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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 17/23] ata: ahci: Introduce firmware-specific caps initialization
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On 5/12/22 01:18, Serge Semin wrote:
> There are systems with no BIOS or comprehensive embedded firmware which
> could be able to properly initialize the SATA AHCI controller
> platform-specific capabilities. In that case a good alternative to having
> a clever bootloader is to create a device tree node with the properties
> well describing all the AHCI-related platform specifics. All the settings
> which are normally detected and marked as available in the HBA and its
> ports capabilities fields [1] could be defined in the platform DTB by
> means of a set of the dedicated properties. Such approach perfectly fits
> to the DTB-philosophy - to provide hardware/platform description.
>
> So here we suggest to extend the SATA AHCI device tree bindings with the
> next set of additional DT boolean properties:
> 1) hba-sss - Controller supports Staggered Spin-up.
> 2) hba-smps - Mechanical Presence Switch is support by controller.
> 3) hba-hpcp - Hot Plug Capable Port.
> 4) hba-mpsp - Mechanical Presence Switch Attached to Port.
> 5) hba-cpd - Cold Presence Detection.
> 6) hba-esp - External SATA Port.
> 7) hba-fbscp - FIS-based Switching Capable Port.
> All of these capabilities require to have a corresponding hardware
> configuration. Thus it's ok to have them defined in DTB.
>
> Even though the driver currently takes into account the state of the ESP
> and FBSCP flags state only, there is nothing wrong with having all them
> supported by the generic AHCI library in order to have a complete OF-based
> platform-capabilities initialization procedure. These properties will be
> parsed in the ahci_platform_get_resources() method and their values will
> be stored in the saved_* fields of the ahci_host_priv structure, which in
> its turn then will be used to restore the H.CAP, H.PI and P#.CMD
> capability fields on device init and after HBA reset.
>
> Please note this modification concerns the HW-init HBA and its ports flags
> only, which are by specification [1] are supposed to be initialized by the
> BIOS/platform firmware/expansion ROM and which are normally declared in
> the one-time-writable-after-reset register fields. Even though these flags
> aren't supposed to be cleared after HBA reset some AHCI instances may
> violate that rule so we still need to perform the fields resetting after
> each reset. Luckily the corresponding functionality has already been
> partly implemented in the framework of the ahci_save_initial_config() and
> ahci_restore_initial_config() methods.
>
> [1] Serial ATA AHCI 1.3.1 Specification, p. 103
>
> Signed-off-by: Serge Semin <Sergey.Semin@baikalelectronics.ru>
> ---
> drivers/ata/ahci.h | 1 +
> drivers/ata/libahci.c | 51 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------
> drivers/ata/libahci_platform.c | 51 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
> 3 files changed, 92 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/ata/ahci.h b/drivers/ata/ahci.h
> index 8b9826533ae5..0de221055961 100644
> --- a/drivers/ata/ahci.h
> +++ b/drivers/ata/ahci.h
> @@ -337,6 +337,7 @@ struct ahci_host_priv {
> u32 saved_cap; /* saved initial cap */
> u32 saved_cap2; /* saved initial cap2 */
> u32 saved_port_map; /* saved initial port_map */
> + u32 saved_port_cap[AHCI_MAX_PORTS]; /* saved port_cap */
> u32 em_loc; /* enclosure management location */
> u32 em_buf_sz; /* EM buffer size in byte */
> u32 em_msg_type; /* EM message type */
> diff --git a/drivers/ata/libahci.c b/drivers/ata/libahci.c
> index 1ffaa5f5f21a..763ff1058da6 100644
> --- a/drivers/ata/libahci.c
> +++ b/drivers/ata/libahci.c
> @@ -16,6 +16,7 @@
> * http://www.intel.com/technology/serialata/pdf/rev1_1.pdf
> */
>
> +#include <linux/bitops.h>
> #include <linux/kernel.h>
> #include <linux/gfp.h>
> #include <linux/module.h>
> @@ -443,16 +444,28 @@ static ssize_t ahci_show_em_supported(struct device *dev,
> void ahci_save_initial_config(struct device *dev, struct ahci_host_priv *hpriv)
> {
> void __iomem *mmio = hpriv->mmio;
> - u32 cap, cap2, vers, port_map;
> + void __iomem *port_mmio;
> + unsigned long port_map;

Why is this an 'unsigned long' now? I thought we could have only 32 ports?

> + u32 cap, cap2, vers;
> int i;
>
> /* make sure AHCI mode is enabled before accessing CAP */
> ahci_enable_ahci(mmio);
>
> - /* Values prefixed with saved_ are written back to host after
> - * reset. Values without are used for driver operation.
> + /*
> + * Values prefixed with saved_ are written back to the HBA and ports
> + * registers after reset. Values without are used for driver operation.
> + */
> +
> + /*
> + * Override HW-init HBA capability fields with platform-specific values.
> + * The rest of the HBA capabilities are defined with strictly RO flags
> + * and can't be modified in CSR anyway.
> */
> - hpriv->saved_cap = cap = readl(mmio + HOST_CAP);
> + cap = readl(mmio + HOST_CAP);
> + if (hpriv->saved_cap)
> + cap = (cap & ~(HOST_CAP_SSS | HOST_CAP_MPS)) | hpriv->saved_cap;
> + hpriv->saved_cap = cap;
>
> /* CAP2 register is only defined for AHCI 1.2 and later */
> vers = readl(mmio + HOST_VERSION);
> @@ -519,7 +532,7 @@ void ahci_save_initial_config(struct device *dev, struct ahci_host_priv *hpriv)
> /* Override the HBA ports mapping if the platform needs it */
> port_map = readl(mmio + HOST_PORTS_IMPL);

And we're still using 'readl', so we will only initialize 32 bits ...

> if (hpriv->saved_port_map && port_map != hpriv->saved_port_map) {

Tsk. And now comparing is to a u32 ...

Please change it back to be 32 bits.

Cheers,

Hannes
--
Dr. Hannes Reinecke Kernel Storage Architect
hare@suse.de +49 911 74053 688
SUSE Software Solutions Germany GmbH, Maxfeldstr. 5, 90409 Nürnberg
HRB 36809 (AG Nürnberg), GF: Felix Imendörffer

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