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Subject[PATCH -V3 2/2 UPDATE] NUMA balancing: avoid to migrate task to CPU-less node
Date
In a typical memory tiering system, there's no CPU in slow (PMEM) NUMA
nodes. But if the number of the hint page faults on a PMEM node is
the max for a task, The current NUMA balancing policy may try to place
the task on the PMEM node instead of DRAM node. This is unreasonable,
because there's no CPU in PMEM NUMA nodes. To fix this, CPU-less
nodes are ignored when searching the migration target node for a task
in this patch.

To test the patch, we run a workload that accesses more memory in PMEM
node than memory in DRAM node. Without the patch, the PMEM node will
be chosen as preferred node in task_numa_placement(). While the DRAM
node will be chosen instead with the patch.

Known issue: I don't have systems to test complex NUMA topology type,
for example, NUMA_BACKPLANE or NUMA_GLUELESS_MESH.

v3:

- Fix a boot crash for some uncovered marginal condition. Thanks Qian
Cai for reporting and testing the bug!

- Fix several missing places to use CPU-less nodes as migrating
target.

Signed-off-by: "Huang, Ying" <ying.huang@intel.com>
Reported-and-tested-by: Qian Cai <quic_qiancai@quicinc.com> # boot crash
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Valentin Schneider <valentin.schneider@arm.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@surriel.com>
Cc: Srikar Dronamraju <srikar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
---
kernel/sched/fair.c | 25 ++++++++++++++++++++-----
1 file changed, 20 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/sched/fair.c b/kernel/sched/fair.c
index 04968f3f9b6d..1fe7a4510cca 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/fair.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/fair.c
@@ -1988,7 +1988,7 @@ static int task_numa_migrate(struct task_struct *p)
*/
ng = deref_curr_numa_group(p);
if (env.best_cpu == -1 || (ng && ng->active_nodes > 1)) {
- for_each_online_node(nid) {
+ for_each_node_state(nid, N_CPU) {
if (nid == env.src_nid || nid == p->numa_preferred_nid)
continue;

@@ -2086,13 +2086,13 @@ static void numa_group_count_active_nodes(struct numa_group *numa_group)
unsigned long faults, max_faults = 0;
int nid, active_nodes = 0;

- for_each_online_node(nid) {
+ for_each_node_state(nid, N_CPU) {
faults = group_faults_cpu(numa_group, nid);
if (faults > max_faults)
max_faults = faults;
}

- for_each_online_node(nid) {
+ for_each_node_state(nid, N_CPU) {
faults = group_faults_cpu(numa_group, nid);
if (faults * ACTIVE_NODE_FRACTION > max_faults)
active_nodes++;
@@ -2246,7 +2246,7 @@ static int preferred_group_nid(struct task_struct *p, int nid)

dist = sched_max_numa_distance;

- for_each_online_node(node) {
+ for_each_node_state(node, N_CPU) {
score = group_weight(p, node, dist);
if (score > max_score) {
max_score = score;
@@ -2265,7 +2265,7 @@ static int preferred_group_nid(struct task_struct *p, int nid)
* inside the highest scoring group of nodes. The nodemask tricks
* keep the complexity of the search down.
*/
- nodes = node_online_map;
+ nodes = node_states[N_CPU];
for (dist = sched_max_numa_distance; dist > LOCAL_DISTANCE; dist--) {
unsigned long max_faults = 0;
nodemask_t max_group = NODE_MASK_NONE;
@@ -2404,6 +2404,21 @@ static void task_numa_placement(struct task_struct *p)
}
}

+ /* Cannot migrate task to CPU-less node */
+ if (max_nid != NUMA_NO_NODE && !node_state(max_nid, N_CPU)) {
+ int near_nid = max_nid;
+ int distance, near_distance = INT_MAX;
+
+ for_each_node_state(nid, N_CPU) {
+ distance = node_distance(max_nid, nid);
+ if (distance < near_distance) {
+ near_nid = nid;
+ near_distance = distance;
+ }
+ }
+ max_nid = near_nid;
+ }
+
if (ng) {
numa_group_count_active_nodes(ng);
spin_unlock_irq(group_lock);
--
2.30.2
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