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Subject[PATCHv4 5/8] x86/mm: Reserve unaccepted memory bitmap
A given page of memory can only be accepted once.  The kernel has a need
to accept memory both in the early decompression stage and during normal

A bitmap used to communicate the acceptance state of each page between the
decompression stage and normal runtime. This eliminates the possibility of
attempting to double-accept a page.

The bitmap is allocated in EFI stub, decompression stage updates the state
of pages used for the kernel and initrd and hands the bitmap over to the
main kernel image via boot_params.

In the runtime kernel, reserve the bitmap's memory to ensure nothing
overwrites it.

Signed-off-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <>
Acked-by: Mike Rapoport <>
arch/x86/kernel/e820.c | 10 ++++++++++
1 file changed, 10 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/e820.c b/arch/x86/kernel/e820.c
index f267205f2d5a..22d1fe48dcba 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/e820.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/e820.c
@@ -1316,6 +1316,16 @@ void __init e820__memblock_setup(void)
int i;
u64 end;

+ /* Mark unaccepted memory bitmap reserved */
+ if (boot_params.unaccepted_memory) {
+ unsigned long size;
+ /* One bit per 2MB */
+ size = DIV_ROUND_UP(e820__end_of_ram_pfn() * PAGE_SIZE,
+ memblock_reserve(boot_params.unaccepted_memory, size);
+ }
* The bootstrap memblock region count maximum is 128 entries
* (INIT_MEMBLOCK_REGIONS), but EFI might pass us more E820 entries
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