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SubjectRe: Linux 4.14.275
Date
diff --git a/Documentation/arm64/silicon-errata.txt b/Documentation/arm64/silicon-errata.txt
index e4fe6adc372b..42f5672e8917 100644
--- a/Documentation/arm64/silicon-errata.txt
+++ b/Documentation/arm64/silicon-errata.txt
@@ -56,6 +56,7 @@ stable kernels.
| ARM | Cortex-A72 | #853709 | N/A |
| ARM | Cortex-A73 | #858921 | ARM64_ERRATUM_858921 |
| ARM | Cortex-A55 | #1024718 | ARM64_ERRATUM_1024718 |
+| ARM | Cortex-A76 | #1188873 | ARM64_ERRATUM_1188873 |
| ARM | MMU-500 | #841119,#826419 | N/A |
| | | | |
| Cavium | ThunderX ITS | #22375, #24313 | CAVIUM_ERRATUM_22375 |
diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
index a06abc38f35d..cad522127bb9 100644
--- a/Makefile
+++ b/Makefile
@@ -1,7 +1,7 @@
# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
VERSION = 4
PATCHLEVEL = 14
-SUBLEVEL = 274
+SUBLEVEL = 275
EXTRAVERSION =
NAME = Petit Gorille

diff --git a/arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_host.h b/arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_host.h
index b60232639984..dbd9615b428c 100644
--- a/arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_host.h
+++ b/arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_host.h
@@ -26,6 +26,7 @@
#include <asm/kvm_asm.h>
#include <asm/kvm_mmio.h>
#include <asm/fpstate.h>
+#include <asm/spectre.h>
#include <kvm/arm_arch_timer.h>

#define __KVM_HAVE_ARCH_INTC_INITIALIZED
@@ -324,4 +325,9 @@ static inline int kvm_arm_have_ssbd(void)
return KVM_SSBD_UNKNOWN;
}

+static inline int kvm_arm_get_spectre_bhb_state(void)
+{
+ /* 32bit guests don't need firmware for this */
+ return SPECTRE_VULNERABLE; /* aka SMCCC_RET_NOT_SUPPORTED */
+}
#endif /* __ARM_KVM_HOST_H__ */
diff --git a/arch/arm64/Kconfig b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
index e76f74874a42..7605d2f00d55 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
@@ -458,6 +458,20 @@ config ARM64_ERRATUM_1024718

If unsure, say Y.

+config ARM64_ERRATUM_1188873
+ bool "Cortex-A76: MRC read following MRRC read of specific Generic Timer in AArch32 might give incorrect result"
+ default y
+ depends on COMPAT
+ select ARM_ARCH_TIMER_OOL_WORKAROUND
+ help
+ This option adds work arounds for ARM Cortex-A76 erratum 1188873
+
+ Affected Cortex-A76 cores (r0p0, r1p0, r2p0) could cause
+ register corruption when accessing the timer registers from
+ AArch32 userspace.
+
+ If unsure, say Y.
+
config CAVIUM_ERRATUM_22375
bool "Cavium erratum 22375, 24313"
default y
@@ -858,6 +872,16 @@ config ARM64_SSBD

If unsure, say Y.

+config MITIGATE_SPECTRE_BRANCH_HISTORY
+ bool "Mitigate Spectre style attacks against branch history" if EXPERT
+ default y
+ depends on HARDEN_BRANCH_PREDICTOR || !KVM
+ help
+ Speculation attacks against some high-performance processors can
+ make use of branch history to influence future speculation.
+ When taking an exception from user-space, a sequence of branches
+ or a firmware call overwrites the branch history.
+
menuconfig ARMV8_DEPRECATED
bool "Emulate deprecated/obsolete ARMv8 instructions"
depends on COMPAT
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/assembler.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/assembler.h
index 02d73d83f0de..6b38f3b3095a 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/assembler.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/assembler.h
@@ -103,6 +103,13 @@
hint #20
.endm

+/*
+ * Clear Branch History instruction
+ */
+ .macro clearbhb
+ hint #22
+ .endm
+
/*
* Sanitise a 64-bit bounded index wrt speculation, returning zero if out
* of bounds.
@@ -549,4 +556,31 @@ alternative_endif
.Ldone\@:
.endm

+ .macro __mitigate_spectre_bhb_loop tmp
+#ifdef CONFIG_MITIGATE_SPECTRE_BRANCH_HISTORY
+alternative_cb spectre_bhb_patch_loop_iter
+ mov \tmp, #32 // Patched to correct the immediate
+alternative_cb_end
+.Lspectre_bhb_loop\@:
+ b . + 4
+ subs \tmp, \tmp, #1
+ b.ne .Lspectre_bhb_loop\@
+ dsb nsh
+ isb
+#endif /* CONFIG_MITIGATE_SPECTRE_BRANCH_HISTORY */
+ .endm
+
+ /* Save/restores x0-x3 to the stack */
+ .macro __mitigate_spectre_bhb_fw
+#ifdef CONFIG_MITIGATE_SPECTRE_BRANCH_HISTORY
+ stp x0, x1, [sp, #-16]!
+ stp x2, x3, [sp, #-16]!
+ mov w0, #ARM_SMCCC_ARCH_WORKAROUND_3
+alternative_cb arm64_update_smccc_conduit
+ nop // Patched to SMC/HVC #0
+alternative_cb_end
+ ldp x2, x3, [sp], #16
+ ldp x0, x1, [sp], #16
+#endif /* CONFIG_MITIGATE_SPECTRE_BRANCH_HISTORY */
+ .endm
#endif /* __ASM_ASSEMBLER_H */
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpu.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpu.h
index 889226b4c6e1..c7f17e663e72 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpu.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpu.h
@@ -36,6 +36,7 @@ struct cpuinfo_arm64 {
u64 reg_id_aa64dfr1;
u64 reg_id_aa64isar0;
u64 reg_id_aa64isar1;
+ u64 reg_id_aa64isar2;
u64 reg_id_aa64mmfr0;
u64 reg_id_aa64mmfr1;
u64 reg_id_aa64mmfr2;
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpucaps.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpucaps.h
index 2f8bd0388905..20ca422eb094 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpucaps.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpucaps.h
@@ -45,7 +45,9 @@
#define ARM64_SSBD 25
#define ARM64_MISMATCHED_CACHE_TYPE 26
#define ARM64_SSBS 27
+#define ARM64_WORKAROUND_1188873 28
+#define ARM64_SPECTRE_BHB 29

-#define ARM64_NCAPS 28
+#define ARM64_NCAPS 30

#endif /* __ASM_CPUCAPS_H */
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h
index 166f81b7afee..3e9d042d1b1e 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h
@@ -456,6 +456,34 @@ static inline bool cpu_supports_mixed_endian_el0(void)
return id_aa64mmfr0_mixed_endian_el0(read_cpuid(ID_AA64MMFR0_EL1));
}

+static inline bool supports_csv2p3(int scope)
+{
+ u64 pfr0;
+ u8 csv2_val;
+
+ if (scope == SCOPE_LOCAL_CPU)
+ pfr0 = read_sysreg_s(SYS_ID_AA64PFR0_EL1);
+ else
+ pfr0 = read_sanitised_ftr_reg(SYS_ID_AA64PFR0_EL1);
+
+ csv2_val = cpuid_feature_extract_unsigned_field(pfr0,
+ ID_AA64PFR0_CSV2_SHIFT);
+ return csv2_val == 3;
+}
+
+static inline bool supports_clearbhb(int scope)
+{
+ u64 isar2;
+
+ if (scope == SCOPE_LOCAL_CPU)
+ isar2 = read_sysreg_s(SYS_ID_AA64ISAR2_EL1);
+ else
+ isar2 = read_sanitised_ftr_reg(SYS_ID_AA64ISAR2_EL1);
+
+ return cpuid_feature_extract_unsigned_field(isar2,
+ ID_AA64ISAR2_CLEARBHB_SHIFT);
+}
+
static inline bool system_supports_32bit_el0(void)
{
return cpus_have_const_cap(ARM64_HAS_32BIT_EL0);
@@ -495,6 +523,17 @@ static inline int arm64_get_ssbd_state(void)

void arm64_set_ssbd_mitigation(bool state);

+/* Watch out, ordering is important here. */
+enum mitigation_state {
+ SPECTRE_UNAFFECTED,
+ SPECTRE_MITIGATED,
+ SPECTRE_VULNERABLE,
+};
+
+enum mitigation_state arm64_get_spectre_bhb_state(void);
+bool is_spectre_bhb_affected(const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities *entry, int scope);
+u8 spectre_bhb_loop_affected(int scope);
+void spectre_bhb_enable_mitigation(const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities *__unused);
#endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */

#endif
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/cputype.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/cputype.h
index b23456035eac..401088d9cd82 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/cputype.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/cputype.h
@@ -87,6 +87,16 @@
#define ARM_CPU_PART_CORTEX_A75 0xD0A
#define ARM_CPU_PART_CORTEX_A35 0xD04
#define ARM_CPU_PART_CORTEX_A55 0xD05
+#define ARM_CPU_PART_CORTEX_A76 0xD0B
+#define ARM_CPU_PART_NEOVERSE_N1 0xD0C
+#define ARM_CPU_PART_CORTEX_A77 0xD0D
+#define ARM_CPU_PART_NEOVERSE_V1 0xD40
+#define ARM_CPU_PART_CORTEX_A78 0xD41
+#define ARM_CPU_PART_CORTEX_X1 0xD44
+#define ARM_CPU_PART_CORTEX_A710 0xD47
+#define ARM_CPU_PART_CORTEX_X2 0xD48
+#define ARM_CPU_PART_NEOVERSE_N2 0xD49
+#define ARM_CPU_PART_CORTEX_A78C 0xD4B

#define APM_CPU_PART_POTENZA 0x000

@@ -112,6 +122,16 @@
#define MIDR_CORTEX_A75 MIDR_CPU_MODEL(ARM_CPU_IMP_ARM, ARM_CPU_PART_CORTEX_A75)
#define MIDR_CORTEX_A35 MIDR_CPU_MODEL(ARM_CPU_IMP_ARM, ARM_CPU_PART_CORTEX_A35)
#define MIDR_CORTEX_A55 MIDR_CPU_MODEL(ARM_CPU_IMP_ARM, ARM_CPU_PART_CORTEX_A55)
+#define MIDR_CORTEX_A76 MIDR_CPU_MODEL(ARM_CPU_IMP_ARM, ARM_CPU_PART_CORTEX_A76)
+#define MIDR_NEOVERSE_N1 MIDR_CPU_MODEL(ARM_CPU_IMP_ARM, ARM_CPU_PART_NEOVERSE_N1)
+#define MIDR_CORTEX_A77 MIDR_CPU_MODEL(ARM_CPU_IMP_ARM, ARM_CPU_PART_CORTEX_A77)
+#define MIDR_NEOVERSE_V1 MIDR_CPU_MODEL(ARM_CPU_IMP_ARM, ARM_CPU_PART_NEOVERSE_V1)
+#define MIDR_CORTEX_A78 MIDR_CPU_MODEL(ARM_CPU_IMP_ARM, ARM_CPU_PART_CORTEX_A78)
+#define MIDR_CORTEX_X1 MIDR_CPU_MODEL(ARM_CPU_IMP_ARM, ARM_CPU_PART_CORTEX_X1)
+#define MIDR_CORTEX_A710 MIDR_CPU_MODEL(ARM_CPU_IMP_ARM, ARM_CPU_PART_CORTEX_A710)
+#define MIDR_CORTEX_X2 MIDR_CPU_MODEL(ARM_CPU_IMP_ARM, ARM_CPU_PART_CORTEX_X2)
+#define MIDR_NEOVERSE_N2 MIDR_CPU_MODEL(ARM_CPU_IMP_ARM, ARM_CPU_PART_NEOVERSE_N2)
+#define MIDR_CORTEX_A78C MIDR_CPU_MODEL(ARM_CPU_IMP_ARM, ARM_CPU_PART_CORTEX_A78C)
#define MIDR_THUNDERX MIDR_CPU_MODEL(ARM_CPU_IMP_CAVIUM, CAVIUM_CPU_PART_THUNDERX)
#define MIDR_THUNDERX_81XX MIDR_CPU_MODEL(ARM_CPU_IMP_CAVIUM, CAVIUM_CPU_PART_THUNDERX_81XX)
#define MIDR_THUNDERX_83XX MIDR_CPU_MODEL(ARM_CPU_IMP_CAVIUM, CAVIUM_CPU_PART_THUNDERX_83XX)
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/fixmap.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/fixmap.h
index ec1e6d6fa14c..3c962ef081f8 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/fixmap.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/fixmap.h
@@ -59,9 +59,11 @@ enum fixed_addresses {
#endif /* CONFIG_ACPI_APEI_GHES */

#ifdef CONFIG_UNMAP_KERNEL_AT_EL0
+ FIX_ENTRY_TRAMP_TEXT3,
+ FIX_ENTRY_TRAMP_TEXT2,
+ FIX_ENTRY_TRAMP_TEXT1,
FIX_ENTRY_TRAMP_DATA,
- FIX_ENTRY_TRAMP_TEXT,
-#define TRAMP_VALIAS (__fix_to_virt(FIX_ENTRY_TRAMP_TEXT))
+#define TRAMP_VALIAS (__fix_to_virt(FIX_ENTRY_TRAMP_TEXT1))
#endif /* CONFIG_UNMAP_KERNEL_AT_EL0 */
__end_of_permanent_fixed_addresses,

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h
index 8d94404829f0..be82119ed24a 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h
@@ -450,4 +450,9 @@ static inline int kvm_arm_have_ssbd(void)
}
}

+static inline enum mitigation_state kvm_arm_get_spectre_bhb_state(void)
+{
+ return arm64_get_spectre_bhb_state();
+}
+
#endif /* __ARM64_KVM_HOST_H__ */
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_mmu.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_mmu.h
index 47ba6a57dc45..04c7c4596240 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_mmu.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_mmu.h
@@ -358,7 +358,7 @@ static inline void *kvm_get_hyp_vector(void)
struct bp_hardening_data *data = arm64_get_bp_hardening_data();
void *vect = kvm_ksym_ref(__kvm_hyp_vector);

- if (data->fn) {
+ if (data->template_start) {
vect = __bp_harden_hyp_vecs_start +
data->hyp_vectors_slot * SZ_2K;

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/mmu.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/mmu.h
index 6dd83d75b82a..5a77dc775cc3 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/mmu.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/mmu.h
@@ -35,7 +35,7 @@ typedef struct {
*/
#define ASID(mm) ((mm)->context.id.counter & 0xffff)

-static inline bool arm64_kernel_unmapped_at_el0(void)
+static __always_inline bool arm64_kernel_unmapped_at_el0(void)
{
return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_UNMAP_KERNEL_AT_EL0) &&
cpus_have_const_cap(ARM64_UNMAP_KERNEL_AT_EL0);
@@ -46,6 +46,12 @@ typedef void (*bp_hardening_cb_t)(void);
struct bp_hardening_data {
int hyp_vectors_slot;
bp_hardening_cb_t fn;
+
+ /*
+ * template_start is only used by the BHB mitigation to identify the
+ * hyp_vectors_slot sequence.
+ */
+ const char *template_start;
};

#ifdef CONFIG_HARDEN_BRANCH_PREDICTOR
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/sections.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/sections.h
index 941267caa39c..8d3f1eab58e0 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/sections.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/sections.h
@@ -28,5 +28,11 @@ extern char __initdata_begin[], __initdata_end[];
extern char __inittext_begin[], __inittext_end[];
extern char __irqentry_text_start[], __irqentry_text_end[];
extern char __mmuoff_data_start[], __mmuoff_data_end[];
+extern char __entry_tramp_text_start[], __entry_tramp_text_end[];
+
+static inline size_t entry_tramp_text_size(void)
+{
+ return __entry_tramp_text_end - __entry_tramp_text_start;
+}

#endif /* __ASM_SECTIONS_H */
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/sysreg.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/sysreg.h
index 2564dd429ab6..3bbf0dc5ecad 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/sysreg.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/sysreg.h
@@ -157,6 +157,7 @@

#define SYS_ID_AA64ISAR0_EL1 sys_reg(3, 0, 0, 6, 0)
#define SYS_ID_AA64ISAR1_EL1 sys_reg(3, 0, 0, 6, 1)
+#define SYS_ID_AA64ISAR2_EL1 sys_reg(3, 0, 0, 6, 2)

#define SYS_ID_AA64MMFR0_EL1 sys_reg(3, 0, 0, 7, 0)
#define SYS_ID_AA64MMFR1_EL1 sys_reg(3, 0, 0, 7, 1)
@@ -403,6 +404,9 @@
#define ID_AA64ISAR1_JSCVT_SHIFT 12
#define ID_AA64ISAR1_DPB_SHIFT 0

+/* id_aa64isar2 */
+#define ID_AA64ISAR2_CLEARBHB_SHIFT 28
+
/* id_aa64pfr0 */
#define ID_AA64PFR0_CSV3_SHIFT 60
#define ID_AA64PFR0_CSV2_SHIFT 56
@@ -448,6 +452,7 @@
#define ID_AA64MMFR0_TGRAN16_SUPPORTED 0x1

/* id_aa64mmfr1 */
+#define ID_AA64MMFR1_ECBHB_SHIFT 60
#define ID_AA64MMFR1_PAN_SHIFT 20
#define ID_AA64MMFR1_LOR_SHIFT 16
#define ID_AA64MMFR1_HPD_SHIFT 12
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/vectors.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/vectors.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..695583b9a145
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/vectors.h
@@ -0,0 +1,74 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2022 ARM Ltd.
+ */
+#ifndef __ASM_VECTORS_H
+#define __ASM_VECTORS_H
+
+#include <linux/bug.h>
+#include <linux/percpu.h>
+
+#include <asm/fixmap.h>
+#include <asm/mmu.h>
+
+extern char vectors[];
+extern char tramp_vectors[];
+extern char __bp_harden_el1_vectors[];
+
+/*
+ * Note: the order of this enum corresponds to two arrays in entry.S:
+ * tramp_vecs and __bp_harden_el1_vectors. By default the canonical
+ * 'full fat' vectors are used directly.
+ */
+enum arm64_bp_harden_el1_vectors {
+#ifdef CONFIG_MITIGATE_SPECTRE_BRANCH_HISTORY
+ /*
+ * Perform the BHB loop mitigation, before branching to the canonical
+ * vectors.
+ */
+ EL1_VECTOR_BHB_LOOP,
+
+ /*
+ * Make the SMC call for firmware mitigation, before branching to the
+ * canonical vectors.
+ */
+ EL1_VECTOR_BHB_FW,
+
+ /*
+ * Use the ClearBHB instruction, before branching to the canonical
+ * vectors.
+ */
+ EL1_VECTOR_BHB_CLEAR_INSN,
+#endif /* CONFIG_MITIGATE_SPECTRE_BRANCH_HISTORY */
+
+ /*
+ * Remap the kernel before branching to the canonical vectors.
+ */
+ EL1_VECTOR_KPTI,
+};
+
+#ifndef CONFIG_MITIGATE_SPECTRE_BRANCH_HISTORY
+#define EL1_VECTOR_BHB_LOOP -1
+#define EL1_VECTOR_BHB_FW -1
+#define EL1_VECTOR_BHB_CLEAR_INSN -1
+#endif /* !CONFIG_MITIGATE_SPECTRE_BRANCH_HISTORY */
+
+/* The vectors to use on return from EL0. e.g. to remap the kernel */
+DECLARE_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(const char *, this_cpu_vector);
+
+#ifndef CONFIG_UNMAP_KERNEL_AT_EL0
+#define TRAMP_VALIAS 0
+#endif
+
+static inline const char *
+arm64_get_bp_hardening_vector(enum arm64_bp_harden_el1_vectors slot)
+{
+ if (arm64_kernel_unmapped_at_el0())
+ return (char *)TRAMP_VALIAS + SZ_2K * slot;
+
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(slot == EL1_VECTOR_KPTI);
+
+ return __bp_harden_el1_vectors + SZ_2K * slot;
+}
+
+#endif /* __ASM_VECTORS_H */
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/bpi.S b/arch/arm64/kernel/bpi.S
index 4cae34e5a24e..bd6ef8750f44 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/bpi.S
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/bpi.S
@@ -66,3 +66,58 @@ ENTRY(__smccc_workaround_1_smc_start)
ldp x0, x1, [sp, #(8 * 2)]
add sp, sp, #(8 * 4)
ENTRY(__smccc_workaround_1_smc_end)
+
+ENTRY(__smccc_workaround_3_smc_start)
+ sub sp, sp, #(8 * 4)
+ stp x2, x3, [sp, #(8 * 0)]
+ stp x0, x1, [sp, #(8 * 2)]
+ mov w0, #ARM_SMCCC_ARCH_WORKAROUND_3
+ smc #0
+ ldp x2, x3, [sp, #(8 * 0)]
+ ldp x0, x1, [sp, #(8 * 2)]
+ add sp, sp, #(8 * 4)
+ENTRY(__smccc_workaround_3_smc_end)
+
+ENTRY(__spectre_bhb_loop_k8_start)
+ sub sp, sp, #(8 * 2)
+ stp x0, x1, [sp, #(8 * 0)]
+ mov x0, #8
+2: b . + 4
+ subs x0, x0, #1
+ b.ne 2b
+ dsb nsh
+ isb
+ ldp x0, x1, [sp, #(8 * 0)]
+ add sp, sp, #(8 * 2)
+ENTRY(__spectre_bhb_loop_k8_end)
+
+ENTRY(__spectre_bhb_loop_k24_start)
+ sub sp, sp, #(8 * 2)
+ stp x0, x1, [sp, #(8 * 0)]
+ mov x0, #24
+2: b . + 4
+ subs x0, x0, #1
+ b.ne 2b
+ dsb nsh
+ isb
+ ldp x0, x1, [sp, #(8 * 0)]
+ add sp, sp, #(8 * 2)
+ENTRY(__spectre_bhb_loop_k24_end)
+
+ENTRY(__spectre_bhb_loop_k32_start)
+ sub sp, sp, #(8 * 2)
+ stp x0, x1, [sp, #(8 * 0)]
+ mov x0, #32
+2: b . + 4
+ subs x0, x0, #1
+ b.ne 2b
+ dsb nsh
+ isb
+ ldp x0, x1, [sp, #(8 * 0)]
+ add sp, sp, #(8 * 2)
+ENTRY(__spectre_bhb_loop_k32_end)
+
+ENTRY(__spectre_bhb_clearbhb_start)
+ hint #22 /* aka clearbhb */
+ isb
+ENTRY(__spectre_bhb_clearbhb_end)
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpu_errata.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpu_errata.c
index 7d15f4cb6393..ed627d44746a 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpu_errata.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpu_errata.c
@@ -23,6 +23,7 @@
#include <asm/cpu.h>
#include <asm/cputype.h>
#include <asm/cpufeature.h>
+#include <asm/vectors.h>

static bool __maybe_unused
is_affected_midr_range(const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities *entry, int scope)
@@ -85,6 +86,16 @@ DEFINE_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(struct bp_hardening_data, bp_hardening_data);
#ifdef CONFIG_KVM
extern char __smccc_workaround_1_smc_start[];
extern char __smccc_workaround_1_smc_end[];
+extern char __smccc_workaround_3_smc_start[];
+extern char __smccc_workaround_3_smc_end[];
+extern char __spectre_bhb_loop_k8_start[];
+extern char __spectre_bhb_loop_k8_end[];
+extern char __spectre_bhb_loop_k24_start[];
+extern char __spectre_bhb_loop_k24_end[];
+extern char __spectre_bhb_loop_k32_start[];
+extern char __spectre_bhb_loop_k32_end[];
+extern char __spectre_bhb_clearbhb_start[];
+extern char __spectre_bhb_clearbhb_end[];

static void __copy_hyp_vect_bpi(int slot, const char *hyp_vecs_start,
const char *hyp_vecs_end)
@@ -98,12 +109,14 @@ static void __copy_hyp_vect_bpi(int slot, const char *hyp_vecs_start,
flush_icache_range((uintptr_t)dst, (uintptr_t)dst + SZ_2K);
}

+static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(bp_lock);
+static int last_slot = -1;
+
static void install_bp_hardening_cb(bp_hardening_cb_t fn,
const char *hyp_vecs_start,
const char *hyp_vecs_end)
{
- static int last_slot = -1;
- static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(bp_lock);
+
int cpu, slot = -1;

spin_lock(&bp_lock);
@@ -124,6 +137,7 @@ static void install_bp_hardening_cb(bp_hardening_cb_t fn,

__this_cpu_write(bp_hardening_data.hyp_vectors_slot, slot);
__this_cpu_write(bp_hardening_data.fn, fn);
+ __this_cpu_write(bp_hardening_data.template_start, hyp_vecs_start);
spin_unlock(&bp_lock);
}
#else
@@ -712,6 +726,21 @@ const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities arm64_errata[] = {
.matches = has_ssbd_mitigation,
.midr_range_list = arm64_ssb_cpus,
},
+#ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_ERRATUM_1188873
+ {
+ /* Cortex-A76 r0p0 to r2p0 */
+ .desc = "ARM erratum 1188873",
+ .capability = ARM64_WORKAROUND_1188873,
+ ERRATA_MIDR_RANGE(MIDR_CORTEX_A76, 0, 0, 2, 0),
+ },
+#endif
+ {
+ .desc = "Spectre-BHB",
+ .capability = ARM64_SPECTRE_BHB,
+ .type = ARM64_CPUCAP_LOCAL_CPU_ERRATUM,
+ .matches = is_spectre_bhb_affected,
+ .cpu_enable = spectre_bhb_enable_mitigation,
+ },
{
}
};
@@ -722,14 +751,39 @@ ssize_t cpu_show_spectre_v1(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
return sprintf(buf, "Mitigation: __user pointer sanitization\n");
}

+static const char *get_bhb_affected_string(enum mitigation_state bhb_state)
+{
+ switch (bhb_state) {
+ case SPECTRE_UNAFFECTED:
+ return "";
+ default:
+ case SPECTRE_VULNERABLE:
+ return ", but not BHB";
+ case SPECTRE_MITIGATED:
+ return ", BHB";
+ }
+}
+
ssize_t cpu_show_spectre_v2(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
char *buf)
{
- if (__spectrev2_safe)
- return sprintf(buf, "Not affected\n");
+ enum mitigation_state bhb_state = arm64_get_spectre_bhb_state();
+ const char *bhb_str = get_bhb_affected_string(bhb_state);
+ const char *v2_str = "Branch predictor hardening";
+
+ if (__spectrev2_safe) {
+ if (bhb_state == SPECTRE_UNAFFECTED)
+ return sprintf(buf, "Not affected\n");
+
+ /*
+ * Platforms affected by Spectre-BHB can't report
+ * "Not affected" for Spectre-v2.
+ */
+ v2_str = "CSV2";
+ }

if (__hardenbp_enab)
- return sprintf(buf, "Mitigation: Branch predictor hardening\n");
+ return sprintf(buf, "Mitigation: %s%s\n", v2_str, bhb_str);

return sprintf(buf, "Vulnerable\n");
}
@@ -750,3 +804,334 @@ ssize_t cpu_show_spec_store_bypass(struct device *dev,

return sprintf(buf, "Vulnerable\n");
}
+
+/*
+ * We try to ensure that the mitigation state can never change as the result of
+ * onlining a late CPU.
+ */
+static void update_mitigation_state(enum mitigation_state *oldp,
+ enum mitigation_state new)
+{
+ enum mitigation_state state;
+
+ do {
+ state = READ_ONCE(*oldp);
+ if (new <= state)
+ break;
+ } while (cmpxchg_relaxed(oldp, state, new) != state);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Spectre BHB.
+ *
+ * A CPU is either:
+ * - Mitigated by a branchy loop a CPU specific number of times, and listed
+ * in our "loop mitigated list".
+ * - Mitigated in software by the firmware Spectre v2 call.
+ * - Has the ClearBHB instruction to perform the mitigation.
+ * - Has the 'Exception Clears Branch History Buffer' (ECBHB) feature, so no
+ * software mitigation in the vectors is needed.
+ * - Has CSV2.3, so is unaffected.
+ */
+static enum mitigation_state spectre_bhb_state;
+
+enum mitigation_state arm64_get_spectre_bhb_state(void)
+{
+ return spectre_bhb_state;
+}
+
+/*
+ * This must be called with SCOPE_LOCAL_CPU for each type of CPU, before any
+ * SCOPE_SYSTEM call will give the right answer.
+ */
+u8 spectre_bhb_loop_affected(int scope)
+{
+ u8 k = 0;
+ static u8 max_bhb_k;
+
+ if (scope == SCOPE_LOCAL_CPU) {
+ static const struct midr_range spectre_bhb_k32_list[] = {
+ MIDR_ALL_VERSIONS(MIDR_CORTEX_A78),
+ MIDR_ALL_VERSIONS(MIDR_CORTEX_A78C),
+ MIDR_ALL_VERSIONS(MIDR_CORTEX_X1),
+ MIDR_ALL_VERSIONS(MIDR_CORTEX_A710),
+ MIDR_ALL_VERSIONS(MIDR_CORTEX_X2),
+ MIDR_ALL_VERSIONS(MIDR_NEOVERSE_N2),
+ MIDR_ALL_VERSIONS(MIDR_NEOVERSE_V1),
+ {},
+ };
+ static const struct midr_range spectre_bhb_k24_list[] = {
+ MIDR_ALL_VERSIONS(MIDR_CORTEX_A77),
+ MIDR_ALL_VERSIONS(MIDR_CORTEX_A76),
+ MIDR_ALL_VERSIONS(MIDR_NEOVERSE_N1),
+ {},
+ };
+ static const struct midr_range spectre_bhb_k8_list[] = {
+ MIDR_ALL_VERSIONS(MIDR_CORTEX_A72),
+ MIDR_ALL_VERSIONS(MIDR_CORTEX_A57),
+ {},
+ };
+
+ if (is_midr_in_range_list(read_cpuid_id(), spectre_bhb_k32_list))
+ k = 32;
+ else if (is_midr_in_range_list(read_cpuid_id(), spectre_bhb_k24_list))
+ k = 24;
+ else if (is_midr_in_range_list(read_cpuid_id(), spectre_bhb_k8_list))
+ k = 8;
+
+ max_bhb_k = max(max_bhb_k, k);
+ } else {
+ k = max_bhb_k;
+ }
+
+ return k;
+}
+
+static enum mitigation_state spectre_bhb_get_cpu_fw_mitigation_state(void)
+{
+ int ret;
+ struct arm_smccc_res res;
+
+ if (psci_ops.smccc_version == SMCCC_VERSION_1_0)
+ return SPECTRE_VULNERABLE;
+
+ switch (psci_ops.conduit) {
+ case PSCI_CONDUIT_HVC:
+ arm_smccc_1_1_hvc(ARM_SMCCC_ARCH_FEATURES_FUNC_ID,
+ ARM_SMCCC_ARCH_WORKAROUND_3, &res);
+ break;
+
+ case PSCI_CONDUIT_SMC:
+ arm_smccc_1_1_smc(ARM_SMCCC_ARCH_FEATURES_FUNC_ID,
+ ARM_SMCCC_ARCH_WORKAROUND_3, &res);
+ break;
+
+ default:
+ return SPECTRE_VULNERABLE;
+ }
+
+ ret = res.a0;
+ switch (ret) {
+ case SMCCC_RET_SUCCESS:
+ return SPECTRE_MITIGATED;
+ case SMCCC_ARCH_WORKAROUND_RET_UNAFFECTED:
+ return SPECTRE_UNAFFECTED;
+ default:
+ case SMCCC_RET_NOT_SUPPORTED:
+ return SPECTRE_VULNERABLE;
+ }
+}
+
+static bool is_spectre_bhb_fw_affected(int scope)
+{
+ static bool system_affected;
+ enum mitigation_state fw_state;
+ bool has_smccc = (psci_ops.smccc_version >= SMCCC_VERSION_1_1);
+ static const struct midr_range spectre_bhb_firmware_mitigated_list[] = {
+ MIDR_ALL_VERSIONS(MIDR_CORTEX_A73),
+ MIDR_ALL_VERSIONS(MIDR_CORTEX_A75),
+ {},
+ };
+ bool cpu_in_list = is_midr_in_range_list(read_cpuid_id(),
+ spectre_bhb_firmware_mitigated_list);
+
+ if (scope != SCOPE_LOCAL_CPU)
+ return system_affected;
+
+ fw_state = spectre_bhb_get_cpu_fw_mitigation_state();
+ if (cpu_in_list || (has_smccc && fw_state == SPECTRE_MITIGATED)) {
+ system_affected = true;
+ return true;
+ }
+
+ return false;
+}
+
+static bool supports_ecbhb(int scope)
+{
+ u64 mmfr1;
+
+ if (scope == SCOPE_LOCAL_CPU)
+ mmfr1 = read_sysreg_s(SYS_ID_AA64MMFR1_EL1);
+ else
+ mmfr1 = read_sanitised_ftr_reg(SYS_ID_AA64MMFR1_EL1);
+
+ return cpuid_feature_extract_unsigned_field(mmfr1,
+ ID_AA64MMFR1_ECBHB_SHIFT);
+}
+
+bool is_spectre_bhb_affected(const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities *entry,
+ int scope)
+{
+ WARN_ON(scope != SCOPE_LOCAL_CPU || preemptible());
+
+ if (supports_csv2p3(scope))
+ return false;
+
+ if (supports_clearbhb(scope))
+ return true;
+
+ if (spectre_bhb_loop_affected(scope))
+ return true;
+
+ if (is_spectre_bhb_fw_affected(scope))
+ return true;
+
+ return false;
+}
+
+static void this_cpu_set_vectors(enum arm64_bp_harden_el1_vectors slot)
+{
+ const char *v = arm64_get_bp_hardening_vector(slot);
+
+ if (slot < 0)
+ return;
+
+ __this_cpu_write(this_cpu_vector, v);
+
+ /*
+ * When KPTI is in use, the vectors are switched when exiting to
+ * user-space.
+ */
+ if (arm64_kernel_unmapped_at_el0())
+ return;
+
+ write_sysreg(v, vbar_el1);
+ isb();
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_KVM
+static const char *kvm_bhb_get_vecs_end(const char *start)
+{
+ if (start == __smccc_workaround_3_smc_start)
+ return __smccc_workaround_3_smc_end;
+ else if (start == __spectre_bhb_loop_k8_start)
+ return __spectre_bhb_loop_k8_end;
+ else if (start == __spectre_bhb_loop_k24_start)
+ return __spectre_bhb_loop_k24_end;
+ else if (start == __spectre_bhb_loop_k32_start)
+ return __spectre_bhb_loop_k32_end;
+ else if (start == __spectre_bhb_clearbhb_start)
+ return __spectre_bhb_clearbhb_end;
+
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+static void kvm_setup_bhb_slot(const char *hyp_vecs_start)
+{
+ int cpu, slot = -1;
+ const char *hyp_vecs_end;
+
+ if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_KVM) || !is_hyp_mode_available())
+ return;
+
+ hyp_vecs_end = kvm_bhb_get_vecs_end(hyp_vecs_start);
+ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!hyp_vecs_start || !hyp_vecs_end))
+ return;
+
+ spin_lock(&bp_lock);
+ for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
+ if (per_cpu(bp_hardening_data.template_start, cpu) == hyp_vecs_start) {
+ slot = per_cpu(bp_hardening_data.hyp_vectors_slot, cpu);
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (slot == -1) {
+ last_slot++;
+ BUG_ON(((__bp_harden_hyp_vecs_end - __bp_harden_hyp_vecs_start)
+ / SZ_2K) <= last_slot);
+ slot = last_slot;
+ __copy_hyp_vect_bpi(slot, hyp_vecs_start, hyp_vecs_end);
+ }
+
+ __this_cpu_write(bp_hardening_data.hyp_vectors_slot, slot);
+ __this_cpu_write(bp_hardening_data.template_start, hyp_vecs_start);
+ spin_unlock(&bp_lock);
+}
+#else
+#define __smccc_workaround_3_smc_start NULL
+#define __spectre_bhb_loop_k8_start NULL
+#define __spectre_bhb_loop_k24_start NULL
+#define __spectre_bhb_loop_k32_start NULL
+#define __spectre_bhb_clearbhb_start NULL
+
+static void kvm_setup_bhb_slot(const char *hyp_vecs_start) { };
+#endif
+
+void spectre_bhb_enable_mitigation(const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities *entry)
+{
+ enum mitigation_state fw_state, state = SPECTRE_VULNERABLE;
+
+ if (!is_spectre_bhb_affected(entry, SCOPE_LOCAL_CPU))
+ return;
+
+ if (!__spectrev2_safe && !__hardenbp_enab) {
+ /* No point mitigating Spectre-BHB alone. */
+ } else if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MITIGATE_SPECTRE_BRANCH_HISTORY)) {
+ pr_info_once("spectre-bhb mitigation disabled by compile time option\n");
+ } else if (cpu_mitigations_off()) {
+ pr_info_once("spectre-bhb mitigation disabled by command line option\n");
+ } else if (supports_ecbhb(SCOPE_LOCAL_CPU)) {
+ state = SPECTRE_MITIGATED;
+ } else if (supports_clearbhb(SCOPE_LOCAL_CPU)) {
+ kvm_setup_bhb_slot(__spectre_bhb_clearbhb_start);
+ this_cpu_set_vectors(EL1_VECTOR_BHB_CLEAR_INSN);
+
+ state = SPECTRE_MITIGATED;
+ } else if (spectre_bhb_loop_affected(SCOPE_LOCAL_CPU)) {
+ switch (spectre_bhb_loop_affected(SCOPE_SYSTEM)) {
+ case 8:
+ kvm_setup_bhb_slot(__spectre_bhb_loop_k8_start);
+ break;
+ case 24:
+ kvm_setup_bhb_slot(__spectre_bhb_loop_k24_start);
+ break;
+ case 32:
+ kvm_setup_bhb_slot(__spectre_bhb_loop_k32_start);
+ break;
+ default:
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
+ }
+ this_cpu_set_vectors(EL1_VECTOR_BHB_LOOP);
+
+ state = SPECTRE_MITIGATED;
+ } else if (is_spectre_bhb_fw_affected(SCOPE_LOCAL_CPU)) {
+ fw_state = spectre_bhb_get_cpu_fw_mitigation_state();
+ if (fw_state == SPECTRE_MITIGATED) {
+ kvm_setup_bhb_slot(__smccc_workaround_3_smc_start);
+ this_cpu_set_vectors(EL1_VECTOR_BHB_FW);
+
+ /*
+ * With WA3 in the vectors, the WA1 calls can be
+ * removed.
+ */
+ __this_cpu_write(bp_hardening_data.fn, NULL);
+
+ state = SPECTRE_MITIGATED;
+ }
+ }
+
+ update_mitigation_state(&spectre_bhb_state, state);
+}
+
+/* Patched to correct the immediate */
+void __init spectre_bhb_patch_loop_iter(struct alt_instr *alt,
+ __le32 *origptr, __le32 *updptr, int nr_inst)
+{
+ u8 rd;
+ u32 insn;
+ u16 loop_count = spectre_bhb_loop_affected(SCOPE_SYSTEM);
+
+ BUG_ON(nr_inst != 1); /* MOV -> MOV */
+
+ if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MITIGATE_SPECTRE_BRANCH_HISTORY))
+ return;
+
+ insn = le32_to_cpu(*origptr);
+ rd = aarch64_insn_decode_register(AARCH64_INSN_REGTYPE_RD, insn);
+ insn = aarch64_insn_gen_movewide(rd, loop_count, 0,
+ AARCH64_INSN_VARIANT_64BIT,
+ AARCH64_INSN_MOVEWIDE_ZERO);
+ *updptr++ = cpu_to_le32(insn);
+}
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c
index 1481e18aa5ca..b6922f33d306 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c
@@ -20,11 +20,13 @@

#include <linux/bsearch.h>
#include <linux/cpumask.h>
+#include <linux/percpu.h>
#include <linux/sort.h>
#include <linux/stop_machine.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/cpu.h>
+
#include <asm/cpu.h>
#include <asm/cpufeature.h>
#include <asm/cpu_ops.h>
@@ -32,6 +34,7 @@
#include <asm/processor.h>
#include <asm/sysreg.h>
#include <asm/traps.h>
+#include <asm/vectors.h>
#include <asm/virt.h>

unsigned long elf_hwcap __read_mostly;
@@ -50,6 +53,8 @@ unsigned int compat_elf_hwcap2 __read_mostly;
DECLARE_BITMAP(cpu_hwcaps, ARM64_NCAPS);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(cpu_hwcaps);

+DEFINE_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(const char *, this_cpu_vector) = vectors;
+
static int dump_cpu_hwcaps(struct notifier_block *self, unsigned long v, void *p)
{
/* file-wide pr_fmt adds "CPU features: " prefix */
@@ -129,6 +134,11 @@ static const struct arm64_ftr_bits ftr_id_aa64isar1[] = {
ARM64_FTR_END,
};

+static const struct arm64_ftr_bits ftr_id_aa64isar2[] = {
+ ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_HIDDEN, FTR_STRICT, FTR_HIGHER_SAFE, ID_AA64ISAR2_CLEARBHB_SHIFT, 4, 0),
+ ARM64_FTR_END,
+};
+
static const struct arm64_ftr_bits ftr_id_aa64pfr0[] = {
ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_HIDDEN, FTR_NONSTRICT, FTR_LOWER_SAFE, ID_AA64PFR0_CSV3_SHIFT, 4, 0),
ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_HIDDEN, FTR_NONSTRICT, FTR_LOWER_SAFE, ID_AA64PFR0_CSV2_SHIFT, 4, 0),
@@ -356,6 +366,7 @@ static const struct __ftr_reg_entry {
/* Op1 = 0, CRn = 0, CRm = 6 */
ARM64_FTR_REG(SYS_ID_AA64ISAR0_EL1, ftr_id_aa64isar0),
ARM64_FTR_REG(SYS_ID_AA64ISAR1_EL1, ftr_id_aa64isar1),
+ ARM64_FTR_REG(SYS_ID_AA64ISAR2_EL1, ftr_id_aa64isar2),

/* Op1 = 0, CRn = 0, CRm = 7 */
ARM64_FTR_REG(SYS_ID_AA64MMFR0_EL1, ftr_id_aa64mmfr0),
@@ -501,6 +512,7 @@ void __init init_cpu_features(struct cpuinfo_arm64 *info)
init_cpu_ftr_reg(SYS_ID_AA64DFR1_EL1, info->reg_id_aa64dfr1);
init_cpu_ftr_reg(SYS_ID_AA64ISAR0_EL1, info->reg_id_aa64isar0);
init_cpu_ftr_reg(SYS_ID_AA64ISAR1_EL1, info->reg_id_aa64isar1);
+ init_cpu_ftr_reg(SYS_ID_AA64ISAR2_EL1, info->reg_id_aa64isar2);
init_cpu_ftr_reg(SYS_ID_AA64MMFR0_EL1, info->reg_id_aa64mmfr0);
init_cpu_ftr_reg(SYS_ID_AA64MMFR1_EL1, info->reg_id_aa64mmfr1);
init_cpu_ftr_reg(SYS_ID_AA64MMFR2_EL1, info->reg_id_aa64mmfr2);
@@ -612,6 +624,8 @@ void update_cpu_features(int cpu,
info->reg_id_aa64isar0, boot->reg_id_aa64isar0);
taint |= check_update_ftr_reg(SYS_ID_AA64ISAR1_EL1, cpu,
info->reg_id_aa64isar1, boot->reg_id_aa64isar1);
+ taint |= check_update_ftr_reg(SYS_ID_AA64ISAR2_EL1, cpu,
+ info->reg_id_aa64isar2, boot->reg_id_aa64isar2);

/*
* Differing PARange support is fine as long as all peripherals and
@@ -732,6 +746,7 @@ static u64 __read_sysreg_by_encoding(u32 sys_id)
read_sysreg_case(SYS_ID_AA64MMFR2_EL1);
read_sysreg_case(SYS_ID_AA64ISAR0_EL1);
read_sysreg_case(SYS_ID_AA64ISAR1_EL1);
+ read_sysreg_case(SYS_ID_AA64ISAR2_EL1);

read_sysreg_case(SYS_CNTFRQ_EL0);
read_sysreg_case(SYS_CTR_EL0);
@@ -892,6 +907,12 @@ kpti_install_ng_mappings(const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities *__unused)
static bool kpti_applied = false;
int cpu = smp_processor_id();

+ if (__this_cpu_read(this_cpu_vector) == vectors) {
+ const char *v = arm64_get_bp_hardening_vector(EL1_VECTOR_KPTI);
+
+ __this_cpu_write(this_cpu_vector, v);
+ }
+
if (kpti_applied)
return;

diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpuinfo.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpuinfo.c
index 9ff64e04e63d..6b7db546efda 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpuinfo.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpuinfo.c
@@ -333,6 +333,7 @@ static void __cpuinfo_store_cpu(struct cpuinfo_arm64 *info)
info->reg_id_aa64dfr1 = read_cpuid(ID_AA64DFR1_EL1);
info->reg_id_aa64isar0 = read_cpuid(ID_AA64ISAR0_EL1);
info->reg_id_aa64isar1 = read_cpuid(ID_AA64ISAR1_EL1);
+ info->reg_id_aa64isar2 = read_cpuid(ID_AA64ISAR2_EL1);
info->reg_id_aa64mmfr0 = read_cpuid(ID_AA64MMFR0_EL1);
info->reg_id_aa64mmfr1 = read_cpuid(ID_AA64MMFR1_EL1);
info->reg_id_aa64mmfr2 = read_cpuid(ID_AA64MMFR2_EL1);
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/entry.S b/arch/arm64/kernel/entry.S
index c1ffa95c0ad2..f526148d14bd 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/entry.S
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/entry.S
@@ -74,18 +74,21 @@

.macro kernel_ventry, el, label, regsize = 64
.align 7
-#ifdef CONFIG_UNMAP_KERNEL_AT_EL0
-alternative_if ARM64_UNMAP_KERNEL_AT_EL0
+.Lventry_start\@:
.if \el == 0
+ /*
+ * This must be the first instruction of the EL0 vector entries. It is
+ * skipped by the trampoline vectors, to trigger the cleanup.
+ */
+ b .Lskip_tramp_vectors_cleanup\@
.if \regsize == 64
mrs x30, tpidrro_el0
msr tpidrro_el0, xzr
.else
mov x30, xzr
.endif
+.Lskip_tramp_vectors_cleanup\@:
.endif
-alternative_else_nop_endif
-#endif

sub sp, sp, #S_FRAME_SIZE
#ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_STACK
@@ -131,11 +134,15 @@ alternative_else_nop_endif
mrs x0, tpidrro_el0
#endif
b el\()\el\()_\label
+.org .Lventry_start\@ + 128 // Did we overflow the ventry slot?
.endm

- .macro tramp_alias, dst, sym
+ .macro tramp_alias, dst, sym, tmp
mov_q \dst, TRAMP_VALIAS
- add \dst, \dst, #(\sym - .entry.tramp.text)
+ adr_l \tmp, \sym
+ add \dst, \dst, \tmp
+ adr_l \tmp, .entry.tramp.text
+ sub \dst, \dst, \tmp
.endm

// This macro corrupts x0-x3. It is the caller's duty
@@ -350,21 +357,25 @@ alternative_else_nop_endif
ldp x24, x25, [sp, #16 * 12]
ldp x26, x27, [sp, #16 * 13]
ldp x28, x29, [sp, #16 * 14]
- ldr lr, [sp, #S_LR]
- add sp, sp, #S_FRAME_SIZE // restore sp

.if \el == 0
-alternative_insn eret, nop, ARM64_UNMAP_KERNEL_AT_EL0
+alternative_if_not ARM64_UNMAP_KERNEL_AT_EL0
+ ldr lr, [sp, #S_LR]
+ add sp, sp, #S_FRAME_SIZE // restore sp
+ eret
+alternative_else_nop_endif
#ifdef CONFIG_UNMAP_KERNEL_AT_EL0
bne 4f
- msr far_el1, x30
- tramp_alias x30, tramp_exit_native
+ msr far_el1, x29
+ tramp_alias x30, tramp_exit_native, x29
br x30
4:
- tramp_alias x30, tramp_exit_compat
+ tramp_alias x30, tramp_exit_compat, x29
br x30
#endif
.else
+ ldr lr, [sp, #S_LR]
+ add sp, sp, #S_FRAME_SIZE // restore sp
eret
.endif
.endm
@@ -972,12 +983,7 @@ __ni_sys_trace:

.popsection // .entry.text

-#ifdef CONFIG_UNMAP_KERNEL_AT_EL0
-/*
- * Exception vectors trampoline.
- */
- .pushsection ".entry.tramp.text", "ax"
-
+ // Move from tramp_pg_dir to swapper_pg_dir
.macro tramp_map_kernel, tmp
mrs \tmp, ttbr1_el1
sub \tmp, \tmp, #(SWAPPER_DIR_SIZE + RESERVED_TTBR0_SIZE)
@@ -1009,12 +1015,47 @@ alternative_else_nop_endif
*/
.endm

- .macro tramp_ventry, regsize = 64
+ .macro tramp_data_page dst
+ adr_l \dst, .entry.tramp.text
+ sub \dst, \dst, PAGE_SIZE
+ .endm
+
+ .macro tramp_data_read_var dst, var
+#ifdef CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_BASE
+ tramp_data_page \dst
+ add \dst, \dst, #:lo12:__entry_tramp_data_\var
+ ldr \dst, [\dst]
+#else
+ ldr \dst, =\var
+#endif
+ .endm
+
+#define BHB_MITIGATION_NONE 0
+#define BHB_MITIGATION_LOOP 1
+#define BHB_MITIGATION_FW 2
+#define BHB_MITIGATION_INSN 3
+
+ .macro tramp_ventry, vector_start, regsize, kpti, bhb
.align 7
1:
.if \regsize == 64
msr tpidrro_el0, x30 // Restored in kernel_ventry
.endif
+
+ .if \bhb == BHB_MITIGATION_LOOP
+ /*
+ * This sequence must appear before the first indirect branch. i.e. the
+ * ret out of tramp_ventry. It appears here because x30 is free.
+ */
+ __mitigate_spectre_bhb_loop x30
+ .endif // \bhb == BHB_MITIGATION_LOOP
+
+ .if \bhb == BHB_MITIGATION_INSN
+ clearbhb
+ isb
+ .endif // \bhb == BHB_MITIGATION_INSN
+
+ .if \kpti == 1
/*
* Defend against branch aliasing attacks by pushing a dummy
* entry onto the return stack and using a RET instruction to
@@ -1024,43 +1065,75 @@ alternative_else_nop_endif
b .
2:
tramp_map_kernel x30
-#ifdef CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_BASE
- adr x30, tramp_vectors + PAGE_SIZE
alternative_insn isb, nop, ARM64_WORKAROUND_QCOM_FALKOR_E1003
- ldr x30, [x30]
-#else
- ldr x30, =vectors
-#endif
- prfm plil1strm, [x30, #(1b - tramp_vectors)]
+ tramp_data_read_var x30, vectors
+ prfm plil1strm, [x30, #(1b - \vector_start)]
msr vbar_el1, x30
- add x30, x30, #(1b - tramp_vectors)
isb
+ .else
+ ldr x30, =vectors
+ .endif // \kpti == 1
+
+ .if \bhb == BHB_MITIGATION_FW
+ /*
+ * The firmware sequence must appear before the first indirect branch.
+ * i.e. the ret out of tramp_ventry. But it also needs the stack to be
+ * mapped to save/restore the registers the SMC clobbers.
+ */
+ __mitigate_spectre_bhb_fw
+ .endif // \bhb == BHB_MITIGATION_FW
+
+ add x30, x30, #(1b - \vector_start + 4)
ret
+.org 1b + 128 // Did we overflow the ventry slot?
.endm

.macro tramp_exit, regsize = 64
- adr x30, tramp_vectors
+ tramp_data_read_var x30, this_cpu_vector
+alternative_if_not ARM64_HAS_VIRT_HOST_EXTN
+ mrs x29, tpidr_el1
+alternative_else
+ mrs x29, tpidr_el2
+alternative_endif
+ ldr x30, [x30, x29]
+
msr vbar_el1, x30
- tramp_unmap_kernel x30
+ ldr lr, [sp, #S_LR]
+ tramp_unmap_kernel x29
.if \regsize == 64
- mrs x30, far_el1
+ mrs x29, far_el1
.endif
+ add sp, sp, #S_FRAME_SIZE // restore sp
eret
.endm

- .align 11
-ENTRY(tramp_vectors)
+ .macro generate_tramp_vector, kpti, bhb
+.Lvector_start\@:
.space 0x400

- tramp_ventry
- tramp_ventry
- tramp_ventry
- tramp_ventry
+ .rept 4
+ tramp_ventry .Lvector_start\@, 64, \kpti, \bhb
+ .endr
+ .rept 4
+ tramp_ventry .Lvector_start\@, 32, \kpti, \bhb
+ .endr
+ .endm

- tramp_ventry 32
- tramp_ventry 32
- tramp_ventry 32
- tramp_ventry 32
+#ifdef CONFIG_UNMAP_KERNEL_AT_EL0
+/*
+ * Exception vectors trampoline.
+ * The order must match __bp_harden_el1_vectors and the
+ * arm64_bp_harden_el1_vectors enum.
+ */
+ .pushsection ".entry.tramp.text", "ax"
+ .align 11
+ENTRY(tramp_vectors)
+#ifdef CONFIG_MITIGATE_SPECTRE_BRANCH_HISTORY
+ generate_tramp_vector kpti=1, bhb=BHB_MITIGATION_LOOP
+ generate_tramp_vector kpti=1, bhb=BHB_MITIGATION_FW
+ generate_tramp_vector kpti=1, bhb=BHB_MITIGATION_INSN
+#endif /* CONFIG_MITIGATE_SPECTRE_BRANCH_HISTORY */
+ generate_tramp_vector kpti=1, bhb=BHB_MITIGATION_NONE
END(tramp_vectors)

ENTRY(tramp_exit_native)
@@ -1078,11 +1151,54 @@ END(tramp_exit_compat)
.align PAGE_SHIFT
.globl __entry_tramp_data_start
__entry_tramp_data_start:
+__entry_tramp_data_vectors:
.quad vectors
+#ifdef CONFIG_ARM_SDE_INTERFACE
+__entry_tramp_data___sdei_asm_trampoline_next_handler:
+ .quad __sdei_asm_handler
+#endif /* CONFIG_ARM_SDE_INTERFACE */
+__entry_tramp_data_this_cpu_vector:
+ .quad this_cpu_vector
.popsection // .rodata
#endif /* CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_BASE */
#endif /* CONFIG_UNMAP_KERNEL_AT_EL0 */

+/*
+ * Exception vectors for spectre mitigations on entry from EL1 when
+ * kpti is not in use.
+ */
+ .macro generate_el1_vector, bhb
+.Lvector_start\@:
+ kernel_ventry 1, sync_invalid // Synchronous EL1t
+ kernel_ventry 1, irq_invalid // IRQ EL1t
+ kernel_ventry 1, fiq_invalid // FIQ EL1t
+ kernel_ventry 1, error_invalid // Error EL1t
+
+ kernel_ventry 1, sync // Synchronous EL1h
+ kernel_ventry 1, irq // IRQ EL1h
+ kernel_ventry 1, fiq_invalid // FIQ EL1h
+ kernel_ventry 1, error_invalid // Error EL1h
+
+ .rept 4
+ tramp_ventry .Lvector_start\@, 64, 0, \bhb
+ .endr
+ .rept 4
+ tramp_ventry .Lvector_start\@, 32, 0, \bhb
+ .endr
+ .endm
+
+/* The order must match tramp_vecs and the arm64_bp_harden_el1_vectors enum. */
+ .pushsection ".entry.text", "ax"
+ .align 11
+ENTRY(__bp_harden_el1_vectors)
+#ifdef CONFIG_MITIGATE_SPECTRE_BRANCH_HISTORY
+ generate_el1_vector bhb=BHB_MITIGATION_LOOP
+ generate_el1_vector bhb=BHB_MITIGATION_FW
+ generate_el1_vector bhb=BHB_MITIGATION_INSN
+#endif /* CONFIG_MITIGATE_SPECTRE_BRANCH_HISTORY */
+END(__bp_harden_el1_vectors)
+ .popsection
+
/*
* Special system call wrappers.
*/
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S b/arch/arm64/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
index 4c11d3e64aef..6543c58f26ec 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
@@ -258,7 +258,7 @@ ASSERT(__hibernate_exit_text_end - (__hibernate_exit_text_start & ~(SZ_4K - 1))
<= SZ_4K, "Hibernate exit text too big or misaligned")
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_UNMAP_KERNEL_AT_EL0
-ASSERT((__entry_tramp_text_end - __entry_tramp_text_start) == PAGE_SIZE,
+ASSERT((__entry_tramp_text_end - __entry_tramp_text_start) <= 3*PAGE_SIZE,
"Entry trampoline text too big")
#endif
/*
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/hyp-entry.S b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/hyp-entry.S
index 5e041eabdd03..8086294aedea 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/hyp-entry.S
+++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/hyp-entry.S
@@ -135,6 +135,10 @@ el1_hvc_guest:
/* ARM_SMCCC_ARCH_WORKAROUND_2 handling */
eor w1, w1, #(ARM_SMCCC_ARCH_WORKAROUND_1 ^ \
ARM_SMCCC_ARCH_WORKAROUND_2)
+ cbz w1, wa_epilogue
+
+ eor w1, w1, #(ARM_SMCCC_ARCH_WORKAROUND_2 ^ \
+ ARM_SMCCC_ARCH_WORKAROUND_3)
cbnz w1, el1_trap

#ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_SSBD
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/switch.c b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/switch.c
index 99ae75a43985..0f05f402e04a 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/switch.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/switch.c
@@ -27,6 +27,7 @@
#include <asm/kvm_emulate.h>
#include <asm/kvm_hyp.h>
#include <asm/fpsimd.h>
+#include <asm/vectors.h>

extern struct exception_table_entry __start___kvm_ex_table;
extern struct exception_table_entry __stop___kvm_ex_table;
@@ -110,17 +111,21 @@ static void __hyp_text __activate_traps(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)

static void __hyp_text __deactivate_traps_vhe(void)
{
- extern char vectors[]; /* kernel exception vectors */
+ const char *host_vectors = vectors;
u64 mdcr_el2 = read_sysreg(mdcr_el2);

mdcr_el2 &= MDCR_EL2_HPMN_MASK |
MDCR_EL2_E2PB_MASK << MDCR_EL2_E2PB_SHIFT |
MDCR_EL2_TPMS;

+
write_sysreg(mdcr_el2, mdcr_el2);
write_sysreg(HCR_HOST_VHE_FLAGS, hcr_el2);
write_sysreg(CPACR_EL1_FPEN, cpacr_el1);
- write_sysreg(vectors, vbar_el1);
+
+ if (!arm64_kernel_unmapped_at_el0())
+ host_vectors = __this_cpu_read(this_cpu_vector);
+ write_sysreg(host_vectors, vbar_el1);
}

static void __hyp_text __deactivate_traps_nvhe(void)
diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/mmu.c b/arch/arm64/mm/mmu.c
index e02a6326c800..4d472907194d 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/mm/mmu.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/mm/mmu.c
@@ -532,6 +532,7 @@ early_param("rodata", parse_rodata);
#ifdef CONFIG_UNMAP_KERNEL_AT_EL0
static int __init map_entry_trampoline(void)
{
+ int i;
extern char __entry_tramp_text_start[];

pgprot_t prot = rodata_enabled ? PAGE_KERNEL_ROX : PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC;
@@ -542,11 +543,15 @@ static int __init map_entry_trampoline(void)

/* Map only the text into the trampoline page table */
memset(tramp_pg_dir, 0, PGD_SIZE);
- __create_pgd_mapping(tramp_pg_dir, pa_start, TRAMP_VALIAS, PAGE_SIZE,
- prot, pgd_pgtable_alloc, 0);
+ __create_pgd_mapping(tramp_pg_dir, pa_start, TRAMP_VALIAS,
+ entry_tramp_text_size(), prot, pgd_pgtable_alloc,
+ 0);

/* Map both the text and data into the kernel page table */
- __set_fixmap(FIX_ENTRY_TRAMP_TEXT, pa_start, prot);
+ for (i = 0; i < DIV_ROUND_UP(entry_tramp_text_size(), PAGE_SIZE); i++)
+ __set_fixmap(FIX_ENTRY_TRAMP_TEXT1 - i,
+ pa_start + i * PAGE_SIZE, prot);
+
if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_BASE)) {
extern char __entry_tramp_data_start[];

diff --git a/drivers/clocksource/arm_arch_timer.c b/drivers/clocksource/arm_arch_timer.c
index 2c5913057b87..439a4d005812 100644
--- a/drivers/clocksource/arm_arch_timer.c
+++ b/drivers/clocksource/arm_arch_timer.c
@@ -298,6 +298,13 @@ static u64 notrace arm64_858921_read_cntvct_el0(void)
}
#endif

+#ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_ERRATUM_1188873
+static u64 notrace arm64_1188873_read_cntvct_el0(void)
+{
+ return read_sysreg(cntvct_el0);
+}
+#endif
+
#ifdef CONFIG_ARM_ARCH_TIMER_OOL_WORKAROUND
DEFINE_PER_CPU(const struct arch_timer_erratum_workaround *,
timer_unstable_counter_workaround);
@@ -381,6 +388,14 @@ static const struct arch_timer_erratum_workaround ool_workarounds[] = {
.read_cntvct_el0 = arm64_858921_read_cntvct_el0,
},
#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_ERRATUM_1188873
+ {
+ .match_type = ate_match_local_cap_id,
+ .id = (void *)ARM64_WORKAROUND_1188873,
+ .desc = "ARM erratum 1188873",
+ .read_cntvct_el0 = arm64_1188873_read_cntvct_el0,
+ },
+#endif
};

typedef bool (*ate_match_fn_t)(const struct arch_timer_erratum_workaround *,
diff --git a/include/linux/arm-smccc.h b/include/linux/arm-smccc.h
index 6366b04c7d5f..040266891414 100644
--- a/include/linux/arm-smccc.h
+++ b/include/linux/arm-smccc.h
@@ -85,6 +85,13 @@
ARM_SMCCC_SMC_32, \
0, 0x7fff)

+#define ARM_SMCCC_ARCH_WORKAROUND_3 \
+ ARM_SMCCC_CALL_VAL(ARM_SMCCC_FAST_CALL, \
+ ARM_SMCCC_SMC_32, \
+ 0, 0x3fff)
+
+#define SMCCC_ARCH_WORKAROUND_RET_UNAFFECTED 1
+
#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__

#include <linux/linkage.h>
diff --git a/virt/kvm/arm/psci.c b/virt/kvm/arm/psci.c
index c95ab4c5a475..129b755824e1 100644
--- a/virt/kvm/arm/psci.c
+++ b/virt/kvm/arm/psci.c
@@ -433,6 +433,18 @@ int kvm_hvc_call_handler(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
break;
}
break;
+ case ARM_SMCCC_ARCH_WORKAROUND_3:
+ switch (kvm_arm_get_spectre_bhb_state()) {
+ case SPECTRE_VULNERABLE:
+ break;
+ case SPECTRE_MITIGATED:
+ val = SMCCC_RET_SUCCESS;
+ break;
+ case SPECTRE_UNAFFECTED:
+ val = SMCCC_ARCH_WORKAROUND_RET_UNAFFECTED;
+ break;
+ }
+ break;
}
break;
default:
\
 
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