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Subject[PATCH 5.16 035/186] KVM: arm64: Workaround Cortex-A510s single-step and PAC trap errata
Date
From: James Morse <james.morse@arm.com>

[ Upstream commit 1dd498e5e26ad71e3e9130daf72cfb6a693fee03 ]

Cortex-A510's erratum #2077057 causes SPSR_EL2 to be corrupted when
single-stepping authenticated ERET instructions. A single step is
expected, but a pointer authentication trap is taken instead. The
erratum causes SPSR_EL1 to be copied to SPSR_EL2, which could allow
EL1 to cause a return to EL2 with a guest controlled ELR_EL2.

Because the conditions require an ERET into active-not-pending state,
this is only a problem for the EL2 when EL2 is stepping EL1. In this case
the previous SPSR_EL2 value is preserved in struct kvm_vcpu, and can be
restored.

Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org # 53960faf2b73: arm64: Add Cortex-A510 CPU part definition
Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
Signed-off-by: James Morse <james.morse@arm.com>
[maz: fixup cpucaps ordering]
Signed-off-by: Marc Zyngier <maz@kernel.org>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20220127122052.1584324-5-james.morse@arm.com
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sashal@kernel.org>
---
Documentation/arm64/silicon-errata.rst | 2 ++
arch/arm64/Kconfig | 16 ++++++++++++++++
arch/arm64/kernel/cpu_errata.c | 8 ++++++++
arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/include/hyp/switch.h | 20 +++++++++++++++++++-
arch/arm64/tools/cpucaps | 5 +++--
5 files changed, 48 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/arm64/silicon-errata.rst b/Documentation/arm64/silicon-errata.rst
index 0ec7b7f1524b1..ea281dd755171 100644
--- a/Documentation/arm64/silicon-errata.rst
+++ b/Documentation/arm64/silicon-errata.rst
@@ -100,6 +100,8 @@ stable kernels.
+----------------+-----------------+-----------------+-----------------------------+
| ARM | Cortex-A510 | #2051678 | ARM64_ERRATUM_2051678 |
+----------------+-----------------+-----------------+-----------------------------+
+| ARM | Cortex-A510 | #2077057 | ARM64_ERRATUM_2077057 |
++----------------+-----------------+-----------------+-----------------------------+
| ARM | Cortex-A710 | #2119858 | ARM64_ERRATUM_2119858 |
+----------------+-----------------+-----------------+-----------------------------+
| ARM | Cortex-A710 | #2054223 | ARM64_ERRATUM_2054223 |
diff --git a/arch/arm64/Kconfig b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
index ae0e93871ee5f..651bf217465e9 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
@@ -681,6 +681,22 @@ config ARM64_ERRATUM_2051678

If unsure, say Y.

+config ARM64_ERRATUM_2077057
+ bool "Cortex-A510: 2077057: workaround software-step corrupting SPSR_EL2"
+ help
+ This option adds the workaround for ARM Cortex-A510 erratum 2077057.
+ Affected Cortex-A510 may corrupt SPSR_EL2 when the a step exception is
+ expected, but a Pointer Authentication trap is taken instead. The
+ erratum causes SPSR_EL1 to be copied to SPSR_EL2, which could allow
+ EL1 to cause a return to EL2 with a guest controlled ELR_EL2.
+
+ This can only happen when EL2 is stepping EL1.
+
+ When these conditions occur, the SPSR_EL2 value is unchanged from the
+ previous guest entry, and can be restored from the in-memory copy.
+
+ If unsure, say Y.
+
config ARM64_ERRATUM_2119858
bool "Cortex-A710/X2: 2119858: workaround TRBE overwriting trace data in FILL mode"
default y
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpu_errata.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpu_errata.c
index 066098198c248..b217941713a8d 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpu_errata.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpu_errata.c
@@ -600,6 +600,14 @@ const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities arm64_errata[] = {
CAP_MIDR_RANGE_LIST(trbe_write_out_of_range_cpus),
},
#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_ERRATUM_2077057
+ {
+ .desc = "ARM erratum 2077057",
+ .capability = ARM64_WORKAROUND_2077057,
+ .type = ARM64_CPUCAP_LOCAL_CPU_ERRATUM,
+ ERRATA_MIDR_REV_RANGE(MIDR_CORTEX_A510, 0, 0, 2),
+ },
+#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_ERRATUM_2064142
{
.desc = "ARM erratum 2064142",
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/include/hyp/switch.h b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/include/hyp/switch.h
index adb67f8c9d7d3..3ae9c0b944878 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/include/hyp/switch.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/include/hyp/switch.h
@@ -424,6 +424,24 @@ static inline bool kvm_hyp_handle_exit(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 *exit_code)
return false;
}

+static inline void synchronize_vcpu_pstate(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 *exit_code)
+{
+ /*
+ * Check for the conditions of Cortex-A510's #2077057. When these occur
+ * SPSR_EL2 can't be trusted, but isn't needed either as it is
+ * unchanged from the value in vcpu_gp_regs(vcpu)->pstate.
+ * Are we single-stepping the guest, and took a PAC exception from the
+ * active-not-pending state?
+ */
+ if (cpus_have_final_cap(ARM64_WORKAROUND_2077057) &&
+ vcpu->guest_debug & KVM_GUESTDBG_SINGLESTEP &&
+ *vcpu_cpsr(vcpu) & DBG_SPSR_SS &&
+ ESR_ELx_EC(read_sysreg_el2(SYS_ESR)) == ESR_ELx_EC_PAC)
+ write_sysreg_el2(*vcpu_cpsr(vcpu), SYS_SPSR);
+
+ vcpu->arch.ctxt.regs.pstate = read_sysreg_el2(SYS_SPSR);
+}
+
/*
* Return true when we were able to fixup the guest exit and should return to
* the guest, false when we should restore the host state and return to the
@@ -435,7 +453,7 @@ static inline bool fixup_guest_exit(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 *exit_code)
* Save PSTATE early so that we can evaluate the vcpu mode
* early on.
*/
- vcpu->arch.ctxt.regs.pstate = read_sysreg_el2(SYS_SPSR);
+ synchronize_vcpu_pstate(vcpu, exit_code);

/*
* Check whether we want to repaint the state one way or
diff --git a/arch/arm64/tools/cpucaps b/arch/arm64/tools/cpucaps
index e7719e8f18def..9c65b1e25a965 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/tools/cpucaps
+++ b/arch/arm64/tools/cpucaps
@@ -55,9 +55,10 @@ WORKAROUND_1418040
WORKAROUND_1463225
WORKAROUND_1508412
WORKAROUND_1542419
-WORKAROUND_2064142
-WORKAROUND_2038923
WORKAROUND_1902691
+WORKAROUND_2038923
+WORKAROUND_2064142
+WORKAROUND_2077057
WORKAROUND_TRBE_OVERWRITE_FILL_MODE
WORKAROUND_TSB_FLUSH_FAILURE
WORKAROUND_TRBE_WRITE_OUT_OF_RANGE
--
2.34.1


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