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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 2/2] pwm:sunplus-pwm:Add Sunplus SoC PWM Driver
"

Uwe Kleine-König <u.kleine-koenig@pengutronix.de> 於 2022年3月5日 週六 上午2:57寫道:
>
> Hello,
>
> On Fri, Mar 04, 2022 at 02:20:12PM +0800, Hammer Hsieh wrote:
> > Add Sunplus SoC PWM Driver
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Hammer Hsieh <hammerh0314@gmail.com>
> > ---
> > Changes in v2:
> > - Addressed all comments from Uwe Kleine-König.
> > - rebase kernel to 5.17 rc5
> >
> > MAINTAINERS | 1 +
> > drivers/pwm/Kconfig | 11 +++
> > drivers/pwm/Makefile | 1 +
> > drivers/pwm/pwm-sunplus.c | 229 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > 4 files changed, 242 insertions(+)
> > create mode 100644 drivers/pwm/pwm-sunplus.c
> >
> > diff --git a/MAINTAINERS b/MAINTAINERS
> > index 825b714..8710c8e 100644
> > --- a/MAINTAINERS
> > +++ b/MAINTAINERS
> > @@ -18535,6 +18535,7 @@ SUNPLUS PWM DRIVER
> > M: Hammer Hsieh <hammerh0314@gmail.com>
> > S: Maintained
> > F: Documentation/devicetree/bindings/pwm/pwm-sunplus.yaml
> > +F: drivers/pwm/pwm-sunplus.c
> >
> > SUNPLUS RTC DRIVER
> > M: Vincent Shih <vincent.sunplus@gmail.com>
> > diff --git a/drivers/pwm/Kconfig b/drivers/pwm/Kconfig
> > index 21e3b05..54cfb50 100644
> > --- a/drivers/pwm/Kconfig
> > +++ b/drivers/pwm/Kconfig
> > @@ -572,6 +572,17 @@ config PWM_SUN4I
> > To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the module
> > will be called pwm-sun4i.
> >
> > +config PWM_SUNPLUS
> > + tristate "Sunplus PWM support"
> > + depends on ARCH_SUNPLUS || COMPILE_TEST
> > + depends on HAS_IOMEM && OF
> > + help
> > + Generic PWM framework driver for the PWM controller on
> > + Sunplus SoCs.
> > +
> > + To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the module
> > + will be called pwm-sunplus.
> > +
> > config PWM_TEGRA
> > tristate "NVIDIA Tegra PWM support"
> > depends on ARCH_TEGRA || COMPILE_TEST
> > diff --git a/drivers/pwm/Makefile b/drivers/pwm/Makefile
> > index 708840b..be58616 100644
> > --- a/drivers/pwm/Makefile
> > +++ b/drivers/pwm/Makefile
> > @@ -53,6 +53,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_PWM_STM32) += pwm-stm32.o
> > obj-$(CONFIG_PWM_STM32_LP) += pwm-stm32-lp.o
> > obj-$(CONFIG_PWM_STMPE) += pwm-stmpe.o
> > obj-$(CONFIG_PWM_SUN4I) += pwm-sun4i.o
> > +obj-$(CONFIG_PWM_SUNPLUS) += pwm-sunplus.o
> > obj-$(CONFIG_PWM_TEGRA) += pwm-tegra.o
> > obj-$(CONFIG_PWM_TIECAP) += pwm-tiecap.o
> > obj-$(CONFIG_PWM_TIEHRPWM) += pwm-tiehrpwm.o
> > diff --git a/drivers/pwm/pwm-sunplus.c b/drivers/pwm/pwm-sunplus.c
> > new file mode 100644
> > index 0000000..170534f
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ b/drivers/pwm/pwm-sunplus.c
> > @@ -0,0 +1,229 @@
> > +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> > +/*
> > + * PWM device driver for SUNPLUS SoCs
>
> Is there a public manual available for this hardware? If yes, please add
> a link here.
>

yes, will add links as below
https://sunplus-tibbo.atlassian.net/wiki/spaces/doc/overview
https://sunplus.atlassian.net/wiki/spaces/doc/pages/461144198/12.+Pulse+Width+Modulation+PWM

> > + *
> > + * Limitations:
> > + * - Only supports normal polarity.
>
> How does the HW behave when it's disabled? Usual candidates are:
> - It freezes at where it currently is
> - It outputs low
> - It becomes tristate
>
> Please note this in the Limitations section, too.
>
> Another thing to mention is if running periods are completed when the
> parameters change.
>

ok, will add note as below
Limitations:
- Only supports normal polarity.
- It output low when PWM channel disabled.
- When the parameters change, current running period will not be completed
and run new settings immediately.

> > + *
> > + * Author: Hammer Hsieh <hammerh0314@gmail.com>
> > + */
> > +#include <linux/clk.h>
> > +#include <linux/io.h>
> > +#include <linux/kernel.h>
> > +#include <linux/module.h>
> > +#include <linux/platform_device.h>
> > +#include <linux/pwm.h>
> > +
> > +#define PWM_SUP_CONTROL0 0x000
> > +#define PWM_SUP_CONTROL1 0x004
> > +#define PWM_SUP_FREQ_BASE 0x008
> > +#define PWM_SUP_DUTY_BASE 0x018
> > +#define PWM_SUP_FREQ(ch) (PWM_SUP_FREQ_BASE + 4 * (ch))
> > +#define PWM_SUP_DUTY(ch) (PWM_SUP_DUTY_BASE + 4 * (ch))
>
> I'd not give PWM_SUP_FREQ_BASE and PWM_SUP_DUTY_BASE a name here, just
>
> #define PWM_SUP_FREQ(ch) (0x008 + 4 * (ch))
> ...
>

ok, will modify it.

> > +#define PWM_SUP_FREQ_MAX GENMASK(15, 0)
> > +#define PWM_SUP_DUTY_MAX GENMASK(7, 0)
> > +
> > +#define PWM_SUP_NUM 4
> > +#define PWM_BYPASS_BIT_SHIFT 8
> > +#define PWM_DD_SEL_BIT_SHIFT 8
> > +#define PWM_SUP_FREQ_SCALER 256
>
> Please use a consistent prefix for the driver specific defines.
>

ok, will modify it.

> > +struct sunplus_pwm {
> > + struct pwm_chip chip;
> > + void __iomem *base;
> > + struct clk *clk;
> > + u32 approx_period[PWM_SUP_NUM];
> > + u32 approx_duty_cycle[PWM_SUP_NUM];
> > +};
> > +
> > +static inline struct sunplus_pwm *to_sunplus_pwm(struct pwm_chip *chip)
> > +{
> > + return container_of(chip, struct sunplus_pwm, chip);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void sunplus_pwm_free(struct pwm_chip *chip, struct pwm_device *pwm)
> > +{
> > + struct sunplus_pwm *priv = to_sunplus_pwm(chip);
> > + u32 value;
> > +
> > + /* disable pwm channel output */
> > + value = readl(priv->base + PWM_SUP_CONTROL0);
> > + value &= ~BIT(pwm->hwpwm);
> > + writel(value, priv->base + PWM_SUP_CONTROL0);
> > + /* disable pwm channel clk source */
> > + value = readl(priv->base + PWM_SUP_CONTROL1);
> > + value &= ~BIT(pwm->hwpwm);
> > + writel(value, priv->base + PWM_SUP_CONTROL1);
>
> the .free callback isn't supposed to modify the hardware.
>

But how to turn pwm channel off ?
I add .free function for turn it off.
In user space
cd /sys/class/pwm/pwmchip0
echo 0 > export
cd pwm0
echo 20000000 > period
echo 1000000 > duty_cycle
echo 1 > enable
cd ..
echo 0 > unexport ; turn off pwm will call .free function

> > +}
> > +
> > +static int sunplus_pwm_apply(struct pwm_chip *chip, struct pwm_device *pwm,
> > + const struct pwm_state *state)
> > +{
> > + struct sunplus_pwm *priv = to_sunplus_pwm(chip);
> > + u32 dd_freq, duty, value, value1;
>
> As value and value1 hold register values for PWM_SUP_CONTROL0 and
> PWM_SUP_CONTROL1, I'd call them control0 and control1 respectively.
>

ok, will modify it.

> > + u32 tmp, rate;
> > + u64 max_period, period_ns, duty_ns, clk_rate;
> > +
> > + if (state->polarity != pwm->state.polarity)
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > +
> > + if (!state->enabled) {
> > + /* disable pwm channel output */
> > + value = readl(priv->base + PWM_SUP_CONTROL0);
> > + value &= ~BIT(pwm->hwpwm);
>
> I'd give this one a name. Something like:
>
> #define PWM_SUP_CONTROL_EN(ch) BIT(ch)
>
> (Pick the right name from the manual.)
>

That means it need to implement
PWM_SUP_CONTROL_EN(ch) and PWM_SUP_CONTROL_DIS(ch) ?

> > + writel(value, priv->base + PWM_SUP_CONTROL0);
> > + /* disable pwm channel clk source */
> > + value = readl(priv->base + PWM_SUP_CONTROL1);
> > + value &= ~BIT(pwm->hwpwm);
> > + writel(value, priv->base + PWM_SUP_CONTROL1);
> > + return 0;
> > + }
> > +
> > + clk_rate = clk_get_rate(priv->clk);
> > + rate = (u32)clk_rate / 100000;
>
> This cast doesn't change anything, does it?
>

yes, clk_rate should be 202.5MHz, to prevent overflow use 2025 to calculate.

> > + max_period = PWM_SUP_FREQ_MAX * (PWM_SUP_FREQ_SCALER * 10000 / rate);
>
> Here you have rounding issues. Consider rate = 3329. Then you get
> max_period = 0xffff * (2560000 / 3329) = 0xffff * 768 = 50330880.
>
> However the actual result is 50396395.31...
>
> Also dividing by the result of a division looses precision.
>

I am not sure how to fix the rounding issue.(thinking...)

> > +
> > + if (state->period > max_period)
> > + return -EINVAL;
>
> No, you're supposed to implement the biggest period possible not bigger
> than the requested period. So the right thing here is:
>
> > + period_ns = state->period;
>
> period = min(state->period, max_period);
>

ok, will modify it.

> > + duty_ns = state->duty_cycle;
> > +
> > + priv->approx_period[pwm->hwpwm] = (u32)period_ns / 100;
> > + priv->approx_duty_cycle[pwm->hwpwm] = (u32)duty_ns / 100;
>
> Tracking period_ns / 100 seems strange and vulnerable to rounding
> issues.
>

In patch v1, you suggest to enable PWM_DEBUG and make sure there is no warning.
For fix ".apply is not idempotent" issue.
I add approx_period / approx_duty_cycle for it.

> > + /* cal pwm freq and check value under range */
> > + dd_freq = rate * priv->approx_period[pwm->hwpwm] / (PWM_SUP_FREQ_SCALER * 100);
>
> This is all too complicated, you just need:
>

ok, will modify it.

> dd_freq = mul_u64_u64_div_u64(clk_rate, period, (u64)PWM_SUP_FREQ_SCALER * NSEC_PER_SEC)
>
> > + if (dd_freq == 0)
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > +
> > + if (dd_freq > PWM_SUP_FREQ_MAX)
> > + dd_freq = PWM_SUP_FREQ_MAX;
> > +
> > + writel(dd_freq, priv->base + PWM_SUP_FREQ(pwm->hwpwm));
> > +
> > + /* cal and set pwm duty */
> > + value = readl(priv->base + PWM_SUP_CONTROL0);
> > + value |= BIT(pwm->hwpwm);
> > + value1 = readl(priv->base + PWM_SUP_CONTROL1);
> > + value1 |= BIT(pwm->hwpwm);
> > + if (duty_ns == period_ns) {
> > + value |= BIT(pwm->hwpwm + PWM_BYPASS_BIT_SHIFT);
> > + duty = PWM_SUP_DUTY_MAX;
> > + } else {
> > + value &= ~BIT(pwm->hwpwm + PWM_BYPASS_BIT_SHIFT);
> > + tmp = priv->approx_duty_cycle[pwm->hwpwm] * PWM_SUP_FREQ_SCALER;
> > + tmp /= priv->approx_period[pwm->hwpwm];
>
> Please use the exact values available.
>

The same reason, in case of enable PWM_DEBUG.
first call .apply , then it will call .get_state for verify the calculation.

> > + duty = (u32)tmp;
> > + duty |= (pwm->hwpwm << PWM_DD_SEL_BIT_SHIFT);
> > + }
> > + writel(duty, priv->base + PWM_SUP_DUTY(pwm->hwpwm));
> > + writel(value1, priv->base + PWM_SUP_CONTROL1);
> > + writel(value, priv->base + PWM_SUP_CONTROL0);
>
> What is the difference between CONTROL1 and CONTROL0?
>

PWM CONTROL0 for PWM channel switch.
PWM CONTROL1 for PWM clock source switch.
Actually PWM supports 8 channels , but clock source only 4 sets.
For easy control(now submit), I just support 4 PWM channels, and one
clock source for one pwm channel.
For complicated control(not now), 8 PWM channels 4 clock source , need
to manage clock source / pwm channel enable or not
while request/free pwm channel.

> > + return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void sunplus_pwm_get_state(struct pwm_chip *chip, struct pwm_device *pwm,
> > + struct pwm_state *state)
> > +{
> > + struct sunplus_pwm *priv = to_sunplus_pwm(chip);
> > + u32 value, freq, duty, rate, freq_tmp, duty_tmp;
> > + u64 tmp, clk_rate;
> > +
> > + value = readl(priv->base + PWM_SUP_CONTROL0);
> > +
> > + if (value & BIT(pwm->hwpwm)) {
> > + clk_rate = clk_get_rate(priv->clk);
> > + rate = (u32)clk_rate / 100000;
> > + freq = readl(priv->base + PWM_SUP_FREQ(pwm->hwpwm));
> > + duty = readl(priv->base + PWM_SUP_DUTY(pwm->hwpwm));
> > + duty &= ~GENMASK(9, 8);
> > +
> > + freq_tmp = rate * priv->approx_period[pwm->hwpwm] / (PWM_SUP_FREQ_SCALER * 100);
> > + duty_tmp = priv->approx_duty_cycle[pwm->hwpwm] * PWM_SUP_FREQ_SCALER /
> > + priv->approx_period[pwm->hwpwm];
> > +
> > + if (freq == freq_tmp && duty == duty_tmp) {
> > + state->period = priv->approx_period[pwm->hwpwm] * 100;
> > + state->duty_cycle = priv->approx_duty_cycle[pwm->hwpwm] * 100;
> > + } else {
> > + tmp = (u64)freq * PWM_SUP_FREQ_SCALER * 10000;
> > + state->period = div64_u64(tmp, rate);
> > + tmp = (u64)freq * (u64)duty * 10000;
> > + state->duty_cycle = div64_u64(tmp, rate);
> > + }
> > + state->enabled = true;
> > + } else {
> > + state->enabled = false;
> > + }
> > +
> > + state->polarity = PWM_POLARITY_NORMAL;
> > +}
>
> When .get_state() is first called, .apply wasn't called yet. Then
> priv->approx_period[pwm->hwpwm] is zero and the returned result is
> wrong. Please read the register values and calculate the implemented
> output without caching.
>

The same reason, in case of enable PWM_DEBUG.
first call .apply , then it will call .get_state for verify the calculation.

In get_state, I thought about that.
first called .get_state, read register value to calculate period and duty_cycle.
after calling .apply , caching data approx_period / approx_duty_cycle
will not zero.
then get_state will use caching data to do PWM_DEBUG self verification.
I will think about how to solve the PWM_DEBUG ".apply is not idempotent" issue.

> > +static const struct pwm_ops sunplus_pwm_ops = {
> > + .free = sunplus_pwm_free,
> > + .apply = sunplus_pwm_apply,
> > + .get_state = sunplus_pwm_get_state,
> > + .owner = THIS_MODULE,
> > +};
> > +
> > +static int sunplus_pwm_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
> > +{
> > + struct device *dev = &pdev->dev;
> > + struct sunplus_pwm *priv;
> > + int ret;
> > +
> > + priv = devm_kzalloc(dev, sizeof(*priv), GFP_KERNEL);
> > + if (!priv)
> > + return -ENOMEM;
> > +
> > + priv->base = devm_platform_ioremap_resource(pdev, 0);
> > + if (IS_ERR(priv->base))
> > + return PTR_ERR(priv->base);
> > +
> > + priv->clk = devm_clk_get_optional(dev, NULL);
> > + if (IS_ERR(priv->clk))
, > > + return dev_err_probe(dev, PTR_ERR(priv->clk),
> > + "get pwm clock failed\n");
>
> If priv->clk is the dummy clk, clk_get_rate returns 0. This is bad as
> (at lease up to now) you divide by rate in .apply().
>

I check many pwm drivers , they are called devm_clk_get_optional( ) or
devm_clk_get( ).
Could you tell me how to do it in a probe ?

> > +
> > + ret = clk_prepare_enable(priv->clk);
> > + if (ret)
>
> missing error message
>

ok, will add error message.

> > + return ret;
> > +
> > + ret = devm_add_action_or_reset(dev,
> > + (void(*)(void *))clk_disable_unprepare,
>
> Without checking my C book I'm unsure if this is save on all platforms.
> I'd implement a oneline function for this.
>

ok, will implement it in one line.
static void sunplus_pwm_clk_release(*data)
{
struct clk *clk = data;
clk_disable_unprepare(clk);
}
ret = devm_add_action_or_reset(dev, sunplus_pwm_clk_release, priv->clk);

> > + priv->clk);
> > + if (ret)
>
> missing error message
>

I didn't see another driver add an error message, is it necessary?

> > + return ret;
> > +
> > + priv->chip.dev = dev;
> > + priv->chip.ops = &sunplus_pwm_ops;
> > + priv->chip.npwm = PWM_SUP_NUM;
> > +
> > + ret = devm_pwmchip_add(dev, &priv->chip);
> > + if (ret < 0)
> > + return dev_err_probe(dev, ret, "Cannot register sunplus PWM\n");
> > +
> > + return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static const struct of_device_id sunplus_pwm_of_match[] = {
> > + { .compatible = "sunplus,sp7021-pwm", },
> > + {}
> > +};
> > +MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(of, sunplus_pwm_of_match);
> > +
> > +static struct platform_driver sunplus_pwm_driver = {
> > + .probe = sunplus_pwm_probe,
> > + .driver = {
> > + .name = "sunplus-pwm",
> > + .of_match_table = sunplus_pwm_of_match,
> > + },
> > +};
> > +module_platform_driver(sunplus_pwm_driver);
> > +
> > +MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Sunplus SoC PWM Driver");
> > +MODULE_AUTHOR("Hammer Hsieh <hammerh0314@gmail.com>");
> > +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
> > --
> > 2.7.4
> >
> >
>
> --
> Pengutronix e.K. | Uwe Kleine-König |
> Industrial Linux Solutions | https://www.pengutronix.de/ |

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