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Subject[PATCH 4.19 111/120] KVM: do not assume PTE is writable after follow_pfn
From: Paolo Bonzini <>

commit bd2fae8da794b55bf2ac02632da3a151b10e664c upstream.

In order to convert an HVA to a PFN, KVM usually tries to use
the get_user_pages family of functinso. This however is not
possible for VM_IO vmas; in that case, KVM instead uses follow_pfn.

In doing this however KVM loses the information on whether the
PFN is writable. That is usually not a problem because the main
use of VM_IO vmas with KVM is for BARs in PCI device assignment,
however it is a bug. To fix it, use follow_pte and check pte_write
while under the protection of the PTE lock. The information can
be used to fail hva_to_pfn_remapped or passed back to the
caller via *writable.

Usage of follow_pfn was introduced in commit add6a0cd1c5b ("KVM: MMU: try to fix
up page faults before giving up", 2016-07-05); however, even older version
have the same issue, all the way back to commit 2e2e3738af33 ("KVM:
Handle vma regions with no backing page", 2008-07-20), as they also did
not check whether the PFN was writable.

Fixes: 2e2e3738af33 ("KVM: Handle vma regions with no backing page")
Reported-by: David Stevens <>
Cc: Jann Horn <>
Cc: Jason Gunthorpe <>
Signed-off-by: Paolo Bonzini <>
[OP: backport to 4.19, adjust follow_pte() -> follow_pte_pmd()]
Signed-off-by: Ovidiu Panait <>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <>
virt/kvm/kvm_main.c | 15 ++++++++++++---
1 file changed, 12 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

--- a/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c
+++ b/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c
@@ -1495,9 +1495,11 @@ static int hva_to_pfn_remapped(struct vm
kvm_pfn_t *p_pfn)
unsigned long pfn;
+ pte_t *ptep;
+ spinlock_t *ptl;
int r;

- r = follow_pfn(vma, addr, &pfn);
+ r = follow_pte_pmd(vma->vm_mm, addr, NULL, NULL, &ptep, NULL, &ptl);
if (r) {
* get_user_pages fails for VM_IO and VM_PFNMAP vmas and does
@@ -1512,14 +1514,19 @@ static int hva_to_pfn_remapped(struct vm
if (r)
return r;

- r = follow_pfn(vma, addr, &pfn);
+ r = follow_pte_pmd(vma->vm_mm, addr, NULL, NULL, &ptep, NULL, &ptl);
if (r)
return r;
+ }

+ if (write_fault && !pte_write(*ptep)) {
+ goto out;

if (writable)
- *writable = true;
+ *writable = pte_write(*ptep);
+ pfn = pte_pfn(*ptep);

* Get a reference here because callers of *hva_to_pfn* and
@@ -1534,6 +1541,8 @@ static int hva_to_pfn_remapped(struct vm

+ pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl);
*p_pfn = pfn;
return 0;

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