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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 06/25] KVM: nVMX/nSVM: do not monkey-patch inject_page_fault callback
On Tue, Mar 08, 2022, Sean Christopherson wrote:
> On Mon, Feb 21, 2022, Paolo Bonzini wrote:
> > Currently, vendor code is patching the inject_page_fault and later, on
> > vmexit, expecting kvm_init_mmu to restore the inject_page_fault callback.
> >
> > This is brittle, as exposed by the fact that SVM KVM_SET_NESTED_STATE
> > forgets to do it. Instead, do the check at the time a page fault actually
> > has to be injected. This does incur the cost of an extra retpoline
> > for nested vmexits when TDP is disabled, but is overall much cleaner.
> > While at it, add a comment that explains why the different behavior
> > is needed in this case.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
> > ---
>
> If I have NAK powers, NAK NAK NAK NAK NAK :-)
>
> Forcing a VM-Exit is a hack, e.g. it's the entire reason inject_emulated_exception()
> returns a bool. Even worse, it's confusing and misleading due to being incomplete.
>
> The need hack for the hack is not unique to !tdp_enabled, the #DF can be triggered
> any time L0 is intercepting #PF. Hello, allow_smaller_maxphyaddr.
>
> And while I think allow_smaller_maxphyaddr should be burned with fire, architecturally
> it's still incomplete. Any exception that is injected by KVM needs to be subjected
> to nested interception checks, not just #PF. E.g. a #GP while vectoring a different
> fault should also be routed to L1. KVM (mostly) gets away with special casing #PF
> because that's the only common scenario where L1 wants to intercept _and fix_ a fault
> that can occur while vectoring an exception. E.g. in the #GP => #DF case, odds are
> very good that L1 will inject a #DF too, but that doesn't make KVM's behavior correct.
>
> I have a series to handle this by performing the interception checks when an exception
> is queued, instead of when KVM injects the excepiton, and using a second kvm_queued_exception
> field to track exceptions that are queued for VM-Exit (so as not to lose the injected
> exception, which needs to be saved into vmc*12. It's functional, though I haven't
> tested migration (requires minor shenanigans to perform interception checks for pending
> exceptions coming in from userspace).

Here's my preferred band-aid for this so we can make inject_page_fault() constant
without having to wait for a proper fix. It's still putting lipstick on a pig,
but is a bit more complete and IMO better documents the mess. This slots into
your series in place of your patch without much fuss.


From: Sean Christopherson <seanjc@google.com>
Date: Thu, 3 Mar 2022 20:20:17 -0800
Subject: [PATCH] KVM: x86: Clean up and document nested #PF workaround

Replace the per-vendor hack-a-fix for KVM's #PF => #PF => #DF workaround
with an explicit, common workaround in kvm_inject_emulated_page_fault().
Aside from being a hack, the current approach is brittle and incomplete,
e.g. nSVM's KVM_SET_NESTED_STATE fails to set ->inject_page_fault(),
and nVMX fails to apply the workaround when VMX is intercepting #PF due
to allow_smaller_maxphyaddr=1.

Signed-off-by: Sean Christopherson <seanjc@google.com>
---
arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h | 2 ++
arch/x86/kvm/svm/nested.c | 15 ++++++++-------
arch/x86/kvm/vmx/nested.c | 15 ++++++---------
arch/x86/kvm/x86.c | 21 ++++++++++++++++++++-
4 files changed, 36 insertions(+), 17 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
index da2f3a21e37b..c372a74acd9c 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
@@ -1496,6 +1496,8 @@ struct kvm_x86_ops {
struct kvm_x86_nested_ops {
void (*leave_nested)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
int (*check_events)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
+ int (*handle_page_fault_workaround)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
+ struct x86_exception *fault);
bool (*hv_timer_pending)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
void (*triple_fault)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
int (*get_state)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/svm/nested.c b/arch/x86/kvm/svm/nested.c
index 96bab464967f..dd942c719cf6 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/svm/nested.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/svm/nested.c
@@ -54,22 +54,25 @@ static void nested_svm_inject_npf_exit(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
nested_svm_vmexit(svm);
}

-static void svm_inject_page_fault_nested(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct x86_exception *fault)
+static int nested_svm_handle_page_fault_workaround(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
+ struct x86_exception *fault)
{
struct vcpu_svm *svm = to_svm(vcpu);
+
WARN_ON(!is_guest_mode(vcpu));

if (vmcb12_is_intercept(&svm->nested.ctl,
INTERCEPT_EXCEPTION_OFFSET + PF_VECTOR) &&
- !svm->nested.nested_run_pending) {
+ !WARN_ON_ONCE(svm->nested.nested_run_pending)) {
svm->vmcb->control.exit_code = SVM_EXIT_EXCP_BASE + PF_VECTOR;
svm->vmcb->control.exit_code_hi = 0;
svm->vmcb->control.exit_info_1 = fault->error_code;
svm->vmcb->control.exit_info_2 = fault->address;
nested_svm_vmexit(svm);
- } else {
- kvm_inject_page_fault(vcpu, fault);
+ return 0;
}
+
+ return -EINVAL;
}

static u64 nested_svm_get_tdp_pdptr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, int index)
@@ -680,9 +683,6 @@ int enter_svm_guest_mode(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 vmcb12_gpa,
if (ret)
return ret;

- if (!npt_enabled)
- vcpu->arch.mmu->inject_page_fault = svm_inject_page_fault_nested;
-
if (!from_vmrun)
kvm_make_request(KVM_REQ_GET_NESTED_STATE_PAGES, vcpu);

@@ -1567,6 +1567,7 @@ static bool svm_get_nested_state_pages(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
struct kvm_x86_nested_ops svm_nested_ops = {
.leave_nested = svm_leave_nested,
.check_events = svm_check_nested_events,
+ .handle_page_fault_workaround = nested_svm_handle_page_fault_workaround,
.triple_fault = nested_svm_triple_fault,
.get_nested_state_pages = svm_get_nested_state_pages,
.get_state = svm_get_nested_state,
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/nested.c b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/nested.c
index f18744f7ff82..cc4c74339d35 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/nested.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/nested.c
@@ -476,24 +476,23 @@ static int nested_vmx_check_exception(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long *exit
return 0;
}

-
-static void vmx_inject_page_fault_nested(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
- struct x86_exception *fault)
+static int nested_vmx_handle_page_fault_workaround(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
+ struct x86_exception *fault)
{
struct vmcs12 *vmcs12 = get_vmcs12(vcpu);

WARN_ON(!is_guest_mode(vcpu));

if (nested_vmx_is_page_fault_vmexit(vmcs12, fault->error_code) &&
- !to_vmx(vcpu)->nested.nested_run_pending) {
+ !WARN_ON_ONCE(to_vmx(vcpu)->nested.nested_run_pending)) {
vmcs12->vm_exit_intr_error_code = fault->error_code;
nested_vmx_vmexit(vcpu, EXIT_REASON_EXCEPTION_NMI,
PF_VECTOR | INTR_TYPE_HARD_EXCEPTION |
INTR_INFO_DELIVER_CODE_MASK | INTR_INFO_VALID_MASK,
fault->address);
- } else {
- kvm_inject_page_fault(vcpu, fault);
+ return 0;
}
+ return -EINVAL;
}

static int nested_vmx_check_io_bitmap_controls(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
@@ -2614,9 +2613,6 @@ static int prepare_vmcs02(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct vmcs12 *vmcs12,
vmcs_write64(GUEST_PDPTR3, vmcs12->guest_pdptr3);
}

- if (!enable_ept)
- vcpu->arch.walk_mmu->inject_page_fault = vmx_inject_page_fault_nested;
-
if ((vmcs12->vm_entry_controls & VM_ENTRY_LOAD_IA32_PERF_GLOBAL_CTRL) &&
WARN_ON_ONCE(kvm_set_msr(vcpu, MSR_CORE_PERF_GLOBAL_CTRL,
vmcs12->guest_ia32_perf_global_ctrl))) {
@@ -6804,6 +6800,7 @@ __init int nested_vmx_hardware_setup(int (*exit_handlers[])(struct kvm_vcpu *))
struct kvm_x86_nested_ops vmx_nested_ops = {
.leave_nested = vmx_leave_nested,
.check_events = vmx_check_nested_events,
+ .handle_page_fault_workaround = nested_vmx_handle_page_fault_workaround,
.hv_timer_pending = nested_vmx_preemption_timer_pending,
.triple_fault = nested_vmx_triple_fault,
.get_state = vmx_get_nested_state,
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
index 7fa1bdd9909e..010fb54a9a82 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
@@ -748,6 +748,7 @@ void kvm_inject_page_fault(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct x86_exception *fault)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_inject_page_fault);

+/* Returns true if the page fault was immediately morphed into a VM-Exit. */
bool kvm_inject_emulated_page_fault(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
struct x86_exception *fault)
{
@@ -766,8 +767,26 @@ bool kvm_inject_emulated_page_fault(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
kvm_mmu_invalidate_gva(vcpu, fault_mmu, fault->address,
fault_mmu->root.hpa);

+ /*
+ * A workaround for KVM's bad exception handling. If KVM injected an
+ * exception into L2, and L2 encountered a #PF while vectoring the
+ * injected exception, manually check to see if L1 wants to intercept
+ * #PF, otherwise queuing the #PF will lead to #DF or a lost exception.
+ * In all other cases, defer the check to nested_ops->check_events(),
+ * which will correctly handle priority (this does not). Note, other
+ * exceptions, e.g. #GP, are theoretically affected, #PF is simply the
+ * most problematic, e.g. when L0 and L1 are both intercepting #PF for
+ * shadow paging.
+ *
+ * TODO: Rewrite exception handling to track injected and pending
+ * (VM-Exit) exceptions separately.
+ */
+ if (unlikely(vcpu->arch.exception.injected && is_guest_mode(vcpu)) &&
+ !kvm_x86_ops.nested_ops->handle_page_fault_workaround(vcpu, fault))
+ return true;
+
fault_mmu->inject_page_fault(vcpu, fault);
- return fault->nested_page_fault;
+ return false;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_inject_emulated_page_fault);

base-commit: bb92fb66dcf8735c5190f415fed587bff7dd6717
--

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