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Subject[PATCH v3 26/32] KVM: arm64: Introduce PROT_NONE mappings for stage 2
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Once we start unmapping portions of memory from the host stage 2 (such
as e.g. the hypervisor memory sections, or pages that belong to
protected guests), we will need a way to track page ownership. And
given that all mappings in the host stage 2 will be identity-mapped, we
can use the host stage 2 page-table itself as a simplistic rmap.

As a first step towards this, introduce a new protection attribute
in the stage 2 page table code, called KVM_PGTABLE_PROT_NONE, which
allows to annotate portions of the IPA space as inaccessible. For
simplicity, PROT_NONE mappings are created as invalid mappings with a
software bit set.

Signed-off-by: Quentin Perret <qperret@google.com>
---
arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_pgtable.h | 2 ++
arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/pgtable.c | 26 ++++++++++++++++++++++++--
2 files changed, 26 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_pgtable.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_pgtable.h
index 9935dbae2cc1..c9f6ed76e0ad 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_pgtable.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_pgtable.h
@@ -80,6 +80,7 @@ struct kvm_pgtable {
* @KVM_PGTABLE_PROT_W: Write permission.
* @KVM_PGTABLE_PROT_R: Read permission.
* @KVM_PGTABLE_PROT_DEVICE: Device attributes.
+ * @KVM_PGTABLE_PROT_NONE: No permission.
*/
enum kvm_pgtable_prot {
KVM_PGTABLE_PROT_X = BIT(0),
@@ -87,6 +88,7 @@ enum kvm_pgtable_prot {
KVM_PGTABLE_PROT_R = BIT(2),

KVM_PGTABLE_PROT_DEVICE = BIT(3),
+ KVM_PGTABLE_PROT_NONE = BIT(4),
};

#define PAGE_HYP (KVM_PGTABLE_PROT_R | KVM_PGTABLE_PROT_W)
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/pgtable.c b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/pgtable.c
index bdd6e3d4eeb6..8e7059fcfd40 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/pgtable.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/pgtable.c
@@ -48,6 +48,8 @@
KVM_PTE_LEAF_ATTR_LO_S2_S2AP_W | \
KVM_PTE_LEAF_ATTR_HI_S2_XN)

+#define KVM_PTE_LEAF_SW_BIT_PROT_NONE BIT(55)
+
struct kvm_pgtable_walk_data {
struct kvm_pgtable *pgt;
struct kvm_pgtable_walker *walker;
@@ -120,6 +122,16 @@ static bool kvm_pte_valid(kvm_pte_t pte)
return pte & KVM_PTE_VALID;
}

+static bool kvm_pte_prot_none(kvm_pte_t pte)
+{
+ return pte & KVM_PTE_LEAF_SW_BIT_PROT_NONE;
+}
+
+static inline bool stage2_is_permanent_mapping(kvm_pte_t pte)
+{
+ return kvm_pte_prot_none(pte);
+}
+
static bool kvm_pte_table(kvm_pte_t pte, u32 level)
{
if (level == KVM_PGTABLE_MAX_LEVELS - 1)
@@ -182,7 +194,8 @@ static kvm_pte_t kvm_init_valid_leaf_pte(u64 pa, kvm_pte_t attr, u32 level)

pte |= attr & (KVM_PTE_LEAF_ATTR_LO | KVM_PTE_LEAF_ATTR_HI);
pte |= FIELD_PREP(KVM_PTE_TYPE, type);
- pte |= KVM_PTE_VALID;
+ if (!kvm_pte_prot_none(pte))
+ pte |= KVM_PTE_VALID;

return pte;
}
@@ -317,7 +330,7 @@ static int hyp_map_set_prot_attr(enum kvm_pgtable_prot prot,
u32 ap = (prot & KVM_PGTABLE_PROT_W) ? KVM_PTE_LEAF_ATTR_LO_S1_AP_RW :
KVM_PTE_LEAF_ATTR_LO_S1_AP_RO;

- if (!(prot & KVM_PGTABLE_PROT_R))
+ if (!(prot & KVM_PGTABLE_PROT_R) || (prot & KVM_PGTABLE_PROT_NONE))
return -EINVAL;

if (prot & KVM_PGTABLE_PROT_X) {
@@ -489,6 +502,13 @@ static int stage2_map_set_prot_attr(enum kvm_pgtable_prot prot,
PAGE_S2_MEMATTR(NORMAL);
u32 sh = KVM_PTE_LEAF_ATTR_LO_S2_SH_IS;

+ if (prot & KVM_PGTABLE_PROT_NONE) {
+ if (prot != KVM_PGTABLE_PROT_NONE)
+ return -EINVAL;
+ attr |= KVM_PTE_LEAF_SW_BIT_PROT_NONE;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
if (!(prot & KVM_PGTABLE_PROT_X))
attr |= KVM_PTE_LEAF_ATTR_HI_S2_XN;
else if (device)
@@ -502,6 +522,8 @@ static int stage2_map_set_prot_attr(enum kvm_pgtable_prot prot,

attr |= FIELD_PREP(KVM_PTE_LEAF_ATTR_LO_S2_SH, sh);
attr |= KVM_PTE_LEAF_ATTR_LO_S2_AF;
+
+out:
data->attr = attr;
return 0;
}
--
2.30.1.766.gb4fecdf3b7-goog
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