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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 1/3] KVM: nVMX: Sync L2 guest CET states between L1/L2
On Tue, Mar 23, 2021, Yang Weijiang wrote:
> On Tue, Mar 16, 2021 at 05:03:47PM +0800, Yang Weijiang wrote:
>
> Hi, Sean,
> Could you respond my below rely? I'm not sure how to proceed, thanks!
>
> > On Mon, Mar 15, 2021 at 09:45:11AM -0700, Sean Christopherson wrote:
> > > On Mon, Mar 15, 2021, Yang Weijiang wrote:

...

> > > > @@ -2556,6 +2563,15 @@ static int prepare_vmcs02(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct vmcs12 *vmcs12,
> > > > if (kvm_mpx_supported() && (!vmx->nested.nested_run_pending ||
> > > > !(vmcs12->vm_entry_controls & VM_ENTRY_LOAD_BNDCFGS)))
> > > > vmcs_write64(GUEST_BNDCFGS, vmx->nested.vmcs01_guest_bndcfgs);
> > > > +
> > > > + if (kvm_cet_supported() && (!vmx->nested.nested_run_pending ||
> > > > + !(vmcs12->vm_entry_controls & VM_ENTRY_LOAD_CET_STATE))) {
> > >
> > > Not your code per se, since this pattern comes from BNDCFGS and DEBUGCTL, but I
> > > don't see how loading vmcs01 state in this combo is correct:
> > >
> > > a. kvm_xxx_supported() == 1
> > > b. nested_run_pending == false
> > > c. vm_entry_controls.load_xxx_state == true
> > >
> > > nested_vmx_enter_non_root_mode() only snapshots vmcs01 if
> > > vm_entry_controls.load_xxx_state == false, which means the above combo is
> > > loading stale values (or more likely, zeros).
> > >
> > > I _think_ nested_vmx_enter_non_root_mode() just needs to snapshot vmcs01 if
> > > nested_run_pending=false. For migration, if userspace restores MSRs after
> > > KVM_SET_NESTED_STATE, then what's done here is likely irrelevant. If userspace
> > > restores MSRs before nested state, then vmcs01 will hold the desired value since
> > > setting MSRs would have written the value into vmcs01.
> >
> > Then the code nested_vmx_enter_non_root_mode() would look like:
> >
> > if (kvm_cet_supported() && !vmx->nested.nested_run_pending &&
> > !(vmcs12->vm_entry_controls & VM_ENTRY_LOAD_CET_STATE)) {
> > ...
> > }
> >
> > I have another concern now, if vm_entry_controls.load_cet_state == false, and L1
> > updated vmcs fields, so the latest states are in vmcs12, but they cannot
> > be synced to vmcs02 because in prepare_vmcs02_rare():
> >
> > if (kvm_cet_supported() && vmx->nested.nested_run_pending &&
> > (vmcs12->vm_entry_controls & VM_ENTRY_LOAD_CET_STATE)) {
> > ...
> > }
> >
> > so L2 got stale status. IMO, L1 guest sets vm_entry_controls.load_cet_state == false
> > should be rare case. We can even igore this case :-)

Yes, that's an L1 bug if it expects L2 state to come from vmcs12 in that case.
Architecturally, the vcms12 value won't be visible to L2 until L1 enables the
VM-Entry control, at which point KVM would detect the refreshed vmcs12 and sync
the "rare" fields.

> > > I suspect no one has reported this issue because guests simply don't use MPX,
> > > and up until the recent LBR stuff, KVM effectively zeroed out DEBUGCTL for the
> > > guest.
> > >
> > So for MPX and DEBUGCTL, is it worth some separate fix patch?

Yes, assuming my analysis is correct. That doesn't necessarily need to be your
responsibility, though patches are of course welcome :-)

Jim, Paolo, any thoughts?

> > > diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/nested.c b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/nested.c
> > > index 45622e9c4449..4184ff601120 100644
> > > --- a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/nested.c
> > > +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/nested.c
> > > @@ -3298,10 +3298,11 @@ enum nvmx_vmentry_status nested_vmx_enter_non_root_mode(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
> > > if (likely(!evaluate_pending_interrupts) && kvm_vcpu_apicv_active(vcpu))
> > > evaluate_pending_interrupts |= vmx_has_apicv_interrupt(vcpu);
> > >
> > > - if (!(vmcs12->vm_entry_controls & VM_ENTRY_LOAD_DEBUG_CONTROLS))
> > > + if (!vmx->nested.nested_run_pending ||
> > > + !(vmcs12->vm_entry_controls & VM_ENTRY_LOAD_DEBUG_CONTROLS))
> > > vmx->nested.vmcs01_debugctl = vmcs_read64(GUEST_IA32_DEBUGCTL);
> > > - if (kvm_mpx_supported() &&
> > > - !(vmcs12->vm_entry_controls & VM_ENTRY_LOAD_BNDCFGS))
> > > + if (kvm_mpx_supported() && (!vmx->nested.nested_run_pending ||
> > > + !(vmcs12->vm_entry_controls & VM_ENTRY_LOAD_BNDCFGS)))
> > > vmx->nested.vmcs01_guest_bndcfgs = vmcs_read64(GUEST_BNDCFGS);
> > >
> > > /*
> > >
> > >
> > > Side topic, all of this code is broken for SMM emulation. SMI+RSM don't do a
> > > full VM-Exit -> VM-Entry; the CPU forcefully exits non-root, but most state that
> > > is loaded from the VMCS is left untouched. It's the SMI handler's responsibility
> > > to not enable features, e.g. to not set CR4.CET. For sane use cases, this
> > > probably doesn't matter as vmcs12 will be configured to context switch state,
> > > but if L1 is doing anything out of the ordinary, SMI+RSM will corrupt state.
> > >
> > > E.g. if L1 enables MPX in the guest, does not intercept L2 writes to BNDCFGS,
> > > and does not load BNDCFGS on VM-Entry, then SMI+RSM would corrupt BNDCFGS since
> > > the SMI "exit" would clear BNDCFGS, and the RSM "entry" would load zero. This
> > > is 100% contrived, and probably doesn't impact real world use cases, but it
> > > still bugs me :-)
> >
> > Exactly, should it be fixed by separate patch or leave it as is?

Definitely leave it for now, properly fixing the SMI+RSM code goes far beyond
basic CET support.

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