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SubjectRe: [PATCH V2] dt-bindings: nvmem: add U-Boot environment variables binding
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On 7.03.2022 11:24, Alexander Dahl wrote:
> Hei hei,
>
> just want to give a little more background here from embedded non
> openwrt point of view. See below.
>
> Am Mon, Feb 28, 2022 at 12:32:11PM +0100 schrieb Rafał Miłecki:
>> On 25.02.2022 17:42, Rob Herring wrote:
>>> On Thu, Feb 17, 2022 at 02:02:35PM +0100, Rafał Miłecki wrote:
>>>> From: Rafał Miłecki <rafal@milecki.pl>
>>>>
>>>> U-Boot uses environment variables for storing device setup data. It
>>>> usually needs to be accessed by a bootloader, kernel and often
>>>> user-space.
>>>
>>> How much of this is already in use vs. proposed? I know I've seen
>>> something, but that may have been a u-boot env string in 'label' and
>>> that's it.
>>
>> [bootloader]
>> Right now U-Boot doesn't use any binding for describing env variables.
>> It's location is usually hardcoded, see (in U-Boot):
>> * CONFIG_ENV_ADDR
>> * CONFIG_ENV_SECT_SIZE
>> * CONFIG_ENV_ADDR_REDUND
>
> And more … U-Boot has a variety of options to store the U-Boot env,
> from the top of my head:
>
> - at some offset in raw flash / mtd partition on NAND, NOR, serial dataflash, etc.
> - at some offset on a block device, e.g. on eMMC
> - as a file in a FAT partition
> - in a UBI volume
> - …
>
> And yes, it's determined by some build option and hardcoded at compile
> time.
>
>> [kernel]
>> There is no support for accessing U-Boot env data. This patch is the
>> first step for adding such a support.
>>
>> [user-space]
>> OpenWrt uses bash script to store a list of devices and their U-Boot env
>> variables location. In a long term I'd like to replace it and use DT
>> info + possibly a kernel exposed NVMEM data.
>
> U-Boot source itself has userspace tools fw_setenv and fw_printenv
> and those look into /etc/fw_env.config on how that env should be
> accessed.

I wasn't 100% clear on that but OpenWrt actually uses those U-Boot tools

OpenWrt scripts I mentioned can be found there:
https://git.openwrt.org/?p=openwrt/openwrt.git;a=tree;f=package/boot/uboot-envtools/files;h=687c89806f72756053457a7ab7245bff1c4dcfe8;hb=HEAD

Random example:

linksys,wrt1900ac-v1)
ubootenv_add_uci_config "/dev/mtd1" "0x0" "0x40000" "0x20000"
;;
linksys,wrt3200acm|\
linksys,wrt32x)
ubootenv_add_uci_config "/dev/mtd1" "0x0" "0x20000" "0x20000"
;;

So those scripts simply generate /etc/fw_env.config required by
fw_printenv / fw_setenv. They have to match what's used by U-Boot at
compilation time.

My long term plan is to move that info to DTS and share it across
projects.

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