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SubjectRe: [PATCH V9 21/24] LoongArch: Add zboot (compressed kernel) support
On Sun, May 01, 2022 at 04:46:50PM +0800, Huacai Chen wrote:
> Hi, Russell,
>
> On Sun, May 1, 2022 at 2:35 PM Russell King (Oracle)
> <linux@armlinux.org.uk> wrote:
> >
> > On Sun, May 01, 2022 at 01:22:25PM +0800, Huacai Chen wrote:
> > > Hi, Arnd,
> > >
> > > On Sat, Apr 30, 2022 at 7:02 PM Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> wrote:
> > > >
> > > > On Sat, Apr 30, 2022 at 11:05 AM Huacai Chen <chenhuacai@loongson.cn> wrote:
> > > > >
> > > > > This patch adds zboot (self-extracting compressed kernel) support, all
> > > > > existing in-kernel compressing algorithm and efistub are supported.
> > > > >
> > > > > Signed-off-by: Huacai Chen <chenhuacai@loongson.cn>
> > > >
> > > > I have no objections to adding a decompressor in principle, and
> > > > the implementation seems reasonable. However, I think we should try to
> > > > be consistent between architectures. On both arm64 and riscv, the
> > > > maintainers decided to not include a decompressor and instead leave
> > > > it up to the boot loader to decompress the kernel and enter it from there.
> > > X86, ARM32 and MIPS already support self-extracting kernel, and in
> > > 5.17 we even support self-extracting modules. So I think a
> > > self-extracting kernel is better than a pure compressed kernel.
> >
> > FYI, kernel modules are not self-extracting. They don't contain the code
> > to do the decompression - that is contained within the kernel, and it is
> > the kernel that does the decompression. The userspace tooling tells the
> > kernel that the module is compressed.
> I call "self-extracting" here means we don't need out-of-kernel help:
> kernel decompress doesn't need the bootloader, module decompress
> doesn't need kmod.

As I understand it, it does require out-of-kernel help. The module
loading program needs to pass in to the finit_module syscall a flag
to tell the kernel to decompress it. See the
MODULE_INIT_COMPRESSED_FILE flag.

So it's definitely not "self-extracting" by any sense of "self". My
definition of "self-extracting" is where a program contains the
extractor inside the same image, and when the program is run, it
performs the extraction using code contained within the image itself.

Your definition would mean a gzipped kernel binary would be able to
be called "self-extracting" if the boot loader decompresses it. This
is definitely not "self-extracting" in my book.

Sorry to be such a pedant.

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