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Subject[PATCH 5.15 137/262] ucounts: Fix systemd LimitNPROC with private users regression
From: Eric W. Biederman <>

commit 0ac983f512033cb7b5e210c9589768ad25b1e36b upstream.

Long story short recursively enforcing RLIMIT_NPROC when it is not
enforced on the process that creates a new user namespace, causes
currently working code to fail. There is no reason to enforce
RLIMIT_NPROC recursively when we don't enforce it normally so update
the code to detect this case.

I would like to simply use capable(CAP_SYS_RESOURCE) to detect when
RLIMIT_NPROC is not enforced upon the caller. Unfortunately because
RLIMIT_NPROC is charged and checked for enforcement based upon the
real uid, using capable() which is euid based is inconsistent with reality.
Come as close as possible to testing for capable(CAP_SYS_RESOURCE) by
testing for when the real uid would match the conditions when
CAP_SYS_RESOURCE would be present if the real uid was the effective

Reported-by: Etienne Dechamps <>
Fixes: 21d1c5e386bc ("Reimplement RLIMIT_NPROC on top of ucounts")
Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <>
Signed-off-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <>
kernel/user_namespace.c | 14 +++++++++++++-
1 file changed, 13 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

--- a/kernel/user_namespace.c
+++ b/kernel/user_namespace.c
@@ -58,6 +58,18 @@ static void set_cred_user_ns(struct cred
cred->user_ns = user_ns;

+static unsigned long enforced_nproc_rlimit(void)
+ unsigned long limit = RLIM_INFINITY;
+ /* Is RLIMIT_NPROC currently enforced? */
+ if (!uid_eq(current_uid(), GLOBAL_ROOT_UID) ||
+ (current_user_ns() != &init_user_ns))
+ limit = rlimit(RLIMIT_NPROC);
+ return limit;
* Create a new user namespace, deriving the creator from the user in the
* passed credentials, and replacing that user with the new root user for the
@@ -122,7 +134,7 @@ int create_user_ns(struct cred *new)
for (i = 0; i < MAX_PER_NAMESPACE_UCOUNTS; i++) {
ns->ucount_max[i] = INT_MAX;
- set_rlimit_ucount_max(ns, UCOUNT_RLIMIT_NPROC, rlimit(RLIMIT_NPROC));
+ set_rlimit_ucount_max(ns, UCOUNT_RLIMIT_NPROC, enforced_nproc_rlimit());
set_rlimit_ucount_max(ns, UCOUNT_RLIMIT_MSGQUEUE, rlimit(RLIMIT_MSGQUEUE));
set_rlimit_ucount_max(ns, UCOUNT_RLIMIT_SIGPENDING, rlimit(RLIMIT_SIGPENDING));
set_rlimit_ucount_max(ns, UCOUNT_RLIMIT_MEMLOCK, rlimit(RLIMIT_MEMLOCK));

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