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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4] mfd: da9063: Support SMBus and I2C mode
On Tue, 09 Mar 2021, Mark Jonas wrote:

> Hi Lee,
>
> Thank you for having a look at the patch.
>
> > > From: Hubert Streidl <hubert.streidl@de.bosch.com>
> > >
> > > By default the PMIC DA9063 2-wire interface is SMBus compliant. This
> > > means the PMIC will automatically reset the interface when the clock
> > > signal ceases for more than the SMBus timeout of 35 ms.
> > >
> > > If the I2C driver / device is not capable of creating atomic I2C
> > > transactions, a context change can cause a ceasing of the clock signal.
> > > This can happen if for example a real-time thread is scheduled. Then
> > > the DA9063 in SMBus mode will reset the 2-wire interface. Subsequently
> > > a write message could end up in the wrong register. This could cause
> > > unpredictable system behavior.
> > >
> > > The DA9063 PMIC also supports an I2C compliant mode for the 2-wire
> > > interface. This mode does not reset the interface when the clock
> > > signal ceases. Thus the problem depicted above does not occur.
> > >
> > > This patch tests for the bus functionality "I2C_FUNC_I2C". It can
> > > reasonably be assumed that the bus cannot obey SMBus timings if
> > > this functionality is set. SMBus commands most probably are emulated
> > > in this case which is prone to the latency issue described above.
> > >
> > > This patch enables the I2C bus mode if I2C_FUNC_I2C is set or
> > > otherwise enables the SMBus mode for a native SMBus controller
> > > which doesn't have I2C_FUNC_I2C set.
> > >
> > > Signed-off-by: Hubert Streidl <hubert.streidl@de.bosch.com>
> > > Signed-off-by: Mark Jonas <mark.jonas@de.bosch.com>
> > > ---
> > > Changes in v4:
> > > - Remove logging of selected 2-wire bus mode.
> > >
> > > Changes in v3:
> > > - busmode now contains the correct bit DA9063_TWOWIRE_TO
> > >
> > > Changes in v2:
> > > - Implement proposal by Adam Thomson and Wolfram Sang to check for
> > > functionality I2C_FUNC_I2C instead of introducing a new DT property.
> > >
> > > drivers/mfd/da9063-i2c.c | 11 +++++++++++
> > > include/linux/mfd/da9063/registers.h | 3 +++
> > > 2 files changed, 14 insertions(+)
> > >
> > > diff --git a/drivers/mfd/da9063-i2c.c b/drivers/mfd/da9063-i2c.c
> > > index 3781d0bb7786..9450c95a3741 100644
> > > --- a/drivers/mfd/da9063-i2c.c
> > > +++ b/drivers/mfd/da9063-i2c.c
> > > @@ -355,6 +355,7 @@ static int da9063_i2c_probe(struct i2c_client *i2c,
> > > const struct i2c_device_id *id)
> > > {
> > > struct da9063 *da9063;
> > > + unsigned int busmode;
> > > int ret;
> > >
> > > da9063 = devm_kzalloc(&i2c->dev, sizeof(struct da9063), GFP_KERNEL);
> > > @@ -442,6 +443,16 @@ static int da9063_i2c_probe(struct i2c_client *i2c,
> > > return ret;
> > > }
> > >
> > > + busmode = i2c_check_functionality(i2c->adapter, I2C_FUNC_I2C) ?
> > > + 0 : DA9063_TWOWIRE_TO;
> >
> > Nit: I find ternaries like this tend to complicate matters and
> > harm readability rather than the converse.
>
> We can send an update of the patch if required.
>
> > > + ret = regmap_update_bits(da9063->regmap, DA9063_REG_CONFIG_J,
> > > + DA9063_TWOWIRE_TO, busmode);
> > > + if (ret < 0) {
> > > + dev_err(da9063->dev, "Failed to set 2-wire bus mode.\n");
> > > + return -EIO;
> > > + }
> >
> > I'm a little confused by this. It's likely just me, but I would still
> > like some clarification.
> >
> > So you write to the TWOWIRE register despite whether I2C is operable
> > not, which I guess is fine.
>
> In our understanding at this point the I2C / SMBus is definitely
> operable. Otherwise the call to da9063_get_device_type() would have
> already failed because it reads the chip ID via I2C / SMBus.
>
> > But what if I2C is disabled and the update fails. You seem to complain
> > to the user that a failure occurred and return an error even if the
> > configuration is invalid in the first place.
> >
> > Would it not be better to encapsulate the update inside the
> > functionality check?
>
> Do you mean i2c_check_functionality() with "functionality check"? I
> understood that this function is part of the I2C / SMBus subsystem. It
> checks available features of the I2C / SMBus controller. As proposed
> during review of this patch we check for I2C_FUNC_I2C to determine
> whether the controller can do SMBus or if it is limited to I2C
> functionality. If the controller can only do I2C then the DA9063 shall
> not expect SMBus.
>
> By default the DA9063 assumes that it is connected to an SMBus. Thus,
> even with our patch there are potentially still two (get chip ID, set
> 2-wire mode) accesses to the DA9063 by an I2C controller but the
> DA9063 assumes SMBus. Yet, our patch closes the window of opportunity
> for something bad to happen from maybe one accesse per second to two
> accesses over the complete lifetime of the driver. I think this is
> already pretty good.
>
> If you have a concrete proposal we could try to improve further. But
> one write access for setting the twowire mode will always be there.
> And without the call to da9063_get_device_type() this would also have
> to be "hard-coded" without the use of the regmap.
>
> I consider our patch being already that much better than the current
> state that it is worth taking it mainline. Without the patch our
> system triggers the fault during normal operation. Even with heavy
> stress testing we have not been able to trigger the fault once our
> patch was applied.

This is my suggestion:

/* If SMBus Mode is not available, enter Two-Wire Mode */
if (!i2c_check_functionality(i2c->adapter, I2C_FUNC_I2C)) {
ret = regmap_update_bits(da9063->regmap, DA9063_REG_CONFIG_J,
DA9063_TWOWIRE_TO, DA9063_TWOWIRE_TO);
if (ret < 0) {
dev_err(da9063->dev, "Failed to set Two-Wire Bus Mode\n");
return -EIO;
}
}

> > > return da9063_device_init(da9063, i2c->irq);
> > > }
> > >
> > > diff --git a/include/linux/mfd/da9063/registers.h b/include/linux/mfd/da9063/registers.h
> > > index 1dbabf1b3cb8..6e0f66a2e727 100644
> > > --- a/include/linux/mfd/da9063/registers.h
> > > +++ b/include/linux/mfd/da9063/registers.h
> > > @@ -1037,6 +1037,9 @@
> > > #define DA9063_NONKEY_PIN_AUTODOWN 0x02
> > > #define DA9063_NONKEY_PIN_AUTOFLPRT 0x03
> > >
> > > +/* DA9063_REG_CONFIG_J (addr=0x10F) */
> > > +#define DA9063_TWOWIRE_TO 0x40
> > > +
> > > /* DA9063_REG_MON_REG_5 (addr=0x116) */
> > > #define DA9063_MON_A8_IDX_MASK 0x07
> > > #define DA9063_MON_A8_IDX_NONE 0x00
>
> I am currently out of office. In case of change requirements we'll
> most likely send an updated patch mid of next week.
>

--
Lee Jones [李琼斯]
Senior Technical Lead - Developer Services
Linaro.org │ Open source software for Arm SoCs
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