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Subject[PATCH v2 01/46] KVM: x86: Flush the guest's TLB on INIT
Flush the guest's TLB on INIT, as required by Intel's SDM.  Although
AMD's APM states that the TLBs are unchanged by INIT, it's not clear that
that's correct as the APM also states that the TLB is flush on "External
initialization of the processor." Regardless, relying on the guest to be
paranoid is unnecessarily risky, while an unnecessary flush is benign
from a functional perspective and likely has no measurable impact on
guest performance.

Note, as of the April 2021 version of Intels' SDM, it also contradicts
itself with respect to TLB flushing. The overview of INIT explicitly
calls out the TLBs as being invalidated, while a table later in the same
section says they are unchanged.

The major difference is that during an INIT, the internal caches, MSRs,
MTRRs, and x87 FPU state are left unchanged (although, the TLBs and BTB
are invalidated as with a hardware reset)

Table 9-1:

Register Power up Reset INIT
Data and Code Cache, TLBs: Invalid[6] Invalid[6] Unchanged

Given Core2's erratum[*] about global TLB entries not being flush on INIT,
it's safe to assume that the table is simply wrong.

AZ28. INIT Does Not Clear Global Entries in the TLB
Problem: INIT may not flush a TLB entry when:
• The processor is in protected mode with paging enabled and the page global enable
flag is set (PGE bit of CR4 register)
• G bit for the page table entry is set
• TLB entry is present in TLB when INIT occurs
• Software may encounter unexpected page fault or incorrect address translation due
to a TLB entry erroneously left in TLB after INIT.

Workaround: Write to CR3, CR4 (setting bits PSE, PGE or PAE) or CR0 (setting
bits PG or PE) registers before writing to memory early in BIOS
code to clear all the global entries from TLB.

Status: For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.


Fixes: 6aa8b732ca01 ("[PATCH] kvm: userspace interface")
Signed-off-by: Sean Christopherson <>
arch/x86/kvm/x86.c | 12 ++++++++++++
1 file changed, 12 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
index 8166ad113fb2..4ffc4ca7d7b0 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
@@ -10867,6 +10867,18 @@ void kvm_vcpu_reset(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, bool init_event)
if (old_cr0 & X86_CR0_PG)
+ /*
+ * Intel's SDM states that all TLB entries are flushed on INIT. AMD's
+ * APM states the TLBs are untouched by INIT, but it also states that
+ * the TLBs are flushed on "External initialization of the processor."
+ * Flush the guest TLB regardless of vendor, there is no meaningful
+ * benefit in relying on the guest to flush the TLB immediately after
+ * INIT. A spurious TLB flush is benign and likely negligible from a
+ * performance perspective.
+ */
+ if (init_event)
+ kvm_make_request(KVM_REQ_TLB_FLUSH_GUEST, vcpu);

void kvm_vcpu_deliver_sipi_vector(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u8 vector)
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