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Subject[PATCH v5 0/8] KVM: arm64: Hypervisor stack enhancements
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Hi all,

This is v5 of the nVHE hypervisor stack enhancements. The main changes in this
version are:
- Align private allocations on based the order of their size
- Allocate single private VA range for both stack and guard page
(Don't rely on allocator providing separate allocations that are contiguous)
- Rebase series on 5.17-rc7

Previous versions can be found at:
v4: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20220225033548.1912117-1-kaleshsingh@google.com/
v3: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20220224051439.640768-1-kaleshsingh@google.com/
v2: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20220222165212.2005066-1-kaleshsingh@google.com/
v1: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20220210224220.4076151-1-kaleshsingh@google.com/

The previous cover letter has been copied below for convenience.

Thanks,
Kalesh

-----

This series is based on 5.17-rc7 and adds the following stack features to
the KVM nVHE hypervisor:

== Hyp Stack Guard Pages ==

Based on the technique used by arm64 VMAP_STACK to detect overflow.
i.e. the stack is aligned such that the 'stack shift' bit of any valid
SP is 1. The 'stack shift' bit can be tested in the exception entry to
detect overflow without corrupting GPRs.

== Hyp Stack Unwinder ==

Based on the arm64 kernel stack unwinder
(See: arch/arm64/kernel/stacktrace.c)

The unwinding and dumping of the hyp stack is not enabled by default and
depends on CONFIG_NVHE_EL2_DEBUG to avoid potential information leaks.

When CONFIG_NVHE_EL2_DEBUG is enabled the host stage 2 protection is
disabled, allowing the host to read the hypervisor stack pages and unwind
the stack from EL1. This allows us to print the hypervisor stacktrace
before panicking the host; as shown below.

Example call trace:

[ 98.916444][ T426] kvm [426]: nVHE hyp panic at: [<ffffffc0096156fc>] __kvm_nvhe_overflow_stack+0x8/0x34!
[ 98.918360][ T426] nVHE HYP call trace:
[ 98.918692][ T426] kvm [426]: [<ffffffc009615aac>] __kvm_nvhe_cpu_prepare_nvhe_panic_info+0x4c/0x68
[ 98.919545][ T426] kvm [426]: [<ffffffc0096159a4>] __kvm_nvhe_hyp_panic+0x2c/0xe8
[ 98.920107][ T426] kvm [426]: [<ffffffc009615ad8>] __kvm_nvhe_hyp_panic_bad_stack+0x10/0x10
[ 98.920665][ T426] kvm [426]: [<ffffffc009610a4c>] __kvm_nvhe___kvm_hyp_host_vector+0x24c/0x794
[ 98.921292][ T426] kvm [426]: [<ffffffc009615718>] __kvm_nvhe_overflow_stack+0x24/0x34
. . .

[ 98.973382][ T426] kvm [426]: [<ffffffc009615718>] __kvm_nvhe_overflow_stack+0x24/0x34
[ 98.973816][ T426] kvm [426]: [<ffffffc0096152f4>] __kvm_nvhe___kvm_vcpu_run+0x38/0x438
[ 98.974255][ T426] kvm [426]: [<ffffffc009616f80>] __kvm_nvhe_handle___kvm_vcpu_run+0x1c4/0x364
[ 98.974719][ T426] kvm [426]: [<ffffffc009616928>] __kvm_nvhe_handle_trap+0xa8/0x130
[ 98.975152][ T426] kvm [426]: [<ffffffc009610064>] __kvm_nvhe___host_exit+0x64/0x64
[ 98.975588][ T426] ---- end of nVHE HYP call trace ----



Kalesh Singh (8):
KVM: arm64: Introduce hyp_alloc_private_va_range()
KVM: arm64: Introduce pkvm_alloc_private_va_range()
KVM: arm64: Add guard pages for KVM nVHE hypervisor stack
KVM: arm64: Add guard pages for pKVM (protected nVHE) hypervisor stack
KVM: arm64: Detect and handle hypervisor stack overflows
KVM: arm64: Add hypervisor overflow stack
KVM: arm64: Unwind and dump nVHE HYP stacktrace
KVM: arm64: Symbolize the nVHE HYP backtrace

arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_asm.h | 21 +++
arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_mmu.h | 4 +
arch/arm64/include/asm/stacktrace.h | 12 ++
arch/arm64/kernel/stacktrace.c | 210 ++++++++++++++++++++++++---
arch/arm64/kvm/Kconfig | 5 +-
arch/arm64/kvm/arm.c | 42 +++++-
arch/arm64/kvm/handle_exit.c | 16 +-
arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/include/nvhe/mm.h | 1 +
arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/nvhe/host.S | 29 ++++
arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/nvhe/mm.c | 56 ++++---
arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/nvhe/setup.c | 31 +++-
arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/nvhe/switch.c | 30 +++-
arch/arm64/kvm/mmu.c | 67 ++++++---
scripts/kallsyms.c | 2 +-
14 files changed, 440 insertions(+), 86 deletions(-)


base-commit: ffb217a13a2eaf6d5bd974fc83036a53ca69f1e2
--
2.35.1.616.g0bdcbb4464-goog

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