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SubjectRE: [Patch v2 2/3] Drivers: hv: add Azure Blob driver
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From: Long Li <longli@microsoft.com> Sent: Wednesday, June 30, 2021 11:51 PM

[snip]

> > > +static void az_blob_remove_device(struct az_blob_device *dev) {
> > > + wait_event(dev->file_wait, list_empty(&dev->file_list));
> > > + misc_deregister(&az_blob_misc_device);
> > > +#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS
> > > + debugfs_remove_recursive(az_blob_debugfs_root);
> > > +#endif
> > > + /* At this point, we won't get any requests from user-mode */ }
> > > +
> > > +static int az_blob_create_device(struct az_blob_device *dev) {
> > > + int rc;
> > > + struct dentry *d;
> > > +
> > > + rc = misc_register(&az_blob_misc_device);
> > > + if (rc) {
> > > + az_blob_err("misc_register failed rc %d\n", rc);
> > > + return rc;
> > > + }
> > > +
> > > +#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS
> > > + az_blob_debugfs_root = debugfs_create_dir("az_blob", NULL);
> > > + if (!IS_ERR_OR_NULL(az_blob_debugfs_root)) {
> > > + d = debugfs_create_file("pending_requests", 0400,
> > > + az_blob_debugfs_root, NULL,
> > > + &az_blob_debugfs_fops);
> > > + if (IS_ERR_OR_NULL(d)) {
> > > + az_blob_warn("failed to create debugfs file\n");
> > > + debugfs_remove_recursive(az_blob_debugfs_root);
> > > + az_blob_debugfs_root = NULL;
> > > + }
> > > + } else
> > > + az_blob_warn("failed to create debugfs root\n"); #endif
> > > +
> > > + return 0;
> > > +}
> > > +
> > > +static int az_blob_connect_to_vsp(struct hv_device *device, u32
> > > +ring_size) {
> > > + int ret;
> > > +
> > > + spin_lock_init(&az_blob_dev.file_lock);
> >
> > I'd argue that the spin lock should not be re-initialized here. Here's the
> > sequence where things go wrong:
> >
> > 1) The driver is unbound, so az_blob_remove() is called.
> > 2) az_blob_remove() sets the "removing" flag to true, and calls
> > az_blob_remove_device().
> > 3) az_blob_remove_device() waits for the file_list to become empty.
> > 4) After the file_list becomes empty, but before misc_deregister() is called, a
> > separate thread opens the device again.
> > 5) In the separate thread, az_blob_fop_open() obtains the file_lock spin lock.
> > 6) Before az_blob_fop_open() releases the spin lock, az_blob_remove_device()
> > completes, along with az_blob_remove().
> > 7) Then the device gets rebound, and az_blob_connect_to_vsp() gets called,
> > all while az_blob_fop_open() still holds the spin lock. So the spin lock get re-
> > initialized while it is held.
> >
> > This is admittedly a far-fetched scenario, but stranger things have
> > happened. :-) The issue is that you are counting on the az_blob_dev structure
> > to persist and have a valid file_lock, even while the device is unbound. So any
> > initialization should only happen in az_blob_drv_init().
>
> I'm not sure if az_blob_probe() and az_blob_remove() can be called at the
> same time, as az_blob_remove_vmbus() is called the last in az_blob_remove().
> Is it possible for vmbus asking the driver to probe a new channel before the
> old channel is closed? I expect the vmbus provide guarantee that those calls
> are made in sequence.

In my scenario above, az_blob_remove_vmbus() and az_blob_remove() run to
completion in Step #6, all while some other thread is still in the middle of an
open() call and holding the file_lock spin lock. Then in Step #7 az_blob_probe()
runs. So az_blob_remove() and az_blob_probe() execute sequentially, not at
the same time.

Michael

>
> >
> > > + INIT_LIST_HEAD(&az_blob_dev.file_list);
> > > + init_waitqueue_head(&az_blob_dev.file_wait);
> > > +
> > > + az_blob_dev.removing = false;
> > > +
> > > + az_blob_dev.device = device;
> > > + device->channel->rqstor_size = device_queue_depth;
> > > +
> > > + ret = vmbus_open(device->channel, ring_size, ring_size, NULL, 0,
> > > + az_blob_on_channel_callback, device->channel);
> > > +
> > > + if (ret) {
> > > + az_blob_err("failed to connect to VSP ret %d\n", ret);
> > > + return ret;
> > > + }
> > > +
> > > + hv_set_drvdata(device, &az_blob_dev);
> > > +
> > > + return ret;
> > > +}
> > > +
> > > +static void az_blob_remove_vmbus(struct hv_device *device) {
> > > + /* At this point, no VSC/VSP traffic is possible over vmbus */
> > > + hv_set_drvdata(device, NULL);
> > > + vmbus_close(device->channel);
> > > +}
> > > +
> > > +static int az_blob_probe(struct hv_device *device,
> > > + const struct hv_vmbus_device_id *dev_id) {
> > > + int rc;
> > > +
> > > + az_blob_dbg("probing device\n");
> > > +
> > > + rc = az_blob_connect_to_vsp(device, az_blob_ringbuffer_size);
> > > + if (rc) {
> > > + az_blob_err("error connecting to VSP rc %d\n", rc);
> > > + return rc;
> > > + }
> > > +
> > > + // create user-mode client library facing device
> > > + rc = az_blob_create_device(&az_blob_dev);
> > > + if (rc) {
> > > + az_blob_remove_vmbus(device);
> > > + return rc;
> > > + }
> > > +
> > > + az_blob_dbg("successfully probed device\n");
> > > + return 0;
> > > +}
> > > +
> > > +static int az_blob_remove(struct hv_device *dev) {
> > > + struct az_blob_device *device = hv_get_drvdata(dev);
> > > + unsigned long flags;
> > > +
> > > + spin_lock_irqsave(&device->file_lock, flags);
> > > + device->removing = true;
> > > + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&device->file_lock, flags);
> > > +
> > > + az_blob_remove_device(device);
> > > + az_blob_remove_vmbus(dev);
> > > + return 0;
> > > +}
> > > +
> > > +static struct hv_driver az_blob_drv = {
> > > + .name = KBUILD_MODNAME,
> > > + .id_table = id_table,
> > > + .probe = az_blob_probe,
> > > + .remove = az_blob_remove,
> > > + .driver = {
> > > + .probe_type = PROBE_PREFER_ASYNCHRONOUS,
> > > + },
> > > +};
> > > +
> > > +static int __init az_blob_drv_init(void) {
> > > + int ret;
> > > +
> > > + ret = vmbus_driver_register(&az_blob_drv);
> > > + return ret;
> > > +}
> > > +
> > > +static void __exit az_blob_drv_exit(void) {
> > > + vmbus_driver_unregister(&az_blob_drv);
> > > +}

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