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SubjectRe: [PATCH] amdgpu: fix gcc -Wrestrict warning
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On 24/03/2021 14.33, Arnd Bergmann wrote:
> On Tue, Mar 23, 2021 at 4:57 PM Rasmus Villemoes
> <linux@rasmusvillemoes.dk> wrote:
>> On 23/03/2021 14.04, Arnd Bergmann wrote:
>>> if (securedisplay_cmd->status == TA_SECUREDISPLAY_STATUS__SUCCESS) {
>>> + int pos = 0;
>>> memset(i2c_output, 0, sizeof(i2c_output));
>>> for (i = 0; i < TA_SECUREDISPLAY_I2C_BUFFER_SIZE; i++)
>>> - sprintf(i2c_output, "%s 0x%X", i2c_output,
>>> + pos += sprintf(i2c_output + pos, " 0x%X",
>>> securedisplay_cmd->securedisplay_out_message.send_roi_crc.i2c_buf[i]);
>>> dev_info(adev->dev, "SECUREDISPLAY: I2C buffer out put is :%s\n", i2c_output);
>>
>> Eh, why not get rid of the 256 byte stack allocation and just replace
>> all of this by
>>
>> dev_info(adev->dev, ""SECUREDISPLAY: I2C buffer out put is: %*ph\n",
>> TA_SECUREDISPLAY_I2C_BUFFER_SIZE,
>> securedisplay_cmd->securedisplay_out_message.send_roi_crc.i2c_buf);
>>
>> That's much less code (both in #LOC and .text), and avoids adding yet
>> another place that will be audited over and over for "hm, yeah, that
>> sprintf() is actually not gonna overflow".
>>
>> Yeah, it'll lose the 0x prefixes for each byte and use lowercase hex chars.
>
> Ah, I didn't know the kernel's sprintf could do that, that's really nice.

If you're bored, you can "git grep -E -C4 '%[0.]2[xX]'" and find places
that are inside a small loop, many can trivially be converted to %ph,
though often with some small change in formatting. If you're lucky, you
even get to fix real bugs when people pass a "char" to %02x and "know"
that that will produce precisely two bytes of output, so they've sized
their stack buffer accordingly - boom when "char" happens to be signed
and one of the bytes have a value beyond ascii and %02x produces 0xffffffXX.

%ph has a hard-coded upper bound of 64 bytes, I think that's silly
because people instead do these inefficient and very verbose loops
instead, wasting stack, .text and runtime.

Rasmus

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