lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2021]   [Mar]   [1]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
From
SubjectRE: [PATCH V3 XRT Alveo 01/18] Documentation: fpga: Add a document describing XRT Alveo drivers
Date
Hello Tom,

> -----Original Message-----
> From: Tom Rix <trix@redhat.com>
> Sent: Friday, February 19, 2021 2:26 PM
> To: Lizhi Hou <lizhih@xilinx.com>; linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
> Cc: Lizhi Hou <lizhih@xilinx.com>; linux-fpga@vger.kernel.org; Max Zhen
> <maxz@xilinx.com>; Sonal Santan <sonals@xilinx.com>; Michal Simek
> <michals@xilinx.com>; Stefano Stabellini <stefanos@xilinx.com>;
> devicetree@vger.kernel.org; mdf@kernel.org; robh@kernel.org; Max Zhen
> <maxz@xilinx.com>
> Subject: Re: [PATCH V3 XRT Alveo 01/18] Documentation: fpga: Add a
> document describing XRT Alveo drivers
>
> From the documentation, there are a couple of big questions and a bunch of
> word smithing.
>
> pseudo-bus : do we need a bus ?
We are looking for guidance here.
>
> xrt-lib real platform devices that aren't fpga, do they need to move to another
> subsystem ?
>

Drivers for the IPs that show up in the Alveo shell are not generic enough. They
fit into the framework that XRT uses. Is the idea that that they can be used in a
different context?

> Overall looks good, love the ascii art!
>
> On 2/17/21 10:40 PM, Lizhi Hou wrote:
> > Describe XRT driver architecture and provide basic overview of Xilinx
> > Alveo platform.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Sonal Santan <sonal.santan@xilinx.com>
> > Signed-off-by: Max Zhen <max.zhen@xilinx.com>
> > Signed-off-by: Lizhi Hou <lizhih@xilinx.com>
> > ---
> > Documentation/fpga/index.rst | 1 +
> > Documentation/fpga/xrt.rst | 842
> +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > 2 files changed, 843 insertions(+)
> > create mode 100644 Documentation/fpga/xrt.rst
> >
> > diff --git a/Documentation/fpga/index.rst
> > b/Documentation/fpga/index.rst index f80f95667ca2..30134357b70d 100644
> > --- a/Documentation/fpga/index.rst
> > +++ b/Documentation/fpga/index.rst
> > @@ -8,6 +8,7 @@ fpga
> > :maxdepth: 1
> >
> > dfl
> > + xrt
> >
> > .. only:: subproject and html
> >
> > diff --git a/Documentation/fpga/xrt.rst b/Documentation/fpga/xrt.rst
> > new file mode 100644 index 000000000000..9bc2d2785cb9
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ b/Documentation/fpga/xrt.rst
> > @@ -0,0 +1,842 @@
> > +.. SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> > +
> > +==================================
> > +XRTV2 Linux Kernel Driver Overview
> > +==================================
> > +
> > +Authors:
> > +
> > +* Sonal Santan <sonal.santan@xilinx.com>
> > +* Max Zhen <max.zhen@xilinx.com>
> > +* Lizhi Hou <lizhi.hou@xilinx.com>
> > +
> > +XRTV2 drivers are second generation `XRT
> > +<https://github.com/Xilinx/XRT>`_ drivers which support `Alveo
> > +<https://www.xilinx.com/products/boards-and-kits/alveo.html>`_
> > +PCIe platforms from Xilinx.
> > +
> > +XRTV2 drivers support *subsystem* style data driven platforms where
> > +driver's
> where the driver's
> > +configuration and behavior is determined by meta data provided by the
> > +platform (in *device tree* format). Primary management physical
> > +function (MPF) driver is called **xmgmt**. Primary user physical
> > +function (UPF) driver is called
> > +**xuser** and is under development. xrt driver framework and HW
> > +subsystem drivers are packaged into a library module called
> > +**xrt-lib**, which is shared by **xmgmt** and **xuser** (under
> > +development). The xrt driver framework
> xuser still under development ?
> > +implements a pseudo-bus which is used to discover HW subsystems and
> > +facilitate
> A pseudo-bus.
>
> It would be good if this was close to what was done for dfl here
>
> https://lore.kernel.org/linux-fpga/1605159759-3439-1-git-send-email-
> yilun.xu@intel.com/
>

I am wondering if we can phase in the migration to formal bus architecture
based on struct bus_type as a follow on set of patches?

> > +inter HW subsystem interaction.
> > +
> > +Driver Modules
> > +==============
> > +
> > +xrt-lib.ko
> > +----------
> > +
> > +Repository of all subsystem drivers and pure software modules that
> > +can potentially
>
> subsystem drivers
>
> drivers in fpga/ should be for managing just the fpganess of the fpga.
>
> soft devices ex/ a soft tty should go to their respective subsystem location
>
> Are there any in this patchset you think might move ?

We have already shrunk the patch to only include FPGA centric pieces
necessary to get the bitstream download implemented. Should we explore
the question of subsystem drivers when we add support for more features of
the Alveo shell?

>
> Maybe we can defer reviewing those now.
>
> > +be shared between xmgmt and xuser. All these drivers are structured
> > +as Linux *platform driver* and are instantiated by xmgmt (or xuser
> > +under development) based on meta data associated with hardware. The
> > +metadata is in the form of device tree
>
> with the hardware
>
> form of a device tree
>

Will change

> > +as mentioned before. Each platform driver statically defines a
> > +subsystem node array by using node name or a string in its
> > +``compatible`` property. And this array is eventually translated to IOMEM
> resources of the platform device.
> > +
> > +The xrt-lib core infrastructure provides hooks to platform drivers
> > +for device node management, user file operations and ioctl callbacks.
> > +The core also provides pseudo-bus functionality for platform driver
> > +registration, discovery and inter platform driver ioctl calls.
>
> core infrastructure.
>

Will update.

> The interfaces to the infrastructure are not in include/linux/fpga/
>
> Maybe this needs to change.
>

Were you thinking of moving XRT infrastructure header files from
drivers/fpga/xrt/include to include/linux/fpga?

> > +
> > +.. note::
> > + See code in ``include/xleaf.h``
> > +
> > +
> > +xmgmt.ko
> > +--------
> > +
> > +The xmgmt driver is a PCIe device driver driving MPF found on
> > +Xilinx's Alveo PCIE device. It consists of one *root* driver, one or
> > +more *group* drivers and one or more *xleaf* drivers. The root and
> > +MPF specific xleaf drivers are in xmgmt.ko. The group driver and other xleaf
> drivers are in xrt-lib.ko.
> I am not sure if *.ko is correct, these will also be intree.
> > +
> > +The instantiation of specific group driver or xleaf driver is
> > +completely data
> of a specific
> > +driven based on meta data (mostly in device tree format) found
> > +through VSEC
> mostly ? what is the deviation from device tree ?
> > +capability and inside firmware files, such as platform xsabin or user xclbin
> file.
> > +The root driver manages life cycle of multiple group drivers, which,
> > +in turn,
> the life cycle
> > +manages multiple xleaf drivers. This allows a single set of driver
> > +code to support
>
> set of drivers
>
> drop 'code'
>

Will update

> > +all kinds of subsystems exposed by different shells. The difference
> > +among all these subsystems will be handled in xleaf drivers with root
> > +and group drivers being part of the infrastructure and provide common
> > +services for all leaves found on all platforms.
> > +
> > +The driver object model looks like the following::
> > +
> > + +-----------+
> > + | xroot |
> > + +-----+-----+
> > + |
> > + +-----------+-----------+
> > + | |
> > + v v
> > + +-----------+ +-----------+
> > + | group | ... | group |
> > + +-----+-----+ +------+----+
> > + | |
> > + | |
> > + +-----+----+ +-----+----+
> > + | | | |
> > + v v v v
> > + +-------+ +-------+ +-------+ +-------+
> > + | xleaf |..| xleaf | | xleaf |..| xleaf |
> > + +-------+ +-------+ +-------+ +-------+
> > +
> > +As an example for Xilinx Alveo U50 before user xclbin download, the
> > +tree looks like the following::
> > +
> > + +-----------+
> > + | xmgmt |
> > + +-----+-----+
> > + |
> > + +-------------------------+--------------------+
> > + | | |
> > + v v v
> > + +--------+ +--------+ +--------+
> > + | group0 | | group1 | | group2 |
> > + +----+---+ +----+---+ +---+----+
> > + | | |
> > + | | |
> > + +-----+-----+ +----+-----+---+ +-----+-----+----+--------+
> > + | | | | | | | | |
> > + v v | v v | v v |
> > + +------------+ +------+ | +------+ +------+ | +------+
> > + +------------+ +-----------+ |
> > + | xmgmt_main | | VSEC | | | GPIO | | QSPI | | | CMC | |
> > + | AXI-GATE0 | |
> > + +------------+ +------+ | +------+ +------+ | +------+
> > + +------------+ +-----------+ |
> > + | +---------+ | +------+ +-----------+ |
> > + +>| MAILBOX | +->| ICAP | | AXI-GATE1 |<+
> > + +---------+ | +------+ +-----------+
> > + | +-------+
> > + +->| CALIB |
> > + +-------+
> > +
> Nice ascii art!
> > +After an xclbin is download, group3 will be added and the tree looks
> > +like the
> > +following::
> > +
> > + +-----------+
> > + | xmgmt |
> > + +-----+-----+
> > + |
> > + +-------------------------+--------------------+-----------------+
> > + | | | |
> > + v v v |
> > + +--------+ +--------+ +--------+ |
> > + | group0 | | group1 | | group2 | |
> > + +----+---+ +----+---+ +---+----+ |
> > + | | | |
> > + | | | |
> > + +-----+-----+ +-----+-----+---+ +-----+-----+----+--------+ |
> > + | | | | | | | | | |
> > + v v | v v | v v | |
> > + +------------+ +------+ | +------+ +------+ | +------+ +-----------+ | |
> > + | xmgmt_main | | VSEC | | | GPIO | | QSPI | | | CMC | | AXI-GATE0 | |
> |
> > + +------------+ +------+ | +------+ +------+ | +------+ +-----------+ | |
> > + | +---------+ | +------+ +-----------+ | |
> > + +>| MAILBOX | +->| ICAP | | AXI-GATE1 |<+ |
> > + +---------+ | +------+ +-----------+ |
> > + | +-------+ |
> > + +->| CALIB | |
> > + +-------+ |
> > + +---+----+ |
> > + | group3 |<--------------------------------------------+
> > + +--------+
> > + |
> > + |
> > + +-------+--------+---+--+--------+------+-------+
> > + | | | | | | |
> > + v | v | v | v
> > + +--------+ | +--------+ | +--------+ | +-----+
> > + | CLOCK0 | | | CLOCK1 | | | CLOCK2 | | | UCS |
> > + +--------+ v +--------+ v +--------+ v +-----+
> > + +-------------+ +-------------+ +-------------+
> > + | CLOCK-FREQ0 | | CLOCK-FREQ1 | | CLOCK-FREQ2 |
> > + +-------------+ +-------------+ +-------------+
> > +
> > +
> > +xmgmt-root
> > +^^^^^^^^^^
> > +
> > +The xmgmt-root driver is a PCIe device driver attached to MPF. It's
> > +part of the infrastructure of the MPF driver and resides in xmgmt.ko.
> > +This driver
> > +
> > +* manages one or more group drivers
> > +* provides access to functionalities that requires pci_dev, such as
> > +PCIE config
> > + space access, to other xleaf drivers through root calls
> > +* together with group driver, facilities event callbacks for other
> > +xleaf drivers
> > +* together with group driver, facilities inter-leaf driver calls for
> > +other xleaf
> Maybe drop 'together with group driver'

Will update

> > + drivers
> > +
> > +When root driver starts, it will explicitly create an initial group
> > +instance, which contains xleaf drivers that will trigger the creation
> > +of other group instances. The root driver will wait for all group and
> > +leaves to be created before it returns from it's probe routine and
> > +claim success of the initialization of the entire xmgmt driver.
> What happens if there a failure in one leaf ? Does the whole board go down ?
> > +
> > +.. note::
> > + See code in ``lib/xroot.c`` and ``mgmt/root.c``
> > +
> > +
> > +group
> > +^^^^^
> > +
> > +The group driver is a platform device driver whose life cycle is
> > +managed by
> Maybe call this a 'pseudo device'

Will update

> > +root and does not have real IO mem or IRQ resources. It's part of the
> > +infrastructure of the MPF driver and resides in xrt-lib.ko. This
> > +driver
> > +
> > +* manages one or more xleaf drivers so that multiple leaves can be
> > +managed as a
> > + group
> can drop 'so that multiple leaves can be managed as a group' to me, this is the
> same as 'one or more'

Will do

> > +* provides access to root from leaves, so that root calls, event
> > +notifications
> > + and inter-leaf calls can happen
> > +
> > +In xmgmt, an initial group driver instance will be created by root,
> > +which
> by the root
> > +contains leaves that will trigger group instances to be created to
> > +manage groups of leaves found on different partitions on hardware,
> > +such as VSEC, Shell, and User.
> > +
> > +Every *fpga_region* has a group object associated with it. The group
> > +is created when xclbin image is loaded on the fpga_region. The
> > +existing group is destroyed when a new xclbin image is loaded. The
> > +fpga_region persists across xclbin downloads.
> The connection of a 'group' node to a fpga region region is fairly important,
> maybe move this section earlier. 'group' as an fpganess thing would be kept in
> fpga/ subsystem.

Will update

> > +
> > +.. note::
> > + See code in ``lib/group.c``
> > +
> > +
> > +xleaf
> > +^^^^^
> > +
> > +The xleaf driver is a platform device driver whose life cycle is
> > +managed by a group driver and may or may not have real IO mem or IRQ
> > +resources. They are the real meat of xmgmt and contains platform
> > +specific code to Shell and User found on a MPF.
> > +
>
> Maybe a split is pseudo device leaves, those without real IO mem, stay in
> fpga/  others go ?
>

This goes back to the earlier question of what minimal set of platform drivers
should stay in fpga subsystem. There are some like bridge or configuration
engine (also called icap) which have their own IO mem but do not have a life
outside of fpga subsystem.

> > +A xleaf driver may not have real hardware resources when it merely
> > +acts as a driver that manages certain in-memory states for xmgmt.
> > +These in-memory states could be shared by multiple other leaves.
> > +
> This implies locking and some message passing.
> > +Leaf drivers assigned to specific hardware resources drive specific
> > +subsystem in
> drive a specific
> > +the device. To manipulate the subsystem or carry out a task, a xleaf
> > +driver may ask help from root via root calls and/or from other leaves via
> inter-leaf calls.
> > +
> > +A xleaf can also broadcast events through infrastructure code for
> > +other leaves to process. It can also receive event notification from
> > +infrastructure about certain events, such as post-creation or pre-exit of a
> particular xleaf.
> I would like to see some examples of how the inter node communications work.

Would update to show an example.

> > +
> > +.. note::
> > + See code in ``lib/xleaf/*.c``
> > +
> > +
> > +FPGA Manager Interaction
> > +========================
> > +
> > +fpga_manager
> > +------------
> > +
> > +An instance of fpga_manager is created by xmgmt_main and is used for
> > +xclbin
> for the xclbin
> > +image download. fpga_manager requires the full xclbin image before it
> > +can start programming the FPGA configuration engine via ICAP platform
> driver.
>
> via the ICAP
>
> what is ICAP ?

Will update. ICAP stands for Internal Configuration Access Port used for configuring
the fpga.

>
> > +
> > +fpga_region
> > +-----------
> > +
> > +For every interface exposed by currently loaded xclbin/xsabin in the
> > +*parent*
> by the currently
> > +fpga_region a new instance of fpga_region is created like a *child* region.
> fpga_region,
> > +The device tree of the *parent* fpga_region defines the resources for
> > +a new instance of fpga_bridge which isolates the parent from
> and isolates
> > +child fpga_region. This new instance of fpga_bridge will be used when
> > +a xclbin image is loaded on the child fpga_region. After the xclbin
> > +image is downloaded to the fpga_region, an instance of group is
> > +created for the fpga_region using the device tree obtained as part of
> > +xclbin. If this device
> of the xclbin
> > +tree defines any child interfaces then it can trigger the creation of
> interfaces, then
> > +fpga_bridge and fpga_region for the next region in the chain.
> a fpga_bridge and a fpga_region
> > +
> > +fpga_bridge
> > +-----------
> > +
> > +Like fpga_region, matching fpga_bridge is also created by walking the
> > +device
> Like the fpga_region, a matchin
> > +tree of the parent group.
> > +
> > +Driver Interfaces
> > +=================
> > +
> > +xmgmt Driver Ioctls
> > +-------------------
> > +
> > +Ioctls exposed by xmgmt driver to user space are enumerated in the
> > +following
> > +table:
> > +
> > +== ===================== ============================
> ==========================
> > +# Functionality ioctl request code data format
> > +== ===================== ============================
> ==========================
> > +1 FPGA image download XMGMT_IOCICAPDOWNLOAD_AXLF
> xmgmt_ioc_bitstream_axlf
> > +== ===================== ============================
> > +==========================
>
> This data format is described below, maybe swap this section with that so
>
> folks will know what xmgmnt_ioc_bitstream_axlf is before this section.
>

Will update.

> > +
> > +User xclbin can be downloaded by using xbmgmt tool from XRT open
> > +source suite. See
>
> A user xclbin
>
> using the xbmgmt
>
> from the XRT
>

Will update

> > +example usage below::
> > +
> > + xbmgmt partition --program --path
> > + /lib/firmware/xilinx/862c7020a250293e32036f19956669e5/test/verify.xc
> > + lbin --force
> > +
> > +xmgmt Driver Sysfs
> > +------------------
> > +
> > +xmgmt driver exposes a rich set of sysfs interfaces. Subsystem
> > +platform drivers export sysfs node for every platform instance.
> > +
> > +Every partition also exports its UUIDs. See below for examples::
> > +
> > + /sys/bus/pci/devices/0000:06:00.0/xmgmt_main.0/interface_uuids
> > + /sys/bus/pci/devices/0000:06:00.0/xmgmt_main.0/logic_uuids
> > +
> > +
> > +hwmon
> > +-----
> > +
> > +xmgmt driver exposes standard hwmon interface to report voltage,
> > +current, temperature, power, etc. These can easily be viewed using
> > +*sensors* command line utility.
> > +
> > +Alveo Platform Overview
> > +=======================
> > +
> > +Alveo platforms are architected as two physical FPGA partitions:
> > +*Shell* and *User*. The Shell provides basic infrastructure for the
> > +Alveo platform like PCIe connectivity, board management, Dynamic
> > +Function Exchange (DFX), sensors, clocking, reset, and security. User
> > +partition contains user compiled FPGA
> the user compiled
> > +binary which is loaded by a process called DFX also known as partial
> > +reconfiguration.
> > +
> > +Physical partitions require strict HW compatibility with each other
> > +for DFX to work properly.
>
> swap order
>
> For DFX to work properly physical partitions ..
>
>

Will update

> > Every physical partition has two interface UUIDs: *parent* UUID
> > +and *child* UUID. For simple single stage platforms, Shell → User
> > +forms parent child relationship. For complex two stage platforms,
> > +Base → Shell → User forms the parent child relationship chain.
> this bit is confusing. is this related to uuid?
> > +
> > +.. note::
> > + Partition compatibility matching is key design component of Alveo
> platforms
> > + and XRT. Partitions have child and parent relationship. A loaded
> > +partition
> have a child
> > + exposes child partition UUID to advertise its compatibility
> > + requirement for
>
> the child's
>
> can drop 'for child partition'

Will update

>
> > + child partition. When loading a child partition the xmgmt
> > + management driver
> When loading a child partition,
> > + matches parent UUID of the child partition against child UUID exported by
> > + the parent. Parent and child partition UUIDs are stored in the *xclbin*
> > + (for user) or *xsabin* (for base and shell).
>
> this is confusing, is this part of the file image format ?
>
> Maybe save/move till the image layout.

Yes these IDs are stored in xclbin image format. Will move the sections around
as suggested.

>
> > Except for root UUID, VSEC,
> > + hardware itself does not know about UUIDs. UUIDs are stored in xsabin
> and
> > + xclbin.
> This is confusing too, not sure how to untangle.

Will reword.

> > +
> > +
> > +The physical partitions and their loading is illustrated below::
> > +
> > + SHELL USER
> > + +-----------+ +-------------------+
> > + | | | |
> > + | VSEC UUID | CHILD PARENT | LOGIC UUID |
> > + | o------->|<--------o |
> > + | | UUID UUID | |
> > + +-----+-----+ +--------+----------+
> > + | |
> > + . .
> > + | |
> > + +---+---+ +------+--------+
> > + | POR | | USER COMPILED |
> > + | FLASH | | XCLBIN |
> > + +-------+ +---------------+
> > +
> > +
> > +Loading Sequence
> > +----------------
> > +
> > +The Shell partition is loaded from flash at system boot time. It
> > +establishes the PCIe link and exposes two physical functions to the
> > +BIOS. After OS boot, xmgmt
> the OS boots, the xmgmt
> > +driver attaches to PCIe physical function 0 exposed by the Shell and
> > +then looks for VSEC in PCIe extended configuration space. Using VSEC
> > +it determines the logic
>
> the PCIe
>
> The driver uses VSEC to determine the UUID of Shell.  The UUID is also used to
> load a matching ...
>

Will update

> > +UUID of Shell and uses the UUID to load matching *xsabin* file from
> > +Linux firmware directory. The xsabin file contains metadata to
> > +discover peripherals that are part of Shell and firmware(s) for any
> embedded soft processors in Shell.
> the firmware needed for any ...

Will update

> > +
> > +The Shell exports child interface UUID which is used for
> > +compatibility check when
>
> export a child
>
> for a compatibility check
>

Will update

> > +loading user compiled xclbin over the User partition as part of DFX.
> > +When a user requests loading of a specific xclbin the xmgmt
> > +management driver reads the parent
> xclbin, the
> > +interface UUID specified in the xclbin and matches it with child
> > +interface UUID exported by Shell to determine if xclbin is compatible
> > +with the Shell. If match fails loading of xclbin is denied.
> > +
> > +xclbin loading is requested using ICAP_DOWNLOAD_AXLF ioctl command.
> > +When loading xclbin, xmgmt driver performs the following *logical*
> operations:
> > +
> > +1. Copy xclbin from user to kernel memory 2. Sanity check the xclbin
> > +contents 3. Isolate the User partition 4. Download the bitstream
> > +using the FPGA config engine (ICAP) 5. De-isolate the User partition
> > +6. Program the clocks (ClockWiz) driving the User partition
> maybe drop '(ClockWiz)'
> > +7. Wait for memory controller (MIG) calibration
> for the
> > +8. Return the loading status back to the caller
> > +
> > +`Platform Loading Overview
> > +<https://xilinx.github.io/XRT/master/html/platforms_partitions.html>`
> > +_ provides more detailed information on platform loading.
> > +
> the link works.
> > +
> > +xsabin
> > +------
> > +
> > +Each Alveo platform comes packaged with its own xsabin. The xsabin is
> > +trusted
> is a trusted
> > +component of the platform. For format details refer to
> > +:ref:`xsabin_xclbin_container_format`
> > +below. xsabin contains basic information like UUIDs, platform name
> > +and metadata in the form of device tree. See :ref:`device_tree_usage`
> below for details and example.
> of a device
> > +
> > +xclbin
> > +------
> > +
> > +xclbin is compiled by end user using
> > +`Vitis
> > +<https://www.xilinx.com/products/design-tools/vitis/vitis-platform.ht
> > +ml>`_
> this link works, seems reasonable landing
> > +tool set from Xilinx. The xclbin contains sections describing user
> > +compiled acceleration engines/kernels, memory subsystems, clocking
> > +information etc. It also contains bitstream for the user partition,
> > +UUIDs, platform name, etc. xclbin uses
> bitstreams
> > +the same container format as xsabin which is described below.
> > +
> > +
> > +.. _xsabin_xclbin_container_format:
> > +
> > +xsabin/xclbin Container Format
> > +------------------------------
> > +
> > +xclbin/xsabin is ELF-like binary container format. It is structured
> > +as series of sections. There is a file header followed by several
> > +section headers which is followed by sections. A section header
> > +points to an actual section. There is an optional signature at the end. The
> format is defined by header file ``xclbin.h``.
> > +The following figure illustrates a typical xclbin::
> > +
> > +
> > + +---------------------+
> > + | |
> > + | HEADER |
> > + +---------------------+
> > + | SECTION HEADER |
> > + | |
> > + +---------------------+
> > + | ... |
> > + | |
> > + +---------------------+
> > + | SECTION HEADER |
> > + | |
> > + +---------------------+
> > + | SECTION |
> > + | |
> > + +---------------------+
> > + | ... |
> > + | |
> > + +---------------------+
> > + | SECTION |
> > + | |
> > + +---------------------+
> > + | SIGNATURE |
> > + | (OPTIONAL) |
> > + +---------------------+
> > +
> > +
> > +xclbin/xsabin files can be packaged, un-packaged and inspected using
> > +XRT utility called **xclbinutil**. xclbinutil is part of XRT open
> > +source software stack. The source code for xclbinutil can be found at
> > +https://github.com/Xilinx/XRT/tree/master/src/runtime_src/tools/xclbi
> > +nutil
> > +
> Works, but maybe the location of a manpage or doc would be better.
> > +For example to enumerate the contents of a xclbin/xsabin use the
> > +*--info* switch as shown below::
> > +
> > +
> > + xclbinutil --info --input
> > + /opt/xilinx/firmware/u50/gen3x16-xdma/blp/test/bandwidth.xclbin
> > + xclbinutil --info --input
> > + /lib/firmware/xilinx/862c7020a250293e32036f19956669e5/partition.xsab
> > + in
> > +
> > +
> > +.. _device_tree_usage:
> > +
> > +Device Tree Usage
> > +-----------------
> > +
> > +As mentioned previously xsabin stores metadata which advertise HW
> > +subsystems present in a partition. The metadata is stored in device tree
> format with well defined schema.
> > +XRT management driver uses this information to bind *platform
> > +drivers* to the subsystem instantiations. The platform drivers are
> > +found in **xrt-lib.ko** kernel module defined later.
> > +
> > +Logic UUID
> > +^^^^^^^^^^
> > +A partition is identified uniquely through ``logic_uuid`` property::
> > +
> > + /dts-v1/;
> > + / {
> > + logic_uuid = "0123456789abcdef0123456789abcdef";
> > + ...
> > + }
> > +
> > +Schema Version
> > +^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
> > +Schema version is defined through ``schema_version`` node. And it
> > +contains ``major`` and ``minor`` properties as below::
> > +
> > + /dts-v1/;
> > + / {
> > + schema_version {
> > + major = <0x01>;
> > + minor = <0x00>;
> > + };
> > + ...
> > + }
> > +
> > +Partition UUIDs
> > +^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
> > +As said earlier, each partition may have parent and child UUIDs.
> > +These UUIDs are defined by ``interfaces`` node and ``interface_uuid``
> property::
> > +
> > + /dts-v1/;
> > + / {
> > + interfaces {
> > + @0 {
> > + interface_uuid = "0123456789abcdef0123456789abcdef";
> > + };
> > + @1 {
> > + interface_uuid = "fedcba9876543210fedcba9876543210";
> > + };
> > + ...
> > + };
> > + ...
> > + }
> > +
> > +
> > +Subsystem Instantiations
> > +^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
> > +Subsystem instantiations are captured as children of
> > +``addressable_endpoints``
> > +node::
> > +
> > + /dts-v1/;
> > + / {
> > + addressable_endpoints {
> > + abc {
> > + ...
> > + };
> > + def {
> > + ...
> > + };
> > + ...
> > + }
> > + }
> > +
> > +Subnode 'abc' and 'def' are the name of subsystem nodes
> > +
> > +Subsystem Node
> > +^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
> > +Each subsystem node and its properties define a hardware instance::
> > +
> > +
> > + addressable_endpoints {
> > + abc {
> > + reg = <0xa 0xb>
> > + pcie_physical_function = <0x0>;
> > + pcie_bar_mapping = <0x2>;
> > + compatible = "abc def";
> > + firmware {
> > + firmware_product_name = "abc"
> > + firmware_branch_name = "def"
> > + firmware_version_major = <1>
> > + firmware_version_minor = <2>
> > + };
> > + }
> > + ...
> > + }
> > +
> > +:reg:
> > + Property defines address range. '<0xa 0xb>' is BAR offset and length
> > +pair, both are 64-bit integer.
> > +:pcie_physical_function:
> > + Property specifies which PCIe physical function the subsystem node resides.
> > +:pcie_bar_mapping:
> > + Property specifies which PCIe BAR the subsystem node resides.
> > +'<0x2>' is BAR index and it is 0 if this property is not defined.
> > +:compatible:
> > + Property is a list of strings. The first string in the list
> > +specifies the exact subsystem node. The following strings represent
> > +other devices that the device is compatible with.
> > +:firmware:
> > + Subnode defines the firmware required by this subsystem node.
> > +
> > +Alveo U50 Platform Example
> > +^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
> > +::
> > +
> > + /dts-v1/;
> > +
> > + /{
> > + logic_uuid = "f465b0a3ae8c64f619bc150384ace69b";
> > +
> > + schema_version {
> > + major = <0x01>;
> > + minor = <0x00>;
> > + };
> > +
> > + interfaces {
> > +
> > + @0 {
> > + interface_uuid = "862c7020a250293e32036f19956669e5";
> > + };
> > + };
> > +
> > + addressable_endpoints {
> > +
> > + ep_blp_rom_00 {
> > + reg = <0x00 0x1f04000 0x00 0x1000>;
> > + pcie_physical_function = <0x00>;
> > + compatible = "xilinx.com,reg_abs-axi_bram_ctrl-
> 1.0\0axi_bram_ctrl";
> > + };
> > +
> > + ep_card_flash_program_00 {
> > + reg = <0x00 0x1f06000 0x00 0x1000>;
> > + pcie_physical_function = <0x00>;
> > + compatible = "xilinx.com,reg_abs-axi_quad_spi-
> 1.0\0axi_quad_spi";
> > + interrupts = <0x03 0x03>;
> > + };
> > +
> > + ep_cmc_firmware_mem_00 {
> > + reg = <0x00 0x1e20000 0x00 0x20000>;
> > + pcie_physical_function = <0x00>;
> > + compatible =
> > + "xilinx.com,reg_abs-axi_bram_ctrl-1.0\0axi_bram_ctrl";
> > +
> > + firmware {
> > + firmware_product_name = "cmc";
> > + firmware_branch_name = "u50";
> > + firmware_version_major = <0x01>;
> > + firmware_version_minor = <0x00>;
> > + };
> > + };
> > +
> > + ep_cmc_intc_00 {
> > + reg = <0x00 0x1e03000 0x00 0x1000>;
> > + pcie_physical_function = <0x00>;
> > + compatible = "xilinx.com,reg_abs-axi_intc-1.0\0axi_intc";
> > + interrupts = <0x04 0x04>;
> > + };
> > +
> > + ep_cmc_mutex_00 {
> > + reg = <0x00 0x1e02000 0x00 0x1000>;
> > + pcie_physical_function = <0x00>;
> > + compatible = "xilinx.com,reg_abs-axi_gpio-1.0\0axi_gpio";
> > + };
> > +
> > + ep_cmc_regmap_00 {
> > + reg = <0x00 0x1e08000 0x00 0x2000>;
> > + pcie_physical_function = <0x00>;
> > + compatible =
> > + "xilinx.com,reg_abs-axi_bram_ctrl-1.0\0axi_bram_ctrl";
> > +
> > + firmware {
> > + firmware_product_name = "sc-fw";
> > + firmware_branch_name = "u50";
> > + firmware_version_major = <0x05>;
> > + };
> > + };
> > +
> > + ep_cmc_reset_00 {
> > + reg = <0x00 0x1e01000 0x00 0x1000>;
> > + pcie_physical_function = <0x00>;
> > + compatible = "xilinx.com,reg_abs-axi_gpio-1.0\0axi_gpio";
> > + };
> > +
> > + ep_ddr_mem_calib_00 {
> > + reg = <0x00 0x63000 0x00 0x1000>;
> > + pcie_physical_function = <0x00>;
> > + compatible = "xilinx.com,reg_abs-axi_gpio-1.0\0axi_gpio";
> > + };
> > +
> > + ep_debug_bscan_mgmt_00 {
> > + reg = <0x00 0x1e90000 0x00 0x10000>;
> > + pcie_physical_function = <0x00>;
> > + compatible = "xilinx.com,reg_abs-debug_bridge-
> 1.0\0debug_bridge";
> > + };
> > +
> > + ep_ert_base_address_00 {
> > + reg = <0x00 0x21000 0x00 0x1000>;
> > + pcie_physical_function = <0x00>;
> > + compatible = "xilinx.com,reg_abs-axi_gpio-1.0\0axi_gpio";
> > + };
> > +
> > + ep_ert_command_queue_mgmt_00 {
> > + reg = <0x00 0x40000 0x00 0x10000>;
> > + pcie_physical_function = <0x00>;
> > + compatible = "xilinx.com,reg_abs-ert_command_queue-
> 1.0\0ert_command_queue";
> > + };
> > +
> > + ep_ert_command_queue_user_00 {
> > + reg = <0x00 0x40000 0x00 0x10000>;
> > + pcie_physical_function = <0x01>;
> > + compatible = "xilinx.com,reg_abs-ert_command_queue-
> 1.0\0ert_command_queue";
> > + };
> > +
> > + ep_ert_firmware_mem_00 {
> > + reg = <0x00 0x30000 0x00 0x8000>;
> > + pcie_physical_function = <0x00>;
> > + compatible =
> > + "xilinx.com,reg_abs-axi_bram_ctrl-1.0\0axi_bram_ctrl";
> > +
> > + firmware {
> > + firmware_product_name = "ert";
> > + firmware_branch_name = "v20";
> > + firmware_version_major = <0x01>;
> > + };
> > + };
> > +
> > + ep_ert_intc_00 {
> > + reg = <0x00 0x23000 0x00 0x1000>;
> > + pcie_physical_function = <0x00>;
> > + compatible = "xilinx.com,reg_abs-axi_intc-1.0\0axi_intc";
> > + interrupts = <0x05 0x05>;
> > + };
> > +
> > + ep_ert_reset_00 {
> > + reg = <0x00 0x22000 0x00 0x1000>;
> > + pcie_physical_function = <0x00>;
> > + compatible = "xilinx.com,reg_abs-axi_gpio-1.0\0axi_gpio";
> > + };
> > +
> > + ep_ert_sched_00 {
> > + reg = <0x00 0x50000 0x00 0x1000>;
> > + pcie_physical_function = <0x01>;
> > + compatible = "xilinx.com,reg_abs-ert_sched-1.0\0ert_sched";
> > + interrupts = <0x09 0x0c>;
> > + };
> > +
> > + ep_fpga_configuration_00 {
> > + reg = <0x00 0x1e88000 0x00 0x8000>;
> > + pcie_physical_function = <0x00>;
> > + compatible = "xilinx.com,reg_abs-axi_hwicap-
> 1.0\0axi_hwicap";
> > + interrupts = <0x02 0x02>;
> > + };
> > +
> > + ep_icap_reset_00 {
> > + reg = <0x00 0x1f07000 0x00 0x1000>;
> > + pcie_physical_function = <0x00>;
> > + compatible = "xilinx.com,reg_abs-axi_gpio-1.0\0axi_gpio";
> > + };
> > +
> > + ep_msix_00 {
> > + reg = <0x00 0x00 0x00 0x20000>;
> > + pcie_physical_function = <0x00>;
> > + compatible = "xilinx.com,reg_abs-msix-1.0\0msix";
> > + pcie_bar_mapping = <0x02>;
> > + };
> > +
> > + ep_pcie_link_mon_00 {
> > + reg = <0x00 0x1f05000 0x00 0x1000>;
> > + pcie_physical_function = <0x00>;
> > + compatible = "xilinx.com,reg_abs-axi_gpio-1.0\0axi_gpio";
> > + };
> > +
> > + ep_pr_isolate_plp_00 {
> > + reg = <0x00 0x1f01000 0x00 0x1000>;
> > + pcie_physical_function = <0x00>;
> > + compatible = "xilinx.com,reg_abs-axi_gpio-1.0\0axi_gpio";
> > + };
> > +
> > + ep_pr_isolate_ulp_00 {
> > + reg = <0x00 0x1000 0x00 0x1000>;
> > + pcie_physical_function = <0x00>;
> > + compatible = "xilinx.com,reg_abs-axi_gpio-1.0\0axi_gpio";
> > + };
> > +
> > + ep_uuid_rom_00 {
> > + reg = <0x00 0x64000 0x00 0x1000>;
> > + pcie_physical_function = <0x00>;
> > + compatible = "xilinx.com,reg_abs-axi_bram_ctrl-
> 1.0\0axi_bram_ctrl";
> > + };
> > +
> > + ep_xdma_00 {
> > + reg = <0x00 0x00 0x00 0x10000>;
> > + pcie_physical_function = <0x01>;
> > + compatible = "xilinx.com,reg_abs-xdma-1.0\0xdma";
> > + pcie_bar_mapping = <0x02>;
> > + };
> > + };
> > +
> > + }
> > +
> > +
> > +
> > +Deployment Models
> > +=================
> > +
> > +Baremetal
> > +---------
> > +
> > +In bare-metal deployments both MPF and UPF are visible and
> > +accessible. xmgmt
> In bare-meta deployments,
> > +driver binds to MPF. xmgmt driver operations are privileged and
> > +available to system administrator. The full stack is illustrated below::
> > +
> > + HOST
> > +
> > + [XMGMT] [XUSER]
> > + | |
> > + | |
> > + +-----+ +-----+
> > + | MPF | | UPF |
> > + | | | |
> > + | PF0 | | PF1 |
> > + +--+--+ +--+--+
> > + ......... ^................. ^..........
> > + | |
> > + | PCIe DEVICE |
> > + | |
> > + +--+------------------+--+
> > + | SHELL |
> > + | |
> > + +------------------------+
> > + | USER |
> > + | |
> > + | |
> > + | |
> > + | |
> > + +------------------------+
> > +
> > +
> > +
> > +Virtualized
> > +-----------
> > +
> > +In virtualized deployments privileged MPF is assigned to host but
> > +unprivileged
> In virtualized deployments, the
> > +UPF is assigned to guest VM via PCIe pass-through. xmgmt driver in
> > +host binds
> in the host
> > +to MPF. xmgmt driver operations are privileged and only accessible by
> > +hosting
> to the MPF
> > +service provider. The full stack is illustrated below::
> > +
> > +
> > + .............
> > + HOST . VM .
> > + . .
> > + [XMGMT] . [XUSER] .
> > + | . | .
> > + | . | .
> > + +-----+ . +-----+ .
> > + | MPF | . | UPF | .
> > + | | . | | .
> > + | PF0 | . | PF1 | .
> > + +--+--+ . +--+--+ .
> > + ......... ^................. ^..........
> > + | |
> > + | PCIe DEVICE |
> > + | |
> > + +--+------------------+--+
> > + | SHELL |
> > + | |
> > + +------------------------+
> > + | USER |
> > + | |
> > + | |
> > + | |
> > + | |
> > + +------------------------+
> > +
> > +
> > +
> > +
> > +
> > +Platform Security Considerations
> > +================================
> > +
> > +`Security of Alveo Platform
> > +<https://xilinx.github.io/XRT/master/html/security.html>`_
> > +discusses the deployment options and security implications in great detail.
>
> This link works and looks great.
>
> Tom

Thanks for the detailed review of the document. I am working on incorporating the
feedback. One outstanding question is about usage of formal bus in XRT and if we
should phase that in as a follow-on. It would also determine if IP drivers should
move to other subsystems.

-Sonal
\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2021-03-01 07:51    [W:0.147 / U:5.120 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site