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SubjectRe: [PATCH -tip v8 05/13] x86/kprobes: Add UNWIND_HINT_FUNC on kretprobe_trampoline code
Hi Ingo and Josh,

On Sat, 10 Jul 2021 00:31:40 +0900
Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org> wrote:

> > > +STACK_FRAME_NON_STANDARD(kretprobe_trampoline);
> > > +#undef UNWIND_HINT_FUNC
> > > +#define UNWIND_HINT_FUNC
> > > +#endif
> > > /*
> > > * When a retprobed function returns, this code saves registers and
> > > * calls trampoline_handler() runs, which calls the kretprobe's handler.
> > > @@ -1031,6 +1044,7 @@ asm(
> > > /* We don't bother saving the ss register */
> > > #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
> > > " pushq %rsp\n"
> > > + UNWIND_HINT_FUNC
> > > " pushfq\n"
> > > SAVE_REGS_STRING
> > > " movq %rsp, %rdi\n"
> > > @@ -1041,6 +1055,7 @@ asm(
> > > " popfq\n"
> > > #else
> > > " pushl %esp\n"
> > > + UNWIND_HINT_FUNC
> > > " pushfl\n"
> > > SAVE_REGS_STRING
> > > " movl %esp, %eax\n"
> >
> > Why not provide an appropriate annotation method in <asm/unwind_hints.h>,
> > so that other future code can use it too instead of reinventing the wheel?

I think I got what you meant. Let me summarize the issue.

In case of CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER=n, it is OK just adding UNWIND_HINT_FUNC.

In case of CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER=y, without STACK_FRAME_NON_STANDARD(),
the objtool complains that a CALL instruction without the frame pointer.
---
arch/x86/kernel/kprobes/core.o: warning: objtool: __kretprobe_trampoline()+0x25: call without frame pointer save/setup
---

If we just add STACK_FRAME_NON_STANDARD() with UNWIND_HINT_FUNC macro,
the objtool complains that non-standard function has unwind hint.
---
arch/x86/kernel/kprobes/core.o: warning: objtool: __kretprobe_trampoline()+0x1: BUG: why am I validating an ignored function?
---

Thus, add STACK_FRAME_NON_STANDARD() and undefine UNWIND_HINT_FUNC macro,
the objtool doesn't complain.

This means that the STACK_FRAME_NON_STANDARD() and UNWIND_HINT_FUNC macro
are mutually exclusive. However, those macros are used different way.
The STACK_FRAME_NON_STANDARD() will have the target symbol and the
UNWIND_HINT_FUNC needs to be embedded in the target code.
Thus we can not combine them in general.

If we can have something like UNWIND_HINT_FUNC_NO_FP, it may solve this
issue without ugly #ifdef and #undef.

Is that correct?

Maybe I can add UNWIND_HINT_TYPE_FUNC_NO_FP for UNWIND_HINT and make objtool
ignore the call without frame pointer. This makes an exception that the
kretprobe_trampoline will be noted in '.discard.unwind_hints' section
instead of '.discard.func_stack_frame_non_standard' section.

Or another idea is to introduce ANNOTATE_NO_FP_FUNCTION_CALL with a new
'.discard.no_fp_function_calls' section.

What do you think these ideas?

Thank you,

--
Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org>

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