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SubjectRe: [PATCH V2] dt-bindings: nvmem: add U-Boot environment variables binding
Hei hei,

just want to give a little more background here from embedded non
openwrt point of view. See below.

Am Mon, Feb 28, 2022 at 12:32:11PM +0100 schrieb Rafał Miłecki:
> On 25.02.2022 17:42, Rob Herring wrote:
> > On Thu, Feb 17, 2022 at 02:02:35PM +0100, Rafał Miłecki wrote:
> > > From: Rafał Miłecki <rafal@milecki.pl>
> > >
> > > U-Boot uses environment variables for storing device setup data. It
> > > usually needs to be accessed by a bootloader, kernel and often
> > > user-space.
> >
> > How much of this is already in use vs. proposed? I know I've seen
> > something, but that may have been a u-boot env string in 'label' and
> > that's it.
>
> [bootloader]
> Right now U-Boot doesn't use any binding for describing env variables.
> It's location is usually hardcoded, see (in U-Boot):
> * CONFIG_ENV_ADDR
> * CONFIG_ENV_SECT_SIZE
> * CONFIG_ENV_ADDR_REDUND

And more … U-Boot has a variety of options to store the U-Boot env,
from the top of my head:

- at some offset in raw flash / mtd partition on NAND, NOR, serial dataflash, etc.
- at some offset on a block device, e.g. on eMMC
- as a file in a FAT partition
- in a UBI volume
- …

And yes, it's determined by some build option and hardcoded at compile
time.

> [kernel]
> There is no support for accessing U-Boot env data. This patch is the
> first step for adding such a support.
>
> [user-space]
> OpenWrt uses bash script to store a list of devices and their U-Boot env
> variables location. In a long term I'd like to replace it and use DT
> info + possibly a kernel exposed NVMEM data.

U-Boot source itself has userspace tools fw_setenv and fw_printenv
and those look into /etc/fw_env.config on how that env should be
accessed.

Greets
Alex

>
>
> > > This binding allows describing environment data located in a raw flash
> > > partition. It's treated as NVMEM device and can be reused later for
> > > other storage devices.
> > >
> > > Using DT should be cleaner than hardcoding & duplicating such info in
> > > multiple places. Bootloader & kernel can share DTS and user-space can
> > > try reading it too or just have correct data exposed by a kernel.
> > >
> > > A custom "compatible" string allows system to automatically load
> > > relevant NVMEM driver but phandle can be also used for reading raw
> > > location.
> > >
> > > Signed-off-by: Rafał Miłecki <rafal@milecki.pl>
> > > ---
> > > V2: Update descriptions to don't make this binding MTD (flash partition)
> > > specific. Mention multiple possible storage ways.
> > > ---
> > > .../devicetree/bindings/nvmem/u-boot,env.yaml | 66 +++++++++++++++++++
> > > MAINTAINERS | 5 ++
> > > 2 files changed, 71 insertions(+)
> > > create mode 100644 Documentation/devicetree/bindings/nvmem/u-boot,env.yaml
> > >
> > > diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/nvmem/u-boot,env.yaml b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/nvmem/u-boot,env.yaml
> > > new file mode 100644
> > > index 000000000000..a53e34152c97
> > > --- /dev/null
> > > +++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/nvmem/u-boot,env.yaml
> > > @@ -0,0 +1,66 @@
> > > +# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only OR BSD-2-Clause
> > > +%YAML 1.2
> > > +---
> > > +$id: http://devicetree.org/schemas/nvmem/u-boot,env.yaml#
> > > +$schema: http://devicetree.org/meta-schemas/core.yaml#
> > > +
> > > +title: U-Boot environment variables
> > > +
> > > +description: |
> > > + U-Boot uses environment variables to store device parameters and
> > > + configuration. They may be used for booting process, setup or keeping end user
> > > + info.
> > > +
> > > + Data is stored using U-Boot specific formats (variant specific header and NUL
> > > + separated key-value pairs).
> > > +
> > > + Environment data can be stored on various storage entities, e.g.:
> > > + 1. Raw flash partition
> > > + 2. UBI volume
> > > +
> > > + This binding allows marking storage device (as containing env data) and
> > > + specifying used format.
> > > +
> > > + Right now only flash partition case is covered but it may be extended to e.g.
> > > + UBI volumes in the future.
> > > +
> > > +maintainers:
> > > + - Rafał Miłecki <rafal@milecki.pl>
> > > +
> > > +allOf:
> > > + - $ref: nvmem.yaml#
> >
> > What exactly is used from nvmem.yaml? Based on the example, nothing.
>
> Nothing. I thought it's nice for a context. I'll drop it.
>
>
> > > +
> > > +properties:
> > > + compatible:
> > > + oneOf:
> > > + - description: A standalone env data block
> > > + const: u-boot,env
> >
> > > + - description: Two redundant blocks with active one flagged
> > > + const: u-boot,env-redundant-bool
> > > + - description: Two redundant blocks with active having higher counter
> > > + const: u-boot,env-redundant-count
> >
> > Aren't these 2 discoverable based on a flag or count property?
>
> U-Boot discovers that based on a type of flash device(s). In redundant
> mode env data can be stored on one or two flash devices.
>
> U-Boot conditions:
>
> /* Check flag scheme compatibility */
> if (DEVTYPE(dev_current) == MTD_NORFLASH &&
> DEVTYPE(!dev_current) == MTD_NORFLASH) {
> environment.flag_scheme = FLAG_BOOLEAN;
> } else if (DEVTYPE(dev_current) == MTD_NANDFLASH &&
> DEVTYPE(!dev_current) == MTD_NANDFLASH) {
> environment.flag_scheme = FLAG_INCREMENTAL;
> } else if (DEVTYPE(dev_current) == MTD_DATAFLASH &&
> DEVTYPE(!dev_current) == MTD_DATAFLASH) {
> environment.flag_scheme = FLAG_BOOLEAN;
> } else if (DEVTYPE(dev_current) == MTD_UBIVOLUME &&
> DEVTYPE(!dev_current) == MTD_UBIVOLUME) {
> environment.flag_scheme = FLAG_INCREMENTAL;
> } else if (DEVTYPE(dev_current) == MTD_ABSENT &&
> DEVTYPE(!dev_current) == MTD_ABSENT &&
> IS_UBI(dev_current) == IS_UBI(!dev_current)) {
> environment.flag_scheme = FLAG_INCREMENTAL;
> } else {
> fprintf(stderr, "Incompatible flash types!\n");
> ret = -EINVAL;
> goto open_cleanup;
> }
>
> I thought it's better & more flexible to describe format explicitly in
> the DT. That way vendors have more options - they can e.g. start using
> incremental setup on NOR flash devices.
>
>
> > > +
> > > + reg:
> > > + maxItems: 1
> > > +
> > > +unevaluatedProperties: false
> > > +
> > > +examples:
> > > + - |
> > > + partitions {
> > > + compatible = "fixed-partitions";
> > > + #address-cells = <1>;
> > > + #size-cells = <1>;
> > > +
> > > + partition@0 {
> > > + reg = <0x0 0x40000>;
> > > + label = "u-boot";
> > > + read-only;
> > > + };
> > > +
> > > + env: partition@40000 {
> > > + compatible = "u-boot,env";
> > > + reg = <0x40000 0x10000>;
> > > + label = "u-boot-env";
> > > + };
> > > + };
> > > diff --git a/MAINTAINERS b/MAINTAINERS
> > > index 66aa3a589f6a..55c56ce82856 100644
> > > --- a/MAINTAINERS
> > > +++ b/MAINTAINERS
> > > @@ -19905,6 +19905,11 @@ W: http://linuxtv.org
> > > T: git git://linuxtv.org/media_tree.git
> > > F: drivers/media/pci/tw686x/
> > > +U-BOOT ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES
> > > +M: Rafał Miłecki <rafal@milecki.pl>
> > > +S: Maintained
> > > +F: Documentation/devicetree/bindings/nvmem/u-boot,env.yaml
> > > +
> > > UACCE ACCELERATOR FRAMEWORK
> > > M: Zhangfei Gao <zhangfei.gao@linaro.org>
> > > M: Zhou Wang <wangzhou1@hisilicon.com>
> > > --
> > > 2.34.1
> > >
> > >
>

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