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SubjectRe: [PATCH 9/9] memblock tests: Add TODO and README files
On Mon, Feb 28, 2022 at 03:46:51PM +0100, Karolina Drobnik wrote:
> Add description of the project, its structure and how to run it.
> List what is left to implement and what the known issues are.
>
> Signed-off-by: Karolina Drobnik <karolinadrobnik@gmail.com>
> ---
> tools/testing/memblock/README | 114 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> tools/testing/memblock/TODO | 28 +++++++++
> 2 files changed, 142 insertions(+)
> create mode 100644 tools/testing/memblock/README
> create mode 100644 tools/testing/memblock/TODO
>
> diff --git a/tools/testing/memblock/README b/tools/testing/memblock/README
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..40c0ce50e7c2
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/tools/testing/memblock/README
> @@ -0,0 +1,114 @@
> +=========================
> + Memblock simulator
> +=========================
> +
> +
> +Introduction
> +---------------------

Please make shorten the underline to match section title

> +Memblock is a boot time memory allocator[1] that manages memory regions before
> +the actual memory management is initialized. Its APIs allow to register physical
> +memory regions, mark them as available or reserved, allocate a block of memory
> +within the requested range and/or in specific NUMA node, and many more.
> +
> +Because it is used so early in the booting process, testing and debugging it is
> +difficult. This test suite, usually referred as memblock simulator, is
> +an attempt at testing the memblock mechanism. It runs one monolithic test that
> +consist of a series of checks that exercise both the basic operations and
> +allocation functionalities of memblock. The main data structure of the boot time
> +memory allocator is initialized at the build time, so the checks here reuse its
> +instance throughout the duration of the test. To ensure that tests don't affect
> +each other, region arrays are reset in between.
> +
> +As this project uses the actual memblock code and has to run in user space, some
> +of the kernel definitions were stubbed in the introductory patch[2]. Most of

The patch commit sha in memblock/for-next is stable, please use that.

> +them don't match the kernel implementation, so one should consult them first
> +before making any significant changes to the project.
> +
> +
> +Usage
> +---------------------
> +
> +To run the tests, build the main target and run it:
> +
> +$ make; ./main

I'd rather use

make && ./make

> +
> +A successful run produces no output. It is also possible to override different
> +configuration parameters. For example, to simulate enabled NUMA, use:
> +
> +$ make NUMA=1
> +
> +For the full list of options, see `make help`.
> +
> +
> +Project structure
> +---------------------
> +
> +The project has one target, main, which calls a group of checks for basic and
> +allocation functions. Tests for each group are defined in dedicated files, as it
> +can be seen here:
> +
> +memblock
> +|-- asm ------------------,
> +|-- lib |-- implement function and struct stubs
> +|-- linux ------------------'
> +|-- scripts
> +| |-- Makefile.include -- handles `make` parameters
> +|-- tests
> +| |-- alloc_api.(c|h) -- memblock_alloc tests
> +| |-- alloc_helpers_api.(c|h) -- memblock_alloc_from tests
> +| |-- alloc_nid_api.(c|h) -- memblock_alloc_try_nid tests
> +| |-- basic_api.(c|h) -- memblock_add/memblock_reserve/... tests
> +| |-- common.(c|h) -- helper functions for resetting memblock;
> +|-- main.c --------------. dummy physical memory definition
> +|-- Makefile `- test runner
> +|-- README
> +|-- TODO
> +|-- .gitignore
> +
> +
> +Simulating physical memory
> +--------------------------
> +
> +Some allocation functions clear the memory in the process, so it is required for
> +memblock to track valid memory ranges. To achieve this, the test suite registers
> +with memblock memory stored by test_memory struct. It is a small wrapper that
> +points to a block of memory allocated via malloc. For each group of allocation
> +tests, dummy physical memory is allocated, added to memblock, and then released
> +at the end of the test run. The structure of a test runner checking allocation
> +functions is as follows:
> +
> +int memblock_alloc_foo_checks(void)
> +{
> + reset_memblock_attributes(); /* data structure reset */
> + dummy_physical_memory_init(); /* allocate and register memory */
> +
> + (...allocation checks...)
> +
> + dummy_physical_memory_cleanup(); /* free the memory */
> +}
> +
> +There's no need to explicitly free the dummy memory from memblock via
> +memblock_free() call. The entry will be erased by reset_memblock_regions(),
> +called at the beginning of each test.
> +
> +
> +Known issues
> +---------------------
> +
> +1. Requesting a specific NUMA node via memblock_alloc_node() does not work as
> + intended. Once the fix is in place, tests for this function can be added.
> +
> +2. Tests for memblock_alloc_low() can't be easily implemented. The function uses
> + ARCH_LOW_ADDRESS_LIMIT marco, which can't be changed to point at the low
> + memory of the memory_block.
> +
> +
> +References
> +---------------------
> +
> +1. Boot time memory management documentation page:
> + https://www.kernel.org/doc/html/latest/core-api/boot-time-mm.html
> +
> +2. Introduce memblock simulator, lore link:
> +https://lore.kernel.org/linux-mm/cover.1643796665.git.karolinadrobnik@gmail.com/
> diff --git a/tools/testing/memblock/TODO b/tools/testing/memblock/TODO
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..c25b2fdec45e
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/tools/testing/memblock/TODO
> @@ -0,0 +1,28 @@
> +TODO
> +=====
> +
> +1. Add verbose output (e.g., what is being tested and how many tests cases are
> + passing)
> +
> +2. Add flags to Makefile:
> + + verbosity level
> + + enable memblock_dbg() messages (i.e. pass "-D CONFIG_DEBUG_MEMORY_INIT"
> + flag)
> +
> +3. Add tests trying to memblock_add() or memblock_reserve() 129th region.

s/129th/more than INIT_MEMBLOCK_REGIONS/

> + This will trigger memblock_double_array(), make sure it succeeds.
> + *Important:* These tests require valid memory ranges, use dummy physical
> + memory block from common.c to implement them. It is also very
> + likely that the current MEM_SIZE won't be enough for these
> + test cases. Use realloc to adjust the size accordingly.
> +
> +4. Add test cases using this functions (implement them for both directions):
> + + memblock_alloc_raw()
> + + memblock_alloc_exact_nid_raw()
> + + memblock_alloc_try_nid_raw()
> +
> +5. Add tests for memblock_alloc_node() to check if the correct NUMA node is set
> + for the new region
> +
> +6. Update comments in tests/basic_api.c to match the style used in
> + tests/alloc_*.c
> --
> 2.30.2
>

--
Sincerely yours,
Mike.

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