse_fit_partitions - map uImage.FIT filesystem sub-images into sub-partitions
+ * @state: pointer to partition parser state
+ * @fit_start_sector: start sector of the FIT structure on disk
+ * @sectors: number of sectors of the uImage.FIT partition or 0 if whole device
+ * @slot: pointer to the current partition slot number
+ * @add_remain: map unused sectors into additional partition
+ *
+ * To be called by other partition parsers on physical block devices or using
+ * wrapper function int fit_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state) for the
+ * whole disk, relevant typically for ubiblock or mtdblock devices.
+ */
+int parse_fit_partitions(struct parsed_partitions *state, u64 fit_start_sector,
+ u64 sectors, int *slot, int max_slot, bool add_remain)
+{
+ struct block_device *bdev = state->disk->part0;
+ struct address_space *mapping = bdev->bd_inode->i_mapping;
+ struct page *page;
+ void *fit, *init_fit;
+ struct partition_meta_info *info;
+ char tmp[sizeof(info->volname)];
+ u64 dsize, dsectors, imgmaxsect = 0;
+ u32 size, image_pos, image_len;
+ const u32 *image_offset_be, *image_len_be, *image_pos_be;
+ int ret = 1, node, images, config;
+ const char *image_name, *image_type, *image_description,
+ *config_default, *config_description, *config_loadables;
+ int image_name_len, image_type_len, image_description_len,
+ config_default_len, config_description_len,
+ config_loadables_len;
+ sector_t start_sect, nr_sects;
+ size_t label_min;
+ struct device_node *np = NULL;
+ const char *bootconf;
+ const char *loadable;
+ bool found;
+ int loadables_rem_len, loadable_len;
+ u16 loadcnt;
+
+ /* uImage.FIT should be aligned to page boundaries */
+ if (fit_start_sector % (1 << (PAGE_SHIFT - SECTOR_SHIFT)))
+ return 0;
+
+ /* map first page */
+ page = read_mapping_page(
+ mapping, fit_start_sector >> (PAGE_SHIFT - SECTOR_SHIFT), NULL);
+
+ if (IS_ERR(page))
+ return -EFAULT;
+
+ if (PageError(page))
+ return -EFAULT;
+
+ init_fit = page_address(page);
+
+ if (!init_fit) {
+ put_page(page);
+ return -EFAULT;
+ }
+
+ /* uImage.FIT is based on flattened device tree structure */
+ if (fdt_check_header(init_fit)) {
+ put_page(page);
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ /* acquire disk or partition size */
+ dsectors = get_capacity(bdev->bd_disk);
+ if (sectors)
+ dsectors = min_t(u64, sectors, dsectors);
+
+ dsize = dsectors << SECTOR_SHIFT;
+ size = fdt_totalsize(init_fit);
+
+ /* silently skip non-external-data legacy uImage.FIT */
+ if (size > PAGE_SIZE) {
+ put_page(page);
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ /* abort if FIT structure is larger than disk or partition size */
+ if (size >= dsize) {
+ state->access_beyond_eod = 1;
+ put_page(page);
+ return -EFBIG;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * copy FIT structure for further processing
+ * this is necessary for libfdt to work
+ */
+ fit = kmemdup(init_fit, size, GFP_KERNEL);
+ put_page(page);
+ if (!fit)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ /* set boot config node name U-Boot may have added to the device tree */
+ np = of_find_node_by_path("/chosen");
+ if (np)
+ bootconf = of_get_property(np, "u-boot,bootconf", NULL);
+ else
+ bootconf = NULL;
+
+ /* find configuration path in uImage.FIT */
+ config = fdt_path_offset(fit, FIT_CONFS_PATH);
+ if (config < 0) {
+ pr_err("FIT: Cannot find %s node: %d\n",
+ FIT_CONFS_PATH, config);
+ ret = -ENOENT;
+ goto ret_out;
+ }
+
+ /* get default configuration node name */
+ config_default =
+ fdt_getprop(fit, config, FIT_DEFAULT_PROP, &config_default_len);
+
+ /* make sure we got either default or selected boot config node name */
+ if (!config_default && !bootconf) {
+ pr_err("FIT: Cannot find default configuration\n");
+ ret = -ENOENT;
+ goto ret_out;
+ }
+
+ /* find selected boot config node, fallback on default config node */
+ node = fdt_subnode_offset(fit, config, bootconf ?: config_default);
+ if (node < 0) {
+ pr_err("FIT: Cannot find %s node: %d\n",
+ bootconf ?: config_default, node);
+ ret = -ENOENT;
+ goto ret_out;
+ }
+
+ /* get selected configuration data */
+ config_description =
+ fdt_getprop(fit, node, FIT_DESC_PROP, &config_description_len);
+ config_loadables = fdt_getprop(fit, node, FIT_LOADABLE_PROP,
+ &config_loadables_len);
+
+ pr_info("FIT: %s configuration: \"%s\"%s%s%s\n",
+ bootconf ? "Selected" : "Default", bootconf ?: config_default,
+ config_description ? " (" : "", config_description ?: "",
+ config_description ? ")" : "");
+
+ if (!config_loadables || !config_loadables_len) {
+ pr_err("FIT: No loadables configured in \"%s\"\n",
+ bootconf ?: config_default);
+ ret = -ENOENT;
+ goto ret_out;
+ }
+
+ /* get images path in uImage.FIT */
+ images = fdt_path_offset(fit, FIT_IMAGES_PATH);
+ if (images < 0) {
+ pr_err("FIT: Cannot find %s node: %d\n", FIT_IMAGES_PATH, images);
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ goto ret_out;
+ }
+
+ /* allocate one slot for mapping remaing space */
+ if (add_remain)
+ --max_slot;
+
+ /* iterate over images in uImage.FIT */
+ fdt_for_each_subnode(node, fit, images) {
+ image_name = fdt_get_name(fit, node, &image_name_len);
+ image_type = fdt_getprop(fit, node, FIT_TYPE_PROP, &image_type_len);
+ image_offset_be = fdt_getprop(fit, node, FIT_DATA_OFFSET_PROP, NULL);
+ image_pos_be = fdt_getprop(fit, node, FIT_DATA_POSITION_PROP, NULL);
+ image_len_be = fdt_getprop(fit, node, FIT_DATA_SIZE_PROP, NULL);
+
+ if (!image_name || !image_type || !image_len_be)
+ continue;
+
+ image_len = be32_to_cpu(*image_len_be);
+ if (!image_len)
+ continue;
+
+ if (image_offset_be)
+ image_pos = be32_to_cpu(*image_offset_be) + size;
+ else if (image_pos_be)
+ image_pos = be32_to_cpu(*image_pos_be);
+ else
+ continue;
+
+ image_description = fdt_getprop(fit, node, FIT_DESC_PROP,
+ &image_description_len);
+
+ pr_info("FIT: %16s sub-image 0x%08x..0x%08x \"%s\" %s%s%s\n",
+ image_type, image_pos, image_pos + image_len - 1,
+ image_name, image_description ? "(" : "",
+ image_description ?: "", image_description ? ") " : "");
+
+ /* only 'filesystem' images should be mapped as partitions */
+ if (strcmp(image_type, FIT_FILESYSTEM_PROP))
+ continue;
+
+ /* check if sub-image is part of configured loadables */
+ found = false;
+ loadable = config_loadables;
+ loadables_rem_len = config_loadables_len;
+ for (loadcnt = 0; loadables_rem_len > 1 &&
+ loadcnt < MAX_FIT_LOADABLES; ++loadcnt) {
+ loadable_len =
+ strnlen(loadable, loadables_rem_len - 1) + 1;
+ loadables_rem_len -= loadable_len;
+ if (!strncmp(image_name, loadable, loadable_len)) {
+ found = true;
+ break;
+ }
+ loadable += loadable_len;
+ }
+ if (!found)
+ continue;
+
+ if (image_pos % (1 << PAGE_SHIFT)) {
+ pr_err("FIT: image %s start not aligned to page boundaries, skipping\n",
+ image_name);
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ if (image_len % (1 << PAGE_SHIFT)) {
+ pr_err("FIT: sub-image %s end not aligned to page boundaries, skipping\n",
+ image_name);
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ start_sect = image_pos >> SECTOR_SHIFT;
+ nr_sects = image_len >> SECTOR_SHIFT;
+ imgmaxsect = (imgmaxsect < (start_sect + nr_sects)) ?
+ (start_sect + nr_sects) :
+ imgmaxsect;
+
+ if (start_sect + nr_sects > dsectors) {
+ state->access_beyond_eod = 1;
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ put_partition(state, *slot, fit_start_sector + start_sect,
+ nr_sects);
+ state->parts[*slot].flags = ADDPART_FLAG_READONLY;
+ state->parts[*slot].has_info = true;
+ info = &state->parts[*slot].info;
+
+ label_min = min_t(int, sizeof(info->volname) - 1, image_name_len);
+ strncpy(info->volname, image_name, label_min);
+ info->volname[label_min] = '\0';
+
+ snprintf(tmp, sizeof(tmp), "(%s)", info->volname);
+ strlcat(state->pp_buf, tmp, PAGE_SIZE);
+
+ if (++(*slot) > max_slot)
+ break;
+ }
+
+ /* in case uImage.FIT is stored in a partition, map the remaining space */
+ if (add_remain && (imgmaxsect + MIN_FREE_SECT) < dsectors) {
+ put_partition(state, *slot, fit_start_sector + imgmaxsect,
+ dsectors - imgmaxsect);
+ state->parts[*slot].flags = 0;
+ info = &state->parts[*slot].info;
+ strcpy(info->volname, REMAIN_VOLNAME);
+ snprintf(tmp, sizeof(tmp), "(%s)", REMAIN_VOLNAME);
+ strlcat(state->pp_buf, tmp, PAGE_SIZE);
+ ++(*slot);
+ }
+ret_out:
+ kfree(fit);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/**
+ * fit_partition - map uImage.FIT filesystem sub-images into partitions
+ * @state: pointer to partition parser state
+ *
+ * Used to parse uImage.FIT structure for images directly stored on
+ * the whole block device (typically ubiblock or mtdblock).
+ */
+int fit_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state)
+{
+ int slot = 1;
+
+ return parse_fit_partitions(state, 0, 0, &slot, MAX_FIT_LOADABLES, false);
+}
--
2.36.0
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