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Subject[PATCH v3 net 4/7] tcp: add small random increments to the source port
Date
Here we're randomly adding between 0 and 7 random increments to the
selected source port in order to add some noise in the source port
selection that will make the next port less predictable.

With the default port range of 32768-60999 this means a worst case
reuse scenario of 14116/8=1764 connections between two consecutive
uses of the same port, with an average of 14116/4.5=3137. This code
was stressed at more than 800000 connections per second to a fixed
target with all connections closed by the client using RSTs (worst
condition) and only 2 connections failed among 13 billion, despite
the hash being reseeded every 10 seconds, indicating a perfectly
safe situation.

Cc: Moshe Kol <moshe.kol@mail.huji.ac.il>
Cc: Yossi Gilad <yossi.gilad@mail.huji.ac.il>
Cc: Amit Klein <aksecurity@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Willy Tarreau <w@1wt.eu>
---
net/ipv4/inet_hashtables.c | 9 +++++----
1 file changed, 5 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/net/ipv4/inet_hashtables.c b/net/ipv4/inet_hashtables.c
index 29c701cd8312..63bb4902f018 100644
--- a/net/ipv4/inet_hashtables.c
+++ b/net/ipv4/inet_hashtables.c
@@ -833,11 +833,12 @@ int __inet_hash_connect(struct inet_timewait_death_row *death_row,
return -EADDRNOTAVAIL;

ok:
- /* If our first attempt found a candidate, skip next candidate
- * in 1/16 of cases to add some noise.
+ /* Here we want to add a little bit of randomness to the next source
+ * port that will be chosen. We use a max() with a random here so that
+ * on low contention the randomness is maximal and on high contention
+ * it may be inexistent.
*/
- if (!i && !(prandom_u32() % 16))
- i = 2;
+ i = max_t(int, i, (prandom_u32() & 7) * 2);
WRITE_ONCE(table_perturb[index], READ_ONCE(table_perturb[index]) + i + 2);

/* Head lock still held and bh's disabled */
--
2.17.5
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