lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2022]   [Mar]   [27]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
Date
SubjectRe: [PATCH] docs: Add a document on how to fix a messy diffstat
From
Hi Jon,
Minor nits. Please find inline comments bellow.

On Fri, 25 Mar 2022 15:58:42 -0600,
Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net> wrote:
[...]
> diff --git a/Documentation/maintainer/messy-diffstat.rst b/Documentation/maintainer/messy-diffstat.rst
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..970eac087f67
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/Documentation/maintainer/messy-diffstat.rst
> @@ -0,0 +1,96 @@
> +.. SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> +
> +=====================================
> +Handling messy pull-request diffstats
> +=====================================
> +
> +Subsystem maintainers routinely use ``git request-pull`` as part of the
> +process of sending work upstream. Normally, the result includes a nice
> +diffstat listing showing which files will be touched and how much of each

... listing showing ... took half a second for me to parse.
How about dropping either "listing" or "showing" ?

> +will be changed. Occasionally, though, a repository with a relatively
> +complicated development history will yield a massive diffstat containing a
> +great deal of unrelated work. The result looks ugly and obscures what the
> +pull request is actually doing. This document describes what is happening
> +and how to fix things up; it is derived from The Wisdom of Linus Torvalds,
> +found in Linus1_ and Linus2_.
> +
> +.. _Linus1: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/CAHk-=wg3wXH2JNxkQi+eLZkpuxqV+wPiHhw_Jf7ViH33Sw7PHA@mail.gmail.com/
> +.. _Linus2: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/CAHk-=wgXbSa8yq8Dht8at+gxb_idnJ7X5qWZQWRBN4_CUPr=eQ@mail.gmail.com/
> +
> +A Git development history proceeds as a series of commits. In a simplified
> +manner, mainline kernel development looks like this::
> +
> + ... vM --- vN-rc1 --- vN-rc2 --- vN-rc3 --- ... --- vN-rc7 --- vN
> +
> +If one wants to see what has changed between two points, a command like
> +will do the job::

Looks incomplete. How about

this will do the job::
,or
below will do the job::

? (Humble suggestion of a non-native)

> +
> + $ git diff --stat --summary vN-rc2..vN-rc3
> +
> +Here, there are two clear points in the history; Git will essentially
> +"subtract" the beginning point from the end point and display the resulting
> +differences. The requested operation is unambiguous and easy enough to
> +understand.
> +
> +When a subsystem maintainer creates a branch and commits changes to it, the
> +result in the simplest case is a history that looks like::
> +
> + ... vM --- vN-rc1 --- vN-rc2 --- vN-rc3 --- ... --- vN-rc7 --- vN
> + |
> + +-- c1 --- c2 --- ... --- cN
> +
> +If that maintainer now uses ``git diff`` to see what has changed between
> +the mainline branch (let's call it "linus") and cN, there are still two
> +clear endpoints, and the result is as expected. So a pull request
> +generated with ``git request-pull`` will also be as expected. But now
> +consider a slightly more complex development history::
> +
> + ... vM --- vN-rc1 --- vN-rc2 --- vN-rc3 --- ... --- vN-rc7 --- vN
> + | |
> + | +-- c1 --- c2 --- ... --- cN
> + | /
> + +-- x1 --- x2 --- x3
> +
> +Our maintainer has created one branch at vN-rc1 and another at vN-rc2; the
> +two were then subsequently merged into c2. Now a pull request generated
> +for cN may end up being messy indeed, and developers often end up wondering
> +why.
> +
> +What is happening here is that there are no longer two clear end points for
> +the ``git diff`` operation to use. The development culminating in cN
> +started in two different places; to generate the diffstat, ``git diff``
> +ends up having pick one of them and hoping for the best. If the diffstat
> +starts at vN-rc1, it may end up including all of the changes between there
> +and the second origin end point (vN-rc2), which is certainly not what our
> +maintainer had in mind. With all of that extra junk in the diffstat, it
> +may be impossible to tell what actually happened in the changes leading up
> +to cN.
> +
> +Maintainers often try to resolve this problem by, for example, rebasing the
> +branch or performing another merge with the linus branch, then recreating
> +the pull request. This approach tends not to lead to joy at the receiving
> +end of that pull request; rebasing and/or merging just before pushing
> +upstream is a well-known way to get a grumpy response.
> +
> +So what is to be done? The best response when confronted with this
> +situation is to indeed to a merge, but to do it privately, as if it were
do

Thanks, Akira

> +the source of shame. Create a new, throwaway branch and do the merge
> +there::
> +
> + ... vM --- vN-rc1 --- vN-rc2 --- vN-rc3 --- ... --- vN-rc7 --- vN
> + | | |
> + | +-- c1 --- c2 --- ... --- cN |
> + | / | |
> + +-- x1 --- x2 --- x3 +------------+-- TEMP
> +
> +The merge operation resolves all of the complications resulting from the
> +multiple beginning points, yielding a coherent result that contains only
> +the differences from the mainline branch. Now it will be possible to
> +generate a diffstat with the desired information::
> +
> + $ git diff -C --stat --summary linus..TEMP
> +
> +Save the output from this command, then simply delete the TEMP branch;
> +definitely do not expose it to the outside world. Take the saved diffstat
> +output and edit it into the messy pull request, yielding a result that
> +shows what is really going on. That request can then be sent upstream.
> --

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2022-03-28 03:31    [W:0.044 / U:0.248 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site