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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 1/4] MIPS: Refactor early_parse_mem() to fix mem= parameter
On Mon, Mar 07, 2022 at 05:29:09PM +0100, Thomas Bogendoerfer wrote:
> On Fri, Mar 04, 2022 at 05:11:44PM +0000, Maciej W. Rozycki wrote:
> > On Fri, 4 Mar 2022, Thomas Bogendoerfer wrote:
> >
> > > > > With this patch, when add "mem=3G" to the command-line, the
> > > > > kernel boots successfully, we can see the following messages:
> > > >
> > > > unfortunately this patch would break platforms without memory detection,
> > > > which simply use mem=32M for memory configuration. Not sure how many
> > > > rely on this mechanism. If we can make sure nobody uses it, I'm fine
> > > > with your patch.
> > >
> > > maybe we could add a CONFIG option, which will be selected by
> > > platforms, which don't need/want this usermem thing.
> >
> > FWIW I don't understand what the issue is here beyond that we have a bug
> > that causes a system to hang when "mem=3G" is passed on the kernel command
> > line. That is assuming that system does have contiguous RAM available for
> > the kernel to use from address 0 up to 3GiB; otherwise it's a user error
> > to tell the kernel it has that memory available (I did get bitten by that
> > myself too): garbage in, garbage out.
>
> I did a quick test with an IP30:
>
> >> bootp(): ip=dhcp root=/dev/nfs console=ttyS0 mem=384M
> Setting $netaddr to 192.168.8.208 (from server )
> Obtaining from server
> 9012640+181664 entry: 0xa800000020664a60
> Linux version 5.17.0-rc3+ (tbogendoerfer@adalid) (mips64-linux-gnu-gcc (GCC) 6.1.1 20160621 (Red Hat Cross 6.1.1-2), GNU ld version 2.27-3.fc24) #155 SMP Mon Mar 7 13:12:01 CET 2022
> ARCH: SGI-IP30
> PROMLIB: ARC firmware Version 64 Revision 0
> printk: bootconsole [early0] enabled
> CPU0 revision is: 00000934 (R10000)
> FPU revision is: 00000900
> Detected 512MB of physical memory.
> User-defined physical RAM map overwrite
> Kernel sections are not in the memory maps
> IP30: Slot: 0, PrID: 00000934, PhyID: 0, VirtID: 0
> IP30: Slot: 1, PrID: 00000934, PhyID: 1, VirtID: 1
> IP30: Detected 2 CPU(s) present.
> Primary instruction cache 32kB, VIPT, 2-way, linesize 64 bytes.
> Primary data cache 32kB, 2-way, VIPT, no aliases, linesize 32 bytes
> Unified secondary cache 1024kB 2-way, linesize 128 bytes.
> Zone ranges:
> DMA32 [mem 0x0000000000000000-0x00000000ffffffff]
> Normal empty
> Movable zone start for each node
> Early memory node ranges
> node 0: [mem 0x0000000000000000-0x0000000017ffffff]
> node 0: [mem 0x0000000020004000-0x00000000208c7fff]
> Initmem setup node 0 [mem 0x0000000000000000-0x00000000208c7fff]
>
> after that it's dead (it doesn't have memory starting at 0x0).
> Most SGI systems will act broken with mem= in one way or another.
> And I already had the need to limit the amount of memory.
>
> > I think having a CONFIG option automatically selected to disable the
> > ability to give a memory map override would handicap people in debugging
> > their systems or working around firmware bugs, so I would rather be
> > against it.
>
> I'm thinking about a CONFIG option, which isn't user selectable, but
> selected via Kconfig only. But that would give to differents semantics
> for mem=
>
> So can I just limit amount of memory without interfering with normal
> memory detection ?

Maybe it's better to add a new encoding to mem= that will have the semantics
of limiting amount of memory?

E.g.

mem=384M@

would mean "only use 384M of memory that firmware reported" while

mem=384M would mean "set memory to 0 - 384M" as it does now.

I think it's fine to have this MIPS specific because there is anyway no
consistency among architectures in mem= handling.

> Thomas.
>
> --
> Crap can work. Given enough thrust pigs will fly, but it's not necessarily a
> good idea. [ RFC1925, 2.3 ]

--
Sincerely yours,
Mike.

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