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SubjectRe: [PATCH] Kbuild: remove -std=gnu89 from compiler arguments
Mark actually has a tree that switches to gnu99 with a lot of the
issues already sortd out and keeping sane default for things like the
absolutely horrible declarations in the middle of code here:

https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/mark/linux.git/commit/?h=treewide/gnu99&id=697e436ae0216aef4a37e69e85042c225492d6ff

On Sun, Feb 27, 2022 at 10:52:43PM +0100, Arnd Bergmann wrote:
> From: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
>
> During a patch discussion, Linus brought up the option of changing
> the C standard version from gnu89 to gnu99, which allows using variable
> declaration inside of a for() loop. While the C99, C11 and later standards
> introduce many other features, most of these are already available in
> gnu89 as GNU extensions as well.
>
> An earlier attempt to do this when gcc-5 started defaulting to
> -std=gnu11 failed because at the time that caused warnings about
> designated initializers with older compilers. Now that gcc-5.1 is the
> minimum compiler version used for building kernels, that is no longer a
> concern. Similarly, the behavior of 'inline' functions changes between
> gnu89 and gnu89, but this was taken care of by defining 'inline' to
> include __attribute__((gnu_inline)) in order to allow building with
> clang a while ago.
>
> One minor issue that remains is an added gcc warning for shifts of
> negative integers when building with -Werror, which happens with the
> 'make W=1' option, as well as for three drivers in the kernel that always
> enable -Werror, but it was only observed with the i915 driver so far.
>
> Nathan Chancellor reported an additional -Wdeclaration-after-statement
> warning that appears in a system header on arm, this still needs a
> workaround.
>
> Since the differences between gnu99, gnu11 and gnu17 are fairly minimal
> and mainly impact warnings at the -Wpedantic level that the kernel
> never enables, the easiest way is to just leave out the -std=gnu89
> argument entirely, and rely on the compiler default language setting,
> which is gnu11 for gcc-5, and gnu1x/gnu17 for all other supported
> versions of gcc or clang.
>
> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/CAHk-=wiyCH7xeHcmiFJ-YgXUy2Jaj7pnkdKpcovt8fYbVFW3TA@mail.gmail.com/
> Link: https://github.com/ClangBuiltLinux/linux/issues/1603
> Suggested-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
> Cc: Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org>
> Cc: linux-kbuild@vger.kernel.org
> Cc: llvm@lists.linux.dev
> Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
> ---
> I put the suggestion into patch form, based on what we discussed
> in the thread. I only gave it minimal testing, but it would
> be good to have it in linux-next if we want to do this in the
> merge window.
> ---
> Documentation/process/programming-language.rst | 4 ++--
> .../translations/it_IT/process/programming-language.rst | 4 ++--
> .../translations/zh_CN/process/programming-language.rst | 4 ++--
> .../translations/zh_TW/process/programming-language.rst | 4 ++--
> Makefile | 7 +++----
> arch/arm64/kernel/vdso32/Makefile | 3 +--
> drivers/gpu/drm/i915/Makefile | 1 +
> drivers/staging/greybus/tools/Makefile | 3 ++-
> fs/btrfs/Makefile | 1 +
> scripts/Makefile.extrawarn | 1 +
> 10 files changed, 17 insertions(+), 15 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/Documentation/process/programming-language.rst b/Documentation/process/programming-language.rst
> index ec474a70a02f..894f2a6eb9db 100644
> --- a/Documentation/process/programming-language.rst
> +++ b/Documentation/process/programming-language.rst
> @@ -5,8 +5,8 @@ Programming Language
>
> The kernel is written in the C programming language [c-language]_.
> More precisely, the kernel is typically compiled with ``gcc`` [gcc]_
> -under ``-std=gnu89`` [gcc-c-dialect-options]_: the GNU dialect of ISO C90
> -(including some C99 features). ``clang`` [clang]_ is also supported, see
> +under ``-std=gnu11`` [gcc-c-dialect-options]_: the GNU dialect of ISO C11
> +(including some C17 features). ``clang`` [clang]_ is also supported, see
> docs on :ref:`Building Linux with Clang/LLVM <kbuild_llvm>`.
>
> This dialect contains many extensions to the language [gnu-extensions]_,
> diff --git a/Documentation/translations/it_IT/process/programming-language.rst b/Documentation/translations/it_IT/process/programming-language.rst
> index 41db2598ce11..aa21097737ae 100644
> --- a/Documentation/translations/it_IT/process/programming-language.rst
> +++ b/Documentation/translations/it_IT/process/programming-language.rst
> @@ -10,8 +10,8 @@ Linguaggio di programmazione
>
> Il kernel è scritto nel linguaggio di programmazione C [it-c-language]_.
> Più precisamente, il kernel viene compilato con ``gcc`` [it-gcc]_ usando
> -l'opzione ``-std=gnu89`` [it-gcc-c-dialect-options]_: il dialetto GNU
> -dello standard ISO C90 (con l'aggiunta di alcune funzionalità da C99).
> +l'opzione ``-std=gnu11`` [it-gcc-c-dialect-options]_: il dialetto GNU
> +dello standard ISO C11 (con l'aggiunta di alcune funzionalità da C17).
> Linux supporta anche ``clang`` [it-clang]_, leggete la documentazione
> :ref:`Building Linux with Clang/LLVM <kbuild_llvm>`.
>
> diff --git a/Documentation/translations/zh_CN/process/programming-language.rst b/Documentation/translations/zh_CN/process/programming-language.rst
> index 2a47a1d2ec20..58d2b3bd2d85 100644
> --- a/Documentation/translations/zh_CN/process/programming-language.rst
> +++ b/Documentation/translations/zh_CN/process/programming-language.rst
> @@ -9,8 +9,8 @@
> ============
>
> 内核是用C语言 :ref:`c-language <cn_c-language>` 编写的。更准确地说,内核通常是用 :ref:`gcc <cn_gcc>`
> -在 ``-std=gnu89`` :ref:`gcc-c-dialect-options <cn_gcc-c-dialect-options>` 下编译的:ISO C90的 GNU 方言(
> -包括一些C99特性)
> +在 ``-std=gnu11`` :ref:`gcc-c-dialect-options <cn_gcc-c-dialect-options>` 下编译的:ISO C11的 GNU 方言(
> +包括一些C17特性)
>
> 这种方言包含对语言 :ref:`gnu-extensions <cn_gnu-extensions>` 的许多扩展,当然,它们许多都在内核中使用。
>
> diff --git a/Documentation/translations/zh_TW/process/programming-language.rst b/Documentation/translations/zh_TW/process/programming-language.rst
> index 54e3699eadf8..235de05f7e2c 100644
> --- a/Documentation/translations/zh_TW/process/programming-language.rst
> +++ b/Documentation/translations/zh_TW/process/programming-language.rst
> @@ -12,8 +12,8 @@
> ============
>
> 內核是用C語言 :ref:`c-language <tw_c-language>` 編寫的。更準確地說,內核通常是用 :ref:`gcc <tw_gcc>`
> -在 ``-std=gnu89`` :ref:`gcc-c-dialect-options <tw_gcc-c-dialect-options>` 下編譯的:ISO C90的 GNU 方言(
> -包括一些C99特性)
> +在 ``-std=gnu11`` :ref:`gcc-c-dialect-options <tw_gcc-c-dialect-options>` 下編譯的:ISO C11的 GNU 方言(
> +包括一些C17特性)
>
> 這種方言包含對語言 :ref:`gnu-extensions <tw_gnu-extensions>` 的許多擴展,當然,它們許多都在內核中使用。
>
> diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
> index 289ce2be8032..3ff6ba766f02 100644
> --- a/Makefile
> +++ b/Makefile
> @@ -432,7 +432,7 @@ HOSTCXX = g++
> endif
>
> export KBUILD_USERCFLAGS := -Wall -Wmissing-prototypes -Wstrict-prototypes \
> - -O2 -fomit-frame-pointer -std=gnu89
> + -O2 -fomit-frame-pointer
> export KBUILD_USERLDFLAGS :=
>
> KBUILD_HOSTCFLAGS := $(KBUILD_USERCFLAGS) $(HOST_LFS_CFLAGS) $(HOSTCFLAGS)
> @@ -514,8 +514,7 @@ KBUILD_AFLAGS := -D__ASSEMBLY__ -fno-PIE
> KBUILD_CFLAGS := -Wall -Wundef -Werror=strict-prototypes -Wno-trigraphs \
> -fno-strict-aliasing -fno-common -fshort-wchar -fno-PIE \
> -Werror=implicit-function-declaration -Werror=implicit-int \
> - -Werror=return-type -Wno-format-security \
> - -std=gnu89
> + -Werror=return-type -Wno-format-security
> KBUILD_CPPFLAGS := -D__KERNEL__
> KBUILD_AFLAGS_KERNEL :=
> KBUILD_CFLAGS_KERNEL :=
> @@ -782,7 +781,7 @@ KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(KBUILD_CFLAGS-y) $(CONFIG_CC_IMPLICIT_FALLTHROUGH)
>
> ifdef CONFIG_CC_IS_CLANG
> KBUILD_CPPFLAGS += -Qunused-arguments
> -# The kernel builds with '-std=gnu89' so use of GNU extensions is acceptable.
> +# The kernel builds with '-std=gnu11' so use of GNU extensions is acceptable.
> KBUILD_CFLAGS += -Wno-gnu
> # CLANG uses a _MergedGlobals as optimization, but this breaks modpost, as the
> # source of a reference will be _MergedGlobals and not on of the whitelisted names.
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/vdso32/Makefile b/arch/arm64/kernel/vdso32/Makefile
> index 6c01b63ff56d..3250d0e25782 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/kernel/vdso32/Makefile
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/vdso32/Makefile
> @@ -67,8 +67,7 @@ VDSO_CFLAGS += -DENABLE_COMPAT_VDSO=1
> VDSO_CFLAGS += -Wall -Wundef -Wstrict-prototypes -Wno-trigraphs \
> -fno-strict-aliasing -fno-common \
> -Werror-implicit-function-declaration \
> - -Wno-format-security \
> - -std=gnu89
> + -Wno-format-security
> VDSO_CFLAGS += -O2
> # Some useful compiler-dependent flags from top-level Makefile
> VDSO_CFLAGS += $(call cc32-option,-Wdeclaration-after-statement,)
> diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/Makefile b/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/Makefile
> index 1b62b9f65196..1618a6e0af4e 100644
> --- a/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/Makefile
> @@ -17,6 +17,7 @@ subdir-ccflags-y += -Wno-unused-parameter
> subdir-ccflags-y += -Wno-type-limits
> subdir-ccflags-y += -Wno-missing-field-initializers
> subdir-ccflags-y += -Wno-sign-compare
> +subdir-ccflags-y += -Wno-shift-negative-value
> subdir-ccflags-y += $(call cc-disable-warning, unused-but-set-variable)
> subdir-ccflags-y += $(call cc-disable-warning, frame-address)
> subdir-ccflags-$(CONFIG_DRM_I915_WERROR) += -Werror
> diff --git a/drivers/staging/greybus/tools/Makefile b/drivers/staging/greybus/tools/Makefile
> index ad0ae8053b79..a3bbd73171f2 100644
> --- a/drivers/staging/greybus/tools/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/staging/greybus/tools/Makefile
> @@ -12,7 +12,8 @@ CFLAGS += -std=gnu99 -Wall -Wextra -g \
> -Wredundant-decls \
> -Wcast-align \
> -Wsign-compare \
> - -Wno-missing-field-initializers
> + -Wno-missing-field-initializers \
> + -Wno-shift-negative-value
>
> CC := $(CROSS_COMPILE)gcc
>
> diff --git a/fs/btrfs/Makefile b/fs/btrfs/Makefile
> index 4188ba3fd8c3..99f9995670ea 100644
> --- a/fs/btrfs/Makefile
> +++ b/fs/btrfs/Makefile
> @@ -17,6 +17,7 @@ subdir-ccflags-y += $(condflags)
> subdir-ccflags-y += -Wno-missing-field-initializers
> subdir-ccflags-y += -Wno-sign-compare
> subdir-ccflags-y += -Wno-type-limits
> +subdir-ccflags-y += -Wno-shift-negative-value
>
> obj-$(CONFIG_BTRFS_FS) := btrfs.o
>
> diff --git a/scripts/Makefile.extrawarn b/scripts/Makefile.extrawarn
> index 8be892887d71..650d0b8ceec3 100644
> --- a/scripts/Makefile.extrawarn
> +++ b/scripts/Makefile.extrawarn
> @@ -36,6 +36,7 @@ KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option, -Wstringop-truncation)
> KBUILD_CFLAGS += -Wno-missing-field-initializers
> KBUILD_CFLAGS += -Wno-sign-compare
> KBUILD_CFLAGS += -Wno-type-limits
> +KBUILD_CFLAGS += -Wno-shift-negative-value
>
> KBUILD_CPPFLAGS += -DKBUILD_EXTRA_WARN1
>
> --
> 2.29.2
>
---end quoted text---

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