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SubjectRe: [RFC 0/5] Support non-coherent DMA on RISC-V using a global pool
On Fri, 23 Jul 2021 14:40:26 PDT (-0700), Atish Patra wrote:
> RISC-V privilege specification doesn't define an IOMMU or any method modify
> PMA attributes or PTE entries to allow non-coherent mappings yet. In
> the beginning, this approach was adopted assuming that most of the RISC-V
> platforms would support full cache-coherent IO. Here is excerpt from the
> priv spec section 3.6.5
> "In RISC-V platforms, the use of hardware-incoherent regions is discouraged
> due to software complexity, performance, and energy impacts."
> While some of the RISC-V platforms adhere to the above suggestion, not all
> platforms can afford to build to fully cache-coherent I/O devices. To
> address DMA for non-coherent I/O devices, we need to mark a region of memory
> as non-cacheable. Some of the platforms rely on a fixed region of uncached
> memory that is remapped to the system memory while some other modify
> the PTE entries to achieve that.
> The patch3 solves the issue for the fist use case by using a global
> pool of memory that is reserved for DMA. The device access the reserved area
> of the region while corresponding CPU address will be from uncached region
> As the uncached region is remapped to the beginning of the system ram, both
> CPU and device get the same view.
> To facilitate streaming DMA APIs, patch 1 introduces a set of generic
> cache operations. Any platform can use the generic ops to provide platform
> specific cache management operations. Once the standard RISC-V CMO extension
> is available, it will also use these generic ops.
> To address the second use case, Page Based Memory Attribute (PBMT) extension
> is proposed. Once the extension is in good shape, we can leverage that
> using CONFIG_DIRECT_REMAP. Currently, it is selected via a compile time config
> option. We will probably need another arch specific hooks to know if the
> platform supports direct remap at runtime. For RISC-V, it will check the
> presence of PBMT extension while other arch function will simply return true

IIUC this is another extension that's not yet frozen or implemented in
hardware? Is this one compatible with what's in the c906, or is it
doing things its own way?

> if DIRECT_REMAP is enabled. This is required as arious different config
> (DIRECT_REMAP, GLOBAL_POOL) will be enabled in the defconfig so that a
> unified kernel image can boot on all RISC-V platforms.
> This patch series depends on Christoph's global pool support series[1].
> Tested on Qemu, HiFive unleashed and beagleV. This series is also available
> at [2].
> This series also solves the non-coherent DMA support on beagleV but requires
> additional beagleV specific patches[3] which will be upstreamed soon.
> [1]
> [2]
> [3]
> Atish Patra (5):
> RISC-V: Implement arch_sync_dma* functions
> of: Move of_dma_get_range to of_address.h
> dma-mapping: Enable global non-coherent pool support for RISC-V
> dma-direct: Allocate dma pages directly if global pool allocation
> fails
> RISC-V: Support a new config option for non-coherent DMA
> arch/riscv/Kconfig | 8 +++
> arch/riscv/include/asm/dma-noncoherent.h | 19 +++++++
> arch/riscv/mm/Makefile | 1 +
> arch/riscv/mm/dma-noncoherent.c | 66 ++++++++++++++++++++++++
> drivers/of/of_private.h | 10 ----
> include/linux/of_address.h | 12 +++++
> kernel/dma/coherent.c | 49 +++++++++++++++---
> kernel/dma/direct.c | 7 ++-
> 8 files changed, 152 insertions(+), 20 deletions(-)
> create mode 100644 arch/riscv/include/asm/dma-noncoherent.h
> create mode 100644 arch/riscv/mm/dma-noncoherent.c

Can you guys please make up your minds about how this is going to be
supported at the ISA level? I get a different answer every day here:
sometimes it's that these systems are not compliant, sometimes that
Linux is the compliance suite, sometimes that we're doing an ISA
extension, and sometimes that we're doing the SBI stuff.

I don't really care all that much about what the decision is, but it's
impossible to move forward without some semblance of a plan.

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