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SubjectRe: [PATCH v12 10/17] counter: Add character device interface
On Mon,  5 Jul 2021 17:18:58 +0900
William Breathitt Gray <vilhelm.gray@gmail.com> wrote:

> This patch introduces a character device interface for the Counter
> subsystem. Device data is exposed through standard character device read
> operations. Device data is gathered when a Counter event is pushed by
> the respective Counter device driver. Configuration is handled via ioctl
> operations on the respective Counter character device node.
>
> Cc: David Lechner <david@lechnology.com>
> Cc: Gwendal Grignou <gwendal@chromium.org>
> Cc: Dan Carpenter <dan.carpenter@oracle.com>
> Cc: Oleksij Rempel <o.rempel@pengutronix.de>
> Signed-off-by: William Breathitt Gray <vilhelm.gray@gmail.com>
> ---
> drivers/counter/Makefile | 2 +-
> drivers/counter/counter-chrdev.c | 494 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> drivers/counter/counter-chrdev.h | 14 +
> drivers/counter/counter-core.c | 44 ++-
> include/linux/counter.h | 45 +++
> include/uapi/linux/counter.h | 77 +++++
> 6 files changed, 670 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)
> create mode 100644 drivers/counter/counter-chrdev.c
> create mode 100644 drivers/counter/counter-chrdev.h
>
> diff --git a/drivers/counter/Makefile b/drivers/counter/Makefile
> index 1ab7e087fdc2..8fde6c100ebc 100644
> --- a/drivers/counter/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/counter/Makefile
> @@ -4,7 +4,7 @@
> #
>
> obj-$(CONFIG_COUNTER) += counter.o
> -counter-y := counter-core.o counter-sysfs.o
> +counter-y := counter-core.o counter-sysfs.o counter-chrdev.o
>
> obj-$(CONFIG_104_QUAD_8) += 104-quad-8.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_INTERRUPT_CNT) += interrupt-cnt.o
> diff --git a/drivers/counter/counter-chrdev.c b/drivers/counter/counter-chrdev.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..92805b1f65b8
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/counter/counter-chrdev.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,494 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> +/*
> + * Generic Counter character device interface
> + * Copyright (C) 2020 William Breathitt Gray
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/cdev.h>
> +#include <linux/counter.h>
> +#include <linux/err.h>
> +#include <linux/errno.h>
> +#include <linux/export.h>
> +#include <linux/fs.h>
> +#include <linux/kfifo.h>
> +#include <linux/list.h>
> +#include <linux/mutex.h>
> +#include <linux/nospec.h>
> +#include <linux/poll.h>
> +#include <linux/slab.h>
> +#include <linux/spinlock.h>
> +#include <linux/timekeeping.h>
> +#include <linux/types.h>
> +#include <linux/wait.h>
> +#include <linux/uaccess.h>
> +
> +#include "counter-chrdev.h"
> +
> +struct counter_comp_node {
> + struct list_head l;
> + struct counter_component component;
> + struct counter_comp comp;
> + void *parent;
> +};
> +
> +static ssize_t counter_chrdev_read(struct file *filp, char __user *buf,
> + size_t len, loff_t *f_ps)
> +{
> + struct counter_device *const counter = filp->private_data;
> + int err;
> + unsigned int copied;
> +
> + if (len < sizeof(struct counter_event))
> + return -EINVAL;

There is a lot of discussion going on buried in a rust on linux thread
around the use of devm when chardevs are involved. I'd kind of forgotten
that Lars-Peter Clausen did a lot of work to make IIO safe to these races
some time ago. One of those elements was to make we dropped out quickly
from read functions if we were on the way 'down'. Could you make sure to
run some tests to ensure we are safe with driver unbinds when the cdev is
still open? Another part of that was to ensure a blocking read unblocks
when the device goes away (with an error of course!) Some of this stuff
isn't 'necessary' for correctness, but it is desirable for device removal
to occur in finite time.

https://lore.kernel.org/ksummit/CANiq72nkNrekzbxMci6vW02w=Q2L-SVTk_U4KN_LT8u_b=YPgw@mail.gmail.com/T/#m6db86a574237c22a32ecf49b596b3c2917967c5e

Note I want to take another look at the IIO code around this as well
just in case we missed anything that has come up in that discussion.
I think we are fine but maybe can move to more 'standard' code patterns
if those get formalised.

Anyhow, it's fiddly stuff, so make sure to test those cases.

Jonathan


> +
> + do {
> + if (kfifo_is_empty(&counter->events)) {
> + if (filp->f_flags & O_NONBLOCK)
> + return -EAGAIN;
> +
> + err = wait_event_interruptible(counter->events_wait,
> + !kfifo_is_empty(&counter->events));
> + if (err < 0)
> + return err;
> + }
> +
> + if (mutex_lock_interruptible(&counter->events_lock))
> + return -ERESTARTSYS;
> + err = kfifo_to_user(&counter->events, buf, len, &copied);
> + mutex_unlock(&counter->events_lock);
> + if (err < 0)
> + return err;
> + } while (!copied);
> +
> + return copied;
> +}
> +
> +static __poll_t counter_chrdev_poll(struct file *filp,
> + struct poll_table_struct *pollt)
> +{
> + struct counter_device *const counter = filp->private_data;
> + __poll_t events = 0;
> +
> + poll_wait(filp, &counter->events_wait, pollt);
> +
> + if (!kfifo_is_empty(&counter->events))
> + events = EPOLLIN | EPOLLRDNORM;
> +
> + return events;
> +}
> +
> +static void counter_events_list_free(struct list_head *const events_list)
> +{
> + struct counter_event_node *p, *n;
> + struct counter_comp_node *q, *o;
> +
> + list_for_each_entry_safe(p, n, events_list, l) {
> + /* Free associated component nodes */
> + list_for_each_entry_safe(q, o, &p->comp_list, l) {
> + list_del(&q->l);
> + kfree(q);
> + }
> +
> + /* Free event node */
> + list_del(&p->l);
> + kfree(p);
> + }
> +}
> +
> +static int counter_set_event_node(struct counter_device *const counter,
> + struct counter_watch *const watch,
> + const struct counter_comp_node *const cfg)
> +{
> + unsigned long flags;
> + struct counter_event_node *event_node;
> + int err = 0;
> + struct counter_comp_node *comp_node;
> +
> + spin_lock_irqsave(&counter->events_list_lock, flags);
> +
> + /* Search for event in the list */
> + list_for_each_entry(event_node, &counter->next_events_list, l)
> + if (event_node->event == watch->event &&
> + event_node->channel == watch->channel)
> + break;
> +
> + /* If event is not already in the list */
> + if (&event_node->l == &counter->next_events_list) {
> + /* Allocate new event node */
> + event_node = kmalloc(sizeof(*event_node), GFP_ATOMIC);
> + if (!event_node) {
> + err = -ENOMEM;
> + goto exit_early;
> + }
> +
> + /* Configure event node and add to the list */
> + event_node->event = watch->event;
> + event_node->channel = watch->channel;
> + INIT_LIST_HEAD(&event_node->comp_list);
> + list_add(&event_node->l, &counter->next_events_list);
> + }
> +
> + /* Check if component watch has already been set before */
> + list_for_each_entry(comp_node, &event_node->comp_list, l)
> + if (comp_node->parent == cfg->parent &&
> + comp_node->comp.count_u8_read == cfg->comp.count_u8_read) {
> + err = -EINVAL;
> + goto exit_early;
> + }
> +
> + /* Allocate component node */
> + comp_node = kmalloc(sizeof(*comp_node), GFP_ATOMIC);
> + if (!comp_node) {
> + /* Free event node if no one else is watching */
> + if (list_empty(&event_node->comp_list)) {
> + list_del(&event_node->l);
> + kfree(event_node);
> + }
> + err = -ENOMEM;
> + goto exit_early;
> + }
> + *comp_node = *cfg;
> +
> + /* Add component node to event node */
> + list_add_tail(&comp_node->l, &event_node->comp_list);
> +
> +exit_early:
> + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&counter->events_list_lock, flags);
> +
> + return err;
> +}
> +
> +static int counter_disable_events(struct counter_device *const counter)
> +{
> + unsigned long flags;
> + int err = 0;
> +
> + spin_lock_irqsave(&counter->events_list_lock, flags);
> +
> + counter_events_list_free(&counter->events_list);
> +
> + if (counter->ops->events_configure)
> + err = counter->ops->events_configure(counter);
> +
> + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&counter->events_list_lock, flags);
> +
> + counter_events_list_free(&counter->next_events_list);
> +
> + return err;
> +}
> +
> +static int counter_add_watch(struct counter_device *const counter,
> + const unsigned long arg)
> +{
> + void __user *const uwatch = (void __user *)arg;
> + struct counter_watch watch;
> + struct counter_comp_node comp_node = {};
> + size_t parent, id;
> + struct counter_comp *ext;
> + size_t num_ext;
> + int err;
> +
> + if (copy_from_user(&watch, uwatch, sizeof(watch)))
> + return -EFAULT;
> +
> + if (watch.component.type == COUNTER_COMPONENT_NONE)
> + goto no_component;
> +
> + parent = watch.component.parent;
> +
> + /* Configure parent component info for comp node */
> + switch (watch.component.scope) {
> + case COUNTER_SCOPE_DEVICE:
> + ext = counter->ext;
> + num_ext = counter->num_ext;
> + break;
> + case COUNTER_SCOPE_SIGNAL:
> + if (parent >= counter->num_signals)
> + return -EINVAL;
> + parent = array_index_nospec(parent, counter->num_signals);
> +
> + comp_node.parent = counter->signals + parent;
> +
> + ext = counter->signals[parent].ext;
> + num_ext = counter->signals[parent].num_ext;
> + break;
> + case COUNTER_SCOPE_COUNT:
> + if (parent >= counter->num_counts)
> + return -EINVAL;
> + parent = array_index_nospec(parent, counter->num_counts);
> +
> + comp_node.parent = counter->counts + parent;
> +
> + ext = counter->counts[parent].ext;
> + num_ext = counter->counts[parent].num_ext;
> + break;
> + default:
> + return -EINVAL;
> + }
> +
> + id = watch.component.id;
> +
> + /* Configure component info for comp node */
> + switch (watch.component.type) {
> + case COUNTER_COMPONENT_SIGNAL:
> + if (watch.component.scope != COUNTER_SCOPE_SIGNAL)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + comp_node.comp.type = COUNTER_COMP_SIGNAL_LEVEL;
> + comp_node.comp.signal_u32_read = counter->ops->signal_read;
> + break;
> + case COUNTER_COMPONENT_COUNT:
> + if (watch.component.scope != COUNTER_SCOPE_COUNT)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + comp_node.comp.type = COUNTER_COMP_U64;
> + comp_node.comp.count_u64_read = counter->ops->count_read;
> + break;
> + case COUNTER_COMPONENT_FUNCTION:
> + if (watch.component.scope != COUNTER_SCOPE_COUNT)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + comp_node.comp.type = COUNTER_COMP_FUNCTION;
> + comp_node.comp.count_u32_read = counter->ops->function_read;
> + break;
> + case COUNTER_COMPONENT_SYNAPSE_ACTION:
> + if (watch.component.scope != COUNTER_SCOPE_COUNT)
> + return -EINVAL;
> + if (id >= counter->counts[parent].num_synapses)
> + return -EINVAL;
> + id = array_index_nospec(id, counter->counts[parent].num_synapses);
> +
> + comp_node.comp.type = COUNTER_COMP_SYNAPSE_ACTION;
> + comp_node.comp.action_read = counter->ops->action_read;
> + comp_node.comp.priv = counter->counts[parent].synapses + id;
> + break;
> + case COUNTER_COMPONENT_EXTENSION:
> + if (id >= num_ext)
> + return -EINVAL;
> + id = array_index_nospec(id, num_ext);
> +
> + comp_node.comp = ext[id];
> + break;
> + default:
> + return -EINVAL;
> + }
> + /* Check if any read callback is set; this is part of a union */
> + if (!comp_node.comp.count_u8_read)
> + return -EOPNOTSUPP;
> +
> +no_component:
> + if (counter->ops->watch_validate) {
> + err = counter->ops->watch_validate(counter, &watch);
> + if (err < 0)
> + return err;
> + }
> +
> + comp_node.component = watch.component;
> +
> + return counter_set_event_node(counter, &watch, &comp_node);
> +}
> +
> +static long counter_chrdev_ioctl(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd,
> + unsigned long arg)
> +{
> + struct counter_device *const counter = filp->private_data;
> + unsigned long flags;
> + int err = 0;
> +
> + switch (cmd) {
> + case COUNTER_ADD_WATCH_IOCTL:
> + return counter_add_watch(counter, arg);
> + case COUNTER_ENABLE_EVENTS_IOCTL:
> + spin_lock_irqsave(&counter->events_list_lock, flags);
> +
> + counter_events_list_free(&counter->events_list);
> + list_replace_init(&counter->next_events_list,
> + &counter->events_list);
> +
> + if (counter->ops->events_configure)
> + err = counter->ops->events_configure(counter);
> +
> + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&counter->events_list_lock, flags);
> + return err;
> + case COUNTER_DISABLE_EVENTS_IOCTL:
> + return counter_disable_events(counter);
> + default:
> + return -ENOIOCTLCMD;
> + }
> +}
> +
> +static int counter_chrdev_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
> +{
> + struct counter_device *const counter = container_of(inode->i_cdev,
> + typeof(*counter),
> + chrdev);
> +

What stops multiple simultaneous openings? I'm going to assume this isn't
safe to those, or at least that crazy things could happen if you had it
open twice at the same time.

> + get_device(&counter->dev);
> + filp->private_data = counter;
> +
> + return nonseekable_open(inode, filp);
> +}
> +
> +static int counter_chrdev_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
> +{
> + struct counter_device *const counter = filp->private_data;
> + int err;
> +
> + err = counter_disable_events(counter);
> + if (err < 0)
> + return err;
> +
> + put_device(&counter->dev);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static const struct file_operations counter_fops = {
> + .llseek = no_llseek,
> + .read = counter_chrdev_read,
> + .poll = counter_chrdev_poll,
> + .unlocked_ioctl = counter_chrdev_ioctl,
> + .open = counter_chrdev_open,
> + .release = counter_chrdev_release,
> +};
> +
> +int counter_chrdev_add(struct counter_device *const counter)
> +{
> + /* Initialize Counter events lists */
> + INIT_LIST_HEAD(&counter->events_list);
> + INIT_LIST_HEAD(&counter->next_events_list);
> + spin_lock_init(&counter->events_list_lock);
> + init_waitqueue_head(&counter->events_wait);
> + mutex_init(&counter->events_lock);
> +
> + /* Initialize character device */
> + cdev_init(&counter->chrdev, &counter_fops);
> +
> + /* Allocate Counter events queue */
> + return kfifo_alloc(&counter->events, 64, GFP_ATOMIC);
> +}
> +
> +void counter_chrdev_remove(struct counter_device *const counter)
> +{
> + kfifo_free(&counter->events);
> +}
> +

...


> diff --git a/drivers/counter/counter-chrdev.h b/drivers/counter/counter-chrdev.h
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..5529d16703c4
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/counter/counter-chrdev.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,14 @@
> +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
> +/*
> + * Counter character device interface
> + * Copyright (C) 2020 William Breathitt Gray
> + */
> +#ifndef _COUNTER_CHRDEV_H_
> +#define _COUNTER_CHRDEV_H_
> +
> +#include <linux/counter.h>
> +
> +int counter_chrdev_add(struct counter_device *const counter);
> +void counter_chrdev_remove(struct counter_device *const counter);
> +
> +#endif /* _COUNTER_CHRDEV_H_ */
> diff --git a/drivers/counter/counter-core.c b/drivers/counter/counter-core.c
> index 9442e3b91468..dd7f3f69328e 100644
> --- a/drivers/counter/counter-core.c
> +++ b/drivers/counter/counter-core.c
> @@ -3,14 +3,20 @@
> * Generic Counter interface
> * Copyright (C) 2020 William Breathitt Gray
> */
> +#include <linux/cdev.h>
> #include <linux/counter.h>
> #include <linux/device.h>
> +#include <linux/device/bus.h>
> #include <linux/export.h>
> +#include <linux/fs.h>
> #include <linux/gfp.h>
> #include <linux/idr.h>
> #include <linux/init.h>
> +#include <linux/kdev_t.h>
> #include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/types.h>
>
> +#include "counter-chrdev.h"
> #include "counter-sysfs.h"
>
> /* Provides a unique ID for each counter device */
> @@ -34,6 +40,8 @@ static struct bus_type counter_bus_type = {
> .dev_name = "counter",
> };
>
> +static dev_t counter_devt;
> +
> /**
> * counter_register - register Counter to the system
> * @counter: pointer to Counter to register
> @@ -60,6 +68,7 @@ int counter_register(struct counter_device *const counter)
> dev->id = id;
> dev->type = &counter_device_type;
> dev->bus = &counter_bus_type;
> + dev->devt = MKDEV(MAJOR(counter_devt), id);
> if (counter->parent) {
> dev->parent = counter->parent;
> dev->of_node = counter->parent->of_node;
> @@ -67,18 +76,25 @@ int counter_register(struct counter_device *const counter)
> device_initialize(dev);
> dev_set_drvdata(dev, counter);
>
> + /* Add Counter character device */
> + err = counter_chrdev_add(counter);
> + if (err < 0)
> + goto err_free_id;
> +
> /* Add Counter sysfs attributes */
> err = counter_sysfs_add(counter);
> if (err < 0)
> - goto err_free_id;
> + goto err_remove_chrdev;
>
> /* Add device to system */
> - err = device_add(dev);
> + err = cdev_device_add(&counter->chrdev, dev);
> if (err < 0)
> - goto err_free_id;
> + goto err_remove_chrdev;
>
> return 0;
>
> +err_remove_chrdev:
> + counter_chrdev_remove(counter);
> err_free_id:
> put_device(dev);
> return err;
> @@ -96,7 +112,8 @@ void counter_unregister(struct counter_device *const counter)
> if (!counter)
> return;
>
> - device_unregister(&counter->dev);
> + cdev_device_del(&counter->chrdev, &counter->dev);
> + put_device(&counter->dev);
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(counter_unregister);
>
> @@ -130,13 +147,30 @@ int devm_counter_register(struct device *dev,
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(devm_counter_register);
>
> +#define COUNTER_DEV_MAX 256
> +
> static int __init counter_init(void)
> {
> - return bus_register(&counter_bus_type);
> + int err;
> +
> + err = bus_register(&counter_bus_type);
> + if (err < 0)
> + return err;
> +
> + err = alloc_chrdev_region(&counter_devt, 0, COUNTER_DEV_MAX, "counter");
> + if (err < 0)
> + goto err_unregister_bus;
> +
> + return 0;
> +
> +err_unregister_bus:
> + bus_unregister(&counter_bus_type);
> + return err;
> }
>
> static void __exit counter_exit(void)
> {
> + unregister_chrdev_region(counter_devt, COUNTER_DEV_MAX);
> bus_unregister(&counter_bus_type);
> }
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/counter.h b/include/linux/counter.h
> index eee85db8e332..3f0bbe4ff702 100644
> --- a/include/linux/counter.h
> +++ b/include/linux/counter.h
> @@ -6,9 +6,14 @@
> #ifndef _COUNTER_H_
> #define _COUNTER_H_
>
> +#include <linux/cdev.h>
> #include <linux/device.h>
> #include <linux/kernel.h>
> +#include <linux/kfifo.h>
> +#include <linux/mutex.h>
> +#include <linux/spinlock_types.h>
> #include <linux/types.h>
> +#include <linux/wait.h>
> #include <uapi/linux/counter.h>
>
> struct counter_device;
> @@ -199,6 +204,20 @@ struct counter_count {
> size_t num_ext;
> };
>
> +/**
> + * struct counter_event_node - Counter Event node
> + * @l: list of current watching Counter events
> + * @event: event that triggers
> + * @channel: event channel
> + * @comp_list: list of components to watch when event triggers
> + */
> +struct counter_event_node {
> + struct list_head l;
> + u8 event;
> + u8 channel;
> + struct list_head comp_list;
> +};
> +
> /**
> * struct counter_ops - Callbacks from driver
> * @signal_read: read callback for Signals. The read level of the
> @@ -221,6 +240,13 @@ struct counter_count {
> * @action_write: write callback for Synapse action modes. The action mode
> * to write for the respective Synapse is passed in via the
> * action parameter.
> + * @events_configure: write callback to configure events. The list of struct
> + * counter_event_node may be accessed via the events_list
> + * member of the counter parameter.
> + * @watch_validate: callback to validate a watch. The Counter component
> + * watch configuration is passed in via the watch
> + * parameter. A return value of 0 indicates a valid Counter
> + * component watch configuration.
> */
> struct counter_ops {
> int (*signal_read)(struct counter_device *counter,
> @@ -244,6 +270,9 @@ struct counter_ops {
> struct counter_count *count,
> struct counter_synapse *synapse,
> enum counter_synapse_action action);
> + int (*events_configure)(struct counter_device *counter);
> + int (*watch_validate)(struct counter_device *counter,
> + const struct counter_watch *watch);
> };
>
> /**
> @@ -259,6 +288,13 @@ struct counter_ops {
> * @num_ext: number of Counter device extensions specified in @ext
> * @priv: optional private data supplied by driver
> * @dev: internal device structure
> + * @chrdev: internal character device structure
> + * @events_list: list of current watching Counter events
> + * @events_list_lock: lock to protect Counter events list operations
> + * @next_events_list: list of next watching Counter events
> + * @events: queue of detected Counter events
> + * @events_wait: wait queue to allow blocking reads of Counter events
> + * @events_lock: lock to protect Counter events queue read operations
> */
> struct counter_device {
> const char *name;
> @@ -277,12 +313,21 @@ struct counter_device {
> void *priv;
>
> struct device dev;
> + struct cdev chrdev;
> + struct list_head events_list;
> + spinlock_t events_list_lock;
> + struct list_head next_events_list;
> + DECLARE_KFIFO_PTR(events, struct counter_event);
> + wait_queue_head_t events_wait;
> + struct mutex events_lock;
> };
>
> int counter_register(struct counter_device *const counter);
> void counter_unregister(struct counter_device *const counter);
> int devm_counter_register(struct device *dev,
> struct counter_device *const counter);
> +void counter_push_event(struct counter_device *const counter, const u8 event,
> + const u8 channel);
>
> #define COUNTER_COMP_DEVICE_U8(_name, _read, _write) \
> { \
> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/counter.h b/include/uapi/linux/counter.h
> index 6113938a6044..e55dfc9de887 100644
> --- a/include/uapi/linux/counter.h
> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/counter.h
> @@ -6,6 +6,19 @@
> #ifndef _UAPI_COUNTER_H_
> #define _UAPI_COUNTER_H_
>
> +#include <linux/ioctl.h>
> +#include <linux/types.h>
> +
> +/* Component type definitions */
> +enum counter_component_type {
> + COUNTER_COMPONENT_NONE,
> + COUNTER_COMPONENT_SIGNAL,
> + COUNTER_COMPONENT_COUNT,
> + COUNTER_COMPONENT_FUNCTION,
> + COUNTER_COMPONENT_SYNAPSE_ACTION,
> + COUNTER_COMPONENT_EXTENSION,
> +};
> +
> /* Component scope definitions */
> enum counter_scope {
> COUNTER_SCOPE_DEVICE,
> @@ -13,6 +26,70 @@ enum counter_scope {
> COUNTER_SCOPE_COUNT,
> };
>
> +/**
> + * struct counter_component - Counter component identification
> + * @type: component type (one of enum counter_component_type)
> + * @scope: component scope (one of enum counter_scope)
> + * @parent: parent ID (matching the ID suffix of the respective parent sysfs
> + * path as described by the ABI documentation file
> + * Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-counter; e.g. if the component
> + * attribute path is /sys/bus/counter/devices/counter4/count2/count,
> + * the parent is count2 and thus parent ID is 2)
> + * @id: component ID (matching the ID provided by the respective *_component_id
> + * sysfs attribute of the desired component; for example, if the component
> + * attribute path is /sys/bus/counter/devices/counter4/count2/ceiling, the
> + * respective /sys/bus/counter/devices/counter4/count2/ceiling_component_id
> + * attribute will provide the necessary component ID)
> + * )
> + */
> +struct counter_component {
> + __u8 type;
> + __u8 scope;
> + __u8 parent;
> + __u8 id;
> +};
> +
> +/* Event type definitions */
> +enum counter_event_type {
> + COUNTER_EVENT_OVERFLOW,
> + COUNTER_EVENT_UNDERFLOW,
> + COUNTER_EVENT_OVERFLOW_UNDERFLOW,
> + COUNTER_EVENT_THRESHOLD,
> + COUNTER_EVENT_INDEX,
> +};
> +
> +/**
> + * struct counter_watch - Counter component watch configuration
> + * @component: component to watch when event triggers
> + * @event: event that triggers (one of enum counter_event_type)
> + * @channel: event channel (typically 0 unless the device supports concurrent
> + * events of the same type)
> + */
> +struct counter_watch {
> + struct counter_component component;
> + __u8 event;
> + __u8 channel;
> +};
> +
> +/* ioctl commands */
> +#define COUNTER_ADD_WATCH_IOCTL _IOW(0x3E, 0x00, struct counter_watch)
> +#define COUNTER_ENABLE_EVENTS_IOCTL _IO(0x3E, 0x01)
> +#define COUNTER_DISABLE_EVENTS_IOCTL _IO(0x3E, 0x02)
> +
> +/**
> + * struct counter_event - Counter event data
> + * @timestamp: best estimate of time of event occurrence, in nanoseconds
> + * @value: component value
> + * @watch: component watch configuration
> + * @status: return status (system error number)
> + */
> +struct counter_event {
> + __aligned_u64 timestamp;
> + __aligned_u64 value;
> + struct counter_watch watch;
> + __u8 status;
> +};
> +
> /* Count direction values */
> enum counter_count_direction {
> COUNTER_COUNT_DIRECTION_FORWARD,

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