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Subject[PATCH 5.4 265/320] btrfs: fix deadlock between quota enable and other quota operations
Date
From: Filipe Manana <fdmanana@suse.com>

commit 232796df8c1437c41d308d161007f0715bac0a54 upstream.

When enabling quotas, we attempt to commit a transaction while holding the
mutex fs_info->qgroup_ioctl_lock. This can result on a deadlock with other
quota operations such as:

- qgroup creation and deletion, ioctl BTRFS_IOC_QGROUP_CREATE;

- adding and removing qgroup relations, ioctl BTRFS_IOC_QGROUP_ASSIGN.

This is because these operations join a transaction and after that they
attempt to lock the mutex fs_info->qgroup_ioctl_lock. Acquiring that mutex
after joining or starting a transaction is a pattern followed everywhere
in qgroups, so the quota enablement operation is the one at fault here,
and should not commit a transaction while holding that mutex.

Fix this by making the transaction commit while not holding the mutex.
We are safe from two concurrent tasks trying to enable quotas because
we are serialized by the rw semaphore fs_info->subvol_sem at
btrfs_ioctl_quota_ctl(), which is the only call site for enabling
quotas.

When this deadlock happens, it produces a trace like the following:

INFO: task syz-executor:25604 blocked for more than 143 seconds.
Not tainted 5.15.0-rc6 #4
"echo 0 > /proc/sys/kernel/hung_task_timeout_secs" disables this message.
task:syz-executor state:D stack:24800 pid:25604 ppid: 24873 flags:0x00004004
Call Trace:
context_switch kernel/sched/core.c:4940 [inline]
__schedule+0xcd9/0x2530 kernel/sched/core.c:6287
schedule+0xd3/0x270 kernel/sched/core.c:6366
btrfs_commit_transaction+0x994/0x2e90 fs/btrfs/transaction.c:2201
btrfs_quota_enable+0x95c/0x1790 fs/btrfs/qgroup.c:1120
btrfs_ioctl_quota_ctl fs/btrfs/ioctl.c:4229 [inline]
btrfs_ioctl+0x637e/0x7b70 fs/btrfs/ioctl.c:5010
vfs_ioctl fs/ioctl.c:51 [inline]
__do_sys_ioctl fs/ioctl.c:874 [inline]
__se_sys_ioctl fs/ioctl.c:860 [inline]
__x64_sys_ioctl+0x193/0x200 fs/ioctl.c:860
do_syscall_x64 arch/x86/entry/common.c:50 [inline]
do_syscall_64+0x35/0xb0 arch/x86/entry/common.c:80
entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xae
RIP: 0033:0x7f86920b2c4d
RSP: 002b:00007f868f61ac58 EFLAGS: 00000246 ORIG_RAX: 0000000000000010
RAX: ffffffffffffffda RBX: 00007f86921d90a0 RCX: 00007f86920b2c4d
RDX: 0000000020005e40 RSI: 00000000c0109428 RDI: 0000000000000008
RBP: 00007f869212bd80 R08: 0000000000000000 R09: 0000000000000000
R10: 0000000000000000 R11: 0000000000000246 R12: 00007f86921d90a0
R13: 00007fff6d233e4f R14: 00007fff6d233ff0 R15: 00007f868f61adc0
INFO: task syz-executor:25628 blocked for more than 143 seconds.
Not tainted 5.15.0-rc6 #4
"echo 0 > /proc/sys/kernel/hung_task_timeout_secs" disables this message.
task:syz-executor state:D stack:29080 pid:25628 ppid: 24873 flags:0x00004004
Call Trace:
context_switch kernel/sched/core.c:4940 [inline]
__schedule+0xcd9/0x2530 kernel/sched/core.c:6287
schedule+0xd3/0x270 kernel/sched/core.c:6366
schedule_preempt_disabled+0xf/0x20 kernel/sched/core.c:6425
__mutex_lock_common kernel/locking/mutex.c:669 [inline]
__mutex_lock+0xc96/0x1680 kernel/locking/mutex.c:729
btrfs_remove_qgroup+0xb7/0x7d0 fs/btrfs/qgroup.c:1548
btrfs_ioctl_qgroup_create fs/btrfs/ioctl.c:4333 [inline]
btrfs_ioctl+0x683c/0x7b70 fs/btrfs/ioctl.c:5014
vfs_ioctl fs/ioctl.c:51 [inline]
__do_sys_ioctl fs/ioctl.c:874 [inline]
__se_sys_ioctl fs/ioctl.c:860 [inline]
__x64_sys_ioctl+0x193/0x200 fs/ioctl.c:860
do_syscall_x64 arch/x86/entry/common.c:50 [inline]
do_syscall_64+0x35/0xb0 arch/x86/entry/common.c:80
entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xae

Reported-by: Hao Sun <sunhao.th@gmail.com>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/linux-btrfs/CACkBjsZQF19bQ1C6=yetF3BvL10OSORpFUcWXTP6HErshDB4dQ@mail.gmail.com/
Fixes: 340f1aa27f36 ("btrfs: qgroups: Move transaction management inside btrfs_quota_enable/disable")
CC: stable@vger.kernel.org # 4.19
Reviewed-by: Qu Wenruo <wqu@suse.com>
Signed-off-by: Filipe Manana <fdmanana@suse.com>
Signed-off-by: David Sterba <dsterba@suse.com>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
---
fs/btrfs/qgroup.c | 19 +++++++++++++++++++
1 file changed, 19 insertions(+)

--- a/fs/btrfs/qgroup.c
+++ b/fs/btrfs/qgroup.c
@@ -890,6 +890,14 @@ int btrfs_quota_enable(struct btrfs_fs_i
int ret = 0;
int slot;

+ /*
+ * We need to have subvol_sem write locked, to prevent races between
+ * concurrent tasks trying to enable quotas, because we will unlock
+ * and relock qgroup_ioctl_lock before setting fs_info->quota_root
+ * and before setting BTRFS_FS_QUOTA_ENABLED.
+ */
+ lockdep_assert_held_write(&fs_info->subvol_sem);
+
mutex_lock(&fs_info->qgroup_ioctl_lock);
if (fs_info->quota_root)
goto out;
@@ -1035,8 +1043,19 @@ out_add_root:
goto out_free_path;
}

+ mutex_unlock(&fs_info->qgroup_ioctl_lock);
+ /*
+ * Commit the transaction while not holding qgroup_ioctl_lock, to avoid
+ * a deadlock with tasks concurrently doing other qgroup operations, such
+ * adding/removing qgroups or adding/deleting qgroup relations for example,
+ * because all qgroup operations first start or join a transaction and then
+ * lock the qgroup_ioctl_lock mutex.
+ * We are safe from a concurrent task trying to enable quotas, by calling
+ * this function, since we are serialized by fs_info->subvol_sem.
+ */
ret = btrfs_commit_transaction(trans);
trans = NULL;
+ mutex_lock(&fs_info->qgroup_ioctl_lock);
if (ret)
goto out_free_path;


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