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SubjectRe: [Phishing Risk] [External] Re: [PATCH] psi: report zeroes for CPU full at the system level
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On 2022/3/7 7:01 下午, Martin Steigerwald wrote:
> Am Samstag, dem 05.03.2022 um 10:13 +0800 schrieb Chengming Zhou:
>> Martin find it confusing when look at the /proc/pressure/cpu output,
>> and found no hint about that CPU "full" line in psi Documentation.
>>
>> % cat /proc/pressure/cpu
>> some avg10=0.92 avg60=0.91 avg300=0.73 total=933490489
>> full avg10=0.22 avg60=0.23 avg300=0.16 total=358783277
>>
>> The PSI_CPU_FULL state is introduced by commit e7fcd7622823
>> ("psi: Add PSI_CPU_FULL state"), which mainly for cgroup level,
>> but also counted at the system level as a side effect.
>>
>> Naturally, the FULL state doesn't exist for the CPU resource at
>> the system level. These "full" numbers can come from CPU idle
>> schedule latency. For example, t1 is the time when task wakeup
>> on an idle CPU, t2 is the time when CPU pick and switch to it.
>> The delta of (t2 - t1) will be in CPU_FULL state.
>>
>> Another case all processes can be stalled is when all cgroups
>> have been throttled at the same time, which unlikely to happen.
>>
>> Anyway, CPU_FULL metric is meaningless and confusing at the
>> system level. So this patch will report zeroes for CPU full
>> at the system level, and update psi Documentation accordingly.
>>
>> Fixes: e7fcd7622823 ("psi: Add PSI_CPU_FULL state")
>> Reported-by: Martin Steigerwald <Martin.Steigerwald@proact.de>
>> Suggested-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
>> Signed-off-by: Chengming Zhou <zhouchengming@bytedance.com>
>> ---
>>  Documentation/accounting/psi.rst |  6 +-----
>>  kernel/sched/psi.c               | 15 +++++++++------
>>  2 files changed, 10 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/Documentation/accounting/psi.rst
>> b/Documentation/accounting/psi.rst
>> index 860fe651d645..7e15e37d3179 100644
>> --- a/Documentation/accounting/psi.rst
>> +++ b/Documentation/accounting/psi.rst
>> @@ -37,11 +37,7 @@ Pressure interface
>>  Pressure information for each resource is exported through the
>>  respective file in /proc/pressure/ -- cpu, memory, and io.
>>  
>> -The format for CPU is as such::
>> -
>> -       some avg10=0.00 avg60=0.00 avg300=0.00 total=0
>> -
>> -and for memory and IO::
>> +The format is as such::
>>  
>>         some avg10=0.00 avg60=0.00 avg300=0.00 total=0
>>         full avg10=0.00 avg60=0.00 avg300=0.00 total=0
>
> This leaves unexplained why there is a CPU full line in the
> documentation. And I bet someone – not me this time – could wonder why
> it is always zero.
>
> I recommend to either remove the CPU full line completely and hope to
> get away with it just having been there for one, maybe two kernel
> versions (5.17 and maybe 5.18) or to put a note in documentation:
>
> "CPU full on the system level is undefined, but has been reported in
> 5.17, so it is set to zero for backwards compatibility."

Ok, it's better to leave a note there, if someone is curious about the
zeros in CPU full line. Previous patch v1 does remove the CPU full line
completely, but it may break some userspace parsers.

Thanks.

>
>> diff --git a/kernel/sched/psi.c b/kernel/sched/psi.c
>> index e14358178849..97fd85c5143c 100644
>> --- a/kernel/sched/psi.c
>> +++ b/kernel/sched/psi.c
>> @@ -1062,14 +1062,17 @@ int psi_show(struct seq_file *m, struct
>> psi_group *group, enum psi_res res)
>>         mutex_unlock(&group->avgs_lock);
>>  
>>         for (full = 0; full < 2; full++) {
>> -               unsigned long avg[3];
>> -               u64 total;
>> +               unsigned long avg[3] = { 0, };
>> +               u64 total = 0;
>>                 int w;
>>  
>> -               for (w = 0; w < 3; w++)
>> -                       avg[w] = group->avg[res * 2 + full][w];
>> -               total = div_u64(group->total[PSI_AVGS][res * 2 +
>> full],
>> -                               NSEC_PER_USEC);
>> +               /* CPU FULL is undefined at the system level */
>> +               if (!(group == &psi_system && res == PSI_CPU && full))
>> {
>> +                       for (w = 0; w < 3; w++)
>> +                               avg[w] = group->avg[res * 2 +
>> full][w];
>> +                       total = div_u64(group->total[PSI_AVGS][res * 2
>> + full],
>> +                                       NSEC_PER_USEC);
>> +               }
>>  
>>                 seq_printf(m, "%s avg10=%lu.%02lu avg60=%lu.%02lu
>> avg300=%lu.%02lu total=%llu\n",
>>                            full ? "full" : "some",
>
>
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