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Subject[PATCH net v6 2/2] nfc: nfcmrvl: main: reorder destructive operations in nfcmrvl_nci_unregister_dev to avoid bugs
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There are destructive operations such as nfcmrvl_fw_dnld_abort and
gpio_free in nfcmrvl_nci_unregister_dev. The resources such as firmware,
gpio and so on could be destructed while the upper layer functions such as
nfcmrvl_fw_dnld_start and nfcmrvl_nci_recv_frame is executing, which leads
to double-free, use-after-free and null-ptr-deref bugs.

There are three situations that could lead to double-free bugs.

The first situation is shown below:

(Thread 1) | (Thread 2)
nfcmrvl_fw_dnld_start |
... | nfcmrvl_nci_unregister_dev
release_firmware() | nfcmrvl_fw_dnld_abort
kfree(fw) //(1) | fw_dnld_over
| release_firmware
... | kfree(fw) //(2)
| ...

The second situation is shown below:

(Thread 1) | (Thread 2)
nfcmrvl_fw_dnld_start |
... |
mod_timer |
(wait a time) |
fw_dnld_timeout | nfcmrvl_nci_unregister_dev
fw_dnld_over | nfcmrvl_fw_dnld_abort
release_firmware | fw_dnld_over
kfree(fw) //(1) | release_firmware
... | kfree(fw) //(2)

The third situation is shown below:

(Thread 1) | (Thread 2)
nfcmrvl_nci_recv_frame |
if(..->fw_download_in_progress)|
nfcmrvl_fw_dnld_recv_frame |
queue_work |
|
fw_dnld_rx_work | nfcmrvl_nci_unregister_dev
fw_dnld_over | nfcmrvl_fw_dnld_abort
release_firmware | fw_dnld_over
kfree(fw) //(1) | release_firmware
| kfree(fw) //(2)

The firmware struct is deallocated in position (1) and deallocated
in position (2) again.

The crash trace triggered by POC is like below:

BUG: KASAN: double-free or invalid-free in fw_dnld_over
Call Trace:
kfree
fw_dnld_over
nfcmrvl_nci_unregister_dev
nci_uart_tty_close
tty_ldisc_kill
tty_ldisc_hangup
__tty_hangup.part.0
tty_release
...

What's more, there are also use-after-free and null-ptr-deref bugs
in nfcmrvl_fw_dnld_start. If we deallocate firmware struct, gpio or
set null to the members of priv->fw_dnld in nfcmrvl_nci_unregister_dev,
then, we dereference firmware, gpio or the members of priv->fw_dnld in
nfcmrvl_fw_dnld_start, the UAF or NPD bugs will happen.

This patch reorders destructive operations after nci_unregister_device
in order to synchronize between cleanup routine and firmware download
routine.

The nci_unregister_device is well synchronized. If the device is
detaching, the firmware download routine will goto error. If firmware
download routine is executing, nci_unregister_device will wait until
firmware download routine is finished.

Fixes: 3194c6870158 ("NFC: nfcmrvl: add firmware download support")
Signed-off-by: Duoming Zhou <duoming@zju.edu.cn>
---
Changes in v6:
- Make commit messages more clearer.

drivers/nfc/nfcmrvl/main.c | 2 +-
1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/drivers/nfc/nfcmrvl/main.c b/drivers/nfc/nfcmrvl/main.c
index 2fcf545012b..1a5284de434 100644
--- a/drivers/nfc/nfcmrvl/main.c
+++ b/drivers/nfc/nfcmrvl/main.c
@@ -183,6 +183,7 @@ void nfcmrvl_nci_unregister_dev(struct nfcmrvl_private *priv)
{
struct nci_dev *ndev = priv->ndev;

+ nci_unregister_device(ndev);
if (priv->ndev->nfc_dev->fw_download_in_progress)
nfcmrvl_fw_dnld_abort(priv);

@@ -191,7 +192,6 @@ void nfcmrvl_nci_unregister_dev(struct nfcmrvl_private *priv)
if (gpio_is_valid(priv->config.reset_n_io))
gpio_free(priv->config.reset_n_io);

- nci_unregister_device(ndev);
nci_free_device(ndev);
kfree(priv);
}
--
2.17.1
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