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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 1/4] lib: add generic polynomial calculation
On Fri, Apr 01, 2022 at 11:40:29PM +0200, Michael Walle wrote:
> Some temperature and voltage sensors use a polynomial to convert between
> raw data points and actual temperature or voltage. The polynomial is
> usually the result of a curve fitting of the diode characteristic.
>
> The BT1 PVT hwmon driver already uses such a polynonmial calculation
> which is rather generic. Move it to lib/ so other drivers can reuse it.
>
> Signed-off-by: Michael Walle <michael@walle.cc>
> Reviewed-by: Guenter Roeck <linux@roeck-us.net>

Applied to hwmon-next.

Thanks,
Guenter

> ---
> include/linux/polynomial.h | 35 ++++++++++++
> lib/Kconfig | 3 ++
> lib/Makefile | 2 +
> lib/polynomial.c | 108 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 4 files changed, 148 insertions(+)
> create mode 100644 include/linux/polynomial.h
> create mode 100644 lib/polynomial.c
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/polynomial.h b/include/linux/polynomial.h
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..9e074a0bb6fa
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/include/linux/polynomial.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,35 @@
> +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */
> +/*
> + * Copyright (C) 2020 BAIKAL ELECTRONICS, JSC
> + */
> +
> +#ifndef _POLYNOMIAL_H
> +#define _POLYNOMIAL_H
> +
> +/*
> + * struct polynomial_term - one term descriptor of a polynomial
> + * @deg: degree of the term.
> + * @coef: multiplication factor of the term.
> + * @divider: distributed divider per each degree.
> + * @divider_leftover: divider leftover, which couldn't be redistributed.
> + */
> +struct polynomial_term {
> + unsigned int deg;
> + long coef;
> + long divider;
> + long divider_leftover;
> +};
> +
> +/*
> + * struct polynomial - a polynomial descriptor
> + * @total_divider: total data divider.
> + * @terms: polynomial terms, last term must have degree of 0
> + */
> +struct polynomial {
> + long total_divider;
> + struct polynomial_term terms[];
> +};
> +
> +long polynomial_calc(const struct polynomial *poly, long data);
> +
> +#endif
> diff --git a/lib/Kconfig b/lib/Kconfig
> index 087e06b4cdfd..6a843639814f 100644
> --- a/lib/Kconfig
> +++ b/lib/Kconfig
> @@ -737,3 +737,6 @@ config PLDMFW
>
> config ASN1_ENCODER
> tristate
> +
> +config POLYNOMIAL
> + tristate
> diff --git a/lib/Makefile b/lib/Makefile
> index 6b9ffc1bd1ee..89fcae891361 100644
> --- a/lib/Makefile
> +++ b/lib/Makefile
> @@ -263,6 +263,8 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_MEMREGION) += memregion.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_STMP_DEVICE) += stmp_device.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_IRQ_POLL) += irq_poll.o
>
> +obj-$(CONFIG_POLYNOMIAL) += polynomial.o
> +
> # stackdepot.c should not be instrumented or call instrumented functions.
> # Prevent the compiler from calling builtins like memcmp() or bcmp() from this
> # file.
> diff --git a/lib/polynomial.c b/lib/polynomial.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..66d383445fec
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/lib/polynomial.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,108 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
> +/*
> + * Generic polynomial calculation using integer coefficients.
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2020 BAIKAL ELECTRONICS, JSC
> + *
> + * Authors:
> + * Maxim Kaurkin <maxim.kaurkin@baikalelectronics.ru>
> + * Serge Semin <Sergey.Semin@baikalelectronics.ru>
> + *
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/kernel.h>
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/polynomial.h>
> +
> +/*
> + * Originally this was part of drivers/hwmon/bt1-pvt.c.
> + * There the following conversion is used and should serve as an example here:
> + *
> + * The original translation formulae of the temperature (in degrees of Celsius)
> + * to PVT data and vice-versa are following:
> + *
> + * N = 1.8322e-8*(T^4) + 2.343e-5*(T^3) + 8.7018e-3*(T^2) + 3.9269*(T^1) +
> + * 1.7204e2
> + * T = -1.6743e-11*(N^4) + 8.1542e-8*(N^3) + -1.8201e-4*(N^2) +
> + * 3.1020e-1*(N^1) - 4.838e1
> + *
> + * where T = [-48.380, 147.438]C and N = [0, 1023].
> + *
> + * They must be accordingly altered to be suitable for the integer arithmetics.
> + * The technique is called 'factor redistribution', which just makes sure the
> + * multiplications and divisions are made so to have a result of the operations
> + * within the integer numbers limit. In addition we need to translate the
> + * formulae to accept millidegrees of Celsius. Here what they look like after
> + * the alterations:
> + *
> + * N = (18322e-20*(T^4) + 2343e-13*(T^3) + 87018e-9*(T^2) + 39269e-3*T +
> + * 17204e2) / 1e4
> + * T = -16743e-12*(D^4) + 81542e-9*(D^3) - 182010e-6*(D^2) + 310200e-3*D -
> + * 48380
> + * where T = [-48380, 147438] mC and N = [0, 1023].
> + *
> + * static const struct polynomial poly_temp_to_N = {
> + * .total_divider = 10000,
> + * .terms = {
> + * {4, 18322, 10000, 10000},
> + * {3, 2343, 10000, 10},
> + * {2, 87018, 10000, 10},
> + * {1, 39269, 1000, 1},
> + * {0, 1720400, 1, 1}
> + * }
> + * };
> + *
> + * static const struct polynomial poly_N_to_temp = {
> + * .total_divider = 1,
> + * .terms = {
> + * {4, -16743, 1000, 1},
> + * {3, 81542, 1000, 1},
> + * {2, -182010, 1000, 1},
> + * {1, 310200, 1000, 1},
> + * {0, -48380, 1, 1}
> + * }
> + * };
> + */
> +
> +/**
> + * polynomial_calc - calculate a polynomial using integer arithmetic
> + *
> + * @poly: pointer to the descriptor of the polynomial
> + * @data: input value of the polynimal
> + *
> + * Calculate the result of a polynomial using only integer arithmetic. For
> + * this to work without too much loss of precision the coefficients has to
> + * be altered. This is called factor redistribution.
> + *
> + * Returns the result of the polynomial calculation.
> + */
> +long polynomial_calc(const struct polynomial *poly, long data)
> +{
> + const struct polynomial_term *term = poly->terms;
> + long total_divider = poly->total_divider ?: 1;
> + long tmp, ret = 0;
> + int deg;
> +
> + /*
> + * Here is the polynomial calculation function, which performs the
> + * redistributed terms calculations. It's pretty straightforward.
> + * We walk over each degree term up to the free one, and perform
> + * the redistributed multiplication of the term coefficient, its
> + * divider (as for the rationale fraction representation), data
> + * power and the rational fraction divider leftover. Then all of
> + * this is collected in a total sum variable, which value is
> + * normalized by the total divider before being returned.
> + */
> + do {
> + tmp = term->coef;
> + for (deg = 0; deg < term->deg; ++deg)
> + tmp = mult_frac(tmp, data, term->divider);
> + ret += tmp / term->divider_leftover;
> + } while ((term++)->deg);
> +
> + return ret / total_divider;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(polynomial_calc);
> +
> +MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Generic polynomial calculations");
> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");

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