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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 0/2] mm: fix cma allocation fail sometimes
Gently Ping...

On Wed, Jan 12, 2022 at 9:17 PM Dong Aisheng <aisheng.dong@nxp.com> wrote:
>
> We observed an issue with NXP 5.15 LTS kernel that dma_alloc_coherent()
> may fail sometimes when there're multiple processes trying to allocate
> CMA memory.
>
> This issue can be very easily reproduced on MX6Q SDB board with latest
> linux-next kernel by writing a test module creating 16 or 32 threads
> allocating random size of CMA memory in parallel at the background.
> Or simply enabling CONFIG_CMA_DEBUG, you can see endless of CMA alloc
> retries during booting:
> [ 1.452124] cma: cma_alloc(): memory range at (ptrval) is busy,retrying
> ....
> (thousands of reties)
> NOTE: MX6 has CONFIG_FORCE_MAX_ZONEORDER=14 which means MAX_ORDER is
> 13 (32M).
>
> The root cause of this issue is that since commit a4efc174b382
> ("mm/cma.c: remove redundant cma_mutex lock"), CMA supports concurrent
> memory allocation.
> It's possible that the pageblock process A try to alloc has already
> been isolated by the allocation of process B during memory migration.
>
> When there're multi process allocating CMA memory in parallel, it's
> likely that other the remain pageblocks may have also been isolated,
> then CMA alloc fail finally during the first round of scanning of the
> whole available CMA bitmap.
>
> This patchset introduces a retry mechanism to rescan CMA bitmap for -EBUSY
> error in case the target pageblock may has been temporarily isolated
> by others and released later.
> It also improves the CMA allocation performance by trying the next
> pageblock during reties rather than looping in the same pageblock
> which is in -EBUSY state.
>
> Theoretically, this issue can be easily reproduced on ARMv7 platforms
> with big MAX_ORDER/pageblock
> e.g. 1G RAM(320M reserved CMA) and 32M pageblock ARM platform:
> Page block order: 13
> Pages per block: 8192
>
> The following test is based on linux-next: next-20211213.
>
> Without the fix, it's easily fail.
> # insmod cma_alloc.ko pnum=16
> [ 274.322369] CMA alloc test enter: thread number: 16
> [ 274.329948] cpu: 0, pid: 692, index 4 pages 144
> [ 274.330143] cpu: 1, pid: 694, index 2 pages 44
> [ 274.330359] cpu: 2, pid: 695, index 7 pages 757
> [ 274.330760] cpu: 2, pid: 696, index 4 pages 144
> [ 274.330974] cpu: 2, pid: 697, index 6 pages 512
> [ 274.331223] cpu: 2, pid: 698, index 6 pages 512
> [ 274.331499] cpu: 2, pid: 699, index 2 pages 44
> [ 274.332228] cpu: 2, pid: 700, index 0 pages 7
> [ 274.337421] cpu: 0, pid: 701, index 1 pages 38
> [ 274.337618] cpu: 2, pid: 702, index 0 pages 7
> [ 274.344669] cpu: 1, pid: 703, index 0 pages 7
> [ 274.344807] cpu: 3, pid: 704, index 6 pages 512
> [ 274.348269] cpu: 2, pid: 705, index 5 pages 148
> [ 274.349490] cma: cma_alloc: reserved: alloc failed, req-size: 38 pages, ret: -16
> [ 274.366292] cpu: 1, pid: 706, index 4 pages 144
> [ 274.366562] cpu: 0, pid: 707, index 3 pages 128
> [ 274.367356] cma: cma_alloc: reserved: alloc failed, req-size: 128 pages, ret: -16
> [ 274.367370] cpu: 0, pid: 707, index 3 pages 128 failed
> [ 274.371148] cma: cma_alloc: reserved: alloc failed, req-size: 148 pages, ret: -16
> [ 274.375348] cma: cma_alloc: reserved: alloc failed, req-size: 144 pages, ret: -16
> [ 274.384256] cpu: 2, pid: 708, index 0 pages 7
> ....
>
> With the fix, 32 threads allocating in parallel can pass overnight
> stress test.
>
> root@imx6qpdlsolox:~# insmod cma_alloc.ko pnum=32
> [ 112.976809] cma_alloc: loading out-of-tree module taints kernel.
> [ 112.984128] CMA alloc test enter: thread number: 32
> [ 112.989748] cpu: 2, pid: 707, index 6 pages 512
> [ 112.994342] cpu: 1, pid: 708, index 6 pages 512
> [ 112.995162] cpu: 0, pid: 709, index 3 pages 128
> [ 112.995867] cpu: 2, pid: 710, index 0 pages 7
> [ 112.995910] cpu: 3, pid: 711, index 2 pages 44
> [ 112.996005] cpu: 3, pid: 712, index 7 pages 757
> [ 112.996098] cpu: 3, pid: 713, index 7 pages 757
> ...
> [41877.368163] cpu: 1, pid: 737, index 2 pages 44
> [41877.369388] cpu: 1, pid: 736, index 3 pages 128
> [41878.486516] cpu: 0, pid: 737, index 2 pages 44
> [41878.486515] cpu: 2, pid: 739, index 4 pages 144
> [41878.486622] cpu: 1, pid: 736, index 3 pages 128
> [41878.486948] cpu: 2, pid: 735, index 7 pages 757
> [41878.487279] cpu: 2, pid: 738, index 4 pages 144
> [41879.526603] cpu: 1, pid: 739, index 3 pages 128
> [41879.606491] cpu: 2, pid: 737, index 3 pages 128
> [41879.606550] cpu: 0, pid: 736, index 0 pages 7
> [41879.612271] cpu: 2, pid: 738, index 4 pages 144
> ...
>
> v1:
> https://patchwork.kernel.org/project/linux-mm/cover/20211215080242.3034856-1-aisheng.dong@nxp.com/
>
> Dong Aisheng (2):
> mm: cma: fix allocation may fail sometimes
> mm: cma: try next MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES during retry
>
> mm/cma.c | 15 ++++++++++++++-
> 1 file changed, 14 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>
> --
> 2.25.1
>

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