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Subject[patch V5 3/3] smp: Make softirq handling RT safe in flush_smp_call_function_queue()
From: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <>

flush_smp_call_function_queue() invokes do_softirq() which is not available
on PREEMPT_RT. flush_smp_call_function_queue() is invoked from the idle
task and the migration task with preemption or interrupts disabled.

So RT kernels cannot process soft interrupts in that context as that has to
acquire 'sleeping spinlocks' which is not possible with preemption or
interrupts disabled and forbidden from the idle task anyway.

The currently known SMP function call which raises a soft interrupt is in
the block layer, but this functionality is not enabled on RT kernels due to
latency and performance reasons.

RT could wake up ksoftirqd unconditionally, but this wants to be avoided if
there were soft interrupts pending already when this is invoked in the
context of the migration task. The migration task might have preempted a
threaded interrupt handler which raised a soft interrupt, but did not reach
the local_bh_enable() to process it. The "running" ksoftirqd might prevent
the handling in the interrupt thread context which is causing latency

Add a new function which handles this case explicitely for RT and falls
back to do_softirq() on !RT kernels. In the RT case this warns when one of
the flushed SMP function calls raised a soft interrupt so this can be

[ tglx: Moved the RT part out of SMP code ]

Signed-off-by: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <>
- Move the RT logic into softirq.c which also avoids the wakeup
when softinterrupts are disabled. The enable will handle
them anyway.
- Only wake ksoftirqd if the softirqs were raised wthin
- Add a warning in the wake case.
v2: Drop an empty line.

include/linux/interrupt.h | 9 +++++++++
kernel/smp.c | 5 ++++-
kernel/softirq.c | 13 +++++++++++++
3 files changed, 26 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

--- a/include/linux/interrupt.h
+++ b/include/linux/interrupt.h
@@ -607,6 +607,15 @@ struct softirq_action
asmlinkage void do_softirq(void);
asmlinkage void __do_softirq(void);

+extern void do_softirq_post_smp_call_flush(unsigned int was_pending);
+static inline void do_softirq_post_smp_call_flush(unsigned int unused)
+ do_softirq();
extern void open_softirq(int nr, void (*action)(struct softirq_action *));
extern void softirq_init(void);
extern void __raise_softirq_irqoff(unsigned int nr);
--- a/kernel/smp.c
+++ b/kernel/smp.c
@@ -696,6 +696,7 @@ static void __flush_smp_call_function_qu
void flush_smp_call_function_queue(void)
+ unsigned int was_pending;
unsigned long flags;

if (llist_empty(this_cpu_ptr(&call_single_queue)))
@@ -704,9 +705,11 @@ void flush_smp_call_function_queue(void)
cfd_seq_store(this_cpu_ptr(&cfd_seq_local)->idle, CFD_SEQ_NOCPU,
smp_processor_id(), CFD_SEQ_IDLE);
+ /* Get the already pending soft interrupts for RT enabled kernels */
+ was_pending = local_softirq_pending();
if (local_softirq_pending())
- do_softirq();
+ do_softirq_post_smp_call_flush(was_pending);

--- a/kernel/softirq.c
+++ b/kernel/softirq.c
@@ -294,6 +294,19 @@ static inline void invoke_softirq(void)

+ * flush_smp_call_function_queue() can raise a soft interrupt in a function
+ * call. On RT kernels this is undesired and the only known functionality
+ * in the block layer which does this is disabled on RT. If soft interrupts
+ * get raised which haven't been raised before the flush, warn so it can be
+ * investigated.
+ */
+void softirq_post_smp_call_flush(unsigned int was_pending)
+ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(was_pending != local_softirq_pending()))
+ invoke_softirq();

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