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Subject[PATCH v8 00/11] Fix BUG_ON in vfio_iommu_group_notifier()
Hi folks,

The iommu group is the minimal isolation boundary for DMA. Devices in
a group can access each other's MMIO registers via peer to peer DMA
and also need share the same I/O address space.

Once the I/O address space is assigned to user control it is no longer
available to the dma_map* API, which effectively makes the DMA API

Second, userspace can use DMA initiated by a device that it controls
to access the MMIO spaces of other devices in the group. This allows
userspace to indirectly attack any kernel owned device and it's driver.

Therefore groups must either be entirely under kernel control or
userspace control, never a mixture. Unfortunately some systems have
problems with the granularity of groups and there are a couple of
important exceptions:

- pci_stub allows the admin to block driver binding on a device and
make it permanently shared with userspace. Since PCI stub does not
do DMA it is safe, however the admin must understand that using
pci_stub allows userspace to attack whatever device it was bound

- PCI bridges are sometimes included in groups. Typically PCI bridges
do not use DMA, and generally do not have MMIO regions.

Generally any device that does not have any MMIO registers is a
possible candidate for an exception.

Currently vfio adopts a workaround to detect violations of the above
restrictions by monitoring the driver core BOUND event, and hardwiring
the above exceptions. Since there is no way for vfio to reject driver
binding at this point, BUG_ON() is triggered if a violation is
captured (kernel driver BOUND event on a group which already has some
devices assigned to userspace). Aside from the bad user experience
this opens a way for root userspace to crash the kernel, even in high
integrity configurations, by manipulating the module binding and
triggering the BUG_ON.

This series solves this problem by making the user/kernel ownership a
core concept at the IOMMU layer. The driver core enforces kernel
ownership while drivers are bound and violations now result in a error
codes during probe, not BUG_ON failures.

Patch partitions:
[PATCH 1-4]: Detect DMA ownership conflicts during driver binding;
[PATCH 5-7]: Add security context management for assigned devices;
[PATCH 8-11]: Various cleanups.

This is also part one of three initial series for IOMMUFD:
* Move IOMMU Group security into the iommu layer
- Generic IOMMUFD implementation
- VFIO ability to consume IOMMUFD

Change log:
v1: initial post


- Move kernel dma ownership auto-claiming from driver core to bus
callback. [Greg/Christoph/Robin/Jason]

- Code and interface refactoring for iommu_set/release_dma_owner()
interfaces. [Jason]

- [NEW]Add new iommu_attach/detach_device_shared() interfaces for
multiple devices group. [Robin/Jason]

- [NEW]Use iommu_attach/detach_device_shared() in drm/tegra drivers.

- Refactoring and description refinement.


- Rename bus_type::dma_unconfigure to bus_type::dma_cleanup. [Greg]

- Avoid _platform_dma_configure for platform_bus_type::dma_configure.

- Patch "0012-iommu-Add-iommu_at-de-tach_device_shared-for-mult.patch"
and "0018-drm-tegra-Use-the-iommu-dma_owner-mechanism.patch" have
been tested by Dmitry Osipenko <>.

- Remove unnecessary tegra->domain chech in the tegra patch. (Jason)
- Remove DMA_OWNER_NONE. (Joerg)
- Change refcount to unsigned int. (Christoph)
- Move mutex lock into group set_dma_owner functions. (Christoph)
- Add kernel doc for iommu_attach/detach_domain_shared(). (Christoph)
- Move dma auto-claim into driver core. (Jason/Christoph)

- Move kernel dma ownership auto-claiming from driver core to bus
callback. (Greg)
- Refactor the iommu interfaces to make them more specific.
- Simplify the dma ownership implementation by removing the owner
type. (Jason)
- Commit message refactoring for PCI drivers. (Bjorn)
- Move iommu_attach/detach_device() improvement patches into another
series as there are a lot of code refactoring and cleanup staffs
in various device drivers.

- Refine comments and commit mesages.
- Rename iommu_group_set_dma_owner() to iommu_group_claim_dma_owner().
- Rename iommu_device_use/unuse_kernel_dma() to
- Remove unnecessary EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL.
- Change flag name from no_kernel_api_dma to driver_managed_dma.
- Merge 4 "Add driver dma ownership management" patches into single

- We discussed about adding some fields in driver structure and
intercepting it in the bus notifier for driver unbinding. We agreed
that the driver structure should not be used out of the driver core.
- As iommu_group_claim/release_dma_owner() are only used by the VFIO,
there're no use cases for multiple calls for a single group.
- Add some commit messages in "vfio: Set DMA ownership for
VFIO" to describe the intentional enhancement of unsafe bridge
- Comments refinement.

- Move iommu_use_default_domain() to the end of .dma_configure
callback to avoid firmware-data-ordering thing.
- Add Acked-by from PCI and VFIO maintainers.

This is based on next branch of linux-iommu tree:
and also available on github:

Best regards,

Jason Gunthorpe (1):
vfio: Delete the unbound_list

Lu Baolu (10):
iommu: Add DMA ownership management interfaces
driver core: Add dma_cleanup callback in bus_type
amba: Stop sharing platform_dma_configure()
bus: platform,amba,fsl-mc,PCI: Add device DMA ownership management
PCI: pci_stub: Set driver_managed_dma
PCI: portdrv: Set driver_managed_dma
vfio: Set DMA ownership for VFIO devices
vfio: Remove use of vfio_group_viable()
vfio: Remove iommu group notifier
iommu: Remove iommu group changes notifier

include/linux/amba/bus.h | 8 +
include/linux/device/bus.h | 3 +
include/linux/fsl/mc.h | 8 +
include/linux/iommu.h | 54 +++---
include/linux/pci.h | 8 +
include/linux/platform_device.h | 10 +-
drivers/amba/bus.c | 37 +++-
drivers/base/dd.c | 5 +
drivers/base/platform.c | 21 ++-
drivers/bus/fsl-mc/fsl-mc-bus.c | 24 ++-
drivers/iommu/iommu.c | 228 ++++++++++++++++--------
drivers/pci/pci-driver.c | 18 ++
drivers/pci/pci-stub.c | 1 +
drivers/pci/pcie/portdrv_pci.c | 2 +
drivers/vfio/fsl-mc/vfio_fsl_mc.c | 1 +
drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci.c | 1 +
drivers/vfio/platform/vfio_amba.c | 1 +
drivers/vfio/platform/vfio_platform.c | 1 +
drivers/vfio/vfio.c | 245 ++------------------------
19 files changed, 338 insertions(+), 338 deletions(-)


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