lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2022]   [Mar]   [7]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
From
Subject[PATCH v1 1/2] x86/include/asm: Avoid using INC and DEC instructions on hot paths
Date
In order to take maximum advantage of out-of-order execution,
avoid using INC and DEC instructions when appropriate. INC/DEC
only writes to part of the flags register, which can cause a
partial flag register stall.

Agner Fog's optimization manual says [1]:
"""
The INC and DEC instructions are inefficient on some CPUs because they
write to only part of the flags register (excluding the carry flag).
Use ADD or SUB instead to avoid false dependences or inefficient
splitting of the flags register, especially if they are followed by
an instruction that reads the flags.
"""

Intel's optimization manual 3.5.1.1 says [2]:
"""
The INC and DEC instructions modify only a subset of the bits in the
flag register. This creates a dependence on all previous writes of
the flag register. This is especially problematic when these
instructions are on the critical path because they are used to change
an address for a load on which many other instructions depend.

Assembly/Compiler Coding Rule 33. (M impact, H generality) INC and DEC
instructions should be replaced with ADD or SUB instructions, because
ADD and SUB overwrite all flags, whereas INC and DEC do not, therefore
creating false dependencies on earlier instructions that set the flags.
"""

[1]: https://www.agner.org/optimize/optimizing_assembly.pdf
[2]: https://www.intel.com/content/dam/www/public/us/en/documents/manuals/64-ia-32-architectures-optimization-manual.pdf

Signed-off-by: Ammar Faizi <ammarfaizi2@gnuweeb.org>
---
arch/x86/include/asm/xor_32.h | 16 ++++++++--------
1 file changed, 8 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/xor_32.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/xor_32.h
index 67ceb790e639..7aa438f3df20 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/xor_32.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/xor_32.h
@@ -53,7 +53,7 @@ xor_pII_mmx_2(unsigned long bytes, unsigned long *p1, unsigned long *p2)

" addl $128, %1 ;\n"
" addl $128, %2 ;\n"
- " decl %0 ;\n"
+ " subl $1, %0 ;\n"
" jnz 1b ;\n"
: "+r" (lines),
"+r" (p1), "+r" (p2)
@@ -102,7 +102,7 @@ xor_pII_mmx_3(unsigned long bytes, unsigned long *p1, unsigned long *p2,
" addl $128, %1 ;\n"
" addl $128, %2 ;\n"
" addl $128, %3 ;\n"
- " decl %0 ;\n"
+ " subl $1, %0 ;\n"
" jnz 1b ;\n"
: "+r" (lines),
"+r" (p1), "+r" (p2), "+r" (p3)
@@ -156,7 +156,7 @@ xor_pII_mmx_4(unsigned long bytes, unsigned long *p1, unsigned long *p2,
" addl $128, %2 ;\n"
" addl $128, %3 ;\n"
" addl $128, %4 ;\n"
- " decl %0 ;\n"
+ " subl $1, %0 ;\n"
" jnz 1b ;\n"
: "+r" (lines),
"+r" (p1), "+r" (p2), "+r" (p3), "+r" (p4)
@@ -224,7 +224,7 @@ xor_pII_mmx_5(unsigned long bytes, unsigned long *p1, unsigned long *p2,
" addl $128, %3 ;\n"
" addl $128, %4 ;\n"
" addl $128, %5 ;\n"
- " decl %0 ;\n"
+ " subl $1, %0 ;\n"
" jnz 1b ;\n"
: "+r" (lines),
"+r" (p1), "+r" (p2), "+r" (p3)
@@ -284,7 +284,7 @@ xor_p5_mmx_2(unsigned long bytes, unsigned long *p1, unsigned long *p2)

" addl $64, %1 ;\n"
" addl $64, %2 ;\n"
- " decl %0 ;\n"
+ " subl $1, %0 ;\n"
" jnz 1b ;\n"
: "+r" (lines),
"+r" (p1), "+r" (p2)
@@ -341,7 +341,7 @@ xor_p5_mmx_3(unsigned long bytes, unsigned long *p1, unsigned long *p2,
" addl $64, %1 ;\n"
" addl $64, %2 ;\n"
" addl $64, %3 ;\n"
- " decl %0 ;\n"
+ " subl $1, %0 ;\n"
" jnz 1b ;\n"
: "+r" (lines),
"+r" (p1), "+r" (p2), "+r" (p3)
@@ -407,7 +407,7 @@ xor_p5_mmx_4(unsigned long bytes, unsigned long *p1, unsigned long *p2,
" addl $64, %2 ;\n"
" addl $64, %3 ;\n"
" addl $64, %4 ;\n"
- " decl %0 ;\n"
+ " subl $1, %0 ;\n"
" jnz 1b ;\n"
: "+r" (lines),
"+r" (p1), "+r" (p2), "+r" (p3), "+r" (p4)
@@ -490,7 +490,7 @@ xor_p5_mmx_5(unsigned long bytes, unsigned long *p1, unsigned long *p2,
" addl $64, %3 ;\n"
" addl $64, %4 ;\n"
" addl $64, %5 ;\n"
- " decl %0 ;\n"
+ " subl $1, %0 ;\n"
" jnz 1b ;\n"
: "+r" (lines),
"+r" (p1), "+r" (p2), "+r" (p3)
--
2.32.0
\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2022-03-07 12:48    [W:0.077 / U:1.076 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site